[01/10] fs crypto: add basic definitions for per-file encryption
diff mbox

Message ID 1456943478-11107-2-git-send-email-jaegeuk@kernel.org
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Jaegeuk Kim March 2, 2016, 6:31 p.m. UTC
This patch adds definitions for per-file encryption used by ext4 and f2fs.

Signed-off-by: Jaegeuk Kim <jaegeuk@kernel.org>
---
 include/linux/fs.h       |   8 ++
 include/linux/fscrypto.h | 239 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/fs.h  |  18 ++++
 3 files changed, 265 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 include/linux/fscrypto.h

Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index ae68100..28fc121 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -53,6 +53,8 @@  struct swap_info_struct;
 struct seq_file;
 struct workqueue_struct;
 struct iov_iter;
+struct fscrypt_info;
+struct fscrypt_operations;
 
 extern void __init inode_init(void);
 extern void __init inode_init_early(void);
@@ -678,6 +680,10 @@  struct inode {
 	struct hlist_head	i_fsnotify_marks;
 #endif
 
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION)
+	struct fscrypt_info	*i_crypt_info;
+#endif
+
 	void			*i_private; /* fs or device private pointer */
 };
 
@@ -1323,6 +1329,8 @@  struct super_block {
 #endif
 	const struct xattr_handler **s_xattr;
 
