[2/5] cpuidle: psci: Fix error path via converting to a platform driver
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200615152054.6819-3-ulf.hansson@linaro.org
State Superseded, archived
Headers show
Series
  • cpuidle: psci: Various improvements for PSCI PM domains
Related show

Commit Message

Ulf Hansson June 15, 2020, 3:20 p.m. UTC
The current error paths for the cpuidle-psci driver, may leak memory or
possibly leave CPU devices attached to their PM domains. These are quite
harmless issues, but still deserves to be taken care of.

Although, rather than fixing them by keeping track of allocations that
needs to be freed, which tends to become a bit messy, let's convert into a
platform driver. In this way, it gets easier to fix the memory leaks as we
can rely on the devm_* functions.

Moreover, converting to a platform driver also enables support for deferred
probe, which subsequent changes takes benefit from.

Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci-domain.c |  10 +-
 drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci.c        | 141 +++++++++++++++-----------
 drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci.h        |   9 +-
 3 files changed, 95 insertions(+), 65 deletions(-)

Comments

Sudeep Holla June 26, 2020, 2:42 p.m. UTC | #1
On Mon, Jun 15, 2020 at 05:20:51PM +0200, Ulf Hansson wrote:
> The current error paths for the cpuidle-psci driver, may leak memory or
> possibly leave CPU devices attached to their PM domains. These are quite
> harmless issues, but still deserves to be taken care of.
>
> Although, rather than fixing them by keeping track of allocations that
> needs to be freed, which tends to become a bit messy, let's convert into a
> platform driver. In this way, it gets easier to fix the memory leaks as we
> can rely on the devm_* functions.
>
> Moreover, converting to a platform driver also enables support for deferred
> probe, which subsequent changes takes benefit from.
>

Though I don't have strong opinion, I don't like platform device for cpuidle.
But that's not main issue. I am more worried about the need for whole
deferred probe for cpuidle. Is this due to OSI and Qcom dependencies ?
Ideally, the firmware is already to accept suspend calls soon after they
are powered on in psci f/w.

--
Regards,
Sudeep
Ulf Hansson June 26, 2020, 11:06 p.m. UTC | #2
On Fri, 26 Jun 2020 at 16:42, Sudeep Holla <sudeep.holla@arm.com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Jun 15, 2020 at 05:20:51PM +0200, Ulf Hansson wrote:
> > The current error paths for the cpuidle-psci driver, may leak memory or
> > possibly leave CPU devices attached to their PM domains. These are quite
> > harmless issues, but still deserves to be taken care of.
> >
> > Although, rather than fixing them by keeping track of allocations that
> > needs to be freed, which tends to become a bit messy, let's convert into a
> > platform driver. In this way, it gets easier to fix the memory leaks as we
> > can rely on the devm_* functions.
> >
> > Moreover, converting to a platform driver also enables support for deferred
> > probe, which subsequent changes takes benefit from.
> >
>
> Though I don't have strong opinion, I don't like platform device for cpuidle.
> But that's not main issue. I am more worried about the need for whole
> deferred probe for cpuidle. Is this due to OSI and Qcom dependencies ?
> Ideally, the firmware is already to accept suspend calls soon after they
> are powered on in psci f/w.

I agree that a platform device for cpuidle isn't very nice, but that's
the best I could figure out to use. If you have a better idea, please
tell me.

From the PSCI FW point of view you are right. Everything is ready.

So, yes, as you stated, this boils down to the initialization of the
PSCI PM domains, registered in cpuidle-psci-domain.c, which I am
converting to platform driver in patch4. That change means that
cpuidle-psci-domain driver are about to support deferred probe (and
more importantly the ->sync_state() callback), which means that when
psci_dt_attach_cpu() is called, it may return -EPROBE_DEFER - hence we
should cope with it.

I hope this further clarifies the reason behind $subject patch!?

Thanks for reviewing!

Kind regards
Uffe

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci-domain.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci-domain.c
index f07786aad673..e48e578aaa7d 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci-domain.c
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci-domain.c
@@ -287,7 +287,7 @@  static int __init psci_idle_init_domains(void)
 }
 subsys_initcall(psci_idle_init_domains);
 
-struct device __init *psci_dt_attach_cpu(int cpu)
+struct device *psci_dt_attach_cpu(int cpu)
 {
 	struct device *dev;
 
@@ -301,3 +301,11 @@  struct device __init *psci_dt_attach_cpu(int cpu)
 
 	return dev;
 }
+
+void psci_dt_detach_cpu(struct device *dev)
+{
+	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(dev))
+		return;
+
+	dev_pm_domain_detach(dev, false);
+}
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci.c
index 3806f911b61c..74463841805f 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci.c
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci.c
@@ -17,9 +17,11 @@ 
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/of.h>
 #include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
 #include <linux/psci.h>
 #include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
 
