[GIT,PULL] Kunit update for Linux 5.9-rc1
diff mbox series

Message ID 8d43e88e-1356-cd63-9152-209b81b16746@linuxfoundation.org
State Mainlined
Commit 53e5504bdbdb16548e39a4834c97742693964197
Headers show
Series
  • [GIT,PULL] Kunit update for Linux 5.9-rc1
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Pull-request

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/shuah/linux-kselftest tags/linux-kselftest-kunit-5.9-rc1

Commit Message

Shuah Khan Aug. 4, 2020, 8:59 p.m. UTC
Hi Linus,

Please pull the Kunit update for Linux 5.9-rc1.

This Kunit update for Linux 5.9-rc1 consists of:

- Adds a generic kunit_resource API extending it to support
   resources that are passed in to kunit in addition kunit
   allocated resources. In addition, KUnit resources are now
   refcounted to avoid passed in resources being released while
   in use by kunit.

- Add support for named resources.

- Important bug fixes from Brendan Higgins and Will Chen

diff is attached.

thanks,
-- Shuah

----------------------------------------------------------------
The following changes since commit 48778464bb7d346b47157d21ffde2af6b2d39110:

   Linux 5.8-rc2 (2020-06-21 15:45:29 -0700)

are available in the Git repository at:

   git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/shuah/linux-kselftest 
tags/linux-kselftest-kunit-5.9-rc1

for you to fetch changes up to d43c7fb05765152d4d4a39a8ef957c4ea14d8847:

   kunit: tool: fix improper treatment of file location (2020-07-17 
14:17:49 -0600)

----------------------------------------------------------------
linux-kselftest-kunit-5.9-rc1

This Kunit update for Linux 5.9-rc1 consists of:

- Adds a generic kunit_resource API extending it to support
   resources that are passed in to kunit in addition kunit
   allocated resources. In addition, KUnit resources are now
   refcounted to avoid passed in resources being released while
   in use by kunit.

- Add support for named resources.

- Important bug fixes from Brendan Higgins and Will Chen

----------------------------------------------------------------
Alan Maguire (2):
       kunit: generalize kunit_resource API beyond allocated resources
       kunit: add support for named resources

Brendan Higgins (2):
       kunit: tool: fix broken default args in unit tests
       kunit: tool: fix improper treatment of file location

David Gow (1):
       Documentation: kunit: Remove references to --defconfig

Will Chen (1):
       kunit: capture stderr on all make subprocess calls

  Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst |  17 +--
  Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst      |   2 +-
  include/kunit/test.h                         | 210 
+++++++++++++++++++++++----
  lib/kunit/kunit-test.c                       | 111 +++++++++++---
  lib/kunit/string-stream.c                    |  14 +-
  lib/kunit/test.c                             | 171 +++++++++++++---------
  tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py                 |  24 ---
  tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py          |   6 +-
  tools/testing/kunit/kunit_tool_test.py       |  14 +-
  9 files changed, 396 insertions(+), 173 deletions(-)

----------------------------------------------------------------

Comments

pr-tracker-bot@kernel.org Aug. 5, 2020, 5:33 p.m. UTC | #1
The pull request you sent on Tue, 4 Aug 2020 14:59:29 -0600:

> git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/shuah/linux-kselftest tags/linux-kselftest-kunit-5.9-rc1

has been merged into torvalds/linux.git:
https://git.kernel.org/torvalds/c/53e5504bdbdb16548e39a4834c97742693964197

Thank you!

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst
index 949af2da81e5..29ae2fee8123 100644
--- a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst
+++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst
@@ -19,13 +19,13 @@  compiles the kernel as a standalone Linux executable that can be run like any
 other program directly inside of a host operating system. To be clear, it does
 not require any virtualization support: it is just a regular program.
 
-What is a kunitconfig?
-======================
+What is a .kunitconfig?
+=======================
 
 It's just a defconfig that kunit_tool looks for in the base directory.
 kunit_tool uses it to generate a .config as you might expect. In addition, it
 verifies that the generated .config contains the CONFIG options in the
-kunitconfig; the reason it does this is so that it is easy to be sure that a
+.kunitconfig; the reason it does this is so that it is easy to be sure that a
 CONFIG that enables a test actually ends up in the .config.
 
 How do I use kunit_tool?
@@ -46,16 +46,9 @@  However, you most likely want to use it with the following options:
 - ``--timeout`` sets a maximum amount of time to allow tests to run.
 - ``--jobs`` sets the number of threads to use to build the kernel.
 
-If you just want to use the defconfig that ships with the kernel, you can
-append the ``--defconfig`` flag as well:
-
-.. code-block:: bash
-
-	./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run --timeout=30 --jobs=`nproc --all` --defconfig
-
 .. note::
-	This command is particularly helpful for getting started because it
-	just works. No kunitconfig needs to be present.
+	This command will work even without a .kunitconfig file: if no
+        .kunitconfig is present, a default one will be used instead.
 
