[RFC] Fix omap3 booting with thumb2 compiled kernel
diff mbox

Message ID 20150528163605.GI30984@atomide.com
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Tony Lindgren May 28, 2015, 4:36 p.m. UTC
* Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com> [150528 09:19]:
> On Thu, May 28, 2015 at 07:21:25AM -0700, Tony Lindgren wrote:
> > --- a/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > +++ b/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > @@ -203,23 +203,8 @@ save_context_wfi:
> >  	 */
> >  	ldr	r1, kernel_flush
> >  	blx	r1
> > -	/*
> > -	 * The kernel doesn't interwork: v7_flush_dcache_all in particluar will
> > -	 * always return in Thumb state when CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL is enabled.
> > -	 * This sequence switches back to ARM.  Note that .align may insert a
> > -	 * nop: bx pc needs to be word-aligned in order to work.
> > -	 */
> > - THUMB(	.thumb		)
> > - THUMB(	.align		)
> > - THUMB(	bx	pc	)
> > - THUMB(	nop		)
> > -	.arm
> > -
> 
> ^ This looks unrelated to the issue?  This code is simply unnecessary
> after Russell introduced the "ret" macro in commit 6ebbf2ce43.  That
> made v7_flush_dcache_all do a proper interworking return.
> 
> It should probably be in a separate commit, or at least mentioned
> explicitly in the commit log.

Thanks, I've updated the description with the commit info above.

I'll keep the removal of the duplicate code in this patch, as it's
all related to the mode switching and we don't want to do it twice.
 
> >  	b	omap3_do_wfi
> > -
> > -/*
> > - * Local variables
> > - */
> 
> ^ Likewise this is just tidyup, not bug fixing.

Will keep that too, the local variables comments are now just too
confusing while reading the code after adding the ENDPROC. And that
too is just removal.
 
> > +ENDPROC(omap34xx_cpu_suspend)
> >  omap3_do_wfi_sram_addr:
> >  	.word omap3_do_wfi_sram
> >  kernel_flush:
> > @@ -364,10 +349,7 @@ exit_nonoff_modes:
> >   * ===================================
> >   */
> >  	ldmfd	sp!, {r4 - r11, pc}	@ restore regs and return
> > -
> > -/*
> > - * Local variables
> > - */
> > +ENDPROC(omap3_do_wfi)
> 
> The ENDPROC()s look appropriate here.

OK thanks for looking, I was hoping you'd check it as you did the
original thumb2 changes for this file :) Updated patch below.

Regards,

Tony

8< ------------------------
From: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com>
Date: Thu, 28 May 2015 07:22:08 -0700
Subject: [PATCH] ARM: OMAP3: Fix booting with thumb2 kernel

We get a NULL pointer dereference on omap3 for thumb2 compiled kernels:

Internal error: Oops: 80000005 [#1] SMP THUMB2
...
[<c046497b>] (_raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore) from [<c0024375>]
(omap3_enter_idle_bm+0xc5/0x178)
[<c0024375>] (omap3_enter_idle_bm) from [<c0374e63>]
(cpuidle_enter_state+0x77/0x27c)
[<c0374e63>] (cpuidle_enter_state) from [<c00627f1>]
(cpu_startup_entry+0x155/0x23c)
[<c00627f1>] (cpu_startup_entry) from [<c06b9a47>]
(start_kernel+0x32f/0x338)
[<c06b9a47>] (start_kernel) from [<8000807f>] (0x8000807f)

The power management related assembly on omaps needs to interact with
ARM mode bootrom code, so we need to keep most of the related assembly
in ARM mode.

Turns out this error is because of missing ENDPROC for assembly code
as suggested by Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>. Let's fix the
problem by adding ENDPROC in two places to sleep34xx.S.

Let's also remove the now duplicate custom code for mode switching.
This has been unnecessary since commit 6ebbf2ce437b ("ARM: convert
all "mov.* pc, reg" to "bx reg" for ARMv6+").

