[3/3] xfs_io: support the new getfsmap ioctl
diff mbox

Message ID 20160505195242.GC2905@birch.djwong.org
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Darrick J. Wong May 5, 2016, 7:52 p.m. UTC
Add a new command, 'fsmap', to xfs_io so that we can query the filesystem
extent map on a live filesystem.

Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
---
 io/Makefile       |    2 
 io/fsmap.c        |  485 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 io/init.c         |    1 
 io/io.h           |    1 
 man/man8/xfs_io.8 |   47 +++++
 5 files changed, 535 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 io/fsmap.c

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Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/io/Makefile b/io/Makefile
index 0b53f41..6439e1d 100644
--- a/io/Makefile
+++ b/io/Makefile
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@  HFILES = init.h io.h
 CFILES = init.c \
 	attr.c bmap.c file.c freeze.c fsync.c getrusage.c imap.c link.c \
 	mmap.c open.c parent.c pread.c prealloc.c pwrite.c seek.c shutdown.c \
-	sync.c truncate.c reflink.c
+	sync.c truncate.c reflink.c fsmap.c
 
 LLDLIBS = $(LIBXCMD) $(LIBHANDLE)
 LTDEPENDENCIES = $(LIBXCMD) $(LIBHANDLE)
diff --git a/io/fsmap.c b/io/fsmap.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bf72555
--- /dev/null
+++ b/io/fsmap.c
@@ -0,0 +1,485 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2016 Oracle.
+ * All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it would be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc.,  51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
+ */
+
+#include "platform_defs.h"
+#include "command.h"
+#include "init.h"
+#include "io.h"
+#include "input.h"
+
+static cmdinfo_t fsmap_cmd;
+
+static void
+fsmap_help(void)
+{
+	printf(_(
+"\n"
+" prints the block mapping for an XFS filesystem"
+"\n"
+" Example:\n"
+" 'fsmap -vp' - tabular format verbose map, including unwritten extents\n"
+"\n"
+" fsmap prints the map of disk blocks used by the whole filesystem.\n"
+" The map lists each extent used by the file, as well as regions in the\n"
+" filesystem that do not have any corresponding blocks (free space).\n"
+" By default, each line of the listing takes the following form:\n"
+"     extent: [startoffset..endoffset] owner startblock..endblock\n"
+" All the file offsets and disk blocks are in units of 512-byte blocks.\n"
+" -n -- query n extents.\n"
+" -v -- Verbose information, specify ag info.  Show flags legend on 2nd -v\n"
+"\n"));
+}
+
+static int
+numlen(
+	off64_t	val)
+{
+	off64_t	tmp;
+	int	len;
+
+	for (len = 0, tmp = val; tmp > 0; tmp = tmp/10)
+		len++;
+	return (len == 0 ? 1 : len);
+}
+
+static const char *
+special_owner(
+	__int64_t	owner)
+{
+	switch (owner) {
+	case FMV_OWN_FREE:
+		return _("free space");
+	case FMV_OWN_UNKNOWN:
+		return _("unknown");
+	case FMV_OWN_FS:
+		return _("static fs metadata");
+	case FMV_OWN_LOG:
+		return _("journalling log");
+	case FMV_OWN_AG:
+		return _("per-AG metadata");
+	case FMV_OWN_INOBT:
+		return _("inode btree");
+	case FMV_OWN_INODES:
+		return _("inodes");
+	case FMV_OWN_REFC:
+		return _("refcount btree");
+	case FMV_OWN_COW:
+		return _("cow reservation");
+	case FMV_OWN_DEFECTIVE:
+		return _("defective");
+	default:
+		return _("unknown");
+	}
+}
+
+static void
+dump_map(
+	unsigned long long	nr,
+	struct getfsmapx	*map)
+{
+	unsigned long long	i;
+	struct getfsmapx	*p;
+
+	for (i = 0, p = map + 2; i < map->fmv_entries; i++, p++) {
+		printf("\t%llu: [%lld..%lld]: ", i + nr,
+			(long long) p->fmv_block,
+			(long long)(p->fmv_block + p->fmv_length - 1));
+		if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_SPECIAL_OWNER)
+			printf("%s", special_owner(p->fmv_owner));
+		else if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_EXTENT_MAP)
+			printf(_("inode %lld extent map"),
+				(long long) p->fmv_owner);
+		else
+			printf(_("inode %lld %lld..%lld"),
+				(long long) p->fmv_owner,
+				(long long) p->fmv_offset,
+				(long long)(p->fmv_offset + p->fmv_length - 1));
