[RFC,v3] PCI: Workaround to enable poweroff on Mac Pro 11
diff mbox

Message ID 1471595425-1752-1-git-send-email-yu.c.chen@intel.com
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Chen Yu Aug. 19, 2016, 8:30 a.m. UTC
People reported that they can not do a poweroff nor a
suspend to ram on their Mac Pro 11. After some investigations
it was found that, once the PCI bridge 0000:00:1c.0 reassigns its
mm windows to ([mem 0x7fa00000-0x7fbfffff] and
[mem 0x7fc00000-0x7fdfffff 64bit pref]), the region of ACPI
io resource 0x1804 becomes unaccessible immediately, where the
ACPI Sleep register is located, as a result neither poweroff(S5)
nor suspend to ram(S3) works.

As suggested by Bjorn, further testing shows that, there is an
unreported device may be (using) conflict with above aperture,
which brings unpredictable result such as the failure of accessing
the io port, which blocks the poweroff(S5). Besides if we reassign
the memory aperture to the other place, the poweroff works again.

As we do not find any resource declared in _CRS which contain above
memory aperture, and Mac OS does not use this pci bridge neither, we
choose a simple workaround to clear the hotplug flag(suggested by
Yinghai Lu), thus do not allocate any resource for this pci bridge,
and thereby no conflict anymore.

Bugzilla: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=103211
Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Signed-off-by: Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com>
---
 drivers/pci/quirks.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+)

Comments

Lukas Wunner Aug. 24, 2016, 2:17 p.m. UTC | #1
On Fri, Aug 19, 2016 at 04:30:25PM +0800, Chen Yu wrote:
> People reported that they can not do a poweroff nor a
> suspend to ram on their Mac Pro 11. After some investigations
> it was found that, once the PCI bridge 0000:00:1c.0 reassigns its
> mm windows to ([mem 0x7fa00000-0x7fbfffff] and
> [mem 0x7fc00000-0x7fdfffff 64bit pref]), the region of ACPI
> io resource 0x1804 becomes unaccessible immediately, where the
> ACPI Sleep register is located, as a result neither poweroff(S5)
> nor suspend to ram(S3) works.

To provide a bit more context:

The root port in question (0000:00:1c.0) is not listed in the DSDT.
On macOS, only devices present in the ACPI namespace are incorporated
into the I/O Kit registry. Consequently macOS pretends that this root
port doesn't exist. It's not listed in the "ioreg -l" output and thus
no driver is attached to this device.

So what we're dealing with is sloppiness on the part of Apple:
Some engineer probably forgot to disable this unused root port
and they didn't notice it during testing because their OS ignores
such devices.

We could in principle achieve the same behaviour by adding a PCI
device only if it has an ACPI companion, perhaps quirk this only
to Macs. I'm not sure if that's the right thing to do though.
What if they hide devices from macOS but we want to access them
on Linux?

What's really odd is that changing *memory* windows affects
accessibility of *I/O ports*.

One theory would be that I/O ports are somehow mapped into memory.
The GPIO pins of Intel chipsets are usually accessible through
I/O ports, but I've recently looked at the DSDT of the newest
MacBook9,1 (2016) and it looks like they're now accessed through
SystemMemory instead of SystemIO. Perhaps someone at Intel knows
about these intricacies of their chipsets.

If I/O ports are indeed mapped into memory, we need to find a way
to identify and reserve that region. So while this patch seems
like a workable and sufficiently small fix, it might mask a larger
underlying issue. It's certainly a problem though that these
machines currently cannot power off or suspend.

FWIW, we have a somewhat similar issue with the Apple gmux
(a microcontroller built into dual GPU MacBook Pros). That chip
is attached to the LPC bus and accessed through I/O ports.
It turns out that once VGA IO is locked to the discrete GPU
using vgaarb, gmux' I/O ports suddenly become inaccessible.
Apparently its I/O ports are routed to the secondary PCI bus
to which the discrete GPU is connected, and no longer to the
root bus on which the LPC bridge resides. However gmux' I/O ports
are in the 0x700-0x7ff range, whereas the VGA registers are in
the 0x3b0-0x3bb and 0x3c0-0x3df range. So that's another oddity
of Intel chipsets with regards to I/O accessibility.

