[2/8] fs crypto: add crypto.c for encrypt/decrypt functions
diff mbox

Message ID 1455588792-87825-2-git-send-email-jaegeuk@kernel.org
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Jaegeuk Kim Feb. 16, 2016, 2:13 a.m. UTC
This patch adds crypto.c supporting encrypting and decrypting functions.

1. IO preparation:
  - fscrypt_get_ctx / fscrypt_release_ctx

2. before IOs:
  - fscrypt_encrypt_page
  - fscrypt_decrypt_page
  - fscrypt_zeroout_range

3. after IOs:
  - fscrypt_decrypt_bio_pages
  - fscrypt_pullback_bio_page
  - fscrypt_restore_control_page

Signed-off-by: Michael Halcrow <mhalcrow@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Ildar Muslukhov <ildarm@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Jaegeuk Kim <jaegeuk@kernel.org>
---
 fs/crypto/crypto.c       | 508 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/fscrypto.h |  59 ++++++
 2 files changed, 567 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 fs/crypto/crypto.c

Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/fs/crypto/crypto.c b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..62a52d2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
@@ -0,0 +1,508 @@ 
+/*
+ * This contains encryption functions for per-file encryption.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2015, Google, Inc.
+ * Copyright (C) 2015, Motorola Mobility
+ *
+ * Written by Michael Halcrow, 2014.
+ *
+ * Filename encryption additions
+ *	Uday Savagaonkar, 2014
+ * Encryption policy handling additions
+ *	Ildar Muslukhov, 2014
+ * Add fscrypt_pullback_bio_page()
+ *	Jaegeuk Kim, 2015.
+ *
+ * This has not yet undergone a rigorous security audit.
+ *
+ * The usage of AES-XTS should conform to recommendations in NIST
+ * Special Publication 800-38E and IEEE P1619/D16.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/crypto.h>
+#include <linux/ecryptfs.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/mempool.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
+#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/fscrypto.h>
+
+static unsigned int num_prealloc_crypto_pages = 32;
+static unsigned int num_prealloc_crypto_ctxs = 128;
+
+module_param(num_prealloc_crypto_pages, uint, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(num_prealloc_crypto_pages,
+		"Number of crypto pages to preallocate");
+module_param(num_prealloc_crypto_ctxs, uint, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(num_prealloc_crypto_ctxs,
+		"Number of crypto contexts to preallocate");
+
+static mempool_t *fscrypt_bounce_page_pool = NULL;
+
+static LIST_HEAD(fscrypt_free_ctxs);
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fscrypt_ctx_lock);
+
+static struct workqueue_struct *fscrypt_read_workqueue;
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(fscrypt_init_mutex);
+
+static struct kmem_cache *fscrypt_ctx_cachep;
+struct kmem_cache *fscrypt_info_cachep;
+
+/**
+ * fscrypt_release_ctx() - Releases an encryption context
+ * @ctx: The encryption context to release.
+ *
+ * If the encryption context was allocated from the pre-allocated pool, returns
+ * it to that pool. Else, frees it.
+ *
+ * If there's a bounce page in the context, this frees that.
+ */
+void fscrypt_release_ctx(struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (ctx->flags & FS_WRITE_PATH_FL && ctx->w.bounce_page) {
+		mempool_free(ctx->w.bounce_page, fscrypt_bounce_page_pool);
+		ctx->w.bounce_page = NULL;
+	}
+	ctx->w.control_page = NULL;
+	if (ctx->flags & FS_CTX_REQUIRES_FREE_ENCRYPT_FL) {
+		kmem_cache_free(fscrypt_ctx_cachep, ctx);
+	} else {
+		spin_lock_irqsave(&fscrypt_ctx_lock, flags);
+		list_add(&ctx->free_list, &fscrypt_free_ctxs);
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&fscrypt_ctx_lock, flags);
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_release_ctx);
+
+/**
+ * fscrypt_get_ctx() - Gets an encryption context
+ * @inode:       The inode for which we are doing the crypto
+ *
+ * Allocates and initializes an encryption context.