 For a list of all the flags supported by kunit_tool, you can run:
 
diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst
index bb112cf70624..d23385e3e159 100644
--- a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst
+++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@  The wrapper can be run with:
 
 .. code-block:: bash
 
-	./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run --defconfig
+	./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run
 
 For more information on this wrapper (also called kunit_tool) check out the
 :doc:`kunit-tool` page.
diff --git a/include/kunit/test.h b/include/kunit/test.h
index 47e61e1d5337..59f3144f009a 100644
--- a/include/kunit/test.h
+++ b/include/kunit/test.h
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
 #include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kref.h>
 
 struct kunit_resource;
 
@@ -23,13 +24,19 @@  typedef void (*kunit_resource_free_t)(struct kunit_resource *);
 
 /**
  * struct kunit_resource - represents a *test managed resource*
- * @allocation: for the user to store arbitrary data.
+ * @data: for the user to store arbitrary data.
  * @free: a user supplied function to free the resource. Populated by
- * kunit_alloc_resource().
+ * kunit_resource_alloc().
  *
  * Represents a *test managed resource*, a resource which will automatically be
  * cleaned up at the end of a test case.
  *
+ * Resources are reference counted so if a resource is retrieved via
+ * kunit_alloc_and_get_resource() or kunit_find_resource(), we need
+ * to call kunit_put_resource() to reduce the resource reference count
+ * when finished with it.  Note that kunit_alloc_resource() does not require a
+ * kunit_resource_put() because it does not retrieve the resource itself.
+ *
  * Example:
  *
  * .. code-block:: c
@@ -42,9 +49,9 @@  typedef void (*kunit_resource_free_t)(struct kunit_resource *);
  *	static int kunit_kmalloc_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
  *	{
  *		struct kunit_kmalloc_params *params = context;
- *		res->allocation = kmalloc(params->size, params->gfp);
+ *		res->data = kmalloc(params->size, params->gfp);
  *
- *		if (!res->allocation)
+ *		if (!res->data)
  *			return -ENOMEM;
  *
  *		return 0;
@@ -52,30 +59,32 @@  typedef void (*kunit_resource_free_t)(struct kunit_resource *);
  *
  *	static void kunit_kmalloc_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
  *	{
- *		kfree(res->allocation);
+ *		kfree(res->data);
  *	}
  *
  *	void *kunit_kmalloc(struct kunit *test, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
  *	{
  *		struct kunit_kmalloc_params params;
- *		struct kunit_resource *res;
  *
  *		params.size = size;
  *		params.gfp = gfp;
  *
- *		res = kunit_alloc_resource(test, kunit_kmalloc_init,
+ *		return kunit_alloc_resource(test, kunit_kmalloc_init,
  *			kunit_kmalloc_free, &params);
- *		if (res)
- *			return res->allocation;
- *
- *		return NULL;
  *	}
+ *
+ * Resources can also be named, with lookup/removal done on a name
+ * basis also.  kunit_add_named_resource(), kunit_find_named_resource()
+ * and kunit_destroy_named_resource().  Resource names must be
+ * unique within the test instance.
  */
 struct kunit_resource {
-	void *allocation;
-	kunit_resource_free_t free;
+	void *data;
+	const char *name;		/* optional name */
 
 	/* private: internal use only. */
+	kunit_resource_free_t free;
+	struct kref refcount;
 	struct list_head node;
 };
 
@@ -283,6 +292,79 @@  struct kunit_resource *kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(struct kunit *test,
 						    gfp_t internal_gfp,
 						    void *context);
 
