[v4,03/15] bloom.c: introduce core Bloom filter constructs
diff mbox series

Message ID a7702c1afde1ce9d4c628a831927b4e75bff8515.1586192395.git.gitgitgadget@gmail.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Changed Paths Bloom Filters
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Commit Message

Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget April 6, 2020, 4:59 p.m. UTC
From: Garima Singh <garima.singh@microsoft.com>

Introduce the constructs for Bloom filters, Bloom filter keys
and Bloom filter settings.
For details on what Bloom filters are and how they work, refer
to Dr. Derrick Stolee's blog post [1]. It provides a concise
explanation of the adoption of Bloom filters as described in
[2] and [3].

Implementation specifics:
1. We currently use 7 and 10 for the number of hashes and the
   size of each entry respectively. They served as great starting
   values, the mathematical details behind this choice are
   described in [1] and [4]. The implementation, while not
   completely open to it at the moment, is flexible enough to allow
   for tweaking these settings in the future.

   Note: The performance gains we have observed with these values
   are significant enough that we did not need to tweak these
   settings. The performance numbers are included in the cover letter
   of this series and in the commit message of the subsequent commit
   where we use Bloom filters to speed up `git log -- path`.

2. As described in [1] and [3], we do not need 7 independent hashing
   functions. We use the Murmur3 hashing scheme, seed it twice and
   then combine those to procure an arbitrary number of hash values.

3. The filters will be sized according to the number of changes in
   each commit, in multiples of 8 bit words.

[1] Derrick Stolee
      "Supercharging the Git Commit Graph IV: Bloom Filters"
      https://devblogs.microsoft.com/devops/super-charging-the-git-commit-graph-iv-Bloom-filters/

[2] Flavio Bonomi, Michael Mitzenmacher, Rina Panigrahy, Sushil Singh, George Varghese
    "An Improved Construction for Counting Bloom Filters"
    http://theory.stanford.edu/~rinap/papers/esa2006b.pdf
    https://doi.org/10.1007/11841036_61

[3] Peter C. Dillinger and Panagiotis Manolios
    "Bloom Filters in Probabilistic Verification"
    http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/pete/pub/Bloom-filters-verification.pdf
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-30494-4_26

[4] Thomas Mueller Graf, Daniel Lemire
    "Xor Filters: Faster and Smaller Than Bloom and Cuckoo Filters"
    https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.08258

Helped-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Jakub Narębski <jnareb@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Garima Singh <garima.singh@microsoft.com>
---
 bloom.c               | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 bloom.h               | 63 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 t/helper/test-bloom.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 t/t0095-bloom.sh      | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 188 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/bloom.c b/bloom.c
index 40e87632aeb..888b67f1ea6 100644
--- a/bloom.c
+++ b/bloom.c
@@ -8,6 +8,11 @@  static uint32_t rotate_left(uint32_t value, int32_t count)
 	return ((value << count) | (value >> ((-count) & mask)));
 }
 
+static inline unsigned char get_bitmask(uint32_t pos)
+{
+	return ((unsigned char)1) << (pos & (BITS_PER_WORD - 1));
+}
+
 /*
  * Calculate the murmur3 32-bit hash value for the given data
  * using the given seed.
@@ -70,4 +75,35 @@  uint32_t murmur3_seeded(uint32_t seed, const char *data, size_t len)
 	seed ^= (seed >> 16);
 
 	return seed;
-}
\ No newline at end of file
+}
+
+void fill_bloom_key(const char *data,
+					size_t len,
+					struct bloom_key *key,
+					const struct bloom_filter_settings *settings)
+{
+	int i;
+	const uint32_t seed0 = 0x293ae76f;
+	const uint32_t seed1 = 0x7e646e2c;
+	const uint32_t hash0 = murmur3_seeded(seed0, data, len);
+	const uint32_t hash1 = murmur3_seeded(seed1, data, len);
+
+	key->hashes = (uint32_t *)xcalloc(settings->num_hashes, sizeof(uint32_t));
+	for (i = 0; i < settings->num_hashes; i++)
+		key->hashes[i] = hash0 + i * hash1;
+}
+
+void add_key_to_filter(const struct bloom_key *key,
+					   struct bloom_filter *filter,
+					   const struct bloom_filter_settings *settings)
+{
+	int i;
+	uint64_t mod = filter->len * BITS_PER_WORD;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < settings->num_hashes; i++) {
+		uint64_t hash_mod = key->hashes[i] % mod;
+		uint64_t block_pos = hash_mod / BITS_PER_WORD;
+
+		filter->data[block_pos] |= get_bitmask(hash_mod);
+	}
+}
diff --git a/bloom.h b/bloom.h
index d0fcc5f0aa6..b9ce422ca2d 100644
--- a/bloom.h
+++ b/bloom.h
@@ -1,6 +1,60 @@ 
 #ifndef BLOOM_H
 #define BLOOM_H
 
