[v9,3/5] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm health information from PHYP
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200529214719.223344-4-vaibhav@linux.ibm.com
State Superseded
Headers show
Series
  • powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for reporting nvdimm health
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Commit Message

Vaibhav Jain May 29, 2020, 9:47 p.m. UTC
Implement support for fetching nvdimm health information via
H_SCM_HEALTH hcall as documented in Ref[1]. The hcall returns a pair
of 64-bit bitmap, bitwise-and of which is then stored in
'struct papr_scm_priv' and subsequently partially exposed to
user-space via newly introduced dimm specific attribute
'papr/flags'. Since the hcall is costly, the health information is
cached and only re-queried, 60s after the previous successful hcall.

The patch also adds a  documentation text describing flags reported by
the the new sysfs attribute 'papr/flags' is also introduced at
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem.

[1] commit 58b278f568f0 ("powerpc: Provide initial documentation for
PAPR hcalls")

Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
Changelog:

v8..v9:
* Rename some variables and defines to reduce usage of term SCM
  replacing it with PMEM [Dan Williams, Aneesh]
* s/PAPR_SCM_DIMM/PAPR_PMEM/g
* s/papr_scm_nd_attributes/papr_nd_attributes/g
* s/papr_scm_nd_attribute_group/papr_nd_attribute_group/g
* s/papr_scm_dimm_attr_groups/papr_nd_attribute_groups/g
* Renamed file sysfs-bus-papr-scm to sysfs-bus-papr-pmem

v7..v8:
* Update type of variable 'rc' in __drc_pmem_query_health() and
  drc_pmem_query_health() to long and int respectively. [ Ira ]
* Updated the patch description to s/64 bit Big Endian Number/64-bit
  bitmap/ [ Ira, Aneesh ].

Resend:
* None

v6..v7 :
* Used the exported buf_seq_printf() function to generate content for
  'papr/flags'
* Moved the PAPR_SCM_DIMM_* bit-flags macro definitions to papr_scm.c
  and removed the papr_scm.h file [Mpe]
* Some minor consistency issued in sysfs-bus-papr-scm
  documentation. [Mpe]
* s/dimm_mutex/health_mutex/g [Mpe]
* Split drc_pmem_query_health() into two function one of which takes
  care of caching and locking. [Mpe]
* Fixed a local copy creation of dimm health information using
  READ_ONCE(). [Mpe]

v5..v6 :
* Change the flags sysfs attribute from 'papr_flags' to 'papr/flags'
  [Dan Williams]
* Include documentation for 'papr/flags' attr [Dan Williams]
* Change flag 'save_fail' to 'flush_fail' [Dan Williams]
* Caching of health bitmap to reduce expensive hcalls [Dan Williams]
* Removed usage of PPC_BIT from 'papr-scm.h' header [Mpe]
* Replaced two __be64 integers from papr_scm_priv to a single u64
  integer [Mpe]
* Updated patch description to reflect the changes made in this
  version.
* Removed avoidable usage of 'papr_scm_priv.dimm_mutex' from
  flags_show() [Dan Williams]

v4..v5 :
* None

v3..v4 :
* None

v2..v3 :
* Removed PAPR_SCM_DIMM_HEALTH_NON_CRITICAL as a condition for
       	 NVDIMM unarmed [Aneesh]

v1..v2 :
* New patch in the series.
---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem |  27 +++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c     | 169 +++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 194 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5b10d036a8d4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@ 
+What:		/sys/bus/nd/devices/nmemX/papr/flags
+Date:		Apr, 2020
+KernelVersion:	v5.8
+Contact:	linuxppc-dev <linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org>, linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org,
+Description:
+		(RO) Report flags indicating various states of a
+		papr-pmem NVDIMM device. Each flag maps to a one or
+		more bits set in the dimm-health-bitmap retrieved in
+		response to H_SCM_HEALTH hcall. The details of the bit
+		flags returned in response to this hcall is available
+		at 'Documentation/powerpc/papr_hcalls.rst' . Below are
+		the flags reported in this sysfs file:
+
+		* "not_armed"	: Indicates that NVDIMM contents will not
+				  survive a power cycle.
+		* "flush_fail"	: Indicates that NVDIMM contents
+				  couldn't be flushed during last
+				  shut-down event.
+		* "restore_fail": Indicates that NVDIMM contents
+				  couldn't be restored during NVDIMM
+				  initialization.
+		* "encrypted"	: NVDIMM contents are encrypted.
+		* "smart_notify": There is health event for the NVDIMM.
+		* "scrubbed"	: Indicating that contents of the
+				  NVDIMM have been scrubbed.
+		* "locked"	: Indicating that NVDIMM contents cant
+				  be modified until next power cycle.
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
index f35592423380..149431594839 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/libnvdimm.h>
 #include <linux/platform_device.h>
 #include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/seq_buf.h>
 