+/**
+ * kunit_get_resource() - Hold resource for use.  Should not need to be used
+ *			  by most users as we automatically get resources
+ *			  retrieved by kunit_find_resource*().
+ * @res: resource
+ */
+static inline void kunit_get_resource(struct kunit_resource *res)
+{
+	kref_get(&res->refcount);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called when refcount reaches zero via kunit_put_resources();
+ * should not be called directly.
+ */
+static inline void kunit_release_resource(struct kref *kref)
+{
+	struct kunit_resource *res = container_of(kref, struct kunit_resource,
+						  refcount);
+
+	/* If free function is defined, resource was dynamically allocated. */
+	if (res->free) {
+		res->free(res);
+		kfree(res);
+	}
+}
+
+/**
+ * kunit_put_resource() - When caller is done with retrieved resource,
+ *			  kunit_put_resource() should be called to drop
+ *			  reference count.  The resource list maintains
+ *			  a reference count on resources, so if no users
+ *			  are utilizing a resource and it is removed from
+ *			  the resource list, it will be freed via the
+ *			  associated free function (if any).  Only
+ *			  needs to be used if we alloc_and_get() or
+ *			  find() resource.
+ * @res: resource
+ */
+static inline void kunit_put_resource(struct kunit_resource *res)
+{
+	kref_put(&res->refcount, kunit_release_resource);
+}
+
+/**
+ * kunit_add_resource() - Add a *test managed resource*.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @init: a user-supplied function to initialize the result (if needed).  If
+ *        none is supplied, the resource data value is simply set to @data.
+ *	  If an init function is supplied, @data is passed to it instead.
+ * @free: a user-supplied function to free the resource (if needed).
+ * @data: value to pass to init function or set in resource data field.
+ */
+int kunit_add_resource(struct kunit *test,
+		       kunit_resource_init_t init,
+		       kunit_resource_free_t free,
+		       struct kunit_resource *res,
+		       void *data);
+
+/**
+ * kunit_add_named_resource() - Add a named *test managed resource*.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @init: a user-supplied function to initialize the resource data, if needed.
+ * @free: a user-supplied function to free the resource data, if needed.
+ * @name_data: name and data to be set for resource.
+ */
+int kunit_add_named_resource(struct kunit *test,
+			     kunit_resource_init_t init,
+			     kunit_resource_free_t free,
+			     struct kunit_resource *res,
+			     const char *name,
+			     void *data);
+
 /**
  * kunit_alloc_resource() - Allocates a *test managed resource*.
  * @test: The test context object.
@@ -295,7 +377,7 @@  struct kunit_resource *kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(struct kunit *test,
  * cleaned up at the end of a test case. See &struct kunit_resource for an
  * example.
  *
- * NOTE: KUnit needs to allocate memory for each kunit_resource object. You must
+ * Note: KUnit needs to allocate memory for a kunit_resource object. You must
  * specify an @internal_gfp that is compatible with the use context of your
  * resource.
  */
@@ -307,54 +389,122 @@  static inline void *kunit_alloc_resource(struct kunit *test,
 {
 	struct kunit_resource *res;
 
-	res = kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(test, init, free, internal_gfp,
-					   context);
+	res = kzalloc(sizeof(*res), internal_gfp);
+	if (!res)
+		return NULL;
 
-	if (res)
-		return res->allocation;
+	if (!kunit_add_resource(test, init, free, res, context))
+		return res->data;
 
 	return NULL;
 }
 
 typedef bool (*kunit_resource_match_t)(struct kunit *test,
-				       const void *res,
+				       struct kunit_resource *res,
 				       void *match_data);
 
 /**
  * kunit_resource_instance_match() - Match a resource with the same instance.
  * @test: Test case to which the resource belongs.
- * @res: The data stored in kunit_resource->allocation.
+ * @res: The resource.
  * @match_data: The resource pointer to match against.
  *
  * An instance of kunit_resource_match_t that matches a resource whose
  * allocation matches @match_data.
  */
 static inline bool kunit_resource_instance_match(struct kunit *test,
-						 const void *res,
+						 struct kunit_resource *res,
 						 void *match_data)
 {
-	return res == match_data;
+	return res->data == match_data;
 }
 
 /**
- * kunit_resource_destroy() - Find a kunit_resource and destroy it.
+ * kunit_resource_name_match() - Match a resource with the same name.
+ * @test: Test case to which the resource belongs.
+ * @res: The resource.
+ * @match_name: The name to match against.
+ */
+static inline bool kunit_resource_name_match(struct kunit *test,
+					     struct kunit_resource *res,
+					     void *match_name)
+{
+	return res->name && strcmp(res->name, match_name) == 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * kunit_find_resource() - Find a resource using match function/data.
+ * @test: Test case to which the resource belongs.
+ * @match: match function to be applied to resources/match data.
+ * @match_data: data to be used in matching.
+ */
+static inline struct kunit_resource *
+kunit_find_resource(struct kunit *test,
+		    kunit_resource_match_t match,
+		    void *match_data)
+{
+	struct kunit_resource *res, *found = NULL;
+
+	spin_lock(&test->lock);
+
+	list_for_each_entry_reverse(res, &test->resources, node) {
+		if (match(test, res, (void *)match_data)) {
+			found = res;
+			kunit_get_resource(found);
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	spin_unlock(&test->lock);
+
+	return found;
+}
+
+/**
+ * kunit_find_named_resource() - Find a resource using match name.
+ * @test: Test case to which the resource belongs.
+ * @name: match name.
+ */
+static inline struct kunit_resource *
+kunit_find_named_resource(struct kunit *test,
+			  const char *name)
+{
+	return kunit_find_resource(test, kunit_resource_name_match,
+				   (void *)name);
+}
+
+/**
+ * kunit_destroy_resource() - Find a kunit_resource and destroy it.
  * @test: Test case to which the resource belongs.
  * @match: Match function. Returns whether a given resource matches @match_data.
- * @free: Must match free on the kunit_resource to free.
  * @match_data: Data passed into @match.
  *
- * Free the latest kunit_resource of @test for which @free matches the
- * kunit_resource_free_t associated with the resource and for which @match
- * returns true.
- *
  * RETURNS:
  * 0 if kunit_resource is found and freed, -ENOENT if not found.
  */
-int kunit_resource_destroy(struct kunit *test,
+int kunit_destroy_resource(struct kunit *test,
 			   kunit_resource_match_t match,
-			   kunit_resource_free_t free,
 			   void *match_data);
 