+		printf(_(" %lld blocks\n"),
+			(long long)p->fmv_length);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Verbose mode displays:
+ *   extent: [startblock..endblock]: startoffset..endoffset \
+ *	ag# (agoffset..agendoffset) totalbbs flags
+ */
+#define MINRANGE_WIDTH	16
+#define MINAG_WIDTH	2
+#define MINTOT_WIDTH	5
+#define NFLG		7		/* count of flags */
+#define	FLG_NULL	00000000	/* Null flag */
+#define	FLG_SHARED	01000000	/* shared extent */
+#define	FLG_ATTR_FORK	00100000	/* attribute fork */
+#define	FLG_PRE		00010000	/* Unwritten extent */
+#define	FLG_BSU		00001000	/* Not on begin of stripe unit  */
+#define	FLG_ESU		00000100	/* Not on end   of stripe unit  */
+#define	FLG_BSW		00000010	/* Not on begin of stripe width */
+#define	FLG_ESW		00000001	/* Not on end   of stripe width */
+static void
+dump_map_verbose(
+	unsigned long long	nr,
+	struct getfsmapx	*map,
+	bool			*dumped_flags,
+	struct xfs_fsop_geom	*fsgeo)
+{
+	unsigned long long	i;
+	struct getfsmapx	*p;
+	int			agno;
+	off64_t 		agoff, bbperag;
+	int			foff_w, boff_w, aoff_w, tot_w, agno_w, own_w, nr_w;
+	char			rbuf[32], bbuf[32], abuf[32], obuf[32], nbuf[32];
+	int			sunit, swidth;
+	int			flg = 0;
+
+	foff_w = boff_w = aoff_w = own_w = MINRANGE_WIDTH;
+	nr_w = 4;
+	tot_w = MINTOT_WIDTH;
+	bbperag = (off64_t)fsgeo->agblocks *
+		  (off64_t)fsgeo->blocksize / BBSIZE;
+	sunit = (fsgeo->sunit * fsgeo->blocksize) / BBSIZE;
+	swidth = (fsgeo->swidth * fsgeo->blocksize) / BBSIZE;
+
+	/*
+	 * Go through the extents and figure out the width
+	 * needed for all columns.
+	 */
+	for (i = 0, p = map + 2; i < map->fmv_entries; i++, p++) {
+		if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_PREALLOC ||
+		    p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_ATTR_FORK ||
+		    p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_SHARED)
+			flg = 1;
+		if (sunit &&
+		    (p->fmv_block  % sunit != 0 ||
+		     ((p->fmv_block + p->fmv_length) % sunit) != 0 ||
+		     p->fmv_block % swidth != 0 ||
+		     ((p->fmv_block + p->fmv_length) % swidth) != 0))
+			flg = 1;
+		if (flg)
+			*dumped_flags = true;
+		snprintf(nbuf, sizeof(nbuf), "%llu", nr + i);
+		nr_w = max(nr_w, strlen(nbuf));
+		snprintf(bbuf, sizeof(bbuf), "[%lld..%lld]:",
+			(long long) p->fmv_block,
+			(long long)(p->fmv_block + p->fmv_length - 1));
+		boff_w = max(boff_w, strlen(bbuf));
+		if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_SPECIAL_OWNER)
+			own_w = max(own_w, strlen(special_owner(p->fmv_owner)));
+		else {
+			snprintf(obuf, sizeof(obuf), "%lld",
+				(long long)p->fmv_owner);
+			own_w = max(own_w, strlen(obuf));
+		}
+		if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_EXTENT_MAP)
+			foff_w = max(foff_w, strlen(_("extent_map")));
+		else if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_SPECIAL_OWNER)
+			;
+		else {
+			snprintf(rbuf, sizeof(rbuf), "%lld..%lld",
+				(long long) p->fmv_offset,
+				(long long)(p->fmv_offset + p->fmv_length - 1));
+			foff_w = max(foff_w, strlen(rbuf));
+		}
+		agno = p->fmv_block / bbperag;
+		agoff = p->fmv_block - (agno * bbperag);
+		snprintf(abuf, sizeof(abuf),
+			"(%lld..%lld)",
+			(long long)agoff,
+			(long long)(agoff + p->fmv_length - 1));
+		aoff_w = max(aoff_w, strlen(abuf));
+		tot_w = max(tot_w,
+			numlen(p->fmv_length));
+	}
+	agno_w = max(MINAG_WIDTH, numlen(fsgeo->agcount));
+	if (nr == 0)
+		printf("%*s: %-*s %-*s %-*s %*s %-*s %*s%s\n",
+			nr_w, _("EXT"),
+			boff_w, _("BLOCK-RANGE"),
+			own_w, _("OWNER"),
+			foff_w, _("FILE-OFFSET"),
+			agno_w, _("AG"),
+			aoff_w, _("AG-OFFSET"),
+			tot_w, _("TOTAL"),
+			flg ? _(" FLAGS") : "");
+	for (i = 0, p = map + 2; i < map->fmv_entries; i++, p++) {
+		flg = FLG_NULL;
+		if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_PREALLOC)
+			flg |= FLG_PRE;
+		if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_ATTR_FORK)
+			flg |= FLG_ATTR_FORK;
+		if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_SHARED)
+			flg |= FLG_SHARED;
+		/*
+		 * If striping enabled, determine if extent starts/ends
+		 * on a stripe unit boundary.
