[v4,1/2] x86/hvm: set 'ipat' in EPT for special pages
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Message ID 20200731144112.12516-2-paul@xen.org
State New
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Series
  • epte_get_entry_emt() modifications
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Commit Message

Paul Durrant July 31, 2020, 2:41 p.m. UTC
From: Paul Durrant <pdurrant@amazon.com>

All non-MMIO ranges (i.e those not mapping real device MMIO regions) that
map valid MFNs are normally marked MTRR_TYPE_WRBACK and 'ipat' is set. Hence
when PV drivers running in a guest populate the BAR space of the Xen Platform
PCI Device with pages such as the Shared Info page or Grant Table pages,
accesses to these pages will be cachable.

However, should IOMMU mappings be enabled be enabled for the guest then these
accesses become uncachable. This has a substantial negative effect on I/O
throughput of PV devices. Arguably PV drivers should bot be using BAR space to
host the Shared Info and Grant Table pages but it is currently commonplace for
them to do this and so this problem needs mitigation. Hence this patch makes
sure the 'ipat' bit is set for any special page regardless of where in GFN
space it is mapped.

NOTE: Clearly this mitigation only applies to Intel EPT. It is not obvious
      that there is any similar mitigation possible for AMD NPT. Downstreams
      such as Citrix XenServer have been carrying a patch similar to this for
      several releases though.

Signed-off-by: Paul Durrant <pdurrant@amazon.com>
---
Cc: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>
Cc: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@citrix.com>
Cc: Wei Liu <wl@xen.org>
Cc: "Roger Pau Monné" <roger.pau@citrix.com>

v3:
 - Dropping Jan's R-b
 - Cope with order > 0

v4:
 - Add missing hunk
---
 xen/arch/x86/hvm/mtrr.c | 12 ++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+)

Patch
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diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/hvm/mtrr.c b/xen/arch/x86/hvm/mtrr.c
index 511c3be1c8..2bd64e8025 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/hvm/mtrr.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/hvm/mtrr.c
@@ -794,6 +794,7 @@  int epte_get_entry_emt(struct domain *d, unsigned long gfn, mfn_t mfn,
 {
     int gmtrr_mtype, hmtrr_mtype;
     struct vcpu *v = current;
+    unsigned long i;
 
     *ipat = 0;
 
@@ -836,6 +837,17 @@  int epte_get_entry_emt(struct domain *d, unsigned long gfn, mfn_t mfn,
         return MTRR_TYPE_WRBACK;
     }
 
+    for ( i = 0; i < (1ul << order); i++ )
+    {
+        if ( is_special_page(mfn_to_page(mfn_add(mfn, i))) )
+        {
+            if ( order )
+                return -1;
+            *ipat = 1;
+            return MTRR_TYPE_WRBACK;
+        }
+    }
+
     gmtrr_mtype = hvm_get_mem_pinned_cacheattr(d, _gfn(gfn), order);
     if ( gmtrr_mtype >= 0 )
     {