And let's also remove the comments about local variables, they are
now just confusing after the ENDPROC.

The reason why ENDPROC makes a difference is it sets .type and then
the compiler knows what to do with the thumb bit as explained at:

https://wiki.ubuntu.com/ARM/Thumb2PortingHowto

Reported-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com>

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Comments

Dave Martin May 28, 2015, 5:31 p.m. UTC | #1
On Thu, May 28, 2015 at 09:36:05AM -0700, Tony Lindgren wrote:
> * Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com> [150528 09:19]:
> > On Thu, May 28, 2015 at 07:21:25AM -0700, Tony Lindgren wrote:
> > > --- a/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > > +++ b/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > > @@ -203,23 +203,8 @@ save_context_wfi:
> > >  	 */
> > >  	ldr	r1, kernel_flush
> > >  	blx	r1
> > > -	/*
> > > -	 * The kernel doesn't interwork: v7_flush_dcache_all in particluar will
> > > -	 * always return in Thumb state when CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL is enabled.
> > > -	 * This sequence switches back to ARM.  Note that .align may insert a
> > > -	 * nop: bx pc needs to be word-aligned in order to work.
> > > -	 */
> > > - THUMB(	.thumb		)
> > > - THUMB(	.align		)
> > > - THUMB(	bx	pc	)
> > > - THUMB(	nop		)
> > > -	.arm
> > > -
> > 
> > ^ This looks unrelated to the issue?  This code is simply unnecessary
> > after Russell introduced the "ret" macro in commit 6ebbf2ce43.  That
> > made v7_flush_dcache_all do a proper interworking return.
> > 
> > It should probably be in a separate commit, or at least mentioned
> > explicitly in the commit log.
> 
> Thanks, I've updated the description with the commit info above.
> 
> I'll keep the removal of the duplicate code in this patch, as it's
> all related to the mode switching and we don't want to do it twice.
>  
> > >  	b	omap3_do_wfi
> > > -
> > > -/*
> > > - * Local variables
> > > - */
> > 
> > ^ Likewise this is just tidyup, not bug fixing.
> 
> Will keep that too, the local variables comments are now just too
> confusing while reading the code after adding the ENDPROC. And that
> too is just removal.

I have no objection to tidyups ;)

So long as the commit message is clear about which parts are bugfix and
which parts are tidyup, I'm fine with that.

Cheers
---Dave

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Arnd Bergmann May 28, 2015, 6:55 p.m. UTC | #2
On Thursday 28 May 2015 09:36:05 Tony Lindgren wrote:
> * Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com> [150528 09:19]:
> > On Thu, May 28, 2015 at 07:21:25AM -0700, Tony Lindgren wrote:
> > > --- a/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > > +++ b/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > > @@ -203,23 +203,8 @@ save_context_wfi:
> > >      */
> > >     ldr     r1, kernel_flush
> > >     blx     r1
> > > -   /*
> > > -    * The kernel doesn't interwork: v7_flush_dcache_all in particluar will
> > > -    * always return in Thumb state when CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL is enabled.
> > > -    * This sequence switches back to ARM.  Note that .align may insert a
> > > -    * nop: bx pc needs to be word-aligned in order to work.
> > > -    */
> > > - THUMB(    .thumb          )
> > > - THUMB(    .align          )
> > > - THUMB(    bx      pc      )
> > > - THUMB(    nop             )
> > > -   .arm
> > > -
> > 
> > ^ This looks unrelated to the issue?  This code is simply unnecessary
> > after Russell introduced the "ret" macro in commit 6ebbf2ce43.  That
> > made v7_flush_dcache_all do a proper interworking return.
> > 
> > It should probably be in a separate commit, or at least mentioned
> > explicitly in the commit log.
> 
> Thanks, I've updated the description with the commit info above.
> 
> I'll keep the removal of the duplicate code in this patch, as it's
> all related to the mode switching and we don't want to do it twice.