 #include <asm/cpuidle.h>
 
@@ -33,7 +35,7 @@  struct psci_cpuidle_data {
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(struct psci_cpuidle_data, psci_cpuidle_data);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u32, domain_state);
-static bool psci_cpuidle_use_cpuhp __initdata;
+static bool psci_cpuidle_use_cpuhp;
 
 void psci_set_domain_state(u32 state)
 {
@@ -104,7 +106,7 @@  static int psci_idle_cpuhp_down(unsigned int cpu)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static void __init psci_idle_init_cpuhp(void)
+static void psci_idle_init_cpuhp(void)
 {
 	int err;
 
@@ -127,30 +129,13 @@  static int psci_enter_idle_state(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
 	return psci_enter_state(idx, state[idx]);
 }
 
-static struct cpuidle_driver psci_idle_driver __initdata = {
-	.name = "psci_idle",
-	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
-	/*
-	 * PSCI idle states relies on architectural WFI to
-	 * be represented as state index 0.
-	 */
-	.states[0] = {
-		.enter                  = psci_enter_idle_state,
-		.exit_latency           = 1,
-		.target_residency       = 1,
-		.power_usage		= UINT_MAX,
-		.name                   = "WFI",
-		.desc                   = "ARM WFI",
-	}
-};
-
-static const struct of_device_id psci_idle_state_match[] __initconst = {
+static const struct of_device_id psci_idle_state_match[] = {
 	{ .compatible = "arm,idle-state",
 	  .data = psci_enter_idle_state },
 	{ },
 };
 
-int __init psci_dt_parse_state_node(struct device_node *np, u32 *state)
+int psci_dt_parse_state_node(struct device_node *np, u32 *state)
 {
 	int err = of_property_read_u32(np, "arm,psci-suspend-param", state);
 
@@ -167,9 +152,9 @@  int __init psci_dt_parse_state_node(struct device_node *np, u32 *state)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int __init psci_dt_cpu_init_topology(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
-					    struct psci_cpuidle_data *data,
-					    unsigned int state_count, int cpu)
+static int psci_dt_cpu_init_topology(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
+				     struct psci_cpuidle_data *data,
+				     unsigned int state_count, int cpu)
 {
 	/* Currently limit the hierarchical topology to be used in OSI mode. */
 	if (!psci_has_osi_support())
@@ -190,9 +175,9 @@  static int __init psci_dt_cpu_init_topology(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int __init psci_dt_cpu_init_idle(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
-					struct device_node *cpu_node,
-					unsigned int state_count, int cpu)
+static int psci_dt_cpu_init_idle(struct device *dev, struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
+				 struct device_node *cpu_node,
+				 unsigned int state_count, int cpu)
 {
 	int i, ret = 0;
 	u32 *psci_states;
@@ -200,7 +185,8 @@  static int __init psci_dt_cpu_init_idle(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
 	struct psci_cpuidle_data *data = per_cpu_ptr(&psci_cpuidle_data, cpu);
 
 	state_count++; /* Add WFI state too */
-	psci_states = kcalloc(state_count, sizeof(*psci_states), GFP_KERNEL);
+	psci_states = devm_kcalloc(dev, state_count, sizeof(*psci_states),
+				   GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!psci_states)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
@@ -213,32 +199,26 @@  static int __init psci_dt_cpu_init_idle(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
 		of_node_put(state_node);
 
 		if (ret)
-			goto free_mem;
+			return ret;
 
 		pr_debug("psci-power-state %#x index %d\n", psci_states[i], i);
 	}
 
-	if (i != state_count) {
-		ret = -ENODEV;
-		goto free_mem;
-	}
+	if (i != state_count)
+		return -ENODEV;
 
 	/* Initialize optional data, used for the hierarchical topology. */
 	ret = psci_dt_cpu_init_topology(drv, data, state_count, cpu);
 	if (ret < 0)
-		goto free_mem;
+		return ret;
 
 	/* Idle states parsed correctly, store them in the per-cpu struct. */
 	data->psci_states = psci_states;
 	return 0;
-
-free_mem:
-	kfree(psci_states);
-	return ret;
 }
 
-static __init int psci_cpu_init_idle(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
-				     unsigned int cpu, unsigned int state_count)
+static int psci_cpu_init_idle(struct device *dev, struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
+			      unsigned int cpu, unsigned int state_count)
 {
 	struct device_node *cpu_node;
 	int ret;
@@ -254,14 +234,22 @@  static __init int psci_cpu_init_idle(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
 	if (!cpu_node)
 		return -ENODEV;
 
-	ret = psci_dt_cpu_init_idle(drv, cpu_node, state_count, cpu);
+	ret = psci_dt_cpu_init_idle(dev, drv, cpu_node, state_count, cpu);
 
 	of_node_put(cpu_node);
 
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static int __init psci_idle_init_cpu(int cpu)
+static void psci_cpu_deinit_idle(int cpu)
+{
+	struct psci_cpuidle_data *data = per_cpu_ptr(&psci_cpuidle_data, cpu);
+
+	psci_dt_detach_cpu(data->dev);
+	psci_cpuidle_use_cpuhp = false;
+}
+
+static int psci_idle_init_cpu(struct device *dev, int cpu)
 {
 	struct cpuidle_driver *drv;
 	struct device_node *cpu_node;
@@ -284,17 +272,26 @@  static int __init psci_idle_init_cpu(int cpu)
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
-	drv = kmemdup(&psci_idle_driver, sizeof(*drv), GFP_KERNEL);
+	drv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*drv), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!drv)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
+	drv->name = "psci_idle";
+	drv->owner = THIS_MODULE;
 	drv->cpumask = (struct cpumask *)cpumask_of(cpu);
 
