[07/10] commit-graph: add large-filters bitmap chunk
diff mbox series

Message ID ab789072331127079347742b6ce3b3415bbbe4f6.1596480582.git.me@ttaylorr.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • more miscellaneous Bloom filter improvements
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Commit Message

Taylor Blau Aug. 3, 2020, 6:57 p.m. UTC
When a commit has 512 changed paths or greater, the commit-graph
machinery represents it as a zero-length filter since having many
entries in the Bloom filter has undesirable effects on the false
positivity rate.

In addition to these too-large filters, the commit-graph machinery also
represents commits with no filter and commits with no changed paths in
the same way.

When writing a commit-graph that aggregates several incremental
commit-graph layers (eg., with '--split=replace'), the commit-graph
machinery first computes all of the Bloom filters that it wants to write
but does not already know about from existing graph layers. Because we
overload the zero-length filter in the above fashion, this leads to
recomputing large filters over and over again.

This is already undesirable, since it means that we are wasting
considerable effort to discover that a commit has at least 512 changed
paths, only to throw that effort away (and then repeat the process the
next time a roll-up is performed).

In a subsequent patch, we will add a '--max-new-filters' option, which
specifies an upper-bound on the number of new filters we are willing to
compute from scratch. Suppose that there are 'N' too-large filters, and
we specify '--max-new-filters=M'. If 'N >= M', it is unlikely that any
filters will be generated, since we'll spend most of our effort on
filters that we ultimately throw away. If 'N < M', filters will trickle
in over time, but only at most 'M - N' per-write.

To address this, add a new chunk which encodes a bitmap where the ith
bit is on iff the ith commit has zero or at least 512 changed paths.
When computing Bloom filters, first consult the relevant bitmap (in the
case that we are rolling up existing layers) to see if computing the
Bloom filter from scratch would be a waste of time.

This patch implements a new chunk instead of extending the existing BIDX
and BDAT chunks because modifying these chunks would confuse old
clients. For example, consider setting the most-significant bit in an
entry in the BIDX chunk to indicate that that filter is too-large. New
clients would understand how to interpret this, but old clients would
treat that entry as a really large filter.

By avoiding the need to move to new versions of the BDAT and BIDX chunk,
we can give ourselves more time to consider whether or not other
modifications to these chunks are worthwhile without holding up this
change.

Another approach would be to introduce a new BIDX chunk (say, one
identified by 'BID2') which is identical to the existing BIDX chunk,
except the most-significant bit of each offset is interpreted as "this
filter is too big" iff looking at a BID2 chunk. This avoids having to
write a bitmap, but forces older clients to rewrite their commit-graphs
(as well as reduces the theoretical largest Bloom filters we couldl
write, and forces us to maintain the code necessary to translate BIDX
chunks to BID2 ones).  Separately from this patch, I implemented this
alternate approach and did not find it to be advantageous.

Signed-off-by: Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com>
---
 .../technical/commit-graph-format.txt         |  9 ++
 commit-graph.c                                | 85 ++++++++++++++++++-
 commit-graph.h                                |  2 +
 t/t4216-log-bloom.sh                          | 20 ++++-
 4 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Comments

Taylor Blau Aug. 3, 2020, 6:59 p.m. UTC | #1
On Mon, Aug 03, 2020 at 02:57:33PM -0400, Taylor Blau wrote:
> When a commit has 512 changed paths or greater, the commit-graph
> machinery represents it as a zero-length filter since having many
> entries in the Bloom filter has undesirable effects on the false
> positivity rate.

One thing that occurs to me after sending this patch is that 512 may not
be the upper-bound on the number of changed-paths forever.

Maybe we should store a uint32_t as the first four bytes of this chunk
specifying where we draw the line?

Thanks,
Taylor
Derrick Stolee Aug. 4, 2020, 12:57 p.m. UTC | #2
On 8/3/2020 2:57 PM, Taylor Blau wrote:
> When a commit has 512 changed paths or greater, the commit-graph
> machinery represents it as a zero-length filter since having many
> entries in the Bloom filter has undesirable effects on the false
> positivity rate.