Best regards,

Lukas

> 
> As suggested by Bjorn, further testing shows that, there is an
> unreported device may be (using) conflict with above aperture,
> which brings unpredictable result such as the failure of accessing
> the io port, which blocks the poweroff(S5). Besides if we reassign
> the memory aperture to the other place, the poweroff works again.
> 
> As we do not find any resource declared in _CRS which contain above
> memory aperture, and Mac OS does not use this pci bridge neither, we
> choose a simple workaround to clear the hotplug flag(suggested by
> Yinghai Lu), thus do not allocate any resource for this pci bridge,
> and thereby no conflict anymore.
> 
> Bugzilla: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=103211
> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael@kernel.org>
> Cc: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
> Signed-off-by: Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com>
> ---
>  drivers/pci/quirks.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 20 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/quirks.c b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> index 37ff015..04bbdba 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> @@ -2776,6 +2776,26 @@ static void quirk_hotplug_bridge(struct pci_dev *dev)
>  DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_HEADER(PCI_VENDOR_ID_HINT, 0x0020, quirk_hotplug_bridge);
>  
>  /*
> + * Apple: Avoid programming the memory/io aperture of 00:1c.0
> + *
> + * BIOS does not declare any resource for 00:1c.0, but with
> + * hotplug flag set, thus the OS allocates:
> + * [mem 0x7fa00000 - 0x7fbfffff]
> + * [mem 0x7fc00000-0x7fdfffff 64bit pref]
> + * which is conflict with an unreported device, which
> + * causes unpredictable result such as accessing io port.
> + * So clear the hotplug flag to work around it.
> + */
> +static void quirk_apple_mbp_poweroff(struct pci_dev *dev)
> +{
> +	if (dmi_match(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "MacBookPro11,4") ||
> +	    dmi_match(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "MacBookPro11,5"))
> +		dev->is_hotplug_bridge = 0;
> +}
> +
> +DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_HEADER(PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL, 0x8c10, quirk_apple_mbp_poweroff);
> +
> +/*
>   * This is a quirk for the Ricoh MMC controller found as a part of
>   * some mulifunction chips.
>  
> -- 
> 2.7.4
> 
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Bjorn Helgaas Sept. 2, 2016, 4:25 p.m. UTC | #2
On Wed, Aug 24, 2016 at 04:17:31PM +0200, Lukas Wunner wrote:
> On Fri, Aug 19, 2016 at 04:30:25PM +0800, Chen Yu wrote:
> > People reported that they can not do a poweroff nor a
> > suspend to ram on their Mac Pro 11. After some investigations
> > it was found that, once the PCI bridge 0000:00:1c.0 reassigns its
> > mm windows to ([mem 0x7fa00000-0x7fbfffff] and
> > [mem 0x7fc00000-0x7fdfffff 64bit pref]), the region of ACPI
> > io resource 0x1804 becomes unaccessible immediately, where the
> > ACPI Sleep register is located, as a result neither poweroff(S5)
> > nor suspend to ram(S3) works.
> 
> To provide a bit more context:
> 
> The root port in question (0000:00:1c.0) is not listed in the DSDT.
> On macOS, only devices present in the ACPI namespace are incorporated
> into the I/O Kit registry. Consequently macOS pretends that this root
> port doesn't exist. It's not listed in the "ioreg -l" output and thus
> no driver is attached to this device.
> 
> So what we're dealing with is sloppiness on the part of Apple:
> Some engineer probably forgot to disable this unused root port
> and they didn't notice it during testing because their OS ignores
> such devices.
> 
> We could in principle achieve the same behaviour by adding a PCI
> device only if it has an ACPI companion, perhaps quirk this only
> to Macs. I'm not sure if that's the right thing to do though.
> What if they hide devices from macOS but we want to access them
> on Linux?
> 
> What's really odd is that changing *memory* windows affects
> accessibility of *I/O ports*.
> 
> One theory would be that I/O ports are somehow mapped into memory.
> The GPIO pins of Intel chipsets are usually accessible through
> I/O ports, but I've recently looked at the DSDT of the newest
> MacBook9,1 (2016) and it looks like they're now accessed through
> SystemMemory instead of SystemIO. Perhaps someone at Intel knows
> about these intricacies of their chipsets.