+static inline int kunit_destroy_named_resource(struct kunit *test,
+					       const char *name)
+{
+	return kunit_destroy_resource(test, kunit_resource_name_match,
+				      (void *)name);
+}
+
+/**
+ * kunit_remove_resource: remove resource from resource list associated with
+ *			  test.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @res: The resource to be removed.
+ *
+ * Note that the resource will not be immediately freed since it is likely
+ * the caller has a reference to it via alloc_and_get() or find();
+ * in this case a final call to kunit_put_resource() is required.
+ */
+void kunit_remove_resource(struct kunit *test, struct kunit_resource *res);
+
 /**
  * kunit_kmalloc() - Like kmalloc() except the allocation is *test managed*.
  * @test: The test context object.
diff --git a/lib/kunit/kunit-test.c b/lib/kunit/kunit-test.c
index 4f3d36a72f8f..69f902440a0e 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/kunit-test.c
+++ b/lib/kunit/kunit-test.c
@@ -118,14 +118,14 @@  static int fake_resource_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
 {
 	struct kunit_test_resource_context *ctx = context;
 
-	res->allocation = &ctx->is_resource_initialized;
+	res->data = &ctx->is_resource_initialized;
 	ctx->is_resource_initialized = true;
 	return 0;
 }
 
 static void fake_resource_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
 {
-	bool *is_resource_initialized = res->allocation;
+	bool *is_resource_initialized = res->data;
 
 	*is_resource_initialized = false;
 }
@@ -154,11 +154,21 @@  static void kunit_resource_test_alloc_resource(struct kunit *test)
 	KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, res);
 	KUNIT_EXPECT_PTR_EQ(test,
 			    &ctx->is_resource_initialized,
-			    (bool *) res->allocation);
+			    (bool *)res->data);
 	KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(test, list_is_last(&res->node, &ctx->test.resources));
 	KUNIT_EXPECT_PTR_EQ(test, free, res->free);
+
+	kunit_put_resource(res);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Note: tests below use kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(), so as a consequence
+ * they have a reference to the associated resource that they must release
+ * via kunit_put_resource().  In normal operation, users will only
+ * have to do this for cases where they use kunit_find_resource(), and the
+ * kunit_alloc_resource() function will be used (which does not take a
+ * resource reference).
+ */
 static void kunit_resource_test_destroy_resource(struct kunit *test)
 {
 	struct kunit_test_resource_context *ctx = test->priv;
@@ -169,11 +179,12 @@  static void kunit_resource_test_destroy_resource(struct kunit *test)
 			GFP_KERNEL,
 			ctx);
 
+	kunit_put_resource(res);
+
 	KUNIT_ASSERT_FALSE(test,
-			   kunit_resource_destroy(&ctx->test,
+			   kunit_destroy_resource(&ctx->test,
 						  kunit_resource_instance_match,
-						  res->free,
-						  res->allocation));
+						  res->data));
 
 	KUNIT_EXPECT_FALSE(test, ctx->is_resource_initialized);
 	KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(test, list_empty(&ctx->test.resources));
@@ -191,6 +202,7 @@  static void kunit_resource_test_cleanup_resources(struct kunit *test)
 							    fake_resource_free,
 							    GFP_KERNEL,
 							    ctx);
+		kunit_put_resource(resources[i]);
 	}
 
 	kunit_cleanup(&ctx->test);
@@ -221,14 +233,14 @@  static int fake_resource_2_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
 
 	KUNIT_RESOURCE_TEST_MARK_ORDER(ctx, allocate_order, 2);
 
-	res->allocation = ctx;
+	res->data = ctx;
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
 static void fake_resource_2_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
 {
-	struct kunit_test_resource_context *ctx = res->allocation;
+	struct kunit_test_resource_context *ctx = res->data;
 
 	KUNIT_RESOURCE_TEST_MARK_ORDER(ctx, free_order, 2);
 }
@@ -236,23 +248,26 @@  static void fake_resource_2_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
 static int fake_resource_1_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
 {
 	struct kunit_test_resource_context *ctx = context;
+	struct kunit_resource *res2;
 
-	kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(&ctx->test,
-				     fake_resource_2_init,
-				     fake_resource_2_free,
-				     GFP_KERNEL,
-				     ctx);
+	res2 = kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(&ctx->test,
+					    fake_resource_2_init,
+					    fake_resource_2_free,
+					    GFP_KERNEL,
+					    ctx);
 
