[v17,13/21] mm/lru: introduce TestClearPageLRU
diff mbox series

Message ID 1595681998-19193-14-git-send-email-alex.shi@linux.alibaba.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • per memcg lru lock
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Commit Message

Alex Shi July 25, 2020, 12:59 p.m. UTC
Currently lru_lock still guards both lru list and page's lru bit, that's
ok. but if we want to use specific lruvec lock on the page, we need to
pin down the page's lruvec/memcg during locking. Just taking lruvec
lock first may be undermined by the page's memcg charge/migration. To
fix this problem, we could clear the lru bit out of locking and use
it as pin down action to block the page isolation in memcg changing.
So now we do page isolating by both actions:
	TestClearPageLRU and hold the lru_lock.

This patch start with the first part: TestClearPageLRU, which combines
PageLRU check and ClearPageLRU into a macro func TestClearPageLRU. This
function will be used as page isolation precondition to prevent other
isolations some where else. Then there are may !PageLRU page on lru
list, need to remove BUG() checking accordingly.

There 2 rules for lru bit now:
1, the lru bit still indicate if a page on lru list, just in some
   temporary moment(isolating), the page may have no lru bit when
   it's on lru list.  but the page still must be on lru list when the
   lru bit set.
2, have to remove lru bit before delete it from lru list.

Hugh Dickins pointed that when a page is in free path and no one is
possible to take it, non atomic lru bit clearing is better, like in
__page_cache_release and release_pages.
And no need get_page() before lru bit clear in isolate_lru_page,
since it '(1) Must be called with an elevated refcount on the page'.

As Andrew Morton mentioned this change would dirty cacheline for page
isn't on LRU. But the lost would be acceptable with Rong Chen
<rong.a.chen@intel.com> report:
https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/3/4/173

Suggested-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: cgroups@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
---
 include/linux/page-flags.h |  1 +
 mm/mlock.c                 |  3 +--
 mm/swap.c                  |  6 ++----
 mm/vmscan.c                | 18 +++++++-----------
 4 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

Comments

Alex Shi July 29, 2020, 3:53 a.m. UTC | #1
rewrite the commit log.

From 9310c359b0049e3cc9827b771dc583d504bbf022 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Alex Shi <alex.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Date: Sat, 25 Apr 2020 12:03:30 +0800
Subject: [PATCH v17 13/23] mm/lru: introduce TestClearPageLRU

Currently lru_lock still guards both lru list and page's lru bit, that's
ok. but if we want to use specific lruvec lock on the page, we need to
pin down the page's lruvec/memcg during locking. Just taking lruvec
lock first may be undermined by the page's memcg charge/migration. To
fix this problem, we could clear the lru bit out of locking and use
it as pin down action to block the page isolation in memcg changing.

So now a standard steps of page isolation is following:
	1, get_page(); 	       #pin the page avoid to be free
	2, TestClearPageLRU(); #block other isolation like memcg change
	3, spin_lock on lru_lock; #serialize lru list access
	4, delete page from lru list;
The step 2 could be optimzed/replaced in scenarios which page is
unlikely be accessed or be moved between memcgs.

This patch start with the first part: TestClearPageLRU, which combines
PageLRU check and ClearPageLRU into a macro func TestClearPageLRU. This
function will be used as page isolation precondition to prevent other
isolations some where else. Then there are may !PageLRU page on lru
list, need to remove BUG() checking accordingly.

There 2 rules for lru bit now:
1, the lru bit still indicate if a page on lru list, just in some
   temporary moment(isolating), the page may have no lru bit when
   it's on lru list.  but the page still must be on lru list when the
   lru bit set.
2, have to remove lru bit before delete it from lru list.

Hugh Dickins pointed that when a page is in free path and no one is
possible to take it, non atomic lru bit clearing is better, like in
__page_cache_release and release_pages.
And no need get_page() before lru bit clear in isolate_lru_page,
since it '(1) Must be called with an elevated refcount on the page'.