You mentioned in another message that you'd like to encode the magic
"512" constant into this chunk. I think that is a good idea. Perhaps
it is worth describing it as a MAX_CHANGED_PATHS variable or something.

I don't think now is the time to expose it as a command-line argument,
but encoding it in the file format is a good idea. This is similar to
the start of the BDAT chunk starting with three values from the
bloom_filter_settings, which are not actually customizable from arguments.

For testing, I would recommend using a GIT_TEST_* variable, just like
GIT_TEST_BLOOM_SETTINGS_NUM_HASHES and GIT_TEST_BLOOM_SETTINGS_BITS_PER_ENTRY
are used in t4216-log-bloom.sh to test those BDAT chunk values.

> In addition to these too-large filters, the commit-graph machinery also
> represents commits with no filter and commits with no changed paths in
> the same way.
> 
> When writing a commit-graph that aggregates several incremental
> commit-graph layers (eg., with '--split=replace'), the commit-graph
> machinery first computes all of the Bloom filters that it wants to write
> but does not already know about from existing graph layers. Because we
> overload the zero-length filter in the above fashion, this leads to
> recomputing large filters over and over again.
> 
> This is already undesirable, since it means that we are wasting
> considerable effort to discover that a commit has at least 512 changed
> paths, only to throw that effort away (and then repeat the process the
> next time a roll-up is performed).
> 
> In a subsequent patch, we will add a '--max-new-filters' option, which
> specifies an upper-bound on the number of new filters we are willing to
> compute from scratch. Suppose that there are 'N' too-large filters, and
> we specify '--max-new-filters=M'. If 'N >= M', it is unlikely that any
> filters will be generated, since we'll spend most of our effort on
> filters that we ultimately throw away. If 'N < M', filters will trickle
> in over time, but only at most 'M - N' per-write.
> 
> To address this, add a new chunk which encodes a bitmap where the ith
> bit is on iff the ith commit has zero or at least 512 changed paths.
> When computing Bloom filters, first consult the relevant bitmap (in the
> case that we are rolling up existing layers) to see if computing the
> Bloom filter from scratch would be a waste of time.
> 
> This patch implements a new chunk instead of extending the existing BIDX
> and BDAT chunks because modifying these chunks would confuse old
> clients. For example, consider setting the most-significant bit in an
> entry in the BIDX chunk to indicate that that filter is too-large. New
> clients would understand how to interpret this, but old clients would
> treat that entry as a really large filter.
> 
> By avoiding the need to move to new versions of the BDAT and BIDX chunk,
> we can give ourselves more time to consider whether or not other
> modifications to these chunks are worthwhile without holding up this
> change.
> 
> Another approach would be to introduce a new BIDX chunk (say, one
> identified by 'BID2') which is identical to the existing BIDX chunk,
> except the most-significant bit of each offset is interpreted as "this
> filter is too big" iff looking at a BID2 chunk. This avoids having to
> write a bitmap, but forces older clients to rewrite their commit-graphs
> (as well as reduces the theoretical largest Bloom filters we couldl
> write, and forces us to maintain the code necessary to translate BIDX
> chunks to BID2 ones).  Separately from this patch, I implemented this
> alternate approach and did not find it to be advantageous.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com>
> ---
>  .../technical/commit-graph-format.txt         |  9 ++
>  commit-graph.c                                | 85 ++++++++++++++++++-
>  commit-graph.h                                |  2 +
>  t/t4216-log-bloom.sh                          | 20 ++++-
>  4 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/technical/commit-graph-format.txt b/Documentation/technical/commit-graph-format.txt
> index 440541045d..a7191c03d3 100644
> --- a/Documentation/technical/commit-graph-format.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/technical/commit-graph-format.txt
> @@ -123,6 +123,15 @@ CHUNK DATA:
>        of length zero.
>      * The BDAT chunk is present if and only if BIDX is present.
>  
> +  Large Bloom Filters (ID: {'B', 'F', 'X', 'L'}) [Optional]
> +    * It contains a list of 'eword_t's (the length of this list is determined by

I'm not sure using 'eword_t' in this documentation is helpful. How large is that
type? Can we make that concrete in terms of 32- or 64-bit words? Below, you
describe that this is an uncompressed bitmap whose 'i'th bit corresponds to the
'i'th commit.

