[v2,1/2] scripts: Add a recorduidiv program
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Message ID 20151201171014.GY8644@n2100.arm.linux.org.uk
State New
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Commit Message

Russell King - ARM Linux Dec. 1, 2015, 5:10 p.m. UTC
On Tue, Dec 01, 2015 at 11:49:29AM -0500, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> On Tue, 1 Dec 2015 16:19:44 +0000
> Russell King - ARM Linux <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> wrote:
>  
> > They hardly "do nothing", as the (eg) recordmcount plasters the build
> > log with warnings.  A solution to that would be to make recordmcount
> > silent if the section is already present.
> 
> Note, that warning found plenty of bugs when modifications of the build
> system was being done and broke recordmcount.c. I really don't want to
> silent it.
> 
> But for some reason, your build is causing lots of warnings and not for
> others. Perhaps we can add a "SILENT_RECORDMCOUNT" environment variable
> and have it set when something like CCACHE_HARDLINK or whatever is
> causing it to trigger when we don't care.

The case is:

Build 1 runs with CCACHE_HARDLINK enabled.
- Each object ccache creates will be stored in ccache, and hard linked
  into the throw-away object tree.
- recordmcount modifies in-place the object in the object tree, which
  also modifies the object in the ccache repository.

The throw-away object tree is thrown away, and a new tree is created,
and the build re-run.  It doesn't matter what CCACHE options are used,
the effect will now be the same:
- Each "hit" ccache object from the previous build will be linked or
  copied to the new throw-away object tree.
- recordmcount will be re-run on the object, which now contains the
  results of the previous recordmcount in-place modification.  This
  causes recordmcount to issue a warning.

There's two solutions to this: one is to disable CCACHE_HARDLINK for
all kernel builds which use in-place object modification.  The other
solution is to avoid in-place object modification, instead doing a
read-write-rename.

I think I ought to ask another question though, before we decide what
to do.  With recordmcount doing in-place object modification, what
happens if a SIGINT or similar is received half way through the
modification of an object?  I would hope that make would delete the
object and not leave it around.

Another suggestion - maybe recordmcount, which fstat()s the file,
should check the st_nlink before modifying the file, and error out
with a helpful error message telling people not to use hardlinks,
which would stop nasty surprises (and make it a rule that this should
be implemented as a general principle for good build behaviour) - iow,
something like this (untested):

 scripts/recordmcount.c | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

Comments

Steven Rostedt Dec. 1, 2015, 5:22 p.m. UTC | #1
On Tue, 1 Dec 2015 17:10:14 +0000
Russell King - ARM Linux <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> wrote:

> Another suggestion - maybe recordmcount, which fstat()s the file,
> should check the st_nlink before modifying the file, and error out
> with a helpful error message telling people not to use hardlinks,
> which would stop nasty surprises (and make it a rule that this should
> be implemented as a general principle for good build behaviour) - iow,

Actually I like this solution the best.

> something like this (untested):

Can you test it to see if it gives you the error, otherwise I need to
set up a CCACHE_HARDLINK environment :-)

I guess another solution is to do a copy instead of modifying in place
if it detects the multiple hard link?

-- Steve


> 
>  scripts/recordmcount.c | 4 ++++
>  1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/scripts/recordmcount.c b/scripts/recordmcount.c
> index 698768bdc581..bb7589fd7392 100644
> --- a/scripts/recordmcount.c
> +++ b/scripts/recordmcount.c
> @@ -203,6 +203,10 @@ static void *mmap_file(char const *fname)
>  		fprintf(stderr, "not a regular file: %s\n", fname);
>  		fail_file();
>  	}
> +	if (sb.st_nlink != 1) {
> +		fprintf(stderr, "file is hard linked: %s\n", fname);
> +		fail_file();
> +	}
>  	addr = mmap(0, sb.st_size, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE,
>  		    fd_map, 0);
>  	mmap_failed = 0;
> 
> 

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Russell King - ARM Linux Dec. 1, 2015, 6:16 p.m. UTC | #2
On Tue, Dec 01, 2015 at 12:22:12PM -0500, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> On Tue, 1 Dec 2015 17:10:14 +0000
> Russell King - ARM Linux <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> wrote:
> 
> > Another suggestion - maybe recordmcount, which fstat()s the file,
> > should check the st_nlink before modifying the file, and error out
> > with a helpful error message telling people not to use hardlinks,
> > which would stop nasty surprises (and make it a rule that this should
> > be implemented as a general principle for good build behaviour) - iow,
> 
> Actually I like this solution the best.
> 
> > something like this (untested):
> 
> Can you test it to see if it gives you the error, otherwise I need to
> set up a CCACHE_HARDLINK environment :-)

It does indeed:

  CC      init/do_mounts_initrd.o
file is hard linked: init/do_mounts_initrd.o
/home/rmk/git/linux-rmk/scripts/Makefile.build:258: recipe for target 'init/do_mounts_initrd.o' failed
make[2]: *** [init/do_mounts_initrd.o] Error 1

> I guess another solution is to do a copy instead of modifying in place
> if it detects the multiple hard link?

That would be the "transparent" solution.  If you think it's worth
persuing, I'll have a go at fixing recordmcount to do that.
Michal Marek Dec. 1, 2015, 9:39 p.m. UTC | #3
Dne 1.12.2015 v 19:16 Russell King - ARM Linux napsal(a):
> On Tue, Dec 01, 2015 at 12:22:12PM -0500, Steven Rostedt wrote:
>> I guess another solution is to do a copy instead of modifying in place
>> if it detects the multiple hard link?
> 
> That would be the "transparent" solution.  If you think it's worth
> persuing, I'll have a go at fixing recordmcount to do that.

But in terms of number of file copies, it would on par with disabling
CCACHE_HARDLINK from within the Makefile.

Michal
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Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/scripts/recordmcount.c b/scripts/recordmcount.c
index 698768bdc581..bb7589fd7392 100644
--- a/scripts/recordmcount.c
+++ b/scripts/recordmcount.c
@@ -203,6 +203,10 @@  static void *mmap_file(char const *fname)
 		fprintf(stderr, "not a regular file: %s\n", fname);
 		fail_file();
 	}
+	if (sb.st_nlink != 1) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "file is hard linked: %s\n", fname);
+		fail_file();
+	}
 	addr = mmap(0, sb.st_size, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE,
 		    fd_map, 0);
 	mmap_failed = 0;