[3/4] kernfs: improve kernfs path resolution
diff mbox series

Message ID 159038563473.276051.9549849659872866062.stgit@mickey.themaw.net
State New
Headers show
Series
  • kernfs: proposed locking and concurrency improvement
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Commit Message

Ian Kent May 25, 2020, 5:47 a.m. UTC
Now that an rwsem is used by kernfs, take advantage of it to reduce
lookup overhead.

If there are many lookups (possibly many negative ones) there can
be a lot of overhead during path walks.

To reduce lookup overhead avoid allocating a new dentry where possible.

To do this stay in rcu-walk mode where possible and use the dentry cache
handling of negative hashed dentries to avoid allocating (and freeing
shortly after) new dentries on every negative lookup.

Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
---
 fs/kernfs/dir.c |   87 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 72 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/fs/kernfs/dir.c b/fs/kernfs/dir.c
index 9b315f3b20ee..f4943329e578 100644
--- a/fs/kernfs/dir.c
+++ b/fs/kernfs/dir.c
@@ -1046,15 +1046,75 @@  static int kernfs_dop_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
 {
 	struct kernfs_node *kn;
 
-	if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU)
+	if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) {
+		kn = kernfs_dentry_node(dentry);
+		if (!kn) {
+			/* Negative hashed dentry, tell the VFS to switch to
+			 * ref-walk mode and call us again so that node
+			 * existence can be checked.
+			 */
+			if (!d_unhashed(dentry))
+				return -ECHILD;
+
+			/* Negative unhashed dentry, this shouldn't happen
+			 * because this case occurs in rcu-walk mode after
+			 * dentry allocation which is followed by a call
+			 * to ->loopup(). But if it does happen the dentry
+			 * is surely invalid.
+			 */
+			return 0;
+		}
+
+		/* Since the dentry is positive (we got the kernfs node) a
+		 * kernfs node reference was held at the time. Now if the
+		 * dentry reference count is still greater than 0 it's still
+		 * positive so take a reference to the node to perform an
+		 * active check.
+		 */
+		if (d_count(dentry) <= 0 || !atomic_inc_not_zero(&kn->count))
+			return -ECHILD;
+
+		/* The kernfs node reference count was greater than 0, if
+		 * it's active continue in rcu-walk mode.
+		 */
+		if (kernfs_active_read(kn)) {
+			kernfs_put(kn);
+			return 1;
+		}
+
+		/* Otherwise, just tell the VFS to switch to ref-walk mode
+		 * and call us again so the kernfs node can be validated.
+		 */
+		kernfs_put(kn);
 		return -ECHILD;
+	}
 
-	/* Always perform fresh lookup for negatives */
-	if (d_really_is_negative(dentry))
-		goto out_bad_unlocked;
+	down_read(&kernfs_rwsem);
 
 	kn = kernfs_dentry_node(dentry);
-	down_read(&kernfs_rwsem);
+	if (!kn) {
+		struct kernfs_node *parent;
+
+		/* If the kernfs node can be found this is a stale negative
+		 * hashed dentry so it must be discarded and the lookup redone.
+		 */
+		parent = kernfs_dentry_node(dentry->d_parent);
+		if (parent) {
+			const void *ns = NULL;
+
+			if (kernfs_ns_enabled(parent))
+				ns = kernfs_info(dentry->d_parent->d_sb)->ns;
+			kn = kernfs_find_ns(parent, dentry->d_name.name, ns);
+			if (kn)
+				goto out_bad;
+		}
+
+		/* The kernfs node doesn't exist, leave the dentry negative
+		 * and return success.
+		 */
+		goto out;
+	}
+
 
 	/* The kernfs node has been deactivated */
 	if (!kernfs_active_read(kn))
@@ -1072,12 +1132,11 @@  static int kernfs_dop_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
 	if (kn->parent && kernfs_ns_enabled(kn->parent) &&
 	    kernfs_info(dentry->d_sb)->ns != kn->ns)
 		goto out_bad;
-
+out:
 	up_read(&kernfs_rwsem);
 	return 1;
 out_bad:
 	up_read(&kernfs_rwsem);
-out_bad_unlocked:
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -1092,7 +1151,7 @@  static struct dentry *kernfs_iop_lookup(struct inode *dir,
 	struct dentry *ret;
 	struct kernfs_node *parent = dir->i_private;
 	struct kernfs_node *kn;
-	struct inode *inode;
+	struct inode *inode = NULL;
 	const void *ns = NULL;
 
 	down_read(&kernfs_rwsem);
@@ -1102,11 +1161,9 @@  static struct dentry *kernfs_iop_lookup(struct inode *dir,
 
 	kn = kernfs_find_ns(parent, dentry->d_name.name, ns);
 
-	/* no such entry */
-	if (!kn || !kernfs_active(kn)) {
-		ret = NULL;
-		goto out_unlock;
-	}
+	/* no such entry, retain as negative hashed dentry */
+	if (!kn || !kernfs_active(kn))
+		goto out_negative;
 
 	/* attach dentry and inode */
 	inode = kernfs_get_inode(dir->i_sb, kn);
@@ -1114,10 +1171,10 @@  static struct dentry *kernfs_iop_lookup(struct inode *dir,
 		ret = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 		goto out_unlock;
 	}
-
+out_negative:
 	/* instantiate and hash dentry */
 	ret = d_splice_alias(inode, dentry);
- out_unlock:
+out_unlock:
 	up_read(&kernfs_rwsem);
 	return ret;
 }