> +      the width of the chunk) which is a bitmap. The 'i'th bit is set exactly
> +      when the 'i'th commit in the graph has a changed-path Bloom filter with
> +      zero entries (either because the commit is empty, or because it contains
> +      more than 512 changed paths).
As I expect you will update this in v2, try to create a name for the "512" constant
to re-use here.

> +    * The BFXL chunk is present on newer versions of Git iff the BIDX and BDAT
> +      chunks are also present.

Expand "iff" to "if and only if". Perhaps this would be simpler to have only one
direction:

	* The BFXL chunk is present only when the BIDX and BDAT chunks are
	  also present.

> +
>    Base Graphs List (ID: {'B', 'A', 'S', 'E'}) [Optional]
>        This list of H-byte hashes describe a set of B commit-graph files that
>        form a commit-graph chain. The graph position for the ith commit in this
> diff --git a/commit-graph.c b/commit-graph.c
> index d6ea556649..c870ffe0ed 100644
> --- a/commit-graph.c
> +++ b/commit-graph.c
> @@ -41,8 +41,9 @@ void git_test_write_commit_graph_or_die(void)
>  #define GRAPH_CHUNKID_EXTRAEDGES 0x45444745 /* "EDGE" */
>  #define GRAPH_CHUNKID_BLOOMINDEXES 0x42494458 /* "BIDX" */
>  #define GRAPH_CHUNKID_BLOOMDATA 0x42444154 /* "BDAT" */
> +#define GRAPH_CHUNKID_BLOOMLARGE 0x4246584c /* "BFXL" */
>  #define GRAPH_CHUNKID_BASE 0x42415345 /* "BASE" */
> -#define MAX_NUM_CHUNKS 7
> +#define MAX_NUM_CHUNKS 8
>  
>  #define GRAPH_DATA_WIDTH (the_hash_algo->rawsz + 16)
>  
> @@ -429,6 +430,17 @@ struct commit_graph *parse_commit_graph(struct repository *r,
>  				graph->bloom_filter_settings->bits_per_entry = get_be32(data + chunk_offset + 8);
>  			}
>  			break;
> +
> +		case GRAPH_CHUNKID_BLOOMLARGE:
> +			if (graph->bloom_large.word_alloc)
> +				chunk_repeated = 1;
> +			else if (r->settings.commit_graph_read_changed_paths) {
> +				uint32_t alloc = get_be64(chunk_lookup + 4) - chunk_offset;
> +
> +				graph->bloom_large.word_alloc = alloc;
> +				graph->bloom_large.words = (eword_t *)(data + chunk_offset);
> +			}
> +			break;
>  		}
>  
>  		if (chunk_repeated) {
> @@ -443,6 +455,8 @@ struct commit_graph *parse_commit_graph(struct repository *r,
>  		/* We need both the bloom chunks to exist together. Else ignore the data */
>  		graph->chunk_bloom_indexes = NULL;
>  		graph->chunk_bloom_data = NULL;
> +		graph->bloom_large.words = NULL;
> +		graph->bloom_large.word_alloc = 0;
>  		FREE_AND_NULL(graph->bloom_filter_settings);
>  	}
>  
> @@ -933,6 +947,21 @@ struct tree *get_commit_tree_in_graph(struct repository *r, const struct commit
>  	return get_commit_tree_in_graph_one(r, r->objects->commit_graph, c);
>  }
>  
> +static int get_bloom_filter_large_in_graph(struct commit_graph *g,
> +					   const struct commit *c)
> +{
> +	uint32_t graph_pos = commit_graph_position(c);
> +	if (graph_pos == COMMIT_NOT_FROM_GRAPH)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	while (g && graph_pos < g->num_commits_in_base)
> +		g = g->base_graph;
> +
> +	if (!(g && g->bloom_large.word_alloc))
> +		return 0;
> +	return bitmap_get(&g->bloom_large, graph_pos - g->num_commits_in_base);
> +}
> +
>  struct packed_oid_list {
>  	struct object_id *list;
>  	int nr;
> @@ -969,6 +998,11 @@ struct write_commit_graph_context {
>  	const struct split_commit_graph_opts *split_opts;
>  	size_t total_bloom_filter_data_size;
>  	const struct bloom_filter_settings *bloom_settings;
> +	struct bitmap *bloom_large;
> +
> +	int count_bloom_filter_known_large;
> +	int count_bloom_filter_found_large;
> +	int count_bloom_filter_computed;
>  };
>  
>  static int write_graph_chunk_fanout(struct hashfile *f,
> @@ -1231,6 +1265,15 @@ static int write_graph_chunk_bloom_data(struct hashfile *f,
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +static int write_graph_chunk_bloom_large(struct hashfile *f,
> +					  struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
> +{
> +	trace2_region_enter("commit-graph", "bloom_large", ctx->r);
> +	hashwrite(f, ctx->bloom_large->words, ctx->bloom_large->word_alloc * sizeof(eword_t));