+ *
+ * Return: An allocated and initialized encryption context on success; error
+ * value or NULL otherwise.
+ */
+struct fscrypt_ctx *fscrypt_get_ctx(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx = NULL;
+	struct fscrypt_info *ci = inode->i_crypt_info;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (ci == NULL)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY);
+
+	/*
+	 * We first try getting the ctx from a free list because in
+	 * the common case the ctx will have an allocated and
+	 * initialized crypto tfm, so it's probably a worthwhile
+	 * optimization. For the bounce page, we first try getting it
+	 * from the kernel allocator because that's just about as fast
+	 * as getting it from a list and because a cache of free pages
+	 * should generally be a "last resort" option for a filesystem
+	 * to be able to do its job.
+	 */
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&fscrypt_ctx_lock, flags);
+	ctx = list_first_entry_or_null(&fscrypt_free_ctxs,
+					struct fscrypt_ctx, free_list);
+	if (ctx)
+		list_del(&ctx->free_list);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&fscrypt_ctx_lock, flags);
+	if (!ctx) {
+		ctx = kmem_cache_zalloc(fscrypt_ctx_cachep, GFP_NOFS);
+		if (!ctx)
+			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+		ctx->flags |= FS_CTX_REQUIRES_FREE_ENCRYPT_FL;
+	} else {
+		ctx->flags &= ~FS_CTX_REQUIRES_FREE_ENCRYPT_FL;
+	}
+	ctx->flags &= ~FS_WRITE_PATH_FL;
+	return ctx;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_get_ctx);
+
+/**
+ * fscrypt_complete() - The completion callback for page encryption
+ * @req: The asynchronous encryption request context
+ * @res: The result of the encryption operation
+ */
+static void fscrypt_complete(struct crypto_async_request *req, int res)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_completion_result *ecr = req->data;
+
+	if (res == -EINPROGRESS)
+		return;
+	ecr->res = res;
+	complete(&ecr->completion);
+}
+
+typedef enum {
+	FS_DECRYPT = 0,
+	FS_ENCRYPT,
+} fscrypt_direction_t;
+
+static int do_page_crypto(struct inode *inode,
+			fscrypt_direction_t rw, pgoff_t index,
+			struct page *src_page, struct page *dest_page)
+{
+	u8 xts_tweak[FS_XTS_TWEAK_SIZE];
+	struct ablkcipher_request *req = NULL;
+	DECLARE_FS_COMPLETION_RESULT(ecr);
+	struct scatterlist dst, src;
+	struct fscrypt_info *ci = inode->i_crypt_info;
+	struct crypto_ablkcipher *tfm = ci->ci_ctfm;
+	int res = 0;
+
+	req = ablkcipher_request_alloc(tfm, GFP_NOFS);
+	if (!req) {
+		printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR
+				"%s: crypto_request_alloc() failed\n",
+				__func__);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	ablkcipher_request_set_callback(
+		req, CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG | CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP,
+		fscrypt_complete, &ecr);
+
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(FS_XTS_TWEAK_SIZE < sizeof(index));
+	memcpy(xts_tweak, &inode->i_ino, sizeof(index));
+	memset(&xts_tweak[sizeof(index)], 0,
+			FS_XTS_TWEAK_SIZE - sizeof(index));
+
+	sg_init_table(&dst, 1);
+	sg_set_page(&dst, dest_page, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, 0);
+	sg_init_table(&src, 1);
+	sg_set_page(&src, src_page, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, 0);
+	ablkcipher_request_set_crypt(req, &src, &dst, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE,
+					xts_tweak);
+	if (rw == FS_DECRYPT)
+		res = crypto_ablkcipher_decrypt(req);
+	else
+		res = crypto_ablkcipher_encrypt(req);
+	if (res == -EINPROGRESS || res == -EBUSY) {
+		BUG_ON(req->base.data != &ecr);
+		wait_for_completion(&ecr.completion);
+		res = ecr.res;
+	}
+	ablkcipher_request_free(req);
+	if (res) {
+		printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR
+			"%s: crypto_ablkcipher_encrypt() returned %d\n",
+			__func__, res);
+		return res;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct page *alloc_bounce_page(struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx)
+{
+	ctx->w.bounce_page = mempool_alloc(fscrypt_bounce_page_pool,
+							GFP_NOWAIT);
+	if (ctx->w.bounce_page == NULL)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	ctx->flags |= FS_WRITE_PATH_FL;
+	return ctx->w.bounce_page;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscypt_encrypt_page() - Encrypts a page
+ * @inode:          The inode for which the encryption should take place
+ * @plaintext_page: The page to encrypt. Must be locked.