 	KUNIT_RESOURCE_TEST_MARK_ORDER(ctx, allocate_order, 1);
 
-	res->allocation = ctx;
+	res->data = ctx;
+
+	kunit_put_resource(res2);
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
 static void fake_resource_1_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
 {
-	struct kunit_test_resource_context *ctx = res->allocation;
+	struct kunit_test_resource_context *ctx = res->data;
 
 	KUNIT_RESOURCE_TEST_MARK_ORDER(ctx, free_order, 1);
 }
@@ -265,13 +280,14 @@  static void fake_resource_1_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
 static void kunit_resource_test_proper_free_ordering(struct kunit *test)
 {
 	struct kunit_test_resource_context *ctx = test->priv;
+	struct kunit_resource *res;
 
 	/* fake_resource_1 allocates a fake_resource_2 in its init. */
-	kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(&ctx->test,
-				     fake_resource_1_init,
-				     fake_resource_1_free,
-				     GFP_KERNEL,
-				     ctx);
+	res = kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(&ctx->test,
+					   fake_resource_1_init,
+					   fake_resource_1_free,
+					   GFP_KERNEL,
+					   ctx);
 
 	/*
 	 * Since fake_resource_2_init calls KUNIT_RESOURCE_TEST_MARK_ORDER
@@ -281,6 +297,8 @@  static void kunit_resource_test_proper_free_ordering(struct kunit *test)
 	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, ctx->allocate_order[0], 2);
 	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, ctx->allocate_order[1], 1);
 
+	kunit_put_resource(res);
+
 	kunit_cleanup(&ctx->test);
 
 	/*
@@ -292,6 +310,57 @@  static void kunit_resource_test_proper_free_ordering(struct kunit *test)
 	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, ctx->free_order[1], 2);
 }
 
+static void kunit_resource_test_static(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct kunit_test_resource_context ctx;
+	struct kunit_resource res;
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, kunit_add_resource(test, NULL, NULL, &res, &ctx),
+			0);
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_PTR_EQ(test, res.data, (void *)&ctx);
+
+	kunit_cleanup(test);
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(test, list_empty(&test->resources));
+}
+
+static void kunit_resource_test_named(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct kunit_resource res1, res2, *found = NULL;
+	struct kunit_test_resource_context ctx;
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test,
+			kunit_add_named_resource(test, NULL, NULL, &res1,
+						 "resource_1", &ctx),
+			0);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_PTR_EQ(test, res1.data, (void *)&ctx);
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test,
+			kunit_add_named_resource(test, NULL, NULL, &res1,
+						 "resource_1", &ctx),
+			-EEXIST);
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test,
+			kunit_add_named_resource(test, NULL, NULL, &res2,
+						 "resource_2", &ctx),
+			0);
+
+	found = kunit_find_named_resource(test, "resource_1");
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_PTR_EQ(test, found, &res1);
+
+	if (found)
+		kunit_put_resource(&res1);
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, kunit_destroy_named_resource(test, "resource_2"),
+			0);
+
+	kunit_cleanup(test);
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(test, list_empty(&test->resources));
+}
+
 static int kunit_resource_test_init(struct kunit *test)
 {
 	struct kunit_test_resource_context *ctx =
@@ -320,6 +389,8 @@  static struct kunit_case kunit_resource_test_cases[] = {
 	KUNIT_CASE(kunit_resource_test_destroy_resource),
 	KUNIT_CASE(kunit_resource_test_cleanup_resources),
 	KUNIT_CASE(kunit_resource_test_proper_free_ordering),
+	KUNIT_CASE(kunit_resource_test_static),
+	KUNIT_CASE(kunit_resource_test_named),
 	{}
 };
 
diff --git a/lib/kunit/string-stream.c b/lib/kunit/string-stream.c
index 350392013c14..141789ca8949 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/string-stream.c
+++ b/lib/kunit/string-stream.c
@@ -33,14 +33,14 @@  static int string_stream_fragment_init(struct kunit_resource *res,
 	if (!frag->fragment)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	res->allocation = frag;
+	res->data = frag;
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
 static void string_stream_fragment_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
 {
-	struct string_stream_fragment *frag = res->allocation;
+	struct string_stream_fragment *frag = res->data;
 
 	list_del(&frag->node);
 	kunit_kfree(frag->test, frag->fragment);
@@ -65,9 +65,8 @@  static struct string_stream_fragment *alloc_string_stream_fragment(
 
 static int string_stream_fragment_destroy(struct string_stream_fragment *frag)
 {
-	return kunit_resource_destroy(frag->test,
+	return kunit_destroy_resource(frag->test,
 				      kunit_resource_instance_match,
-				      string_stream_fragment_free,
 				      frag);
 }
 