Should we be using word_alloc here? Or can we trust that the bitmap
was allocated to the exact right size to fit our number of commits?

We probably need to be careful about network-byte order here, right?
Or, should we treat the bitmap as an array of bytes?

I see that eword_t is a 64-bit type, which makes things a _little_
tricky. We normally would use hashwrite_be32() for writing 32-bit
words. Likely, we will want a new hashwrite_be64() that is a wrapper
around hashwrite_be32(). Notice that this could be used when writing
the chunk offsets in commit-graph.c and midx.c. For example, we
write the 64-bit offsets in write_commit_graph_file() as follows:

	for (i = 0; i <= num_chunks; i++) {
		uint32_t chunk_write[3];

		chunk_write[0] = htonl(chunk_ids[i]);
		chunk_write[1] = htonl(chunk_offsets[i] >> 32);
		chunk_write[2] = htonl(chunk_offsets[i] & 0xffffffff);
		hashwrite(f, chunk_write, 12);
	}

This would be nicer as

	for (i = 0; i <= num_chunks; i++) {
		hashwrite_be32(f, chunk_ids[i]);
		hashwrite_be64(f, chunk_offsets[i]);
	}

I know this adds complexity to an already meaty series. However, this
should help us avoid this network-byte order issue in the future while
cleaning up existing code.

> +	trace2_region_leave("commit-graph", "bloom_large", ctx->r);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
>  static int oid_compare(const void *_a, const void *_b)
>  {
>  	const struct object_id *a = (const struct object_id *)_a;
> @@ -1389,6 +1432,24 @@ static void compute_generation_numbers(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
>  	stop_progress(&ctx->progress);
>  }
>  
> +static void trace2_bloom_filter_write_statistics(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
> +{
> +	struct json_writer jw = JSON_WRITER_INIT;
> +
> +	jw_object_begin(&jw, 0);
> +	jw_object_intmax(&jw, "filter_known_large",
> +			 ctx->count_bloom_filter_known_large);
> +	jw_object_intmax(&jw, "filter_found_large",
> +			 ctx->count_bloom_filter_found_large);
> +	jw_object_intmax(&jw, "filter_computed",
> +			 ctx->count_bloom_filter_computed);
> +	jw_end(&jw);

Helpful stats.