+	const struct fscrypt_operations	*s_cop;
+
 	struct hlist_bl_head	s_anon;		/* anonymous dentries for (nfs) exporting */
 	struct list_head	s_mounts;	/* list of mounts; _not_ for fs use */
 	struct block_device	*s_bdev;
diff --git a/include/linux/fscrypto.h b/include/linux/fscrypto.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4d83f08
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/fscrypto.h
@@ -0,0 +1,239 @@ 
+/*
+ * General per-file encryption definition
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2015, Google, Inc.
+ *
+ * Written by Michael Halcrow, 2015.
+ * Modified by Jaegeuk Kim, 2015.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_FSCRYPTO_H
+#define _LINUX_FSCRYPTO_H
+
+#include <linux/key.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/dcache.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/fs.h>
+
+#define FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE		16
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT_FORMAT_V1		1
+
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_4		0x00
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_8		0x01
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_16		0x02
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32		0x03
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK	0x03
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID		0x03
+
+/* Encryption algorithms */
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_INVALID		0
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS		1
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_GCM		2
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CBC		3
+#define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS		4
+
+/**
+ * Encryption context for inode
+ *
+ * Protector format:
+ *  1 byte: Protector format (1 = this version)
+ *  1 byte: File contents encryption mode
+ *  1 byte: File names encryption mode
+ *  1 byte: Flags
+ *  8 bytes: Master Key descriptor
+ *  16 bytes: Encryption Key derivation nonce
+ */
+struct fscrypt_context {
+	u8 format;
+	u8 contents_encryption_mode;
+	u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
+	u8 flags;
+	u8 master_key_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+	u8 nonce[FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE];
+} __packed;
+
+/* Encryption parameters */
+#define FS_XTS_TWEAK_SIZE		16
+#define FS_AES_128_ECB_KEY_SIZE		16
+#define FS_AES_256_GCM_KEY_SIZE		32
+#define FS_AES_256_CBC_KEY_SIZE		32
+#define FS_AES_256_CTS_KEY_SIZE		32
+#define FS_AES_256_XTS_KEY_SIZE		64
+#define FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE			64
+
+#define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX		"fscrypt:"
+#define FS_KEY_DESC_PREFIX_SIZE		8
+
+/* This is passed in from userspace into the kernel keyring */
+struct fscrypt_key {
+	u32 mode;
+	u8 raw[FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+	u32 size;
+} __packed;
+
+struct fscrypt_info {
+	u8 ci_data_mode;
+	u8 ci_filename_mode;
+	u8 ci_flags;
+	struct crypto_ablkcipher *ci_ctfm;
+	struct key *ci_keyring_key;
+	u8 ci_master_key[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+};
+
+#define FS_CTX_REQUIRES_FREE_ENCRYPT_FL		0x00000001
+#define FS_WRITE_PATH_FL			0x00000002
+
+struct fscrypt_ctx {
+	union {
+		struct {
+			struct page *bounce_page;	/* Ciphertext page */
+			struct page *control_page;	/* Original page  */
+		} w;
+		struct {
+			struct bio *bio;
+			struct work_struct work;
+		} r;
+		struct list_head free_list;	/* Free list */
+	};
+	u8 flags;				/* Flags */
+	u8 mode;				/* Encryption mode for tfm */
+};
+
+struct fscrypt_completion_result {
+	struct completion completion;
+	int res;
+};
+
+#define DECLARE_FS_COMPLETION_RESULT(ecr) \
+	struct fscrypt_completion_result ecr = { \
+		COMPLETION_INITIALIZER((ecr).completion), 0 }
+
+static inline int fscrypt_key_size(int mode)
+{
+	switch (mode) {
+	case FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS:
+		return FS_AES_256_XTS_KEY_SIZE;
+	case FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_GCM:
+		return FS_AES_256_GCM_KEY_SIZE;
+	case FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CBC:
+		return FS_AES_256_CBC_KEY_SIZE;
+	case FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS:
+		return FS_AES_256_CTS_KEY_SIZE;
+	default:
+		BUG();
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+#define FS_FNAME_NUM_SCATTER_ENTRIES	4
+#define FS_CRYPTO_BLOCK_SIZE		16
+#define FS_FNAME_CRYPTO_DIGEST_SIZE	32
+
+/**
+ * For encrypted symlinks, the ciphertext length is stored at the beginning
+ * of the string in little-endian format.
+ */
+struct fscrypt_symlink_data {
+	__le16 len;
+	char encrypted_path[1];
+} __packed;
+
+/**
+ * This function is used to calculate the disk space required to
+ * store a filename of length l in encrypted symlink format.
+ */
+static inline u32 fscrypt_symlink_data_len(u32 l)
+{
+	if (l < FS_CRYPTO_BLOCK_SIZE)
+		l = FS_CRYPTO_BLOCK_SIZE;
+	return (l + sizeof(struct fscrypt_symlink_data) - 1);
+}
+
+struct fscrypt_str {
+	unsigned char *name;
+	u32 len;
+};
+
+struct fscrypt_name {
+	const struct qstr *usr_fname;
+	struct fscrypt_str disk_name;
+	u32 hash;
+	u32 minor_hash;
+	struct fscrypt_str crypto_buf;
+};
+
+#define FSTR_INIT(n, l)		{ .name = n, .len = l }
+#define FSTR_TO_QSTR(f)		QSTR_INIT((f)->name, (f)->len)
+#define fname_name(p)		((p)->disk_name.name)
+#define fname_len(p)		((p)->disk_name.len)
+
+/*
+ * crypto opertions for filesystems
+ */
+struct fscrypt_operations {
+	int (*get_context)(struct inode *, void *, size_t);
+	int (*prepare_context)(struct inode *);
+	int (*set_context)(struct inode *, const void *, size_t, void *);
+	int (*dummy_context)(struct inode *);
+	bool (*is_encrypted)(struct inode *);
+	bool (*empty_dir)(struct inode *);
+	unsigned (*max_namelen)(struct inode *);
+};
+
+static inline bool fscrypt_dummy_context_enabled(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	if (inode->i_sb->s_cop->dummy_context &&
+				inode->i_sb->s_cop->dummy_context(inode))
+		return true;
+	return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool fscrypt_valid_contents_enc_mode(u32 mode)
+{
+	return (mode == FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS);
+}
+
+static inline bool fscrypt_valid_filenames_enc_mode(u32 mode)
+{
+	return (mode == FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_CTS);
+}
+
+static inline u32 fscrypt_validate_encryption_key_size(u32 mode, u32 size)
+{
+	if (size == fscrypt_key_size(mode))
+		return size;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline bool fscrypt_is_dot_dotdot(const struct qstr *str)
+{
+	if (str->len == 1 && str->name[0] == '.')
+		return true;
+
+	if (str->len == 2 && str->name[0] == '.' && str->name[1] == '.')
+		return true;
+
+	return false;
+}
+
+static inline struct page *fscrypt_control_page(struct page *page)
+{
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION)
+	return ((struct fscrypt_ctx *)page_private(page))->w.control_page;
+#else
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+	return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline int fscrypt_has_encryption_key(struct inode *inode)
+{
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION)
+	return (inode->i_crypt_info != NULL);
+#else
+	return 0;
+#endif
+}
+#endif	/* _LINUX_FSCRYPTO_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fs.h b/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
index 149bec8..fd8b77e 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
@@ -247,6 +247,24 @@  struct fsxattr {
 #define FS_IOC_FSSETXATTR		_IOW ('X', 32, struct fsxattr)
 
 /*
+ * File system encryption support
+ */
+/* Policy provided via an ioctl on the topmost directory */
+#define FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE	8
+
+struct fscrypt_policy {
+	u8 version;
+	u8 contents_encryption_mode;
+	u8 filenames_encryption_mode;
+	u8 flags;
+	u8 master_key_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+} __packed;
+
+#define FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY	_IOR('f', 19, struct fscrypt_policy)
+#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT	_IOW('f', 20, __u8[16])
+#define FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY	_IOW('f', 21, struct fscrypt_policy)
+
+/*
  * Inode flags (FS_IOC_GETFLAGS / FS_IOC_SETFLAGS)
  *
  * Note: for historical reasons, these flags were originally used and