I would have thought that the change is actually necessary after
6ebbf2ce43, because it now returns in ARM mode, which will cause the
"bx pc; nop" thumb instruction sequence be misinterpreted as an 
ARM instruction.

	Arnd
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Tony Lindgren May 28, 2015, 8:41 p.m. UTC | #3
* Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> [150528 11:57]:
> On Thursday 28 May 2015 09:36:05 Tony Lindgren wrote:
> > * Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com> [150528 09:19]:
> > > On Thu, May 28, 2015 at 07:21:25AM -0700, Tony Lindgren wrote:
> > > > --- a/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > > > +++ b/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > > > @@ -203,23 +203,8 @@ save_context_wfi:
> > > >      */
> > > >     ldr     r1, kernel_flush
> > > >     blx     r1
> > > > -   /*
> > > > -    * The kernel doesn't interwork: v7_flush_dcache_all in particluar will
> > > > -    * always return in Thumb state when CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL is enabled.
> > > > -    * This sequence switches back to ARM.  Note that .align may insert a
> > > > -    * nop: bx pc needs to be word-aligned in order to work.
> > > > -    */
> > > > - THUMB(    .thumb          )
> > > > - THUMB(    .align          )
> > > > - THUMB(    bx      pc      )
> > > > - THUMB(    nop             )
> > > > -   .arm
> > > > -
> > > 
> > > ^ This looks unrelated to the issue?  This code is simply unnecessary
> > > after Russell introduced the "ret" macro in commit 6ebbf2ce43.  That
> > > made v7_flush_dcache_all do a proper interworking return.
> > > 
> > > It should probably be in a separate commit, or at least mentioned
> > > explicitly in the commit log.
> > 
> > Thanks, I've updated the description with the commit info above.
> > 
> > I'll keep the removal of the duplicate code in this patch, as it's
> > all related to the mode switching and we don't want to do it twice.
> 
> I would have thought that the change is actually necessary after
> 6ebbf2ce43, because it now returns in ARM mode, which will cause the
> "bx pc; nop" thumb instruction sequence be misinterpreted as an 
> ARM instruction.

Could be it's necessary.. But alone that change is not enough.

Regards,

Tony
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Dave Martin May 29, 2015, 11:06 a.m. UTC | #4
On Thu, May 28, 2015 at 07:55:16PM +0100, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Thursday 28 May 2015 09:36:05 Tony Lindgren wrote:
> > * Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com> [150528 09:19]:
> > > On Thu, May 28, 2015 at 07:21:25AM -0700, Tony Lindgren wrote:
> > > > --- a/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > > > +++ b/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > > > @@ -203,23 +203,8 @@ save_context_wfi:
> > > >      */
> > > >     ldr     r1, kernel_flush
> > > >     blx     r1
> > > > -   /*
> > > > -    * The kernel doesn't interwork: v7_flush_dcache_all in particluar will
> > > > -    * always return in Thumb state when CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL is enabled.
> > > > -    * This sequence switches back to ARM.  Note that .align may insert a
> > > > -    * nop: bx pc needs to be word-aligned in order to work.
> > > > -    */
> > > > - THUMB(    .thumb          )
> > > > - THUMB(    .align          )
> > > > - THUMB(    bx      pc      )
> > > > - THUMB(    nop             )
> > > > -   .arm
> > > > -
> > > 
> > > ^ This looks unrelated to the issue?  This code is simply unnecessary
> > > after Russell introduced the "ret" macro in commit 6ebbf2ce43.  That
> > > made v7_flush_dcache_all do a proper interworking return.
> > > 
> > > It should probably be in a separate commit, or at least mentioned
> > > explicitly in the commit log.
> > 
> > Thanks, I've updated the description with the commit info above.
> > 
> > I'll keep the removal of the duplicate code in this patch, as it's
> > all related to the mode switching and we don't want to do it twice.
> 
> I would have thought that the change is actually necessary after
> 6ebbf2ce43, because it now returns in ARM mode, which will cause the
> "bx pc; nop" thumb instruction sequence be misinterpreted as an 
> ARM instruction.
> 
> 	Arnd

You're right.  The THUMB2_KERNEL indeed won't work without deleting this
code.