> +
> +	trace2_data_json("commit-graph", the_repository, "bloom_statistics", &jw);
> +
> +	jw_release(&jw);
> +}
> +
>  static void compute_bloom_filters(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
>  {
>  	int i;
> @@ -1396,6 +1457,7 @@ static void compute_bloom_filters(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
>  	int *sorted_commits;
>  
>  	init_bloom_filters();
> +	ctx->bloom_large = bitmap_word_alloc(ctx->commits.nr / BITS_IN_EWORD);
>  
>  	if (ctx->report_progress)
>  		progress = start_delayed_progress(
> @@ -1412,11 +1474,24 @@ static void compute_bloom_filters(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
>  	for (i = 0; i < ctx->commits.nr; i++) {
>  		int pos = sorted_commits[i];
>  		struct commit *c = ctx->commits.list[pos];
> -		struct bloom_filter *filter = get_bloom_filter(ctx->r, c, 1);
> -		ctx->total_bloom_filter_data_size += sizeof(unsigned char) * filter->len;
> +		if (get_bloom_filter_large_in_graph(ctx->r->objects->commit_graph, c)) {
> +			bitmap_set(ctx->bloom_large, pos);
> +			ctx->count_bloom_filter_known_large++;
> +		} else {
> +			struct bloom_filter *filter = get_bloom_filter(ctx->r, c, 1);
> +			if (!filter->len) {
> +				bitmap_set(ctx->bloom_large, pos);
> +				ctx->count_bloom_filter_found_large++;
> +			}
> +			ctx->total_bloom_filter_data_size += sizeof(unsigned char) * filter->len;

Is this sizeof(unsigned char) necessary? Or just a helpful reminder that
filter->len is a number of bytes?

> +			ctx->count_bloom_filter_computed++;
> +		}
>  		display_progress(progress, i + 1);
>  	}
>  
> +	if (trace2_is_enabled())
> +		trace2_bloom_filter_write_statistics(ctx);
> +
>  	free(sorted_commits);
>  	stop_progress(&progress);
>  }
> @@ -1739,6 +1814,10 @@ static int write_commit_graph_file(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
>  					  + ctx->total_bloom_filter_data_size;
>  		chunks[num_chunks].write_fn = write_graph_chunk_bloom_data;
>  		num_chunks++;
> +		chunks[num_chunks].id = GRAPH_CHUNKID_BLOOMLARGE;
> +		chunks[num_chunks].size = sizeof(eword_t) * ctx->bloom_large->word_alloc;
> +		chunks[num_chunks].write_fn = write_graph_chunk_bloom_large;
> +		num_chunks++;
>  	}
>  	if (ctx->num_commit_graphs_after > 1) {
>  		chunks[num_chunks].id = GRAPH_CHUNKID_BASE;
> diff --git a/commit-graph.h b/commit-graph.h
> index d9acb22bac..afbc5fa41e 100644
> --- a/commit-graph.h
> +++ b/commit-graph.h
> @@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
>  #include "git-compat-util.h"
>  #include "object-store.h"
>  #include "oidset.h"
> +#include "ewah/ewok.h"
>  
>  #define GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH "GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH"
>  #define GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH_DIE_ON_PARSE "GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH_DIE_ON_PARSE"
> @@ -71,6 +72,7 @@ struct commit_graph {
>  	const unsigned char *chunk_base_graphs;
>  	const unsigned char *chunk_bloom_indexes;
>  	const unsigned char *chunk_bloom_data;
> +	struct bitmap bloom_large;
>  
>  	struct bloom_filter_settings *bloom_filter_settings;
>  };
> diff --git a/t/t4216-log-bloom.sh b/t/t4216-log-bloom.sh
> index b3d1f596f8..231dc8a3a7 100755
> --- a/t/t4216-log-bloom.sh
> +++ b/t/t4216-log-bloom.sh
> @@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ test_expect_success 'setup test - repo, commits, commit graph, log outputs' '
>  	git commit-graph write --reachable --changed-paths
>  '
>  graph_read_expect () {
> -	NUM_CHUNKS=5
> +	NUM_CHUNKS=6
>  	cat >expect <<- EOF
>  	header: 43475048 1 1 $NUM_CHUNKS 0
>  	num_commits: $1
> @@ -195,5 +195,23 @@ test_expect_success 'correctly report changes over limit' '
>  		done
>  	)
>  '
> +test_bloom_filters_computed () {
> +	commit_graph_args=$1
> +	bloom_trace_prefix="{\"filter_known_large\":$2,\"filter_found_large\":$3,\"filter_computed\":$4"
> +	rm -f "$TRASH_DIRECTORY/trace.event" &&
> +	GIT_TRACE2_EVENT="$TRASH_DIRECTORY/trace.event" git commit-graph write $commit_graph_args &&
> +	grep "$bloom_trace_prefix" "$TRASH_DIRECTORY/trace.event"
> +}

