[2/5] echoaudio: Race conditions around "opencount"
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200708101848.3457-2-mark@xwax.org
State New
Headers show
Series
  • [1/5] echoaudio: Remove redundant check
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Commit Message

Mark Hills July 8, 2020, 10:18 a.m. UTC
Use of atomics does not make these statements robust:

       atomic_inc(&chip->opencount);
       if (atomic_read(&chip->opencount) > 1 && chip->rate_set)
               chip->can_set_rate=0;

and

       if (atomic_read(&chip->opencount)) {
               if (chip->opencount) {
                       changed = -EAGAIN;
               } else {
                       changed = set_digital_mode(chip, dmode);

It would be necessary to atomically increment or decrement the value
and use the returned result. And yet we still need to prevent other
threads making use of "can_set_rate" while we set it.

However in all but one case the atomic is misleading as they are already
running with "mode_mutex" held.

Decisions are made on mode setting are often intrinsically connected
to "opencount" because some operations are not permitted unless
there is sole ownership.

So instead simplify this, and use "mode_mutex" as a lock for all reference
counting and mode setting.

Signed-off-by: Mark Hills <mark@xwax.org>
---
 sound/pci/echoaudio/echoaudio.c | 76 ++++++++++++++++++---------------
 sound/pci/echoaudio/echoaudio.h |  6 +--
 2 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)

Comments

Takashi Iwai July 9, 2020, 11 a.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, 08 Jul 2020 12:18:45 +0200,
Mark Hills wrote:
> 
> Use of atomics does not make these statements robust:
> 
>        atomic_inc(&chip->opencount);
>        if (atomic_read(&chip->opencount) > 1 && chip->rate_set)
>                chip->can_set_rate=0;
> 
> and
> 
>        if (atomic_read(&chip->opencount)) {
>                if (chip->opencount) {
>                        changed = -EAGAIN;
>                } else {
>                        changed = set_digital_mode(chip, dmode);
> 
> It would be necessary to atomically increment or decrement the value
> and use the returned result. And yet we still need to prevent other
> threads making use of "can_set_rate" while we set it.
> 
> However in all but one case the atomic is misleading as they are already
> running with "mode_mutex" held.
> 
> Decisions are made on mode setting are often intrinsically connected
> to "opencount" because some operations are not permitted unless
> there is sole ownership.
> 
> So instead simplify this, and use "mode_mutex" as a lock for all reference
> counting and mode setting.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Mark Hills <mark@xwax.org>

Applied now.  Thanks.


Takashi

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/sound/pci/echoaudio/echoaudio.c b/sound/pci/echoaudio/echoaudio.c
index 0941a7a17623..82a49dfd2384 100644
--- a/sound/pci/echoaudio/echoaudio.c
+++ b/sound/pci/echoaudio/echoaudio.c
@@ -245,13 +245,20 @@  static int hw_rule_sample_rate(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
 						      SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
 	struct echoaudio *chip = rule->private;
 	struct snd_interval fixed;
+	int err;
+
+	mutex_lock(&chip->mode_mutex);
 
-	if (!chip->can_set_rate) {
+	if (chip->can_set_rate) {
+		err = 0;
+	} else {
 		snd_interval_any(&fixed);
 		fixed.min = fixed.max = chip->sample_rate;
-		return snd_interval_refine(rate, &fixed);
+		err = snd_interval_refine(rate, &fixed);
 	}
-	return 0;
+
+	mutex_unlock(&chip->mode_mutex);
+	return err;
 }
 
 
@@ -322,7 +329,7 @@  static int pcm_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 				       SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1)) < 0)
 		return err;
 
-	/* Finally allocate a page for the scatter-gather list */
+	/* Allocate a page for the scatter-gather list */
 	if ((err = snd_dma_alloc_pages(SNDRV_DMA_TYPE_DEV,
 				       &chip->pci->dev,
 				       PAGE_SIZE, &pipe->sgpage)) < 0) {
@@ -330,6 +337,17 @@  static int pcm_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 		return err;
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * Sole ownership required to set the rate
+	 */
+
+	dev_dbg(chip->card->dev, "pcm_open opencount=%d can_set_rate=%d, rate_set=%d",
+		chip->opencount, chip->can_set_rate, chip->rate_set);
+
+	chip->opencount++;
+	if (chip->opencount > 1 && chip->rate_set)
+		chip->can_set_rate = 0;
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -353,12 +371,7 @@  static int pcm_analog_in_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 				       hw_rule_capture_format_by_channels, NULL,
 				       SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1)) < 0)
 		return err;
-	atomic_inc(&chip->opencount);
-	if (atomic_read(&chip->opencount) > 1 && chip->rate_set)
-		chip->can_set_rate=0;
-	dev_dbg(chip->card->dev, "pcm_analog_in_open  cs=%d  oc=%d  r=%d\n",
-		chip->can_set_rate, atomic_read(&chip->opencount),
-		chip->sample_rate);
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -388,12 +401,7 @@  static int pcm_analog_out_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 				       NULL,
 				       SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1)) < 0)
 		return err;
-	atomic_inc(&chip->opencount);
-	if (atomic_read(&chip->opencount) > 1 && chip->rate_set)
-		chip->can_set_rate=0;
-	dev_dbg(chip->card->dev, "pcm_analog_out_open  cs=%d  oc=%d  r=%d\n",
-		chip->can_set_rate, atomic_read(&chip->opencount),
-		chip->sample_rate);
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -429,10 +437,6 @@  static int pcm_digital_in_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 				       SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1)) < 0)
 		goto din_exit;
 