@@ -179,7 +178,7 @@  static int string_stream_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
 	if (!stream)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	res->allocation = stream;
+	res->data = stream;
 	stream->gfp = ctx->gfp;
 	stream->test = ctx->test;
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&stream->fragments);
@@ -190,7 +189,7 @@  static int string_stream_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
 
 static void string_stream_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
 {
-	struct string_stream *stream = res->allocation;
+	struct string_stream *stream = res->data;
 
 	string_stream_clear(stream);
 }
@@ -211,8 +210,7 @@  struct string_stream *alloc_string_stream(struct kunit *test, gfp_t gfp)
 
 int string_stream_destroy(struct string_stream *stream)
 {
-	return kunit_resource_destroy(stream->test,
+	return kunit_destroy_resource(stream->test,
 				      kunit_resource_instance_match,
-				      string_stream_free,
 				      stream);
 }
diff --git a/lib/kunit/test.c b/lib/kunit/test.c
index ccb2ffad8dcf..c36037200310 100644
--- a/lib/kunit/test.c
+++ b/lib/kunit/test.c
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ 
 
 #include <kunit/test.h>
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kref.h>
 #include <linux/sched/debug.h>
 
 #include "debugfs.h"
@@ -406,90 +407,116 @@  void __kunit_test_suites_exit(struct kunit_suite **suites)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__kunit_test_suites_exit);
 
-struct kunit_resource *kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(struct kunit *test,
-						    kunit_resource_init_t init,
-						    kunit_resource_free_t free,
-						    gfp_t internal_gfp,
-						    void *context)
+/*
+ * Used for static resources and when a kunit_resource * has been created by
+ * kunit_alloc_resource().  When an init function is supplied, @data is passed
+ * into the init function; otherwise, we simply set the resource data field to
+ * the data value passed in.
+ */
+int kunit_add_resource(struct kunit *test,
+		       kunit_resource_init_t init,
+		       kunit_resource_free_t free,
+		       struct kunit_resource *res,
+		       void *data)
 {
-	struct kunit_resource *res;
-	int ret;
+	int ret = 0;
 
-	res = kzalloc(sizeof(*res), internal_gfp);
-	if (!res)
-		return NULL;
+	res->free = free;
+	kref_init(&res->refcount);
 
-	ret = init(res, context);
-	if (ret)
-		return NULL;
+	if (init) {
+		ret = init(res, data);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	} else {
+		res->data = data;
+	}
 
-	res->free = free;
 	spin_lock(&test->lock);
 	list_add_tail(&res->node, &test->resources);
+	/* refcount for list is established by kref_init() */
 	spin_unlock(&test->lock);
 
-	return res;
+	return ret;
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_alloc_and_get_resource);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_add_resource);
 
-static void kunit_resource_free(struct kunit *test, struct kunit_resource *res)
+int kunit_add_named_resource(struct kunit *test,
+			     kunit_resource_init_t init,
+			     kunit_resource_free_t free,
+			     struct kunit_resource *res,
+			     const char *name,
+			     void *data)
 {
-	res->free(res);
-	kfree(res);
+	struct kunit_resource *existing;
+
+	if (!name)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	existing = kunit_find_named_resource(test, name);
+	if (existing) {
+		kunit_put_resource(existing);
+		return -EEXIST;
+	}
+
+	res->name = name;
+
+	return kunit_add_resource(test, init, free, res, data);
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_add_named_resource);
 
-static struct kunit_resource *kunit_resource_find(struct kunit *test,
-						  kunit_resource_match_t match,
-						  kunit_resource_free_t free,
-						  void *match_data)
+struct kunit_resource *kunit_alloc_and_get_resource(struct kunit *test,
+						    kunit_resource_init_t init,
+						    kunit_resource_free_t free,
+						    gfp_t internal_gfp,
+						    void *data)
 {
-	struct kunit_resource *resource;
+	struct kunit_resource *res;
+	int ret;
 
-	lockdep_assert_held(&test->lock);
+	res = kzalloc(sizeof(*res), internal_gfp);
+	if (!res)
+		return NULL;
 
-	list_for_each_entry_reverse(resource, &test->resources, node) {
-		if (resource->free != free)
-			continue;
-		if (match(test, resource->allocation, match_data))
-			return resource;
+	ret = kunit_add_resource(test, init, free, res, data);
+	if (!ret) {
+		/*
+		 * bump refcount for get; kunit_resource_put() should be called
+		 * when done.
+		 */
+		kunit_get_resource(res);
+		return res;
 	}
-
 	return NULL;
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_alloc_and_get_resource);
 
-static struct kunit_resource *kunit_resource_remove(
-		struct kunit *test,
-		kunit_resource_match_t match,
-		kunit_resource_free_t free,
-		void *match_data)
+void kunit_remove_resource(struct kunit *test, struct kunit_resource *res)
 {
-	struct kunit_resource *resource;
-
 	spin_lock(&test->lock);
-	resource = kunit_resource_find(test, match, free, match_data);
-	if (resource)
-		list_del(&resource->node);
+	list_del(&res->node);
 	spin_unlock(&test->lock);
-
-	return resource;
+	kunit_put_resource(res);
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_remove_resource);
 