+ *
+ * Allocates a ciphertext page and encrypts plaintext_page into it using the ctx
+ * encryption context.
+ *
+ * Called on the page write path.  The caller must call
+ * fscrypt_restore_control_page() on the returned ciphertext page to
+ * release the bounce buffer and the encryption context.
+ *
+ * Return: An allocated page with the encrypted content on success. Else, an
+ * error value or NULL.
+ */
+struct page *fscrypt_encrypt_page(struct inode *inode,
+				struct page *plaintext_page)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx;
+	struct page *ciphertext_page = NULL;
+	int err;
+
+	BUG_ON(!PageLocked(plaintext_page));
+
+	ctx = fscrypt_get_ctx(inode);
+	if (IS_ERR(ctx))
+		return (struct page *)ctx;
+
+	/* The encryption operation will require a bounce page. */
+	ciphertext_page = alloc_bounce_page(ctx);
+	if (IS_ERR(ciphertext_page))
+		goto errout;
+
+	ctx->w.control_page = plaintext_page;
+	err = do_page_crypto(inode, FS_ENCRYPT, plaintext_page->index,
+					plaintext_page, ciphertext_page);
+	if (err) {
+		ciphertext_page = ERR_PTR(err);
+		goto errout;
+	}
+	SetPagePrivate(ciphertext_page);
+	set_page_private(ciphertext_page, (unsigned long)ctx);
+	lock_page(ciphertext_page);
+	return ciphertext_page;
+
+errout:
+	fscrypt_release_ctx(ctx);
+	return ciphertext_page;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_encrypt_page);
+
+/**
+ * f2crypt_decrypt_page() - Decrypts a page in-place
+ * @page: The page to decrypt. Must be locked.
+ *
+ * Decrypts page in-place using the ctx encryption context.
+ *
+ * Called from the read completion callback.
+ *
+ * Return: Zero on success, non-zero otherwise.
+ */
+int fscrypt_decrypt_page(struct page *page)
+{
+	BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
+
+	return do_page_crypto(page->mapping->host,
+			FS_DECRYPT, page->index, page, page);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_decrypt_page);
+
+int fscrypt_zeroout_range(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t lblk,
+				sector_t pblk, unsigned int len)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx;
+	struct page *ciphertext_page = NULL;
+	struct bio *bio;
+	int ret, err = 0;
+
+	BUG_ON(inode->i_sb->s_blocksize != PAGE_CACHE_SIZE);
+
+	ctx = fscrypt_get_ctx(inode);
+	if (IS_ERR(ctx))
+		return PTR_ERR(ctx);
+
+	ciphertext_page = alloc_bounce_page(ctx);
+	if (IS_ERR(ciphertext_page)) {
+		err = PTR_ERR(ciphertext_page);
+		goto errout;
+	}
+
+	while (len--) {
+		err = do_page_crypto(inode, FS_ENCRYPT, lblk,
+						ZERO_PAGE(0), ciphertext_page);
+		if (err)
+			goto errout;
+
+		bio = bio_alloc(GFP_KERNEL, 1);
+		if (!bio) {
+			err = -ENOMEM;
+			goto errout;
+		}
+		bio->bi_bdev = inode->i_sb->s_bdev;
+		bio->bi_iter.bi_sector =
+			pblk << (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9);;
+		ret = bio_add_page(bio, ciphertext_page,
+					inode->i_sb->s_blocksize, 0);
+		if (ret != inode->i_sb->s_blocksize) {
+			/* should never happen! */
+			WARN_ON(1);
+			bio_put(bio);
+			err = -EIO;
+			goto errout;
+		}
+		err = submit_bio_wait(WRITE, bio);
+		if ((err == 0) && bio->bi_error)
+			err = -EIO;
+		bio_put(bio);
+		if (err)
+			goto errout;
+		lblk++;
+		pblk++;
+	}
+	err = 0;
+errout:
+	fscrypt_release_ctx(ctx);
+	return err;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_zeroout_range);
+
+/*
+ * Call fscrypt_decrypt_page on every single page, reusing the encryption
+ * context.