-	atomic_inc(&chip->opencount);
-	if (atomic_read(&chip->opencount) > 1 && chip->rate_set)
-		chip->can_set_rate=0;
-
 din_exit:
 	mutex_unlock(&chip->mode_mutex);
 	return err;
@@ -471,9 +475,7 @@  static int pcm_digital_out_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 				       NULL, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
 				       -1)) < 0)
 		goto dout_exit;
-	atomic_inc(&chip->opencount);
-	if (atomic_read(&chip->opencount) > 1 && chip->rate_set)
-		chip->can_set_rate=0;
+
 dout_exit:
 	mutex_unlock(&chip->mode_mutex);
 	return err;
@@ -488,23 +490,29 @@  static int pcm_digital_out_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 static int pcm_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 {
 	struct echoaudio *chip = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
-	int oc;
 
 	/* Nothing to do here. Audio is already off and pipe will be
 	 * freed by its callback
 	 */
 
-	atomic_dec(&chip->opencount);
-	oc = atomic_read(&chip->opencount);
-	dev_dbg(chip->card->dev, "pcm_close  oc=%d  cs=%d  rs=%d\n", oc,
-		chip->can_set_rate, chip->rate_set);
-	if (oc < 2)
+	mutex_lock(&chip->mode_mutex);
+
+	dev_dbg(chip->card->dev, "pcm_open opencount=%d can_set_rate=%d, rate_set=%d",
+		chip->opencount, chip->can_set_rate, chip->rate_set);
+
+	chip->opencount--;
+
+	switch (chip->opencount) {
+	case 1:
 		chip->can_set_rate = 1;
-	if (oc == 0)
+		break;
+
+	case 0:
 		chip->rate_set = 0;
-	dev_dbg(chip->card->dev, "pcm_close2 oc=%d  cs=%d  rs=%d\n", oc,
-		chip->can_set_rate, chip->rate_set);
+		break;
+	}
 
+	mutex_unlock(&chip->mode_mutex);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -1409,7 +1417,7 @@  static int snd_echo_digital_mode_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
 		/* Do not allow the user to change the digital mode when a pcm
 		device is open because it also changes the number of channels
 		and the allowed sample rates */
-		if (atomic_read(&chip->opencount)) {
+		if (chip->opencount) {
 			changed = -EAGAIN;
 		} else {
 			changed = set_digital_mode(chip, dmode);
@@ -1874,7 +1882,7 @@  static int snd_echo_create(struct snd_card *card,
 		chip->card = card;
 		chip->pci = pci;
 		chip->irq = -1;
-		atomic_set(&chip->opencount, 0);
+		chip->opencount = 0;
 		mutex_init(&chip->mode_mutex);
 		chip->can_set_rate = 1;
 	} else {
diff --git a/sound/pci/echoaudio/echoaudio.h b/sound/pci/echoaudio/echoaudio.h
index be4d0489394a..6fd283e4e676 100644
--- a/sound/pci/echoaudio/echoaudio.h
+++ b/sound/pci/echoaudio/echoaudio.h
@@ -336,7 +336,7 @@  struct echoaudio {
 	struct mutex mode_mutex;
 	u16 num_digital_modes, digital_mode_list[6];
 	u16 num_clock_sources, clock_source_list[10];
-	atomic_t opencount;
+	unsigned int opencount;  /* protected by mode_mutex */
 	struct snd_kcontrol *clock_src_ctl;
 	struct snd_pcm *analog_pcm, *digital_pcm;
 	struct snd_card *card;
@@ -353,8 +353,8 @@  struct echoaudio {
 	struct timer_list timer;
 	char tinuse;				/* Timer in use */
 	char midi_full;				/* MIDI output buffer is full */
-	char can_set_rate;
-	char rate_set;
+	char can_set_rate;                      /* protected by mode_mutex */
+	char rate_set;                          /* protected by mode_mutex */
 
 	/* This stuff is used mainly by the lowlevel code */
 	struct comm_page *comm_page;	/* Virtual address of the memory