 #include <asm/plpar_wrappers.h>
 
@@ -22,6 +23,44 @@ 
 	 (1ul << ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_DATA) | \
 	 (1ul << ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA))
 
+/* DIMM health bitmap bitmap indicators */
+/* SCM device is unable to persist memory contents */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED                   (1ULL << (63 - 0))
+/* SCM device failed to persist memory contents */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_SHUTDOWN_DIRTY            (1ULL << (63 - 1))
+/* SCM device contents are persisted from previous IPL */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_SHUTDOWN_CLEAN            (1ULL << (63 - 2))
+/* SCM device contents are not persisted from previous IPL */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_EMPTY                     (1ULL << (63 - 3))
+/* SCM device memory life remaining is critically low */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_CRITICAL           (1ULL << (63 - 4))
+/* SCM device will be garded off next IPL due to failure */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_FATAL              (1ULL << (63 - 5))
+/* SCM contents cannot persist due to current platform health status */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY          (1ULL << (63 - 6))
+/* SCM device is unable to persist memory contents in certain conditions */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_NON_CRITICAL       (1ULL << (63 - 7))
+/* SCM device is encrypted */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_ENCRYPTED                 (1ULL << (63 - 8))
+/* SCM device has been scrubbed and locked */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_SCRUBBED_AND_LOCKED       (1ULL << (63 - 9))
+
+/* Bits status indicators for health bitmap indicating unarmed dimm */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED_MASK (PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED |		\
+				PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY)
+
+/* Bits status indicators for health bitmap indicating unflushed dimm */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_BAD_SHUTDOWN_MASK (PAPR_PMEM_SHUTDOWN_DIRTY)
+
+/* Bits status indicators for health bitmap indicating unrestored dimm */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_BAD_RESTORE_MASK  (PAPR_PMEM_EMPTY)
+
+/* Bit status indicators for smart event notification */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_SMART_EVENT_MASK (PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_CRITICAL | \
+				    PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_FATAL |	\
+				    PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY)
+
+/* private struct associated with each region */
 struct papr_scm_priv {
 	struct platform_device *pdev;
 	struct device_node *dn;
@@ -39,6 +78,15 @@  struct papr_scm_priv {
 	struct resource res;
 	struct nd_region *region;
 	struct nd_interleave_set nd_set;
+
+	/* Protect dimm health data from concurrent read/writes */
+	struct mutex health_mutex;
+
+	/* Last time the health information of the dimm was updated */
+	unsigned long lasthealth_jiffies;
+
+	/* Health information for the dimm */
+	u64 health_bitmap;
 };
 
