[1/3] pmem: Initial version of persistent memory driver
diff mbox

Message ID 1427299449-26722-2-git-send-email-hch@lst.de
State New, archived
Headers show

Commit Message

Christoph Hellwig March 25, 2015, 4:04 p.m. UTC
From: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>

PMEM is a new driver that presents a reserved range of memory as a
block device.  This is useful for developing with NV-DIMMs, and
can be used with volatile memory as a development platform.

Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
[hch: convert to use a platform_device for discovery, fix partition
 support]
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
---
 MAINTAINERS            |   6 +
 drivers/block/Kconfig  |  13 ++
 drivers/block/Makefile |   1 +
 drivers/block/pmem.c   | 370 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 390 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/block/pmem.c

Comments

Paul Bolle March 25, 2015, 8:19 p.m. UTC | #1
The same license nit I found in the previous two versions of this patch.

On Wed, 2015-03-25 at 17:04 +0100, Christoph Hellwig wrote:
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/block/pmem.c

> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
> + * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
> + * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
> + * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
> + * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
> + * more details.

This states the license is GPL v2.

> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

So you probably want to use
    MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");

here.


Paul Bolle
Ross Zwisler March 25, 2015, 8:21 p.m. UTC | #2
On Wed, 2015-03-25 at 17:04 +0100, Christoph Hellwig wrote:
> From: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
> 
> PMEM is a new driver that presents a reserved range of memory as a
> block device.  This is useful for developing with NV-DIMMs, and
> can be used with volatile memory as a development platform.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
> [hch: convert to use a platform_device for discovery, fix partition
>  support]

Overall I really like this approach.  It makes things simpler, removes
unneeded code and most importantly removes the ability for the user to have a
configuration where the PMEM / memmap reservation via the command line don't
match the parameters given to pmem.

What needed to be fixed with the partition support?  I used to have real
numbers for first_minor and passed into alloc_disk(), but simplified it based
on code found in this commit in the nvme driver:

469071a37afc NVMe: Dynamically allocate partition numbers

This has worked fine for me - is there some test case in which it breaks?

> +static int pmem_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> +	struct pmem_device *pmem;
> +	struct gendisk *disk;
> +	struct resource *res;
> +	int idx, err;
> +
> +	if (WARN_ON(pdev->num_resources > 1))
> +		return -ENXIO;
> +
> +	res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
> +	if (!res)
> +		return -ENXIO;
> +
> +	pmem = kzalloc(sizeof(*pmem), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (unlikely(!pmem))
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	pmem->phys_addr = res->start;
> +	pmem->size = resource_size(res);
> +
> +	err = pmem_mapmem(pmem);
> +	if (unlikely(err))
> +		goto out_free_dev;
> +
> +	err = -ENOMEM;
> +	pmem->pmem_queue = blk_alloc_queue(GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (unlikely(!pmem->pmem_queue))
> +		goto out_unmap;
> +
> +	blk_queue_make_request(pmem->pmem_queue, pmem_make_request);
> +	blk_queue_max_hw_sectors(pmem->pmem_queue, 1024);
> +	blk_queue_bounce_limit(pmem->pmem_queue, BLK_BOUNCE_ANY);
> +
> +	disk = alloc_disk(PMEM_MINORS);
> +	if (unlikely(!disk))
> +		goto out_free_queue;
> +
> +	idx = atomic_inc_return(&pmem_index) - 1;
> +
> +	disk->major		= pmem_major;
> +	disk->first_minor	= PMEM_MINORS * idx;
> +	disk->fops		= &pmem_fops;
> +	disk->private_data	= pmem;
> +	disk->queue		= pmem->pmem_queue;
> +	disk->flags		= GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT;
> +	sprintf(disk->disk_name, "pmem%d", idx);
> +	disk->driverfs_dev = &pdev->dev;
> +	set_capacity(disk, pmem->size >> SECTOR_SHIFT);
> +	pmem->pmem_disk = disk;
> +
> +	add_disk(disk);
> +
> +	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, pmem);
> +	return 0;
> +
> +out_free_queue:
> +	blk_cleanup_queue(pmem->pmem_queue);
> +out_unmap:
> +	pmem_unmapmem(pmem);
> +out_free_dev:
> +	kfree(pmem);
> +out:

This label is no longer used, and can be removed.
Ross Zwisler March 25, 2015, 8:26 p.m. UTC | #3
On Wed, 2015-03-25 at 21:19 +0100, Paul Bolle wrote:
> The same license nit I found in the previous two versions of this patch.
> 
> On Wed, 2015-03-25 at 17:04 +0100, Christoph Hellwig wrote:
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/block/pmem.c
> 
> > + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
> > + * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
> > + * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
> > + *
> > + * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
> > + * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
> > + * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
> > + * more details.
> 
> This states the license is GPL v2.
> 
> > +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> 
> So you probably want to use
>     MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> 
> here.

