[v5] xfs: Fix false positive lockdep warning with sb_internal & fs_reclaim
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Message ID 20200702005923.10064-1-longman@redhat.com
State Superseded
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Series
  • [v5] xfs: Fix false positive lockdep warning with sb_internal & fs_reclaim
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Commit Message

Waiman Long July 2, 2020, 12:59 a.m. UTC
Depending on the workloads, the following circular locking dependency
warning between sb_internal (a percpu rwsem) and fs_reclaim (a pseudo
lock) may show up:

======================================================
WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
5.0.0-rc1+ #60 Tainted: G        W
------------------------------------------------------
fsfreeze/4346 is trying to acquire lock:
0000000026f1d784 (fs_reclaim){+.+.}, at:
fs_reclaim_acquire.part.19+0x5/0x30

but task is already holding lock:
0000000072bfc54b (sb_internal){++++}, at: percpu_down_write+0xb4/0x650

which lock already depends on the new lock.
  :
 Possible unsafe locking scenario:

       CPU0                    CPU1
       ----                    ----
  lock(sb_internal);
                               lock(fs_reclaim);
                               lock(sb_internal);
  lock(fs_reclaim);

 *** DEADLOCK ***

4 locks held by fsfreeze/4346:
 #0: 00000000b478ef56 (sb_writers#8){++++}, at: percpu_down_write+0xb4/0x650
 #1: 000000001ec487a9 (&type->s_umount_key#28){++++}, at: freeze_super+0xda/0x290
 #2: 000000003edbd5a0 (sb_pagefaults){++++}, at: percpu_down_write+0xb4/0x650
 #3: 0000000072bfc54b (sb_internal){++++}, at: percpu_down_write+0xb4/0x650

stack backtrace:
Call Trace:
 dump_stack+0xe0/0x19a
 print_circular_bug.isra.10.cold.34+0x2f4/0x435
 check_prev_add.constprop.19+0xca1/0x15f0
 validate_chain.isra.14+0x11af/0x3b50
 __lock_acquire+0x728/0x1200
 lock_acquire+0x269/0x5a0
 fs_reclaim_acquire.part.19+0x29/0x30
 fs_reclaim_acquire+0x19/0x20
 kmem_cache_alloc+0x3e/0x3f0
 kmem_zone_alloc+0x79/0x150
 xfs_trans_alloc+0xfa/0x9d0
 xfs_sync_sb+0x86/0x170
 xfs_log_sbcount+0x10f/0x140
 xfs_quiesce_attr+0x134/0x270
 xfs_fs_freeze+0x4a/0x70
 freeze_super+0x1af/0x290
 do_vfs_ioctl+0xedc/0x16c0
 ksys_ioctl+0x41/0x80
 __x64_sys_ioctl+0x73/0xa9
 do_syscall_64+0x18f/0xd23
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

This is a false positive as all the dirty pages are flushed out before
the filesystem can be frozen.

One way to avoid this splat is to add GFP_NOFS to the affected allocation
calls. This is what PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS per-process flag is for. This does
reduce the potential source of memory where reclaim can be done. This
shouldn't matter unless the system is really running out of memory.
In that particular case, the filesystem freeze operation may fail while
it was succeeding previously.

Without this patch, the command sequence below will show that the lock
dependency chain sb_internal -> fs_reclaim exists.

 # fsfreeze -f /home
 # fsfreeze --unfreeze /home
 # grep -i fs_reclaim -C 3 /proc/lockdep_chains | grep -C 5 sb_internal

After applying the patch, such sb_internal -> fs_reclaim lock dependency
chain can no longer be found. Because of that, the locking dependency
warning will not be shown.

Suggested-by: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
---
 fs/xfs/xfs_super.c | 12 +++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Comments

Dave Chinner July 3, 2020, 1:07 a.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, Jul 01, 2020 at 08:59:23PM -0400, Waiman Long wrote:
> Suggested-by: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
> Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
> ---
>  fs/xfs/xfs_super.c | 12 +++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
> index 379cbff438bc..dcc97bad950a 100644
> --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
> +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
> @@ -913,11 +913,21 @@ xfs_fs_freeze(
>  	struct super_block	*sb)
>  {
>  	struct xfs_mount	*mp = XFS_M(sb);
> +	unsigned long		pflags;
> +	int			ret;
>  
> +	/*
> +	 * Disable fs reclaim in memory allocation for fs freeze to avoid
> +	 * causing a possible circular locking dependency lockdep splat
> +	 * relating to fs reclaim.
> +	 */

	/*
	 * The filesystem is now frozen far enough that memory reclaim
	 * cannot safely operate on the filesystem. Hence we need to
	 * set a GFP_NOFS context here to avoid recursion deadlocks.
	 */

> +	current_set_flags_nested(&pflags, PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS);

memalloc_nofs_save/restore(), please.

-Dave.
Waiman Long July 3, 2020, 3:05 a.m. UTC | #2
On 7/2/20 9:07 PM, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Wed, Jul 01, 2020 at 08:59:23PM -0400, Waiman Long wrote:
>> Suggested-by: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
>> ---
>>   fs/xfs/xfs_super.c | 12 +++++++++++-
>>   1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
>> index 379cbff438bc..dcc97bad950a 100644
>> --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
>> +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
>> @@ -913,11 +913,21 @@ xfs_fs_freeze(
>>   	struct super_block	*sb)
>>   {
>>   	struct xfs_mount	*mp = XFS_M(sb);
>> +	unsigned long		pflags;
>> +	int			ret;
>>   
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Disable fs reclaim in memory allocation for fs freeze to avoid
>> +	 * causing a possible circular locking dependency lockdep splat
>> +	 * relating to fs reclaim.
>> +	 */
> 	/*
> 	 * The filesystem is now frozen far enough that memory reclaim
> 	 * cannot safely operate on the filesystem. Hence we need to
> 	 * set a GFP_NOFS context here to avoid recursion deadlocks.
> 	 */
>
>> +	current_set_flags_nested(&pflags, PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS);
> memalloc_nofs_save/restore(), please.

Thanks for the comments, I will make the suggested change.

Cheers,
Longman

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
index 379cbff438bc..dcc97bad950a 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
@@ -913,11 +913,21 @@  xfs_fs_freeze(
 	struct super_block	*sb)
 {
 	struct xfs_mount	*mp = XFS_M(sb);
+	unsigned long		pflags;
+	int			ret;
 
+	/*
+	 * Disable fs reclaim in memory allocation for fs freeze to avoid
+	 * causing a possible circular locking dependency lockdep splat
+	 * relating to fs reclaim.
+	 */
+	current_set_flags_nested(&pflags, PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS);
 	xfs_stop_block_reaping(mp);
 	xfs_save_resvblks(mp);
 	xfs_quiesce_attr(mp);
-	return xfs_sync_sb(mp, true);
+	ret = xfs_sync_sb(mp, true);
+	current_restore_flags_nested(&pflags, PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 STATIC int