As Andrew Morton mentioned this change would dirty cacheline for page
isn't on LRU. But the lost would be acceptable with Rong Chen
<rong.a.chen@intel.com> report:
https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/3/4/173

Suggested-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: cgroups@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
---
 include/linux/page-flags.h |  1 +
 mm/mlock.c                 |  3 +--
 mm/swap.c                  |  6 ++----
 mm/vmscan.c                | 18 +++++++-----------
 4 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index 6be1aa559b1e..9554ed1387dc 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -326,6 +326,7 @@ static inline void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size)
 PAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) TESTSCFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD)
 	__CLEARPAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD)
 PAGEFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD)
+	TESTCLEARFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD)
 PAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD)
 	TESTCLEARFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD)
 PAGEFLAG(Workingset, workingset, PF_HEAD)
diff --git a/mm/mlock.c b/mm/mlock.c
index f8736136fad7..228ba5a8e0a5 100644
--- a/mm/mlock.c
+++ b/mm/mlock.c
@@ -108,13 +108,12 @@ void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page)
  */
 static bool __munlock_isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, bool getpage)
 {
-	if (PageLRU(page)) {
+	if (TestClearPageLRU(page)) {
 		struct lruvec *lruvec;
 
 		lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, page_pgdat(page));
 		if (getpage)
 			get_page(page);
-		ClearPageLRU(page);
 		del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_lru(page));
 		return true;
 	}
diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
index f645965fde0e..5092fe9c8c47 100644
--- a/mm/swap.c
+++ b/mm/swap.c
@@ -83,10 +83,9 @@ static void __page_cache_release(struct page *page)
 		struct lruvec *lruvec;
 		unsigned long flags;
 
+		__ClearPageLRU(page);
 		spin_lock_irqsave(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
 		lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat);
-		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
-		__ClearPageLRU(page);
 		del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page));
 		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
 	}
@@ -878,9 +877,8 @@ void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr)
 				spin_lock_irqsave(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
 			}
 
-			lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat);
-			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
 			__ClearPageLRU(page);
+			lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat);
 			del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page));
 		}
 
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index c1c4259b4de5..4183ae6b54b5 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -1671,8 +1671,6 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
 		page = lru_to_page(src);
 		prefetchw_prev_lru_page(page, src, flags);
 
-		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
-
 		nr_pages = compound_nr(page);
 		total_scan += nr_pages;
 
@@ -1769,21 +1767,19 @@ int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page)
 	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!page_count(page), page);
 	WARN_RATELIMIT(PageTail(page), "trying to isolate tail page");
 
-	if (PageLRU(page)) {
+	if (TestClearPageLRU(page)) {
 		pg_data_t *pgdat = page_pgdat(page);
 		struct lruvec *lruvec;
+		int lru = page_lru(page);
 
