[5/7] xfs: Don't use unwritten extents for DAX
diff mbox

Message ID 1443685599-4843-6-git-send-email-david@fromorbit.com
State Superseded
Headers show

Commit Message

Dave Chinner Oct. 1, 2015, 7:46 a.m. UTC
From: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>

DAX has a page fault serialisation problem with block allocation.
Because it allows concurrent page faults and does not have a page
lock to serialise faults to the same page, it can get two concurrent
faults to the page that race.

When two read faults race, this isn't a huge problem as the data
underlying the page is not changing and so "detect and drop" works
just fine. The issues are to do with write faults.

When two write faults occur, we serialise block allocation in
get_blocks() so only one faul will allocate the extent. It will,
however, be marked as an unwritten extent, and that is where the
problem lies - the DAX fault code cannot differentiate between a
block that was just allocated and a block that was preallocated and
needs zeroing. The result is that both write faults end up zeroing
the block and attempting to convert it back to written.

The problem is that the first fault can zero and convert before the
second fault starts zeroing, resulting in the zeroing for the second
fault overwriting the data that the first fault wrote with zeros.
The second fault then attempts to convert the unwritten extent,
which is then a no-op because it's already written. Data loss occurs
as a result of this race.

Because there is no sane locking construct in the page fault code
that we can use for serialisation across the page faults, we need to
ensure block allocation and zeroing occurs atomically in the
filesystem. This means we can still take concurrent page faults and
the only time they will serialise is in the filesystem
mapping/allocation callback. The page fault code will always see
written, initialised extents, so we will be able to remove the
unwritten extent handling from the DAX code when all filesystems are

Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>
 fs/dax.c           |  5 +++++
 fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c  | 13 +++++++++----
 fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.c | 17 ++++++++++++++++-
 3 files changed, 30 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff mbox

diff --git a/fs/dax.c b/fs/dax.c
index 3994a2b..b36d6d2 100644
--- a/fs/dax.c
+++ b/fs/dax.c
@@ -29,6 +29,11 @@ 
 #include <linux/uio.h>
 #include <linux/vmstat.h>
+ * dax_clear_blocks() is called from within transaction context from XFS,
+ * and hence this means the stack from this point must follow GFP_NOFS
+ * semantics for all operations.
+ */
 int dax_clear_blocks(struct inode *inode, sector_t block, long size)
 	struct block_device *bdev = inode->i_sb->s_bdev;
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c
index e747d6a..df3dabd 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c
@@ -1284,15 +1284,12 @@  xfs_map_direct(
 	trace_xfs_gbmap_direct(XFS_I(inode), offset, size, type, imap);
-	/* XXX: preparation for removing unwritten extents in DAX */
-#if 0
 	if (dax_fault) {
 		trace_xfs_gbmap_direct_none(XFS_I(inode), offset, size, type,
 	if (bh_result->b_private) {
 		ioend = bh_result->b_private;
@@ -1420,10 +1417,12 @@  __xfs_get_blocks(
 	if (error)
 		goto out_unlock;
+	/* for DAX, we convert unwritten extents directly */
 	if (create &&
 	    (!nimaps ||
 	     (imap.br_startblock == HOLESTARTBLOCK ||
-	      imap.br_startblock == DELAYSTARTBLOCK))) {
+	      imap.br_startblock == DELAYSTARTBLOCK) ||
+	     (IS_DAX(inode) && ISUNWRITTEN(&imap)))) {
 		if (direct || xfs_get_extsz_hint(ip)) {
 			 * Drop the ilock in preparation for starting the block
@@ -1468,6 +1467,12 @@  __xfs_get_blocks(
 		goto out_unlock;
+	if (IS_DAX(inode) && create) {
+		/* zeroing is not needed at a higher layer */
+		new = 0;
+	}
 	/* trim mapping down to size requested */
 	if (direct || size > (1 << inode->i_blkbits))
 		xfs_map_trim_size(inode, iblock, bh_result,
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.c
index 1f86033..8b2b4a9 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_iomap.c
@@ -131,6 +131,7 @@  xfs_iomap_write_direct(
 	uint		qblocks, resblks, resrtextents;
 	int		committed;
 	int		error;
+	int		bmapi_flags = XFS_BMAPI_PREALLOC;
 	error = xfs_qm_dqattach(ip, 0);
 	if (error)
@@ -196,13 +197,26 @@  xfs_iomap_write_direct(
 	xfs_trans_ijoin(tp, ip, 0);
+	 * For DAX, we do not allocate unwritten extents, but instead we zero
+	 * the block before we commit the transaction.  Ideally we'd like to do
+	 * this outside the transaction context, but if we commit and then crash
+	 * we may not have zeroed the blocks and this will be exposed on
+	 * recovery of the allocation. Hence we must zero before commit.
+	 * Further, if we are mapping unwritten extents here, we need to zero
+	 * and convert them to written so that we don't need an unwritten extent
+	 * callback for DAX.
+	 */
+	if (IS_DAX(VFS_I(ip)))
+	/*
 	 * From this point onwards we overwrite the imap pointer that the
 	 * caller gave to us.
 	xfs_bmap_init(&free_list, &firstfsb);
 	nimaps = 1;
 	error = xfs_bmapi_write(tp, ip, offset_fsb, count_fsb,
-				XFS_BMAPI_PREALLOC, &firstfsb, 0,
+				bmapi_flags, &firstfsb, 0,
 				imap, &nimaps, &free_list);
 	if (error)
 		goto out_bmap_cancel;
@@ -213,6 +227,7 @@  xfs_iomap_write_direct(
 	error = xfs_bmap_finish(&tp, &free_list, &committed);
 	if (error)
 		goto out_bmap_cancel;
 	error = xfs_trans_commit(tp);
 	if (error)
 		goto out_unlock;