[v4,10/9] copy_file_range.2: New page documenting copy_file_range()
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Message ID 1443549913-8091-11-git-send-email-Anna.Schumaker@Netapp.com
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Schumaker, Anna Sept. 29, 2015, 6:05 p.m. UTC
copy_file_range() is a new system call for copying ranges of data
completely in the kernel.  This gives filesystems an opportunity to
implement some kind of "copy acceleration", such as reflinks or
server-side-copy (in the case of NFS).

Signed-off-by: Anna Schumaker <Anna.Schumaker@Netapp.com>
Reviewed-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
---
v4:
- Updates for COPY_FR_DEDUP
---
 man2/copy_file_range.2 | 224 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 man2/splice.2          |   1 +
 2 files changed, 225 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 man2/copy_file_range.2

Patch
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diff --git a/man2/copy_file_range.2 b/man2/copy_file_range.2
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..23e3875
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man2/copy_file_range.2
@@ -0,0 +1,224 @@ 
+.\"This manpage is Copyright (C) 2015 Anna Schumaker <Anna.Schumaker@Netapp.com>
+.\"
+.\" %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM)
+.\" Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
+.\" manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
+.\" preserved on all copies.
+.\"
+.\" Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of
+.\" this manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that
+.\" the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of
+.\" a permission notice identical to this one.
+.\"
+.\" Since the Linux kernel and libraries are constantly changing, this
+.\" manual page may be incorrect or out-of-date.  The author(s) assume.
+.\" no responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting.
+.\" from the use of the information contained herein.  The author(s) may.
+.\" not have taken the same level of care in the production of this.
+.\" manual, which is licensed free of charge, as they might when working.
+.\" professionally.
+.\"
+.\" Formatted or processed versions of this manual, if unaccompanied by
+.\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
+.\" %%%LICENSE_END
+.\"
+.TH COPY 2 2015-09-29 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
+.SH NAME
+copy_file_range \- Copy a range of data from one file to another
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.nf
+.B #include <linux/copy.h>
+.B #include <sys/syscall.h>
+.B #include <unistd.h>
+
+.BI "ssize_t copy_file_range(int " fd_in ", loff_t *" off_in ", int " fd_out ",
+.BI "                        loff_t *" off_out ", size_t " len \
+", unsigned int " flags );
+.fi
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+The
+.BR copy_file_range ()
+system call performs an in-kernel copy between two file descriptors
+without the additional cost of transferring data from the kernel to userspace
+and then back into the kernel.
+It copies up to
+.I len
+bytes of data from file descriptor
+.I fd_in
+to file descriptor
+.IR fd_out ,
+overwriting any data that exists within the requested range of the target file.
+
+The following semantics apply for
+.IR off_in ,
+and similar statements apply to
+.IR off_out :
+.IP * 3
+If
+.I off_in
+is NULL, then bytes are read from
+.I fd_in
+starting from the current file offset, and the offset is
+adjusted by the number of bytes copied.
+.IP *
+If
+.I off_in
+is not NULL, then
+.I off_in
+must point to a buffer that specifies the starting
+offset where bytes from
+.I fd_in
+will be read.  The current file offset of
+.I fd_in
+is not changed, but
+.I off_in
+is adjusted appropriately.
+.PP
+
+The
+.I flags
+argument can have one of the following flags set:
+.TP 1.9i
+.B COPY_FR_COPY
+Copy all the file data in the requested range.
+Some filesystems might be able to accelerate this copy
+to avoid unnecessary data transfers.
+.TP
+.B COPY_FR_REFLINK
+Create a lightweight "reflink", where data is not copied until
+one of the files is modified.
+.TP
+.B COPY_FR_DEDUP
+Create a reflink, but only if the contents of
+both files' byte ranges are identical.
+If ranges do not match,
+.B EILSEQ
+will be returned.
+.PP
+The default behavior
+.RI ( flags
+== 0) is to try creating a reflink,
+and if reflinking fails
+.BR copy_file_range ()
+will fall back to performing a full data copy.
+.SH RETURN VALUE
+Upon successful completion,
+.BR copy_file_range ()
+will return the number of bytes copied between files.
+This could be less than the length originally requested.
+
+On error,
+.BR copy_file_range ()
+returns \-1 and
+.I errno
+is set to indicate the error.
+.SH ERRORS
+.TP
+.B EBADF
+One or more file descriptors are not valid; or
+.I fd_in
+is not open for reading; or
+.I fd_out
+is not open for writing.
+.TP
+.B EILSEQ
+The contents of both files' byte ranges did not match.
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+Requested range extends beyond the end of the source file; or the
+.I flags
+argument is set to an invalid value.
+.TP
+.B EIO
+A low level I/O error occurred while copying.
+.TP
+.B ENOMEM
+Out of memory.
+.TP
+.B ENOSPC
+There is not enough space on the target filesystem to complete the copy.
+.TP
+.B EOPNOTSUPP
+.B COPY_REFLINK
+or
+.B COPY_DEDUP
+was specified in
+.IR flags ,
+but the target filesystem does not support the given operation.
+.TP
+.B EXDEV
+Target filesystem doesn't support cross-filesystem copies.
+.SH VERSIONS
+The
+.BR copy_file_range ()
+system call first appeared in Linux 4.4.
+.SH CONFORMING TO
+The
+.BR copy_file_range ()
+system call is a nonstandard Linux extension.
+.SH EXAMPLE
+.nf
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <linux/copy.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/syscall.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+loff_t copy_file_range(int fd_in, loff_t *off_in, int fd_out,
+                       loff_t *off_out, size_t len, unsigned int flags)
+{
+    return syscall(__NR_copy_file_range, fd_in, off_in, fd_out,
+                   off_out, len, flags);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+    int fd_in, fd_out;
+    struct stat stat;
+    loff_t len, ret;
+    char buf[2];
+
+    if (argc != 3) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <source> <destination>\\n", argv[0]);
+        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+    }
+
+    fd_in = open(argv[1], O_RDONLY);
+    if (fd_in == \-1) {
+        perror("open (argv[1])");
+        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+    }
+
+    if (fstat(fd_in, &stat) == \-1) {
+        perror("fstat");
+        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+    }
+    len = stat.st_size;
+
+    fd_out = open(argv[2], O_CREAT|O_WRONLY|O_TRUNC, 0644);
+    if (fd_out == \-1) {
+        perror("open (argv[2])");
+        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+    }
+
+    do {
+        ret = copy_file_range(fd_in, NULL, fd_out, NULL, 
+                              len, COPY_FR_COPY);
+        if (ret == \-1) {
+            perror("copy_file_range");
+            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+        }
+
+        len \-= ret;
+    } while (len > 0);
+
+    close(fd_in);
+    close(fd_out);
+    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
+}
+.fi
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR splice (2)
diff --git a/man2/splice.2 b/man2/splice.2
index b9b4f42..5c162e0 100644
--- a/man2/splice.2
+++ b/man2/splice.2
@@ -238,6 +238,7 @@  only pointers are copied, not the pages of the buffer.
 See
 .BR tee (2).
 .SH SEE ALSO
+.BR copy_file_range (2),
 .BR sendfile (2),
 .BR tee (2),
 .BR vmsplice (2)