-		spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock);
+		get_page(page);
 		lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat);
-		if (PageLRU(page)) {
-			int lru = page_lru(page);
-			get_page(page);
-			ClearPageLRU(page);
-			del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);
-			ret = 0;
-		}
+		spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock);
+		del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);
 		spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock);
+		ret = 0;
 	}
+
 	return ret;
 }
Alexander Duyck Aug. 5, 2020, 10:43 p.m. UTC | #2
On Tue, Jul 28, 2020 at 8:53 PM Alex Shi <alex.shi@linux.alibaba.com> wrote:
>
> rewrite the commit log.
>
> From 9310c359b0049e3cc9827b771dc583d504bbf022 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Alex Shi <alex.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
> Date: Sat, 25 Apr 2020 12:03:30 +0800
> Subject: [PATCH v17 13/23] mm/lru: introduce TestClearPageLRU
>
> Currently lru_lock still guards both lru list and page's lru bit, that's
> ok. but if we want to use specific lruvec lock on the page, we need to
> pin down the page's lruvec/memcg during locking. Just taking lruvec
> lock first may be undermined by the page's memcg charge/migration. To
> fix this problem, we could clear the lru bit out of locking and use
> it as pin down action to block the page isolation in memcg changing.
>
> So now a standard steps of page isolation is following:
>         1, get_page();         #pin the page avoid to be free
>         2, TestClearPageLRU(); #block other isolation like memcg change
>         3, spin_lock on lru_lock; #serialize lru list access
>         4, delete page from lru list;
> The step 2 could be optimzed/replaced in scenarios which page is
> unlikely be accessed or be moved between memcgs.
>
> This patch start with the first part: TestClearPageLRU, which combines
> PageLRU check and ClearPageLRU into a macro func TestClearPageLRU. This
> function will be used as page isolation precondition to prevent other
> isolations some where else. Then there are may !PageLRU page on lru
> list, need to remove BUG() checking accordingly.
>
> There 2 rules for lru bit now:
> 1, the lru bit still indicate if a page on lru list, just in some
>    temporary moment(isolating), the page may have no lru bit when
>    it's on lru list.  but the page still must be on lru list when the
>    lru bit set.
> 2, have to remove lru bit before delete it from lru list.
>
> Hugh Dickins pointed that when a page is in free path and no one is
> possible to take it, non atomic lru bit clearing is better, like in
> __page_cache_release and release_pages.
> And no need get_page() before lru bit clear in isolate_lru_page,
> since it '(1) Must be called with an elevated refcount on the page'.
>
> As Andrew Morton mentioned this change would dirty cacheline for page
> isn't on LRU. But the lost would be acceptable with Rong Chen
> <rong.a.chen@intel.com> report:
> https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/3/4/173
>
> Suggested-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
> Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: cgroups@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
> ---
>  include/linux/page-flags.h |  1 +
>  mm/mlock.c                 |  3 +--
>  mm/swap.c                  |  6 ++----
>  mm/vmscan.c                | 18 +++++++-----------
>  4 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
>

<snip>

> diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
> index f645965fde0e..5092fe9c8c47 100644
> --- a/mm/swap.c
> +++ b/mm/swap.c
> @@ -83,10 +83,9 @@ static void __page_cache_release(struct page *page)
>                 struct lruvec *lruvec;
>                 unsigned long flags;
>
> +               __ClearPageLRU(page);
>                 spin_lock_irqsave(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
>                 lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat);
> -               VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
> -               __ClearPageLRU(page);
>                 del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page));
>                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
>         }
> @@ -878,9 +877,8 @@ void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr)
>                                 spin_lock_irqsave(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
>                         }
>
> -                       lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat);
> -                       VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
>                         __ClearPageLRU(page);
> +                       lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat);
>                         del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page));
>                 }
>

The more I look at this piece it seems like this change wasn't really
necessary. If anything it seems like it could catch potential bugs as
it was testing for the PageLRU flag before and then clearing it
manually anyway. In addition it doesn't reduce the critical path by
any significant amount so I am not sure these changes are providing
any benefit.
Alex Shi Aug. 6, 2020, 1:54 a.m. UTC | #3
在 2020/8/6 上午6:43, Alexander Duyck 写道:
>> @@ -878,9 +877,8 @@ void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr)
>>                                 spin_lock_irqsave(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
>>                         }
>>
>> -                       lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat);
>> -                       VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
>>                         __ClearPageLRU(page);
>> +                       lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat);
>>                         del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page));
>>                 }
>>
> The more I look at this piece it seems like this change wasn't really
> necessary. If anything it seems like it could catch potential bugs as
> it was testing for the PageLRU flag before and then clearing it
> manually anyway. In addition it doesn't reduce the critical path by
> any significant amount so I am not sure these changes are providing
> any benefit.

Don't know hat kind of bug do you mean here, since the page is no one using, means
no one could ClearPageLRU in other place,  so if you like to keep the VM_BUG_ON_PAGE,
that should be ok.