+struct bloom_filter_settings {
+	/*
+	 * The version of the hashing technique being used.
+	 * We currently only support version = 1 which is
+	 * the seeded murmur3 hashing technique implemented
+	 * in bloom.c.
+	 */
+	uint32_t hash_version;
+
+	/*
+	 * The number of times a path is hashed, i.e. the
+	 * number of bit positions tht cumulatively
+	 * determine whether a path is present in the
+	 * Bloom filter.
+	 */
+	uint32_t num_hashes;
+
+	/*
+	 * The minimum number of bits per entry in the Bloom
+	 * filter. If the filter contains 'n' entries, then
+	 * filter size is the minimum number of 8-bit words
+	 * that contain n*b bits.
+	 */
+	uint32_t bits_per_entry;
+};
+
+#define DEFAULT_BLOOM_FILTER_SETTINGS { 1, 7, 10 }
+#define BITS_PER_WORD 8
+
+/*
+ * A bloom_filter struct represents a data segment to
+ * use when testing hash values. The 'len' member
+ * dictates how many entries are stored in
+ * 'data'.
+ */
+struct bloom_filter {
+	unsigned char *data;
+	size_t len;
+};
+
+/*
+ * A bloom_key represents the k hash values for a
+ * given string. These can be precomputed and
+ * stored in a bloom_key for re-use when testing
+ * against a bloom_filter. The number of hashes is
+ * given by the Bloom filter settings and is the same
+ * for all Bloom filters and keys interacting with
+ * the loaded version of the commit graph file and
+ * the Bloom data chunks.
+ */
+struct bloom_key {
+	uint32_t *hashes;
+};
+
 /*
  * Calculate the murmur3 32-bit hash value for the given data
  * using the given seed.
@@ -10,4 +64,13 @@ 
  */
 uint32_t murmur3_seeded(uint32_t seed, const char *data, size_t len);
 
+void fill_bloom_key(const char *data,
+		    size_t len,
+		    struct bloom_key *key,
+		    const struct bloom_filter_settings *settings);
+
+void add_key_to_filter(const struct bloom_key *key,
+					   struct bloom_filter *filter,
+					   const struct bloom_filter_settings *settings);
+
 #endif
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/t/helper/test-bloom.c b/t/helper/test-bloom.c
index 60ee2043689..20460cde775 100644
--- a/t/helper/test-bloom.c
+++ b/t/helper/test-bloom.c
@@ -2,6 +2,36 @@ 
 #include "bloom.h"
 #include "test-tool.h"
 
+struct bloom_filter_settings settings = DEFAULT_BLOOM_FILTER_SETTINGS;
+
+static void add_string_to_filter(const char *data, struct bloom_filter *filter) {
+		struct bloom_key key;
+		int i;
+
+		fill_bloom_key(data, strlen(data), &key, &settings);
+		printf("Hashes:");
+		for (i = 0; i < settings.num_hashes; i++){
+			printf("0x%08x|", key.hashes[i]);
+		}
+		printf("\n");
+		add_key_to_filter(&key, filter, &settings);
+}
+
+static void print_bloom_filter(struct bloom_filter *filter) {
+	int i;
+
+	if (!filter) {
+		printf("No filter.\n");
+		return;
+	}
+	printf("Filter_Length:%d\n", (int)filter->len);
+	printf("Filter_Data:");
+	for (i = 0; i < filter->len; i++){
+		printf("%02x|", filter->data[i]);
+	}
+	printf("\n");
+}
+
 int cmd__bloom(int argc, const char **argv)
 {
 	if (!strcmp(argv[1], "get_murmur3")) {
@@ -9,5 +39,23 @@  int cmd__bloom(int argc, const char **argv)
 		printf("Murmur3 Hash with seed=0:0x%08x\n", hashed);
 	}
 
+    if (!strcmp(argv[1], "generate_filter")) {
+		struct bloom_filter filter;
+		int i = 2;
+		filter.len =  (settings.bits_per_entry + BITS_PER_WORD - 1) / BITS_PER_WORD;
+		filter.data = xcalloc(filter.len, sizeof(unsigned char));
+
+		if (!argv[2]){
+			die("at least one input string expected");
+		}
+
+		while (argv[i]) {
+			add_string_to_filter(argv[i], &filter);
+			i++;
+		}
+
+		print_bloom_filter(&filter);
+	}
+
 	return 0;
 }
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/t/t0095-bloom.sh b/t/t0095-bloom.sh
index 2dad8c4a94e..36a086c7c60 100755
--- a/t/t0095-bloom.sh
+++ b/t/t0095-bloom.sh
@@ -27,4 +27,44 @@  test_expect_success 'compute unseeded murmur3 hash for test string 2' '
 	test_cmp expect actual
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'compute bloom key for empty string' '
+	cat >expect <<-\EOF &&
+	Hashes:0x5615800c|0x5b966560|0x61174ab4|0x66983008|0x6c19155c|0x7199fab0|0x771ae004|
+	Filter_Length:2
+	Filter_Data:11|11|
+	EOF
+	test-tool bloom generate_filter "" >actual &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'compute bloom key for whitespace' '
+	cat >expect <<-\EOF &&
+	Hashes:0xf178874c|0x5f3d6eb6|0xcd025620|0x3ac73d8a|0xa88c24f4|0x16510c5e|0x8415f3c8|
+	Filter_Length:2
+	Filter_Data:51|55|
+	EOF
+	test-tool bloom generate_filter " " >actual &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'compute bloom key for test string 1' '
+	cat >expect <<-\EOF &&
+	Hashes:0xb270de9b|0x1bb6f26e|0x84fd0641|0xee431a14|0x57892de7|0xc0cf41ba|0x2a15558d|
+	Filter_Length:2
+	Filter_Data:92|6c|
+	EOF
+	test-tool bloom generate_filter "Hello world!" >actual &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'compute bloom key for test string 2' '
+	cat >expect <<-\EOF &&
+	Hashes:0x20ab385b|0xf5237fe2|0xc99bc769|0x9e140ef0|0x728c5677|0x47049dfe|0x1b7ce585|
+	Filter_Length:2
+	Filter_Data:a5|4a|
+	EOF
+	test-tool bloom generate_filter "file.txt" >actual &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
 test_done
\ No newline at end of file