Cool - yep, feel free to update this if you want in the next version of
your series, Christoph.

- Ross
Christoph Hellwig March 26, 2015, 8:04 a.m. UTC | #4
On Wed, Mar 25, 2015 at 02:26:52PM -0600, Ross Zwisler wrote:
> Cool - yep, feel free to update this if you want in the next version of
> your series, Christoph.

Ok, I've fixed this up.
Christoph Hellwig March 26, 2015, 8:06 a.m. UTC | #5
On Wed, Mar 25, 2015 at 02:21:53PM -0600, Ross Zwisler wrote:
> What needed to be fixed with the partition support?  I used to have real
> numbers for first_minor and passed into alloc_disk(), but simplified it based
> on code found in this commit in the nvme driver:
> 
> 469071a37afc NVMe: Dynamically allocate partition numbers
> 
> This has worked fine for me - is there some test case in which it breaks?

Yes, if CONFIG_DEBUG_BLOCK_EXT_DEVT isn't set that code doesn't work at all.

> > +out_unmap:
> > +	pmem_unmapmem(pmem);
> > +out_free_dev:
> > +	kfree(pmem);
> > +out:
> 
> This label is no longer used, and can be removed.

Ok, fixed.

Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 358eb01..efacf2b 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -8063,6 +8063,12 @@  S:	Maintained
 F:	Documentation/blockdev/ramdisk.txt
 F:	drivers/block/brd.c
 
+PERSISTENT MEMORY DRIVER
+M:	Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
+L:	linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org
+S:	Supported
+F:	drivers/block/pmem.c
+
 RANDOM NUMBER DRIVER
 M:	"Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
 S:	Maintained
diff --git a/drivers/block/Kconfig b/drivers/block/Kconfig
index 1b8094d..9284aaf 100644
--- a/drivers/block/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/block/Kconfig
@@ -404,6 +404,19 @@  config BLK_DEV_RAM_DAX
 	  and will prevent RAM block device backing store memory from being
 	  allocated from highmem (only a problem for highmem systems).
 