+		 */
+		if (sunit) {
+			if (p->fmv_block  % sunit != 0) {
+				flg |= FLG_BSU;
+			}
+			if (((p->fmv_block +
+			      p->fmv_length ) % sunit ) != 0) {
+				flg |= FLG_ESU;
+			}
+			if (p->fmv_block % swidth != 0) {
+				flg |= FLG_BSW;
+			}
+			if (((p->fmv_block +
+			      p->fmv_length ) % swidth ) != 0) {
+				flg |= FLG_ESW;
+			}
+		}
+		snprintf(bbuf, sizeof(bbuf), "[%lld..%lld]:",
+			(long long) p->fmv_block,
+			(long long)(p->fmv_block + p->fmv_length - 1));
+		if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_SPECIAL_OWNER) {
+			snprintf(obuf, sizeof(obuf), "%s",
+				special_owner(p->fmv_owner));
+			snprintf(rbuf, sizeof(rbuf), " ");
+		} else {
+			snprintf(obuf, sizeof(obuf), "%lld",
+				(long long)p->fmv_owner);
+			snprintf(rbuf, sizeof(rbuf), "%lld..%lld",
+				(long long) p->fmv_offset,
+				(long long)(p->fmv_offset + p->fmv_length - 1));
+		}
+		agno = p->fmv_block / bbperag;
+		agoff = p->fmv_block - (agno * bbperag);
+		snprintf(abuf, sizeof(abuf),
+			"(%lld..%lld)",
+			(long long)agoff,
+			(long long)(agoff + p->fmv_length - 1));
+		if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_EXTENT_MAP)
+			printf("%*llu: %-*s %-*s %-*s %*d %-*s %*lld\n",
+				nr_w, nr + i,
+				boff_w, bbuf,
+				own_w, obuf,
+				foff_w, _("extent map"),
+				agno_w, agno,
+				aoff_w, abuf,
+				tot_w, (long long)p->fmv_length);
+		else {
+			printf("%*llu: %-*s %-*s %-*s", nr_w, nr + i,
+				boff_w, bbuf, own_w, obuf, foff_w, rbuf);
+			printf(" %*d %-*s", agno_w, agno,
+				aoff_w, abuf);
+			printf(" %*lld", tot_w,
+				(long long)p->fmv_length);
+			if (flg == FLG_NULL) {
+				printf("\n");
+			} else {
+				printf(" %-*.*o\n", NFLG, NFLG, flg);
+			}
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+static void
+dump_verbose_key(void)
+{
+	printf(_(" FLAG Values:\n"));
+	printf(_("    %*.*o Shared extent\n"),
+		NFLG+1, NFLG+1, FLG_SHARED);
+	printf(_("    %*.*o Attribute fork\n"),
+		NFLG+1, NFLG+1, FLG_ATTR_FORK);
+	printf(_("    %*.*o Unwritten preallocated extent\n"),
+		NFLG+1, NFLG+1, FLG_PRE);
+	printf(_("    %*.*o Doesn't begin on stripe unit\n"),
+		NFLG+1, NFLG+1, FLG_BSU);
+	printf(_("    %*.*o Doesn't end   on stripe unit\n"),
+		NFLG+1, NFLG+1, FLG_ESU);
+	printf(_("    %*.*o Doesn't begin on stripe width\n"),
+		NFLG+1, NFLG+1, FLG_BSW);
+	printf(_("    %*.*o Doesn't end   on stripe width\n"),
+		NFLG+1, NFLG+1, FLG_ESW);
+}
+
+int
+fsmap_f(
+	int			argc,
+	char			**argv)
+{
+	struct getfsmapx	*p;
+	struct getfsmapx	*nmap;
+	struct getfsmapx	*map;
+	struct xfs_fsop_geom	fsgeo;
+	long long		start = 0;
+	long long		end = -1;
+	int			nmap_size;
+	int			map_size;
+	int			nflag = 0;
+	int			vflag = 0;
+	int			fmv_iflags = 0;	/* flags for XFS_IOC_GETFSMAPX */
+	int			i = 0;
+	int			c;
+	unsigned long long	nr = 0;
+	size_t			fsblocksize, fssectsize;
+	bool			dumped_flags = false;
+
+	init_cvtnum(&fsblocksize, &fssectsize);
+
+	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "n:v")) != EOF) {
+		switch (c) {
+		case 'n':	/* number of extents specified */
+			nflag = atoi(optarg);
+			break;
+		case 'v':	/* Verbose output */
+			vflag++;
+			break;
+		default:
+			return command_usage(&fsmap_cmd);
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (argc > optind) {
+		start = cvtnum(fsblocksize, fssectsize, argv[optind]);
+		if (start < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr,
+				_("Bad rmap start_fsb %s.\n"),
+				argv[optind]);
+			return 0;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (argc > optind + 1) {
+		end = cvtnum(fsblocksize, fssectsize, argv[optind + 1]);
+		if (end < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr,
+				_("Bad rmap end_fsb %s.\n"),
+				argv[optind + 1]);
+			return 0;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (vflag) {
+		c = xfsctl(file->name, file->fd, XFS_IOC_FSGEOMETRY_V1, &fsgeo);
+		if (c < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr,
+				_("%s: can't get geometry [\"%s\"]: %s\n"),
+				progname, file->name, strerror(errno));
+			exitcode = 1;
+			return 0;
+		}
+	}
+
+	map_size = nflag ? nflag + 2 : 32;	/* initial guess - 32 */
+	map = malloc(map_size * sizeof(*map));
+	if (map == NULL) {
+		fprintf(stderr, _("%s: malloc of %lu bytes failed.\n"),
+			progname, map_size * sizeof(*map));
+		exitcode = 1;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	map->fmv_iflags = fmv_iflags;
+	map->fmv_device = FMV_DEV_DEFAULT;
+	map->fmv_block = start / 512;
+	map->fmv_owner = 0;
+	map->fmv_offset = 0;
+	map->fmv_length = 0;
+	(map + 1)->fmv_device = ULLONG_MAX;
+	(map + 1)->fmv_block = (unsigned long long)end / 512;
+	(map + 1)->fmv_owner = ULLONG_MAX;
+	(map + 1)->fmv_offset = ULLONG_MAX;
+
+	/* Count mappings */
+	if (!nflag) {
+		map->fmv_count = 2;
+		i = xfsctl(file->name, file->fd, XFS_IOC_GETFSMAPX, map);
+		if (i < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, _("%s: xfsctl(XFS_IOC_GETFSMAPX)"
+				" iflags=0x%x [\"%s\"]: %s\n"),
+				progname, map->fmv_iflags, file->name,
+				strerror(errno));
+			free(map);
+			exitcode = 1;
+			return 0;
+		}
+		if (map->fmv_entries > map_size * 2) {
+			unsigned long long nr;
+
+			nr = 5ULL * map->fmv_entries / 4 + 2;
+			nmap_size = nr > INT_MAX ? INT_MAX : nr;
+			nmap = realloc(map, nmap_size * sizeof(*map));
+			if (nmap == NULL) {
+				fprintf(stderr,
+					_("%s: cannot realloc %lu bytes\n"),
+					progname, map_size*sizeof(*map));
+			} else {
+				map = nmap;
+				map_size = nmap_size;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	map->fmv_count = map_size;
+	do {
+		/* Get some extents */
+		i = xfsctl(file->name, file->fd, XFS_IOC_GETFSMAPX, map);
+		if (i < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, _("%s: xfsctl(XFS_IOC_GETFSMAPX)"
+				" iflags=0x%x [\"%s\"]: %s\n"),
+				progname, map->fmv_iflags, file->name,
+				strerror(errno));
+			free(map);
+			exitcode = 1;
+			return 0;
+		}
+
+		if (map->fmv_entries == 0)
+			break;
+
+		if (!vflag)
+			dump_map(nr, map);
+		else
+			dump_map_verbose(nr, map, &dumped_flags, &fsgeo);
+
+		p = map + 1 + map->fmv_entries;
+		if (p->fmv_oflags & FMV_OF_LAST)
+			break;
+
+		nr += map->fmv_entries;
+		map->fmv_device = p->fmv_device;
+		map->fmv_block = p->fmv_block;
+		map->fmv_owner = p->fmv_owner;
+		map->fmv_offset = p->fmv_offset;