Could this helper be moved earlier, so we can use
test_bloom_filters_computed in 'correctly report changes
over limit'? We could then check that filter_known_large is
zero while filter_found_large is 1.

These tests would be an excellent opportunity to use a
GIT_TEST_* variable to lower the 512 limit to something
smaller to make the test run a tiny bit faster ;).

> +
> +test_expect_success 'Bloom generation does not recompute too-large filters' '
> +	(
> +		cd 513changes &&
> +		git commit-graph write --reachable --changed-paths \
> +			--split=replace &&
> +		test_commit c1 filter &&
> +		test_bloom_filters_computed "--reachable --changed-paths --split=replace" \
> +			1 0 1
> +	)
> +'

Adding this test is valuable. Thanks.

-Stolee

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/technical/commit-graph-format.txt b/Documentation/technical/commit-graph-format.txt
index 440541045d..a7191c03d3 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/commit-graph-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/commit-graph-format.txt
@@ -123,6 +123,15 @@  CHUNK DATA:
       of length zero.
     * The BDAT chunk is present if and only if BIDX is present.
 
+  Large Bloom Filters (ID: {'B', 'F', 'X', 'L'}) [Optional]
+    * It contains a list of 'eword_t's (the length of this list is determined by
+      the width of the chunk) which is a bitmap. The 'i'th bit is set exactly
+      when the 'i'th commit in the graph has a changed-path Bloom filter with
+      zero entries (either because the commit is empty, or because it contains
+      more than 512 changed paths).
+    * The BFXL chunk is present on newer versions of Git iff the BIDX and BDAT
+      chunks are also present.
+
   Base Graphs List (ID: {'B', 'A', 'S', 'E'}) [Optional]
       This list of H-byte hashes describe a set of B commit-graph files that
       form a commit-graph chain. The graph position for the ith commit in this
diff --git a/commit-graph.c b/commit-graph.c
index d6ea556649..c870ffe0ed 100644
--- a/commit-graph.c
+++ b/commit-graph.c
@@ -41,8 +41,9 @@  void git_test_write_commit_graph_or_die(void)
 #define GRAPH_CHUNKID_EXTRAEDGES 0x45444745 /* "EDGE" */
 #define GRAPH_CHUNKID_BLOOMINDEXES 0x42494458 /* "BIDX" */
 #define GRAPH_CHUNKID_BLOOMDATA 0x42444154 /* "BDAT" */
+#define GRAPH_CHUNKID_BLOOMLARGE 0x4246584c /* "BFXL" */
 #define GRAPH_CHUNKID_BASE 0x42415345 /* "BASE" */
-#define MAX_NUM_CHUNKS 7
+#define MAX_NUM_CHUNKS 8
 
 #define GRAPH_DATA_WIDTH (the_hash_algo->rawsz + 16)
 
@@ -429,6 +430,17 @@  struct commit_graph *parse_commit_graph(struct repository *r,
 				graph->bloom_filter_settings->bits_per_entry = get_be32(data + chunk_offset + 8);
 			}
 			break;
+
+		case GRAPH_CHUNKID_BLOOMLARGE:
+			if (graph->bloom_large.word_alloc)
+				chunk_repeated = 1;
+			else if (r->settings.commit_graph_read_changed_paths) {
+				uint32_t alloc = get_be64(chunk_lookup + 4) - chunk_offset;
+
+				graph->bloom_large.word_alloc = alloc;
+				graph->bloom_large.words = (eword_t *)(data + chunk_offset);
+			}
+			break;
 		}
 
 		if (chunk_repeated) {
@@ -443,6 +455,8 @@  struct commit_graph *parse_commit_graph(struct repository *r,
 		/* We need both the bloom chunks to exist together. Else ignore the data */
 		graph->chunk_bloom_indexes = NULL;
 		graph->chunk_bloom_data = NULL;
+		graph->bloom_large.words = NULL;
+		graph->bloom_large.word_alloc = 0;
 		FREE_AND_NULL(graph->bloom_filter_settings);
 	}
 