 	/*
-	 * Initialize idle states data, starting at index 1, since
-	 * by default idle state 0 is the quiescent state reached
-	 * by the cpu by executing the wfi instruction.
-	 *
+	 * PSCI idle states relies on architectural WFI to be represented as
+	 * state index 0.
+	 */
+	drv->states[0].enter = psci_enter_idle_state;
+	drv->states[0].exit_latency = 1;
+	drv->states[0].target_residency = 1;
+	drv->states[0].power_usage = UINT_MAX;
+	strcpy(drv->states[0].name, "WFI");
+	strcpy(drv->states[0].desc, "ARM WFI");
+
+	/*
 	 * If no DT idle states are detected (ret == 0) let the driver
 	 * initialization fail accordingly since there is no reason to
 	 * initialize the idle driver if only wfi is supported, the
@@ -302,48 +299,45 @@  static int __init psci_idle_init_cpu(int cpu)
 	 * on idle entry.
 	 */
 	ret = dt_init_idle_driver(drv, psci_idle_state_match, 1);
-	if (ret <= 0) {
-		ret = ret ? : -ENODEV;
-		goto out_kfree_drv;
-	}
+	if (ret <= 0)
+		return ret ? : -ENODEV;
 
 	/*
 	 * Initialize PSCI idle states.
 	 */
-	ret = psci_cpu_init_idle(drv, cpu, ret);
+	ret = psci_cpu_init_idle(dev, drv, cpu, ret);
 	if (ret) {
 		pr_err("CPU %d failed to PSCI idle\n", cpu);
-		goto out_kfree_drv;
+		return ret;
 	}
 
 	ret = cpuidle_register(drv, NULL);
 	if (ret)
-		goto out_kfree_drv;
+		goto deinit;
 
 	cpuidle_cooling_register(drv);
 
 	return 0;
-
-out_kfree_drv:
-	kfree(drv);
+deinit:
+	psci_cpu_deinit_idle(cpu);
 	return ret;
 }
 
 /*
- * psci_idle_init - Initializes PSCI cpuidle driver
+ * psci_idle_probe - Initializes PSCI cpuidle driver
  *
  * Initializes PSCI cpuidle driver for all CPUs, if any CPU fails
  * to register cpuidle driver then rollback to cancel all CPUs
  * registration.
  */
-static int __init psci_idle_init(void)
+static int psci_cpuidle_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 {
 	int cpu, ret;
 	struct cpuidle_driver *drv;
 	struct cpuidle_device *dev;
 
 	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
-		ret = psci_idle_init_cpu(cpu);
+		ret = psci_idle_init_cpu(&pdev->dev, cpu);
 		if (ret)
 			goto out_fail;
 	}
@@ -356,9 +350,34 @@  static int __init psci_idle_init(void)
 		dev = per_cpu(cpuidle_devices, cpu);
 		drv = cpuidle_get_cpu_driver(dev);
 		cpuidle_unregister(drv);
-		kfree(drv);
+		psci_cpu_deinit_idle(cpu);
 	}
 
 	return ret;
 }
+
+static struct platform_driver psci_cpuidle_driver = {
+	.probe = psci_cpuidle_probe,
+	.driver = {
+		.name = "psci-cpuidle",
+	},
+};
+
+static int __init psci_idle_init(void)
+{
+	struct platform_device *pdev;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = platform_driver_register(&psci_cpuidle_driver);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	pdev = platform_device_register_simple("psci-cpuidle", -1, NULL, 0);
+	if (IS_ERR(pdev)) {
+		platform_driver_unregister(&psci_cpuidle_driver);
+		return PTR_ERR(pdev);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
 device_initcall(psci_idle_init);
diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci.h b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci.h
index 7299a04dd467..0690d66df829 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci.h
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-psci.h
@@ -3,15 +3,18 @@ 
 #ifndef __CPUIDLE_PSCI_H
 #define __CPUIDLE_PSCI_H
 
+struct device;
 struct device_node;
 
 void psci_set_domain_state(u32 state);
-int __init psci_dt_parse_state_node(struct device_node *np, u32 *state);
+int psci_dt_parse_state_node(struct device_node *np, u32 *state);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_PM_GENERIC_DOMAINS_OF
-struct device __init *psci_dt_attach_cpu(int cpu);
+struct device *psci_dt_attach_cpu(int cpu);
+void psci_dt_detach_cpu(struct device *dev);
 #else
-static inline struct device __init *psci_dt_attach_cpu(int cpu) { return NULL; }
+static inline struct device *psci_dt_attach_cpu(int cpu) { return NULL; }
+static inline void psci_dt_detach_cpu(struct device *dev) { }
 #endif
 
 #endif /* __CPUIDLE_PSCI_H */