libceph: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array
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Message ID 20200507185138.GA14076@embeddedor
State New
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Series
  • libceph: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array
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Commit Message

Gustavo A. R. Silva May 7, 2020, 6:51 p.m. UTC
The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

sizeof(flexible-array-member) triggers a warning because flexible array
members have incomplete type[1]. There are some instances of code in
which the sizeof operator is being incorrectly/erroneously applied to
zero-length arrays and the result is zero. Such instances may be hiding
some bugs. So, this work (flexible-array member conversions) will also
help to get completely rid of those sorts of issues.

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
---
 include/linux/ceph/mon_client.h |    2 +-
 include/linux/crush/crush.h     |    2 +-
 2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

Comments

Ilya Dryomov May 8, 2020, 7:53 a.m. UTC | #1
On Thu, May 7, 2020 at 8:47 PM Gustavo A. R. Silva
<gustavoars@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
> extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
> variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
> introduced in C99:
>
> struct foo {
>         int stuff;
>         struct boo array[];
> };
>
> By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
> in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
> will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
> inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.
>
> Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
> this change:
>
> "Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
> may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
> zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]
>
> sizeof(flexible-array-member) triggers a warning because flexible array
> members have incomplete type[1]. There are some instances of code in
> which the sizeof operator is being incorrectly/erroneously applied to
> zero-length arrays and the result is zero. Such instances may be hiding
> some bugs. So, this work (flexible-array member conversions) will also
> help to get completely rid of those sorts of issues.
>
> This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.
>
> [1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
> [2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
> [3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")
>
> Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
> ---
>  include/linux/ceph/mon_client.h |    2 +-
>  include/linux/crush/crush.h     |    2 +-
>  2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/ceph/mon_client.h b/include/linux/ceph/mon_client.h
> index dbb8a6959a73..ce4ffeb384d7 100644
> --- a/include/linux/ceph/mon_client.h
> +++ b/include/linux/ceph/mon_client.h
> @@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ struct ceph_monmap {
>         struct ceph_fsid fsid;
>         u32 epoch;
>         u32 num_mon;
> -       struct ceph_entity_inst mon_inst[0];
> +       struct ceph_entity_inst mon_inst[];
>  };
>
>  struct ceph_mon_client;
> diff --git a/include/linux/crush/crush.h b/include/linux/crush/crush.h
> index 54741295c70b..38b0e4d50ed9 100644
> --- a/include/linux/crush/crush.h
> +++ b/include/linux/crush/crush.h
> @@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ struct crush_rule_mask {
>  struct crush_rule {
>         __u32 len;
>         struct crush_rule_mask mask;
> -       struct crush_rule_step steps[0];
> +       struct crush_rule_step steps[];
>  };
>
>  #define crush_rule_size(len) (sizeof(struct crush_rule) + \
>

Applied.

Thanks,

                Ilya

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/include/linux/ceph/mon_client.h b/include/linux/ceph/mon_client.h
index dbb8a6959a73..ce4ffeb384d7 100644
--- a/include/linux/ceph/mon_client.h
+++ b/include/linux/ceph/mon_client.h
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@  struct ceph_monmap {
 	struct ceph_fsid fsid;
 	u32 epoch;
 	u32 num_mon;
-	struct ceph_entity_inst mon_inst[0];
+	struct ceph_entity_inst mon_inst[];
 };
 
 struct ceph_mon_client;
diff --git a/include/linux/crush/crush.h b/include/linux/crush/crush.h
index 54741295c70b..38b0e4d50ed9 100644
--- a/include/linux/crush/crush.h
+++ b/include/linux/crush/crush.h
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@  struct crush_rule_mask {
 struct crush_rule {
 	__u32 len;
 	struct crush_rule_mask mask;
-	struct crush_rule_step steps[0];
+	struct crush_rule_step steps[];
 };
 
 #define crush_rule_size(len) (sizeof(struct crush_rule) + \