-int kunit_resource_destroy(struct kunit *test,
-			   kunit_resource_match_t match,
-			   kunit_resource_free_t free,
+int kunit_destroy_resource(struct kunit *test, kunit_resource_match_t match,
 			   void *match_data)
 {
-	struct kunit_resource *resource;
-
-	resource = kunit_resource_remove(test, match, free, match_data);
+	struct kunit_resource *res = kunit_find_resource(test, match,
+							 match_data);
 
-	if (!resource)
+	if (!res)
 		return -ENOENT;
 
-	kunit_resource_free(test, resource);
+	kunit_remove_resource(test, res);
+
+	/* We have a reference also via _find(); drop it. */
+	kunit_put_resource(res);
+
 	return 0;
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_resource_destroy);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_destroy_resource);
 
 struct kunit_kmalloc_params {
 	size_t size;
@@ -500,8 +527,8 @@  static int kunit_kmalloc_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
 {
 	struct kunit_kmalloc_params *params = context;
 
-	res->allocation = kmalloc(params->size, params->gfp);
-	if (!res->allocation)
+	res->data = kmalloc(params->size, params->gfp);
+	if (!res->data)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	return 0;
@@ -509,7 +536,7 @@  static int kunit_kmalloc_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
 
 static void kunit_kmalloc_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
 {
-	kfree(res->allocation);
+	kfree(res->data);
 }
 
 void *kunit_kmalloc(struct kunit *test, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
@@ -529,20 +556,25 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_kmalloc);
 
 void kunit_kfree(struct kunit *test, const void *ptr)
 {
-	int rc;
+	struct kunit_resource *res;
 
-	rc = kunit_resource_destroy(test,
-				    kunit_resource_instance_match,
-				    kunit_kmalloc_free,
-				    (void *)ptr);
+	res = kunit_find_resource(test, kunit_resource_instance_match,
+				  (void *)ptr);
+
+	/*
+	 * Removing the resource from the list of resources drops the
+	 * reference count to 1; the final put will trigger the free.
+	 */
+	kunit_remove_resource(test, res);
+
+	kunit_put_resource(res);
 
-	WARN_ON(rc);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_kfree);
 
 void kunit_cleanup(struct kunit *test)
 {
-	struct kunit_resource *resource;
+	struct kunit_resource *res;
 
 	/*
 	 * test->resources is a stack - each allocation must be freed in the
@@ -559,13 +591,16 @@  void kunit_cleanup(struct kunit *test)
 			spin_unlock(&test->lock);
 			break;
 		}
-		resource = list_last_entry(&test->resources,
-					   struct kunit_resource,
-					   node);
-		list_del(&resource->node);
+		res = list_last_entry(&test->resources,
+				      struct kunit_resource,
+				      node);
+		/*
+		 * Need to unlock here as a resource may remove another
+		 * resource, and this can't happen if the test->lock
+		 * is held.
+		 */
 		spin_unlock(&test->lock);
-
-		kunit_resource_free(test, resource);
+		kunit_remove_resource(test, res);
 	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kunit_cleanup);
diff --git a/tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py b/tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py
index 787b6d4ad716..2ece17e9eab5 100755
--- a/tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py
+++ b/tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py
@@ -238,12 +238,6 @@  def main(argv, linux=None):
 	if cli_args.subcommand == 'run':
 		if not os.path.exists(cli_args.build_dir):
 			os.mkdir(cli_args.build_dir)
-		kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path = os.path.join(
-			cli_args.build_dir,
-			kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path)
-
-		if not os.path.exists(kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path):
-			create_default_kunitconfig()
 
 		if not linux:
 			linux = kunit_kernel.LinuxSourceTree()
@@ -261,12 +255,6 @@  def main(argv, linux=None):
 		if cli_args.build_dir:
 			if not os.path.exists(cli_args.build_dir):
 				os.mkdir(cli_args.build_dir)
-			kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path = os.path.join(
-				cli_args.build_dir,
-				kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path)
-
-		if not os.path.exists(kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path):
-			create_default_kunitconfig()
 
 		if not linux:
 			linux = kunit_kernel.LinuxSourceTree()
@@ -283,12 +271,6 @@  def main(argv, linux=None):
 		if cli_args.build_dir:
 			if not os.path.exists(cli_args.build_dir):
 				os.mkdir(cli_args.build_dir)
-			kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path = os.path.join(
-				cli_args.build_dir,
-				kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path)
-
-		if not os.path.exists(kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path):
-			create_default_kunitconfig()
 