Hey, look, Chen Yu works at Intel :)

This apparent connection between memory windows and I/O port
accessibility is indeed very concerning.

I know there are PCI host bridges with windows that translate CPU
memory accesses into PCI I/O port accesses.  If this is one of them,
and it has such a window enabled at the address we happened to choose
for the mem window, that would be a problem.

I assume this would be documented somewhere in the chipset datasheet.

> If I/O ports are indeed mapped into memory, we need to find a way
> to identify and reserve that region. So while this patch seems
> like a workable and sufficiently small fix, it might mask a larger
> underlying issue. It's certainly a problem though that these
> machines currently cannot power off or suspend.
> 
> FWIW, we have a somewhat similar issue with the Apple gmux
> (a microcontroller built into dual GPU MacBook Pros). That chip
> is attached to the LPC bus and accessed through I/O ports.
> It turns out that once VGA IO is locked to the discrete GPU
> using vgaarb, gmux' I/O ports suddenly become inaccessible.
> Apparently its I/O ports are routed to the secondary PCI bus
> to which the discrete GPU is connected, and no longer to the
> root bus on which the LPC bridge resides. However gmux' I/O ports
> are in the 0x700-0x7ff range, whereas the VGA registers are in
> the 0x3b0-0x3bb and 0x3c0-0x3df range. So that's another oddity
> of Intel chipsets with regards to I/O accessibility.
> 
> Best regards,
> 
> Lukas
> 
> > 
> > As suggested by Bjorn, further testing shows that, there is an
> > unreported device may be (using) conflict with above aperture,
> > which brings unpredictable result such as the failure of accessing
> > the io port, which blocks the poweroff(S5). Besides if we reassign
> > the memory aperture to the other place, the poweroff works again.
> > 
> > As we do not find any resource declared in _CRS which contain above
> > memory aperture, and Mac OS does not use this pci bridge neither, we
> > choose a simple workaround to clear the hotplug flag(suggested by
> > Yinghai Lu), thus do not allocate any resource for this pci bridge,
> > and thereby no conflict anymore.
> > 
> > Bugzilla: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=103211
> > Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
> > Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
> > Signed-off-by: Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com>
> > ---
> >  drivers/pci/quirks.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
> >  1 file changed, 20 insertions(+)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/quirks.c b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> > index 37ff015..04bbdba 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> > @@ -2776,6 +2776,26 @@ static void quirk_hotplug_bridge(struct pci_dev *dev)
> >  DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_HEADER(PCI_VENDOR_ID_HINT, 0x0020, quirk_hotplug_bridge);
> >  
> >  /*
> > + * Apple: Avoid programming the memory/io aperture of 00:1c.0
> > + *
> > + * BIOS does not declare any resource for 00:1c.0, but with
> > + * hotplug flag set, thus the OS allocates:
> > + * [mem 0x7fa00000 - 0x7fbfffff]
> > + * [mem 0x7fc00000-0x7fdfffff 64bit pref]
> > + * which is conflict with an unreported device, which
> > + * causes unpredictable result such as accessing io port.
> > + * So clear the hotplug flag to work around it.
> > + */
> > +static void quirk_apple_mbp_poweroff(struct pci_dev *dev)
> > +{
> > +	if (dmi_match(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "MacBookPro11,4") ||
> > +	    dmi_match(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "MacBookPro11,5"))
> > +		dev->is_hotplug_bridge = 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_HEADER(PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL, 0x8c10, quirk_apple_mbp_poweroff);
> > +
> > +/*
> >   * This is a quirk for the Ricoh MMC controller found as a part of
> >   * some mulifunction chips.
> >  
> > -- 
> > 2.7.4
> > 
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-pci" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
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Chen Yu Sept. 5, 2016, 4:01 a.m. UTC | #3
On Fri, Sep 02, 2016 at 11:25:27AM -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 24, 2016 at 04:17:31PM +0200, Lukas Wunner wrote:
> > On Fri, Aug 19, 2016 at 04:30:25PM +0800, Chen Yu wrote:
> > > People reported that they can not do a poweroff nor a
> > > suspend to ram on their Mac Pro 11. After some investigations
> > > it was found that, once the PCI bridge 0000:00:1c.0 reassigns its
> > > mm windows to ([mem 0x7fa00000-0x7fbfffff] and
> > > [mem 0x7fc00000-0x7fdfffff 64bit pref]), the region of ACPI
> > > io resource 0x1804 becomes unaccessible immediately, where the
> > > ACPI Sleep register is located, as a result neither poweroff(S5)
> > > nor suspend to ram(S3) works.
> > 
> > To provide a bit more context:
> > 
> > The root port in question (0000:00:1c.0) is not listed in the DSDT.
> > On macOS, only devices present in the ACPI namespace are incorporated
> > into the I/O Kit registry. Consequently macOS pretends that this root
> > port doesn't exist. It's not listed in the "ioreg -l" output and thus