+config BLK_DEV_PMEM
+	tristate "Persistent memory block device support"
+	help
+	  Saying Y here will allow you to use a contiguous range of reserved
+	  memory as one or more block devices.  Memory for PMEM should be
+	  reserved using the "memmap" kernel parameter.
+
+	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be
+	  called pmem.
+
+	  Most normal users won't need this functionality, and can thus say N
+	  here.
+
 config CDROM_PKTCDVD
 	tristate "Packet writing on CD/DVD media"
 	depends on !UML
diff --git a/drivers/block/Makefile b/drivers/block/Makefile
index 02b688d..9cc6c18 100644
--- a/drivers/block/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/block/Makefile
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_PS3_VRAM)		+= ps3vram.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ATARI_FLOPPY)	+= ataflop.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_AMIGA_Z2RAM)	+= z2ram.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_RAM)	+= brd.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_PMEM)	+= pmem.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_LOOP)	+= loop.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_CPQ_DA)	+= cpqarray.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_CPQ_CISS_DA)  += cciss.o
diff --git a/drivers/block/pmem.c b/drivers/block/pmem.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a4df2d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/block/pmem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,370 @@ 
+/*
+ * Persistent Memory Driver
+ * Copyright (c) 2014, Intel Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * This driver is heavily based on drivers/block/brd.c.
+ * Copyright (C) 2007 Nick Piggin
+ * Copyright (C) 2007 Novell Inc.
+ */
+
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/hdreg.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+#define SECTOR_SHIFT		9
+#define PAGE_SECTORS_SHIFT	(PAGE_SHIFT - SECTOR_SHIFT)
+#define PAGE_SECTORS		(1 << PAGE_SECTORS_SHIFT)
+
+#define PMEM_MINORS		16
+
+struct pmem_device {
+	struct request_queue	*pmem_queue;
+	struct gendisk		*pmem_disk;
+
+	/* One contiguous memory region per device */
+	phys_addr_t		phys_addr;
+	void			*virt_addr;
+	size_t			size;
+};
+
+static int pmem_major;
+static atomic_t pmem_index;
+
+static int pmem_getgeo(struct block_device *bd, struct hd_geometry *geo)
+{
+	/* some standard values */
+	geo->heads = 1 << 6;
+	geo->sectors = 1 << 5;
+	geo->cylinders = get_capacity(bd->bd_disk) >> 11;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * direct translation from (pmem,sector) => void*
+ * We do not require that sector be page aligned.
+ * The return value will point to the beginning of the page containing the
+ * given sector, not to the sector itself.
+ */
+static void *pmem_lookup_pg_addr(struct pmem_device *pmem, sector_t sector)
+{
+	size_t page_offset = sector >> PAGE_SECTORS_SHIFT;
+	size_t offset = page_offset << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+	BUG_ON(offset >= pmem->size);
+	return pmem->virt_addr + offset;
+}
+
+/* sector must be page aligned */
+static unsigned long pmem_lookup_pfn(struct pmem_device *pmem, sector_t sector)
+{
+	size_t page_offset = sector >> PAGE_SECTORS_SHIFT;
+
+	BUG_ON(sector & (PAGE_SECTORS - 1));
+	return (pmem->phys_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT) + page_offset;
+}
+
+/*
+ * sector is not required to be page aligned.
+ * n is at most a single page, but could be less.
+ */
+static void copy_to_pmem(struct pmem_device *pmem, const void *src,
+			sector_t sector, size_t n)
+{
+	void *dst;
+	unsigned int offset = (sector & (PAGE_SECTORS - 1)) << SECTOR_SHIFT;
+	size_t copy;
+
+	BUG_ON(n > PAGE_SIZE);
+
+	copy = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - offset);
+	dst = pmem_lookup_pg_addr(pmem, sector);
+	memcpy(dst + offset, src, copy);
+
+	if (copy < n) {
+		src += copy;
+		sector += copy >> SECTOR_SHIFT;
+		copy = n - copy;
+		dst = pmem_lookup_pg_addr(pmem, sector);
+		memcpy(dst, src, copy);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * sector is not required to be page aligned.
+ * n is at most a single page, but could be less.
+ */
+static void copy_from_pmem(void *dst, struct pmem_device *pmem,
+			  sector_t sector, size_t n)
+{
+	void *src;
+	unsigned int offset = (sector & (PAGE_SECTORS - 1)) << SECTOR_SHIFT;
+	size_t copy;
+
+	BUG_ON(n > PAGE_SIZE);
+
+	copy = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - offset);
+	src = pmem_lookup_pg_addr(pmem, sector);
+
+	memcpy(dst, src + offset, copy);
+
+	if (copy < n) {
+		dst += copy;
+		sector += copy >> SECTOR_SHIFT;
+		copy = n - copy;
+		src = pmem_lookup_pg_addr(pmem, sector);
+		memcpy(dst, src, copy);
+	}
+}
+
+static void pmem_do_bvec(struct pmem_device *pmem, struct page *page,
+			unsigned int len, unsigned int off, int rw,
+			sector_t sector)
+{
+	void *mem = kmap_atomic(page);
+
+	if (rw == READ) {
+		copy_from_pmem(mem + off, pmem, sector, len);
+		flush_dcache_page(page);
+	} else {
+		/*
+		 * FIXME: Need more involved flushing to ensure that writes to
+		 * NVDIMMs are actually durable before returning.
+		 */
+		flush_dcache_page(page);
+		copy_to_pmem(pmem, mem + off, sector, len);
+	}
+
+	kunmap_atomic(mem);
+}
+
+static void pmem_make_request(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio)