 		if not linux:
 			linux = kunit_kernel.LinuxSourceTree()
@@ -307,12 +289,6 @@  def main(argv, linux=None):
 		if cli_args.build_dir:
 			if not os.path.exists(cli_args.build_dir):
 				os.mkdir(cli_args.build_dir)
-			kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path = os.path.join(
-				cli_args.build_dir,
-				kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path)
-
-		if not os.path.exists(kunit_kernel.kunitconfig_path):
-			create_default_kunitconfig()
 
 		if not linux:
 			linux = kunit_kernel.LinuxSourceTree()
diff --git a/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py b/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py
index 63dbda2d029f..e20e2056cb38 100644
--- a/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py
+++ b/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@  class LinuxSourceTreeOperations(object):
 
 	def make_mrproper(self):
 		try:
-			subprocess.check_output(['make', 'mrproper'])
+			subprocess.check_output(['make', 'mrproper'], stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
 		except OSError as e:
 			raise ConfigError('Could not call make command: ' + e)
 		except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@  class LinuxSourceTreeOperations(object):
 		if build_dir:
 			command += ['O=' + build_dir]
 		try:
-			subprocess.check_output(command, stderr=subprocess.PIPE)
+			subprocess.check_output(command, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
 		except OSError as e:
 			raise ConfigError('Could not call make command: ' + e)
 		except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@  class LinuxSourceTreeOperations(object):
 		if build_dir:
 			command += ['O=' + build_dir]
 		try:
-			subprocess.check_output(command)
+			subprocess.check_output(command, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
 		except OSError as e:
 			raise BuildError('Could not call execute make: ' + e)
 		except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
diff --git a/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_tool_test.py b/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_tool_test.py
index 5bb7b118ebd9..ebedfc57a39b 100755
--- a/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_tool_test.py
+++ b/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_tool_test.py
@@ -240,21 +240,21 @@  class KUnitMainTest(unittest.TestCase):
 		pass
 
 	def test_config_passes_args_pass(self):
-		kunit.main(['config'], self.linux_source_mock)
+		kunit.main(['config', '--build_dir=.kunit'], self.linux_source_mock)
 		assert self.linux_source_mock.build_reconfig.call_count == 1
 		assert self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.call_count == 0
 
 	def test_build_passes_args_pass(self):
 		kunit.main(['build'], self.linux_source_mock)
 		assert self.linux_source_mock.build_reconfig.call_count == 0
-		self.linux_source_mock.build_um_kernel.assert_called_once_with(False, 8, '', None)
+		self.linux_source_mock.build_um_kernel.assert_called_once_with(False, 8, '.kunit', None)
 		assert self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.call_count == 0
 
 	def test_exec_passes_args_pass(self):
 		kunit.main(['exec'], self.linux_source_mock)
 		assert self.linux_source_mock.build_reconfig.call_count == 0
 		assert self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.call_count == 1
-		self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.assert_called_once_with(build_dir='', timeout=300)
+		self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.assert_called_once_with(build_dir='.kunit', timeout=300)
 		self.print_mock.assert_any_call(StrContains('Testing complete.'))
 
 	def test_run_passes_args_pass(self):
@@ -262,7 +262,7 @@  class KUnitMainTest(unittest.TestCase):
 		assert self.linux_source_mock.build_reconfig.call_count == 1
 		assert self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.call_count == 1
 		self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.assert_called_once_with(
-			build_dir='', timeout=300)
+			build_dir='.kunit', timeout=300)
 		self.print_mock.assert_any_call(StrContains('Testing complete.'))
 
 	def test_exec_passes_args_fail(self):
@@ -302,7 +302,7 @@  class KUnitMainTest(unittest.TestCase):
 	def test_exec_timeout(self):
 		timeout = 3453
 		kunit.main(['exec', '--timeout', str(timeout)], self.linux_source_mock)
-		self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.assert_called_once_with(build_dir='', timeout=timeout)
+		self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.assert_called_once_with(build_dir='.kunit', timeout=timeout)
 		self.print_mock.assert_any_call(StrContains('Testing complete.'))
 
 	def test_run_timeout(self):
@@ -310,12 +310,12 @@  class KUnitMainTest(unittest.TestCase):
 		kunit.main(['run', '--timeout', str(timeout)], self.linux_source_mock)
 		assert self.linux_source_mock.build_reconfig.call_count == 1
 		self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.assert_called_once_with(
-			build_dir='', timeout=timeout)
+			build_dir='.kunit', timeout=timeout)
 		self.print_mock.assert_any_call(StrContains('Testing complete.'))
 
 	def test_run_builddir(self):
 		build_dir = '.kunit'
-		kunit.main(['run', '--build_dir', build_dir], self.linux_source_mock)
+		kunit.main(['run', '--build_dir=.kunit'], self.linux_source_mock)
 		assert self.linux_source_mock.build_reconfig.call_count == 1
 		self.linux_source_mock.run_kernel.assert_called_once_with(
 			build_dir=build_dir, timeout=300)