> > no driver is attached to this device.
> > 
> > So what we're dealing with is sloppiness on the part of Apple:
> > Some engineer probably forgot to disable this unused root port
> > and they didn't notice it during testing because their OS ignores
> > such devices.
> > 
> > We could in principle achieve the same behaviour by adding a PCI
> > device only if it has an ACPI companion, perhaps quirk this only
> > to Macs. I'm not sure if that's the right thing to do though.
> > What if they hide devices from macOS but we want to access them
> > on Linux?
> > 
> > What's really odd is that changing *memory* windows affects
> > accessibility of *I/O ports*.
> > 
> > One theory would be that I/O ports are somehow mapped into memory.
> > The GPIO pins of Intel chipsets are usually accessible through
> > I/O ports, but I've recently looked at the DSDT of the newest
> > MacBook9,1 (2016) and it looks like they're now accessed through
> > SystemMemory instead of SystemIO. Perhaps someone at Intel knows
> > about these intricacies of their chipsets.
> 
> Hey, look, Chen Yu works at Intel :)
>
Ah yes, please give me some time and I'll try to search for related info
and give feeback later.
> This apparent connection between memory windows and I/O port
> accessibility is indeed very concerning.
> 
> I know there are PCI host bridges with windows that translate CPU
> memory accesses into PCI I/O port accesses.  If this is one of them,
> and it has such a window enabled at the address we happened to choose
> for the mem window, that would be a problem.
> 
> I assume this would be documented somewhere in the chipset datasheet.
> 
> > If I/O ports are indeed mapped into memory, we need to find a way
> > to identify and reserve that region. So while this patch seems
> > like a workable and sufficiently small fix, it might mask a larger
> > underlying issue. It's certainly a problem though that these
> > machines currently cannot power off or suspend.
> > 
> > FWIW, we have a somewhat similar issue with the Apple gmux
> > (a microcontroller built into dual GPU MacBook Pros). That chip
> > is attached to the LPC bus and accessed through I/O ports.
> > It turns out that once VGA IO is locked to the discrete GPU
> > using vgaarb, gmux' I/O ports suddenly become inaccessible.
> > Apparently its I/O ports are routed to the secondary PCI bus
> > to which the discrete GPU is connected, and no longer to the
> > root bus on which the LPC bridge resides. However gmux' I/O ports
> > are in the 0x700-0x7ff range, whereas the VGA registers are in
> > the 0x3b0-0x3bb and 0x3c0-0x3df range. So that's another oddity
> > of Intel chipsets with regards to I/O accessibility.
> > 
--
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Bjorn Helgaas Sept. 28, 2016, 9:26 p.m. UTC | #4
On Mon, Sep 05, 2016 at 12:01:21PM +0800, Chen Yu wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 02, 2016 at 11:25:27AM -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > On Wed, Aug 24, 2016 at 04:17:31PM +0200, Lukas Wunner wrote:
> > > On Fri, Aug 19, 2016 at 04:30:25PM +0800, Chen Yu wrote:
> > > > People reported that they can not do a poweroff nor a
> > > > suspend to ram on their Mac Pro 11. After some investigations
> > > > it was found that, once the PCI bridge 0000:00:1c.0 reassigns its
> > > > mm windows to ([mem 0x7fa00000-0x7fbfffff] and
> > > > [mem 0x7fc00000-0x7fdfffff 64bit pref]), the region of ACPI
> > > > io resource 0x1804 becomes unaccessible immediately, where the
> > > > ACPI Sleep register is located, as a result neither poweroff(S5)
> > > > nor suspend to ram(S3) works.
> > > 
> > > To provide a bit more context:
> > > 
> > > The root port in question (0000:00:1c.0) is not listed in the DSDT.
> > > On macOS, only devices present in the ACPI namespace are incorporated
> > > into the I/O Kit registry. Consequently macOS pretends that this root
> > > port doesn't exist. It's not listed in the "ioreg -l" output and thus
> > > no driver is attached to this device.
> > > 
> > > So what we're dealing with is sloppiness on the part of Apple:
> > > Some engineer probably forgot to disable this unused root port
> > > and they didn't notice it during testing because their OS ignores
> > > such devices.
> > > 
> > > We could in principle achieve the same behaviour by adding a PCI
> > > device only if it has an ACPI companion, perhaps quirk this only
> > > to Macs. I'm not sure if that's the right thing to do though.
> > > What if they hide devices from macOS but we want to access them
> > > on Linux?
> > > 
> > > What's really odd is that changing *memory* windows affects
> > > accessibility of *I/O ports*.
> > > 
> > > One theory would be that I/O ports are somehow mapped into memory.
> > > The GPIO pins of Intel chipsets are usually accessible through
> > > I/O ports, but I've recently looked at the DSDT of the newest
> > > MacBook9,1 (2016) and it looks like they're now accessed through
> > > SystemMemory instead of SystemIO. Perhaps someone at Intel knows
> > > about these intricacies of their chipsets.
> > 
> > Hey, look, Chen Yu works at Intel :)
> >
> Ah yes, please give me some time and I'll try to search for related info
> and give feeback later.