+ */
+static void completion_pages(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx =
+		container_of(work, struct fscrypt_ctx, r.work);
+	struct bio *bio = ctx->r.bio;
+	struct bio_vec *bv;
+	int i;
+
+	bio_for_each_segment_all(bv, bio, i) {
+		struct page *page = bv->bv_page;
+		int ret = fscrypt_decrypt_page(page);
+
+		if (ret) {
+			WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+			SetPageError(page);
+		} else {
+			SetPageUptodate(page);
+		}
+		unlock_page(page);
+	}
+	fscrypt_release_ctx(ctx);
+	bio_put(bio);
+}
+
+void fscrypt_decrypt_bio_pages(struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx, struct bio *bio)
+{
+	INIT_WORK(&ctx->r.work, completion_pages);
+	ctx->r.bio = bio;
+	queue_work(fscrypt_read_workqueue, &ctx->r.work);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_decrypt_bio_pages);
+
+void fscrypt_pullback_bio_page(struct page **page, bool restore)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx;
+	struct page *bounce_page;
+
+	/* The bounce data pages are unmapped. */
+	if ((*page)->mapping)
+		return;
+
+	/* The bounce data page is unmapped. */
+	bounce_page = *page;
+	ctx = (struct fscrypt_ctx *)page_private(bounce_page);
+
+	/* restore control page */
+	*page = ctx->w.control_page;
+
+	if (restore)
+		fscrypt_restore_control_page(bounce_page);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_pullback_bio_page);
+
+void fscrypt_restore_control_page(struct page *page)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx;
+
+	ctx = (struct fscrypt_ctx *)page_private(page);
+	set_page_private(page, (unsigned long)NULL);
+	ClearPagePrivate(page);
+	unlock_page(page);
+	fscrypt_release_ctx(ctx);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_restore_control_page);
+
+static void fscrypt_destroy(void)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_ctx *pos, *n;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &fscrypt_free_ctxs, free_list)
+		kmem_cache_free(fscrypt_ctx_cachep, pos);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fscrypt_free_ctxs);
+	if (fscrypt_bounce_page_pool)
+		mempool_destroy(fscrypt_bounce_page_pool);
+	fscrypt_bounce_page_pool = NULL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscrypt_initialize() - allocate major buffers for fs encryption.
+ *
+ * We only call this when we start accessing encrypted files, since it
+ * results in memory getting allocated that wouldn't otherwise be used.
+ *
+ * Return: Zero on success, non-zero otherwise.
+ */
+int fscrypt_initialize(void)
+{
+	int i, res = -ENOMEM;
+
+	if (fscrypt_bounce_page_pool)
+		return 0;
+
+	mutex_lock(&fscrypt_init_mutex);
+	if (fscrypt_bounce_page_pool)
+		goto already_initialized;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < num_prealloc_crypto_ctxs; i++) {
+		struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx;
+
+		ctx = kmem_cache_zalloc(fscrypt_ctx_cachep, GFP_NOFS);
+		if (!ctx)
+			goto fail;
+		list_add(&ctx->free_list, &fscrypt_free_ctxs);
+	}
+
+	fscrypt_bounce_page_pool =
+		mempool_create_page_pool(num_prealloc_crypto_pages, 0);
+	if (!fscrypt_bounce_page_pool)
+		goto fail;
+
+already_initialized:
+	mutex_unlock(&fscrypt_init_mutex);
+	return 0;
+fail:
+	fscrypt_destroy();
+	mutex_unlock(&fscrypt_init_mutex);
+	return res;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_initialize);
+
+/**
+ * fscrypt_init() - Set up for fs encryption.