+		map->fmv_oflags = p->fmv_oflags;
+		map->fmv_length = p->fmv_length;
+	} while(true);
+
+	if (dumped_flags)
+		dump_verbose_key();
+
+	free(map);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+void
+fsmap_init(void)
+{
+	fsmap_cmd.name = "fsmap";
+	fsmap_cmd.cfunc = fsmap_f;
+	fsmap_cmd.argmin = 0;
+	fsmap_cmd.argmax = -1;
+	fsmap_cmd.flags = CMD_NOMAP_OK;
+	fsmap_cmd.args = _("[-v] [-n nx] [start] [end]");
+	fsmap_cmd.oneline = _("print filesystem mapping for a range of blocks");
+	fsmap_cmd.help = fsmap_help;
+
+	add_command(&fsmap_cmd);
+}
diff --git a/io/init.c b/io/init.c
index 51f1f5c..4ae8274 100644
--- a/io/init.c
+++ b/io/init.c
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@  init_commands(void)
 	file_init();
 	flink_init();
 	freeze_init();
+	fsmap_init();
 	fsync_init();
 	getrusage_init();
 	help_init();
diff --git a/io/io.h b/io/io.h
index 172b1f8..cef1763 100644
--- a/io/io.h
+++ b/io/io.h
@@ -97,6 +97,7 @@  extern void		bmap_init(void);
 extern void		file_init(void);
 extern void		flink_init(void);
 extern void		freeze_init(void);
+extern void		fsmap_init(void);
 extern void		fsync_init(void);
 extern void		getrusage_init(void);
 extern void		help_init(void);
diff --git a/man/man8/xfs_io.8 b/man/man8/xfs_io.8
index 34f90c7..60c46ee 100644
--- a/man/man8/xfs_io.8
+++ b/man/man8/xfs_io.8
@@ -267,6 +267,53 @@  ioctl.  Options behave as described in the
 .BR xfs_bmap (8)
 manual page.
 .TP
+.BI "fsmap [ \-v ] [ \-n " nx " ] [ " start " ] [ " end " ]
+Prints the mapping of disk blocks used by an XFS filesystem.  The map
+lists each extent used by files, allocation group metadata,
+journalling logs, and static filesystem metadata, as well as any
+regions that are unused.  Each line of the listings takes the
+following form:
+.PP
+.RS
+.IR extent ": [" startblock .. endblock "]: " owner " " startoffset .. endoffset " " length
+.PP
+Static filesystem metadata, allocation group metadata, btrees,
+journalling logs, and free space are marked by replacing the
+.IR startoffset .. endoffset
+with the appropriate marker.  All blocks, offsets, and lengths are specified
+in units of 512-byte blocks, no matter what the filesystem's block size is.
+.BI "The optional " start " and " end " arguments can be used to constrain
+the output to a particular range of disk blocks.
+.RE
+.RS 1.0i
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.BI \-n " num_extents"
+If this option is given,
+.B xfs_fsmap
+obtains the extent list of the file in groups of
+.I num_extents
+extents. In the absence of
+.BR \-n ", " xfs_fsmap
+queries the system for the number of extents in the filesystem and uses that
+value to compute the group size.
+.TP
+.B \-v
+Shows verbose information. When this flag is specified, additional AG
+specific information is appended to each line in the following form:
+.IP
+.RS 1.2i
+.IR agno " (" startagblock .. endagblock ") " nblocks " " flags
+.RE
+.IP
+A second
+.B \-v
+option will print out the
+.I flags
+legend.
+.RE
+.PD
+.TP
 .BI "extsize [ \-R | \-D ] [ " value " ]"
 Display and/or modify the preferred extent size used when allocating
 space for the currently open file. If the