@@ -933,6 +947,21 @@  struct tree *get_commit_tree_in_graph(struct repository *r, const struct commit
 	return get_commit_tree_in_graph_one(r, r->objects->commit_graph, c);
 }
 
+static int get_bloom_filter_large_in_graph(struct commit_graph *g,
+					   const struct commit *c)
+{
+	uint32_t graph_pos = commit_graph_position(c);
+	if (graph_pos == COMMIT_NOT_FROM_GRAPH)
+		return 0;
+
+	while (g && graph_pos < g->num_commits_in_base)
+		g = g->base_graph;
+
+	if (!(g && g->bloom_large.word_alloc))
+		return 0;
+	return bitmap_get(&g->bloom_large, graph_pos - g->num_commits_in_base);
+}
+
 struct packed_oid_list {
 	struct object_id *list;
 	int nr;
@@ -969,6 +998,11 @@  struct write_commit_graph_context {
 	const struct split_commit_graph_opts *split_opts;
 	size_t total_bloom_filter_data_size;
 	const struct bloom_filter_settings *bloom_settings;
+	struct bitmap *bloom_large;
+
+	int count_bloom_filter_known_large;
+	int count_bloom_filter_found_large;
+	int count_bloom_filter_computed;
 };
 
 static int write_graph_chunk_fanout(struct hashfile *f,
@@ -1231,6 +1265,15 @@  static int write_graph_chunk_bloom_data(struct hashfile *f,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int write_graph_chunk_bloom_large(struct hashfile *f,
+					  struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
+{
+	trace2_region_enter("commit-graph", "bloom_large", ctx->r);
+	hashwrite(f, ctx->bloom_large->words, ctx->bloom_large->word_alloc * sizeof(eword_t));
+	trace2_region_leave("commit-graph", "bloom_large", ctx->r);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int oid_compare(const void *_a, const void *_b)
 {
 	const struct object_id *a = (const struct object_id *)_a;
@@ -1389,6 +1432,24 @@  static void compute_generation_numbers(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 	stop_progress(&ctx->progress);
 }
 
+static void trace2_bloom_filter_write_statistics(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
+{
+	struct json_writer jw = JSON_WRITER_INIT;
+
+	jw_object_begin(&jw, 0);
+	jw_object_intmax(&jw, "filter_known_large",
+			 ctx->count_bloom_filter_known_large);
+	jw_object_intmax(&jw, "filter_found_large",
+			 ctx->count_bloom_filter_found_large);
+	jw_object_intmax(&jw, "filter_computed",
+			 ctx->count_bloom_filter_computed);
+	jw_end(&jw);
+
+	trace2_data_json("commit-graph", the_repository, "bloom_statistics", &jw);
+
+	jw_release(&jw);
+}
+
 static void compute_bloom_filters(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 {
 	int i;
@@ -1396,6 +1457,7 @@  static void compute_bloom_filters(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 	int *sorted_commits;
 
 	init_bloom_filters();
+	ctx->bloom_large = bitmap_word_alloc(ctx->commits.nr / BITS_IN_EWORD);
 