Any news on this?  I was really hoping to make some progress on
this for v4.9, but time is running out.

Bjorn
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Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/drivers/pci/quirks.c b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
index 37ff015..04bbdba 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/quirks.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
@@ -2776,6 +2776,26 @@  static void quirk_hotplug_bridge(struct pci_dev *dev)
 DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_HEADER(PCI_VENDOR_ID_HINT, 0x0020, quirk_hotplug_bridge);
 
 /*
+ * Apple: Avoid programming the memory/io aperture of 00:1c.0
+ *
+ * BIOS does not declare any resource for 00:1c.0, but with
+ * hotplug flag set, thus the OS allocates:
+ * [mem 0x7fa00000 - 0x7fbfffff]
+ * [mem 0x7fc00000-0x7fdfffff 64bit pref]
+ * which is conflict with an unreported device, which
+ * causes unpredictable result such as accessing io port.
+ * So clear the hotplug flag to work around it.
+ */
+static void quirk_apple_mbp_poweroff(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+	if (dmi_match(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "MacBookPro11,4") ||
+	    dmi_match(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "MacBookPro11,5"))
+		dev->is_hotplug_bridge = 0;
+}
+
+DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_HEADER(PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL, 0x8c10, quirk_apple_mbp_poweroff);
+
+/*
  * This is a quirk for the Ricoh MMC controller found as a part of
  * some mulifunction chips.