+{
+	struct block_device *bdev = bio->bi_bdev;
+	struct pmem_device *pmem = bdev->bd_disk->private_data;
+	int rw;
+	struct bio_vec bvec;
+	sector_t sector;
+	struct bvec_iter iter;
+	int err = 0;
+
+	sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector;
+	if (bio_end_sector(bio) > get_capacity(bdev->bd_disk)) {
+		err = -EIO;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	BUG_ON(bio->bi_rw & REQ_DISCARD);
+
+	rw = bio_rw(bio);
+	if (rw == READA)
+		rw = READ;
+
+	bio_for_each_segment(bvec, bio, iter) {
+		unsigned int len = bvec.bv_len;
+
+		BUG_ON(len > PAGE_SIZE);
+		pmem_do_bvec(pmem, bvec.bv_page, len,
+			    bvec.bv_offset, rw, sector);
+		sector += len >> SECTOR_SHIFT;
+	}
+
+out:
+	bio_endio(bio, err);
+}
+
+static int pmem_rw_page(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector,
+		       struct page *page, int rw)
+{
+	struct pmem_device *pmem = bdev->bd_disk->private_data;
+
+	pmem_do_bvec(pmem, page, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, 0, rw, sector);
+	page_endio(page, rw & WRITE, 0);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static long pmem_direct_access(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector,
+			      void **kaddr, unsigned long *pfn, long size)
+{
+	struct pmem_device *pmem = bdev->bd_disk->private_data;
+
+	if (!pmem)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	*kaddr = pmem_lookup_pg_addr(pmem, sector);
+	*pfn = pmem_lookup_pfn(pmem, sector);
+
+	return pmem->size - (sector * 512);
+}
+
+static const struct block_device_operations pmem_fops = {
+	.owner =		THIS_MODULE,
+	.rw_page =		pmem_rw_page,
+	.direct_access =	pmem_direct_access,
+	.getgeo =		pmem_getgeo,
+};
+
+/* pmem->phys_addr and pmem->size need to be set.
+ * Will then set virt_addr if successful.
+ */
+static int pmem_mapmem(struct pmem_device *pmem)
+{
+	struct resource *res_mem;
+	int err;
+
+	res_mem = request_mem_region_exclusive(pmem->phys_addr, pmem->size,
+					       "pmem");
+	if (!res_mem) {
+		pr_warn("pmem: request_mem_region_exclusive phys=0x%llx size=0x%zx failed\n",
+			   pmem->phys_addr, pmem->size);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	pmem->virt_addr = ioremap_cache(pmem->phys_addr, pmem->size);
+	if (unlikely(!pmem->virt_addr)) {
+		err = -ENXIO;
+		goto out_release;
+	}
+	return 0;
+
+out_release:
+	release_mem_region(pmem->phys_addr, pmem->size);
+	return err;
+}
+
+static void pmem_unmapmem(struct pmem_device *pmem)
+{
+	if (unlikely(!pmem->virt_addr))
+		return;
+
+	iounmap(pmem->virt_addr);
+	release_mem_region(pmem->phys_addr, pmem->size);
+	pmem->virt_addr = NULL;
+}
+
+static int pmem_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct pmem_device *pmem;
+	struct gendisk *disk;
+	struct resource *res;
+	int idx, err;
+
+	if (WARN_ON(pdev->num_resources > 1))
+		return -ENXIO;
+
+	res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+	if (!res)
+		return -ENXIO;
+
+	pmem = kzalloc(sizeof(*pmem), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (unlikely(!pmem))
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	pmem->phys_addr = res->start;
+	pmem->size = resource_size(res);
+
+	err = pmem_mapmem(pmem);
+	if (unlikely(err))
+		goto out_free_dev;
+
+	err = -ENOMEM;
+	pmem->pmem_queue = blk_alloc_queue(GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (unlikely(!pmem->pmem_queue))
+		goto out_unmap;
+
+	blk_queue_make_request(pmem->pmem_queue, pmem_make_request);
+	blk_queue_max_hw_sectors(pmem->pmem_queue, 1024);
+	blk_queue_bounce_limit(pmem->pmem_queue, BLK_BOUNCE_ANY);
+
+	disk = alloc_disk(PMEM_MINORS);
+	if (unlikely(!disk))
+		goto out_free_queue;
+
+	idx = atomic_inc_return(&pmem_index) - 1;
+
+	disk->major		= pmem_major;
+	disk->first_minor	= PMEM_MINORS * idx;
+	disk->fops		= &pmem_fops;
+	disk->private_data	= pmem;
+	disk->queue		= pmem->pmem_queue;
+	disk->flags		= GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT;
+	sprintf(disk->disk_name, "pmem%d", idx);
+	disk->driverfs_dev = &pdev->dev;
+	set_capacity(disk, pmem->size >> SECTOR_SHIFT);
+	pmem->pmem_disk = disk;
+
+	add_disk(disk);
+
+	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, pmem);
+	return 0;
+
+out_free_queue:
+	blk_cleanup_queue(pmem->pmem_queue);
+out_unmap:
+	pmem_unmapmem(pmem);
+out_free_dev:
+	kfree(pmem);
+out:
+	return err;
+}
+
+static int pmem_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct pmem_device *pmem = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+	del_gendisk(pmem->pmem_disk);
+	put_disk(pmem->pmem_disk);
+	blk_cleanup_queue(pmem->pmem_queue);
+	pmem_unmapmem(pmem);
+	kfree(pmem);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct platform_driver pmem_driver = {
+	.probe		= pmem_probe,
+	.remove		= pmem_remove,
+	.driver		= {
+		.owner	= THIS_MODULE,
+		.name	= "pmem",
+	},
+};
+
+static int __init pmem_init(void)
+{
+	int error;
+
+	pmem_major = register_blkdev(0, "pmem");
+	if (pmem_major < 0)
+		return pmem_major;
+
+	error = platform_driver_register(&pmem_driver);
+	if (error)
+		unregister_blkdev(pmem_major, "pmem");
+	return error;
+}
+
+static void pmem_exit(void)
+{
+	platform_driver_unregister(&pmem_driver);
+	unregister_blkdev(pmem_major, "pmem");
+}
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+module_init(pmem_init);
+module_exit(pmem_exit);