 static int drc_pmem_bind(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
@@ -144,6 +192,62 @@  static int drc_pmem_query_n_bind(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
 	return drc_pmem_bind(p);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Issue hcall to retrieve dimm health info and populate papr_scm_priv with the
+ * health information.
+ */
+static int __drc_pmem_query_health(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
+{
+	unsigned long ret[PLPAR_HCALL_BUFSIZE];
+	long rc;
+
+	/* issue the hcall */
+	rc = plpar_hcall(H_SCM_HEALTH, ret, p->drc_index);
+	if (rc != H_SUCCESS) {
+		dev_err(&p->pdev->dev,
+			 "Failed to query health information, Err:%ld\n", rc);
+		rc = -ENXIO;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	p->lasthealth_jiffies = jiffies;
+	p->health_bitmap = ret[0] & ret[1];
+
+	dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev,
+		"Queried dimm health info. Bitmap:0x%016lx Mask:0x%016lx\n",
+		ret[0], ret[1]);
+out:
+	return rc;
+}
+
+/* Min interval in seconds for assuming stable dimm health */
+#define MIN_HEALTH_QUERY_INTERVAL 60
+
+/* Query cached health info and if needed call drc_pmem_query_health */
+static int drc_pmem_query_health(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
+{
+	unsigned long cache_timeout;
+	int rc;
+
+	/* Protect concurrent modifications to papr_scm_priv */
+	rc = mutex_lock_interruptible(&p->health_mutex);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	/* Jiffies offset for which the health data is assumed to be same */
+	cache_timeout = p->lasthealth_jiffies +
+		msecs_to_jiffies(MIN_HEALTH_QUERY_INTERVAL * 1000);
+
+	/* Fetch new health info is its older than MIN_HEALTH_QUERY_INTERVAL */
+	if (time_after(jiffies, cache_timeout))
+		rc = __drc_pmem_query_health(p);
+	else
+		/* Assume cached health data is valid */
+		rc = 0;
+
+	mutex_unlock(&p->health_mutex);
+	return rc;
+}
 
 static int papr_scm_meta_get(struct papr_scm_priv *p,
 			     struct nd_cmd_get_config_data_hdr *hdr)
@@ -286,6 +390,64 @@  static int papr_scm_ndctl(struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor *nd_desc,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static ssize_t flags_show(struct device *dev,
+				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct nvdimm *dimm = to_nvdimm(dev);
+	struct papr_scm_priv *p = nvdimm_provider_data(dimm);
+	struct seq_buf s;
+	u64 health;
+	int rc;
+
+	rc = drc_pmem_query_health(p);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	/* Copy health_bitmap locally, check masks & update out buffer */
+	health = READ_ONCE(p->health_bitmap);
+
+	seq_buf_init(&s, buf, PAGE_SIZE);
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED_MASK)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "not_armed ");
+
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_BAD_SHUTDOWN_MASK)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "flush_fail ");
+
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_BAD_RESTORE_MASK)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "restore_fail ");
+
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_ENCRYPTED)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "encrypted ");
+
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_SMART_EVENT_MASK)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "smart_notify ");
+
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_SCRUBBED_AND_LOCKED)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "scrubbed locked ");
+
+	if (seq_buf_used(&s))
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "\n");
+
+	return seq_buf_used(&s);
+}
+DEVICE_ATTR_RO(flags);
+
+/* papr_scm specific dimm attributes */
+static struct attribute *papr_nd_attributes[] = {
+	&dev_attr_flags.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group papr_nd_attribute_group = {
+	.name = "papr",
+	.attrs = papr_nd_attributes,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *papr_nd_attr_groups[] = {
+	&papr_nd_attribute_group,
+	NULL,
+};
+
 static int papr_scm_nvdimm_init(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
 {
 	struct device *dev = &p->pdev->dev;
@@ -312,8 +474,8 @@  static int papr_scm_nvdimm_init(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
 	dimm_flags = 0;
 	set_bit(NDD_LABELING, &dimm_flags);
 
-	p->nvdimm = nvdimm_create(p->bus, p, NULL, dimm_flags,
-				  PAPR_SCM_DIMM_CMD_MASK, 0, NULL);
+	p->nvdimm = nvdimm_create(p->bus, p, papr_nd_attr_groups,
+				  dimm_flags, PAPR_SCM_DIMM_CMD_MASK, 0, NULL);
 	if (!p->nvdimm) {
 		dev_err(dev, "Error creating DIMM object for %pOF\n", p->dn);
 		goto err;
@@ -399,6 +561,9 @@  static int papr_scm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 	if (!p)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
+	/* Initialize the dimm mutex */
+	mutex_init(&p->health_mutex);
+
 	/* optional DT properties */
 	of_property_read_u32(dn, "ibm,metadata-size", &metadata_size);