Thanks!
Alex
Alexander Duyck Aug. 6, 2020, 2:41 p.m. UTC | #4
On Wed, Aug 5, 2020 at 6:54 PM Alex Shi <alex.shi@linux.alibaba.com> wrote:
>
>
>
> 在 2020/8/6 上午6:43, Alexander Duyck 写道:
> >> @@ -878,9 +877,8 @@ void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr)
> >>                                 spin_lock_irqsave(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
> >>                         }
> >>
> >> -                       lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat);
> >> -                       VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
> >>                         __ClearPageLRU(page);
> >> +                       lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat);
> >>                         del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page));
> >>                 }
> >>
> > The more I look at this piece it seems like this change wasn't really
> > necessary. If anything it seems like it could catch potential bugs as
> > it was testing for the PageLRU flag before and then clearing it
> > manually anyway. In addition it doesn't reduce the critical path by
> > any significant amount so I am not sure these changes are providing
> > any benefit.
>
> Don't know hat kind of bug do you mean here, since the page is no one using, means
> no one could ClearPageLRU in other place,  so if you like to keep the VM_BUG_ON_PAGE,
> that should be ok.

You kind of answered your own question. Basically the bug it would
catch is if another thread were to clear the flag without getting a
reference to the page first. My preference would be to leave this code
as is for now. There isn't much value in either moving the lruvec or
removing the VM_BUG_ON_PAGE call since the critical path size would
barely be effected as it is only one or two operations anyway. What it
comes down to is that the less unnecessary changes we make the better.

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index 6be1aa559b1e..9554ed1387dc 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -326,6 +326,7 @@  static inline void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size)
 PAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) TESTSCFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD)
 	__CLEARPAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD)
 PAGEFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD)
+	TESTCLEARFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD)
 PAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD)
 	TESTCLEARFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD)
 PAGEFLAG(Workingset, workingset, PF_HEAD)
diff --git a/mm/mlock.c b/mm/mlock.c
index f8736136fad7..228ba5a8e0a5 100644
--- a/mm/mlock.c
+++ b/mm/mlock.c
@@ -108,13 +108,12 @@  void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page)
  */
 static bool __munlock_isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, bool getpage)
 {
-	if (PageLRU(page)) {
+	if (TestClearPageLRU(page)) {
 		struct lruvec *lruvec;
 
 		lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, page_pgdat(page));
 		if (getpage)
 			get_page(page);
-		ClearPageLRU(page);
 		del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_lru(page));
 		return true;
 	}
diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
index f645965fde0e..5092fe9c8c47 100644
--- a/mm/swap.c
+++ b/mm/swap.c
@@ -83,10 +83,9 @@  static void __page_cache_release(struct page *page)
 		struct lruvec *lruvec;
 		unsigned long flags;
 
+		__ClearPageLRU(page);
 		spin_lock_irqsave(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
 		lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat);
-		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
-		__ClearPageLRU(page);
 		del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page));
 		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
 	}
@@ -878,9 +877,8 @@  void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr)
 				spin_lock_irqsave(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
 			}
 
-			lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat);
-			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
 			__ClearPageLRU(page);
+			lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat);
 			del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page));
 		}
 
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index c1c4259b4de5..4183ae6b54b5 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -1671,8 +1671,6 @@  static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
 		page = lru_to_page(src);
 		prefetchw_prev_lru_page(page, src, flags);
 
-		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page);
-
 		nr_pages = compound_nr(page);
 		total_scan += nr_pages;
 
@@ -1769,21 +1767,19 @@  int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page)
 	VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!page_count(page), page);
 	WARN_RATELIMIT(PageTail(page), "trying to isolate tail page");
 
-	if (PageLRU(page)) {
+	if (TestClearPageLRU(page)) {
 		pg_data_t *pgdat = page_pgdat(page);
 		struct lruvec *lruvec;
+		int lru = page_lru(page);
 
-		spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock);
+		get_page(page);
 		lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat);
-		if (PageLRU(page)) {
-			int lru = page_lru(page);
-			get_page(page);
-			ClearPageLRU(page);
-			del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);
-			ret = 0;
-		}
+		spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock);
+		del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);
 		spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock);
+		ret = 0;
 	}
+
 	return ret;
 }