+ */
+int __init fscrypt_init(void)
+{
+	fscrypt_read_workqueue = alloc_workqueue("fscrypt_read_queue",
+							WQ_HIGHPRI, 0);
+	if (!fscrypt_read_workqueue)
+		goto fail;
+
+	fscrypt_ctx_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(fscrypt_ctx, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT);
+	if (!fscrypt_ctx_cachep)
+		goto fail_free_queue;
+
+	fscrypt_info_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(fscrypt_info, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT);
+	if (!fscrypt_info_cachep)
+		goto fail_free_ctx;
+
+	return 0;
+
+fail_free_ctx:
+	kmem_cache_destroy(fscrypt_ctx_cachep);
+fail_free_queue:
+	destroy_workqueue(fscrypt_read_workqueue);
+fail:
+	return -ENOMEM;
+}
+module_init(fscrypt_init)
+
+/**
+ * fscrypt_exit() - Shutdown the fs encryption system
+ */
+void __exit fscrypt_exit(void)
+{
+	fscrypt_destroy();
+
+	if (fscrypt_read_workqueue)
+		destroy_workqueue(fscrypt_read_workqueue);
+	if (fscrypt_ctx_cachep)
+		kmem_cache_destroy(fscrypt_ctx_cachep);
+	if (fscrypt_info_cachep)
+		kmem_cache_destroy(fscrypt_info_cachep);
+}
+module_exit(fscrypt_exit);
diff --git a/include/linux/fscrypto.h b/include/linux/fscrypto.h
index 4a9b33b..0a82f91 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscrypto.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscrypto.h
@@ -235,4 +235,63 @@  static inline int fscrypt_has_encryption_key(struct inode *inode)
 	return 0;
 #endif
 }
+
+/* crypto.c */
+extern struct kmem_cache *fscrypt_info_cachep;
+int fscrypt_initialize(void);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION
+/* crypto.c */
+struct fscrypt_ctx *fscrypt_get_ctx(struct inode *);
+void fscrypt_release_ctx(struct fscrypt_ctx *);
+struct page *fscrypt_encrypt_page(struct inode *, struct page *);
+int fscrypt_decrypt_page(struct page *);
+void fscrypt_decrypt_bio_pages(struct fscrypt_ctx *, struct bio *);
+void fscrypt_pullback_bio_page(struct page **, bool);
+void fscrypt_restore_control_page(struct page *);
+int fscrypt_zeroout_range(struct inode *, pgoff_t, sector_t, unsigned int);
+#else
+/* crypto.c */
+static inline struct fscrypt_ctx *fscrypt_get_ctx(struct inode *i)
+{
+	return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP);
+}
+
+static inline void fscrypt_release_ctx(struct fscrypt_ctx *c)
+{
+	return;
+}
+
+static inline struct page *fscrypt_encrypt_page(struct inode *i, struct page *p)
+{
+	return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP);
+}
+
+static inline int fscrypt_decrypt_page(struct page *p)
+{
+	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+
+static inline void fscrypt_decrypt_bio_pages(struct fscrypt_ctx *c,
+						struct bio *b)
+{
+	return;
+}
+
+static inline void fscrypt_pullback_bio_page(struct page **p, bool b)
+{
+	return;
+}
+
+static inline void fscrypt_restore_control_page(struct page *p)
+{
+	return;
+}
+
+static inline int fscrypt_zeroout_range(struct inode *i, pgoff_t p,
+					sector_t s, unsigned int f)
+{
+	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+#endif
 #endif	/* _LINUX_FSCRYPTO_H */