Cheers
---Dave

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Tony Lindgren May 29, 2015, 4:28 p.m. UTC | #5
* Dave P Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com> [150529 04:08]:
> On Thu, May 28, 2015 at 07:55:16PM +0100, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> > On Thursday 28 May 2015 09:36:05 Tony Lindgren wrote:
> > > * Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com> [150528 09:19]:
> > > > On Thu, May 28, 2015 at 07:21:25AM -0700, Tony Lindgren wrote:
> > > > > --- a/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > > > > +++ b/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
> > > > > @@ -203,23 +203,8 @@ save_context_wfi:
> > > > >      */
> > > > >     ldr     r1, kernel_flush
> > > > >     blx     r1
> > > > > -   /*
> > > > > -    * The kernel doesn't interwork: v7_flush_dcache_all in particluar will
> > > > > -    * always return in Thumb state when CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL is enabled.
> > > > > -    * This sequence switches back to ARM.  Note that .align may insert a
> > > > > -    * nop: bx pc needs to be word-aligned in order to work.
> > > > > -    */
> > > > > - THUMB(    .thumb          )
> > > > > - THUMB(    .align          )
> > > > > - THUMB(    bx      pc      )
> > > > > - THUMB(    nop             )
> > > > > -   .arm
> > > > > -
> > > > 
> > > > ^ This looks unrelated to the issue?  This code is simply unnecessary
> > > > after Russell introduced the "ret" macro in commit 6ebbf2ce43.  That
> > > > made v7_flush_dcache_all do a proper interworking return.
> > > > 
> > > > It should probably be in a separate commit, or at least mentioned
> > > > explicitly in the commit log.
> > > 
> > > Thanks, I've updated the description with the commit info above.
> > > 
> > > I'll keep the removal of the duplicate code in this patch, as it's
> > > all related to the mode switching and we don't want to do it twice.
> > 
> > I would have thought that the change is actually necessary after
> > 6ebbf2ce43, because it now returns in ARM mode, which will cause the
> > "bx pc; nop" thumb instruction sequence be misinterpreted as an 
> > ARM instruction.
> > 
> > 	Arnd
> 
> You're right.  The THUMB2_KERNEL indeed won't work without deleting this
> code.

OK thanks for checking.

Regards,

Tony
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Patch
diff mbox

--- a/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-omap2/sleep34xx.S
@@ -203,23 +203,8 @@  save_context_wfi:
 	 */
 	ldr	r1, kernel_flush
 	blx	r1
-	/*
-	 * The kernel doesn't interwork: v7_flush_dcache_all in particluar will
-	 * always return in Thumb state when CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL is enabled.
-	 * This sequence switches back to ARM.  Note that .align may insert a
-	 * nop: bx pc needs to be word-aligned in order to work.
-	 */
- THUMB(	.thumb		)
- THUMB(	.align		)
- THUMB(	bx	pc	)
- THUMB(	nop		)
-	.arm
-
 	b	omap3_do_wfi
-
-/*
- * Local variables
- */
+ENDPROC(omap34xx_cpu_suspend)
 omap3_do_wfi_sram_addr:
 	.word omap3_do_wfi_sram
 kernel_flush:
@@ -364,10 +349,7 @@  exit_nonoff_modes:
  * ===================================
  */
 	ldmfd	sp!, {r4 - r11, pc}	@ restore regs and return
-
-/*
- * Local variables
- */
+ENDPROC(omap3_do_wfi)
 sdrc_power:
 	.word	SDRC_POWER_V
 cm_idlest1_core: