[24/28] ocfs2: add feature document for online file check
diff mbox

Message ID 55de39c9.NAoA+ITBkmwk4Suv%akpm@linux-foundation.org
State New
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Commit Message

Andrew Morton Aug. 26, 2015, 10:12 p.m. UTC
From: Gang He <ghe@suse.com>
Subject: ocfs2: add feature document for online file check

This document describes the OCFS2 online file check feature.

OCFS2 is often used in high-availaibility systems.  However, OCFS2 usually
converts the filesystem to read-only on errors.  This may not be
necessary, since turning the filesystem read-only would affect other
running processes as well, decreasing availability.  Then, a mount option
(errors=continue) was introduced, which would return the EIO to the
calling process and terminate furhter processing so that the filesystem is
not corrupted further.  The filesystem is not converted to read-only, and
the problematic file's inode number is reported in the kernel log.  The
user can try to check/fix this file via online filecheck feature.

Signed-off-by: Gang He <ghe@suse.com>
Cc: Goldwyn Rodrigues <rgoldwyn@suse.de>
Cc: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@suse.com>
Cc: Joel Becker <jlbec@evilplan.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 Documentation/filesystems/ocfs2-online-filecheck.txt |   95 ++++++++++
 1 file changed, 95 insertions(+)

Comments

Mark Fasheh Aug. 31, 2015, 8:58 p.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 03:12:25PM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> From: Gang He <ghe@suse.com>
> Subject: ocfs2: add feature document for online file check
> 
> This document describes the OCFS2 online file check feature.
> 
> OCFS2 is often used in high-availaibility systems.  However, OCFS2 usually
> converts the filesystem to read-only on errors.  This may not be
> necessary, since turning the filesystem read-only would affect other
> running processes as well, decreasing availability.  Then, a mount option
> (errors=continue) was introduced, which would return the EIO to the
> calling process and terminate furhter processing so that the filesystem is
> not corrupted further.  The filesystem is not converted to read-only, and
> the problematic file's inode number is reported in the kernel log.  The
> user can try to check/fix this file via online filecheck feature.
> 

I know the previous patch was nakked but this is great documentation by the
way and thanks for doing it. Please continue to keep it up to date as your
patch series evolves :)

Thanks again,
	--Mark

--
Mark Fasheh

Patch
diff mbox

diff -puN /dev/null Documentation/filesystems/ocfs2-online-filecheck.txt
--- /dev/null
+++ a/Documentation/filesystems/ocfs2-online-filecheck.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,95 @@ 
+		    OCFS2 online file check
+		    -----------------------
+
+This document will describe OCFS2 online file check feature.
+
+Introduction
+============
+OCFS2 is often used in high-availaibility systems. However, OCFS2 usually
+converts the filesystem to read-only on errors. This may not be necessary, since
+turning the filesystem read-only would affect other running processes as well,
+decreasing availability. Then, a mount option (errors=continue) was introduced,
+which would return the EIO to the calling process and terminate furhter
+processing so that the filesystem is not corrupted further. The filesystem is
+not converted to read-only, and the problematic file's inode number is reported
+in the kernel log. The user can try to check/fix this file via online filecheck
+feature.
+
+Scope
+=====
+This effort is to check/fix small issues which may hinder day-to-day operations
+of a cluster filesystem by turning the filesystem read-only. The scope of
+checking/fixing is at the file level, initially for regular files and eventually
+to all files (including system files) of the filesystem.
+
+In case of directory to file links is incorrect, the directory inode is
+reported as erroneous.
+
+This feature is not suited for extravagant checks which involve dependency of
+other components of the filesystem, such as but not limited to, checking if the
+bits for file blocks in the allocation has been set. In case of such an error,
+the offline fsck should/would be recommended.
+
+Finally, such an operation/feature should not be automated lest the filesystem
+may end up with more damage than before the repair attempt. So, this has to
+be performed using user interaction and consent.
+
+User interface
+==============
+When there are errors in the OCFS2 filesystem, they are usually accompanied
+by the inode number which caused the error. This inode number would be the
+input to check/fix the file.
+
+There is a sysfs file for each OCFS2 file system mounting:
+
+  /sys/fs/ocfs2/<devname>/filecheck
+
+Here, <devname> indicates the name of OCFS2 volumn device which has been already
+mounted. The file above would accept inode numbers. This could be used to
+communicate with kernel space, tell which file(inode number) will be checked or
+fixed. Currently, three operations are supported, which includes checking
+inode, fixing inode and setting the size of result record history.
+
+1. If you want to know what error exactly happened to <inode> before fixing, do
+
+  # echo "CHECK <inode>" > /sys/fs/ocfs2/<devname>/filecheck
+  # cat /sys/fs/ocfs2/<devname>/filecheck
+
+The output is like this:
+  INO		TYPE		DONE		ERROR
+39502		0		1		GENERATION
+
+<INO> lists the inode numbers.
+<TYPE> is what kind of operation you've done, 0 for inode check,1 for inode fix.
+<DONE> indicates whether the operation has been finished.
+<ERROR> says what kind of errors was found. For the detailed error numbers,
+please refer to the file linux/fs/ocfs2/filecheck.h.
+
+2. If you determine to fix this inode, do
+
+  # echo "FIX <inode>" > /sys/fs/ocfs2/<devname>/filecheck
+  # cat /sys/fs/ocfs2/<devname>/filecheck
+
+The output is like this:
+  INO		TYPE		DONE		ERROR
+39502		1		1		SUCCESS
+
+This time, the <ERROR> column indicates whether this fix is successful or not.
+
+3. The record cache is used to store the history of check/fix result. Its
+defalut size is 10, and can be adjust between the range of 10 ~ 100. You can
+adjust the size like this:
+
+  # echo "SET <size>" > /sys/fs/ocfs2/<devname>/filecheck
+
+Fixing stuff
+============
+On receivng the inode, the filesystem would read the inode and the
+file metadata. In case of errors, the filesystem would fix the errors
+and report the problems it fixed in the kernel log. As a precautionary measure,
+the inode must first be checked for errors before performing a final fix.
+
+The inode and the result history will be maintained temporarily in a
+small linked list buffer which would contain the last (N) inodes
+fixed/checked, the detailed errors which were fixed/checked are printed in the
+kernel log.