 	if (ctx->report_progress)
 		progress = start_delayed_progress(
@@ -1412,11 +1474,24 @@  static void compute_bloom_filters(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 	for (i = 0; i < ctx->commits.nr; i++) {
 		int pos = sorted_commits[i];
 		struct commit *c = ctx->commits.list[pos];
-		struct bloom_filter *filter = get_bloom_filter(ctx->r, c, 1);
-		ctx->total_bloom_filter_data_size += sizeof(unsigned char) * filter->len;
+		if (get_bloom_filter_large_in_graph(ctx->r->objects->commit_graph, c)) {
+			bitmap_set(ctx->bloom_large, pos);
+			ctx->count_bloom_filter_known_large++;
+		} else {
+			struct bloom_filter *filter = get_bloom_filter(ctx->r, c, 1);
+			if (!filter->len) {
+				bitmap_set(ctx->bloom_large, pos);
+				ctx->count_bloom_filter_found_large++;
+			}
+			ctx->total_bloom_filter_data_size += sizeof(unsigned char) * filter->len;
+			ctx->count_bloom_filter_computed++;
+		}
 		display_progress(progress, i + 1);
 	}
 
+	if (trace2_is_enabled())
+		trace2_bloom_filter_write_statistics(ctx);
+
 	free(sorted_commits);
 	stop_progress(&progress);
 }
@@ -1739,6 +1814,10 @@  static int write_commit_graph_file(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 					  + ctx->total_bloom_filter_data_size;
 		chunks[num_chunks].write_fn = write_graph_chunk_bloom_data;
 		num_chunks++;
+		chunks[num_chunks].id = GRAPH_CHUNKID_BLOOMLARGE;
+		chunks[num_chunks].size = sizeof(eword_t) * ctx->bloom_large->word_alloc;
+		chunks[num_chunks].write_fn = write_graph_chunk_bloom_large;
+		num_chunks++;
 	}
 	if (ctx->num_commit_graphs_after > 1) {
 		chunks[num_chunks].id = GRAPH_CHUNKID_BASE;
diff --git a/commit-graph.h b/commit-graph.h
index d9acb22bac..afbc5fa41e 100644
--- a/commit-graph.h
+++ b/commit-graph.h
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@ 
 #include "git-compat-util.h"
 #include "object-store.h"
 #include "oidset.h"
+#include "ewah/ewok.h"
 
 #define GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH "GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH"
 #define GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH_DIE_ON_PARSE "GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH_DIE_ON_PARSE"
@@ -71,6 +72,7 @@  struct commit_graph {
 	const unsigned char *chunk_base_graphs;
 	const unsigned char *chunk_bloom_indexes;
 	const unsigned char *chunk_bloom_data;
+	struct bitmap bloom_large;
 
 	struct bloom_filter_settings *bloom_filter_settings;
 };
diff --git a/t/t4216-log-bloom.sh b/t/t4216-log-bloom.sh
index b3d1f596f8..231dc8a3a7 100755
--- a/t/t4216-log-bloom.sh
+++ b/t/t4216-log-bloom.sh
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@  test_expect_success 'setup test - repo, commits, commit graph, log outputs' '
 	git commit-graph write --reachable --changed-paths
 '
 graph_read_expect () {
-	NUM_CHUNKS=5
+	NUM_CHUNKS=6
 	cat >expect <<- EOF
 	header: 43475048 1 1 $NUM_CHUNKS 0
 	num_commits: $1
@@ -195,5 +195,23 @@  test_expect_success 'correctly report changes over limit' '
 		done
 	)
 '
+test_bloom_filters_computed () {
+	commit_graph_args=$1
+	bloom_trace_prefix="{\"filter_known_large\":$2,\"filter_found_large\":$3,\"filter_computed\":$4"
+	rm -f "$TRASH_DIRECTORY/trace.event" &&
+	GIT_TRACE2_EVENT="$TRASH_DIRECTORY/trace.event" git commit-graph write $commit_graph_args &&
+	grep "$bloom_trace_prefix" "$TRASH_DIRECTORY/trace.event"
+}
+
+test_expect_success 'Bloom generation does not recompute too-large filters' '
+	(
+		cd 513changes &&
+		git commit-graph write --reachable --changed-paths \
+			--split=replace &&
+		test_commit c1 filter &&
+		test_bloom_filters_computed "--reachable --changed-paths --split=replace" \
+			1 0 1
+	)
+'
 
 test_done