kernel BUG at fs/xfs/xfs_message.c:113!
diff mbox

Message ID 20160920230613.GL340@dastard
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Dave Chinner Sept. 20, 2016, 11:06 p.m. UTC
On Wed, Sep 21, 2016 at 06:14:53AM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 20, 2016 at 10:33:04AM -0600, Ross Zwisler wrote:
> > I'm consistently able to generate this kernel BUG with both v4.7 and v4.8-rc7.
> > This bug reproduces both with and without DAX.
> > Here is the BUG with v4.8-rc7, passed through kasan_symbolize.py:
> > 
> >   run fstests generic/026 at 2016-09-20 10:22:58
> >   XFS (pmem0p2): Unmounting Filesystem
> >   XFS: Assertion failed: tp->t_blk_res_used <= tp->t_blk_res, file: fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c, line: 309
> 
> It overran the block allocation reservation for the transaction.

Can you try the patch I've attached below, Ross? it solves the
problem for me....

Cheers,

Dave.

Comments

Ross Zwisler Sept. 21, 2016, 3:38 p.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, Sep 21, 2016 at 09:06:13AM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 21, 2016 at 06:14:53AM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > On Tue, Sep 20, 2016 at 10:33:04AM -0600, Ross Zwisler wrote:
> > > I'm consistently able to generate this kernel BUG with both v4.7 and v4.8-rc7.
> > > This bug reproduces both with and without DAX.
> > > Here is the BUG with v4.8-rc7, passed through kasan_symbolize.py:
> > > 
> > >   run fstests generic/026 at 2016-09-20 10:22:58
> > >   XFS (pmem0p2): Unmounting Filesystem
> > >   XFS: Assertion failed: tp->t_blk_res_used <= tp->t_blk_res, file: fs/xfs/xfs_trans.c, line: 309
> > 
> > It overran the block allocation reservation for the transaction.
> 
> Can you try the patch I've attached below, Ross? it solves the
> problem for me....
> 
> Cheers,
> 
> Dave.
> -- 
> Dave Chinner
> david@fromorbit.com
> 
> xfs: remote attribute blocks aren't really userdata
> 
> From: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>
> 
> When adding a new remote attribute, we write the attribute to the
> new extent before the allocation transaction is committed. This
> means we cannot reuse busy extents as that violates crash
> consistency semantics. Hence we currently treat remote attribute
> extent allocation like userdata because it has the same overwrite
> ordering constraints as userdata.
> 
> Unfortunately, this also allows the allocator to incorrectly apply
> extent size hints to the remote attribute extent allocation. This
> results in interesting failures, such as transaction block
> reservation overruns and in-memory inode attribute fork corruption.
> 
> To fix this, we need to separate the busy extent reuse configuration
> from the userdata configuration. This changes the definition of
> XFS_BMAPI_METADATA slightly - it now means that allocation is
> metadata and reuse of busy extents is acceptible due to the metadata
> ordering semantics of the journal. If this flag is not set, it
> means the allocation is that has unordered data writeback, and hence
> busy extent reuse is not allowed. It no longer implies the
> allocation is for user data, just that the data write will not be
> strictly ordered. This matches the semantics for both user data
> and remote attribute block allocation.
> 
> As such, This patch changes the "userdata" field to a "datatype"
> field, and adds a "no busy reuse" flag to the field.
> When we detect an unordered data extent allocation, we immediately set
> the no reuse flag. We then set the "user data" flags based on the
> inode fork we are allocating the extent to. Hence we only set
> userdata flags on data fork allocations now and consider attribute
> fork remote extents to be an unordered metadata extent.
> 
> The result is that remote attribute extents now have the expected
> allocation semantics, and the data fork allocation behaviour is
> completely unchanged.
> 
> It should be noted that there may be other ways to fix this (e.g.
> use ordered metadata buffers for the remote attribute extent data
> write) but they are more invasive and difficult to validate both
> from a design and implementation POV. Hence this patch takes the
> simple, obvious route to fixing the problem...
> 
> Reported-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>

Yep, this solves it for me as well.

Tested-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
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Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.c b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.c
index 2620a86..ca75dc9 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.c
@@ -258,7 +258,7 @@  xfs_alloc_compute_diff(
 	xfs_agblock_t	wantbno,	/* target starting block */
 	xfs_extlen_t	wantlen,	/* target length */
 	xfs_extlen_t	alignment,	/* target alignment */
-	char		userdata,	/* are we allocating data? */
+	int		datatype,	/* are we allocating data? */
 	xfs_agblock_t	freebno,	/* freespace's starting block */
 	xfs_extlen_t	freelen,	/* freespace's length */
 	xfs_agblock_t	*newbnop)	/* result: best start block from free */
@@ -269,6 +269,7 @@  xfs_alloc_compute_diff(
 	xfs_extlen_t	newlen1=0;	/* length with newbno1 */
 	xfs_extlen_t	newlen2=0;	/* length with newbno2 */
 	xfs_agblock_t	wantend;	/* end of target extent */
+	bool		userdata = xfs_alloc_is_userdata(datatype);
 
 	ASSERT(freelen >= wantlen);
 	freeend = freebno + freelen;
@@ -924,7 +925,7 @@  xfs_alloc_find_best_extent(
 
 			sdiff = xfs_alloc_compute_diff(args->agbno, args->len,
 						       args->alignment,
-						       args->userdata, *sbnoa,
+						       args->datatype, *sbnoa,
 						       *slena, &new);
 
 			/*
@@ -1108,7 +1109,7 @@  restart:
 			if (args->len < blen)
 				continue;
 			ltdiff = xfs_alloc_compute_diff(args->agbno, args->len,
-				args->alignment, args->userdata, ltbnoa,
+				args->alignment, args->datatype, ltbnoa,
 				ltlena, &ltnew);
 			if (ltnew != NULLAGBLOCK &&
 			    (args->len > blen || ltdiff < bdiff)) {
@@ -1261,7 +1262,7 @@  restart:
 			args->len = XFS_EXTLEN_MIN(ltlena, args->maxlen);
 			xfs_alloc_fix_len(args);
 			ltdiff = xfs_alloc_compute_diff(args->agbno, args->len,
-				args->alignment, args->userdata, ltbnoa,
+				args->alignment, args->datatype, ltbnoa,
 				ltlena, &ltnew);
 
 			error = xfs_alloc_find_best_extent(args,
@@ -1278,7 +1279,7 @@  restart:
 			args->len = XFS_EXTLEN_MIN(gtlena, args->maxlen);
 			xfs_alloc_fix_len(args);
 			gtdiff = xfs_alloc_compute_diff(args->agbno, args->len,
-				args->alignment, args->userdata, gtbnoa,
+				args->alignment, args->datatype, gtbnoa,
 				gtlena, &gtnew);
 
 			error = xfs_alloc_find_best_extent(args,
@@ -1338,7 +1339,7 @@  restart:
 	}
 	rlen = args->len;
 	(void)xfs_alloc_compute_diff(args->agbno, rlen, args->alignment,
-				     args->userdata, ltbnoa, ltlena, &ltnew);
+				     args->datatype, ltbnoa, ltlena, &ltnew);
 	ASSERT(ltnew >= ltbno);
 	ASSERT(ltnew + rlen <= ltbnoa + ltlena);
 	ASSERT(ltnew + rlen <= be32_to_cpu(XFS_BUF_TO_AGF(args->agbp)->agf_length));
@@ -1617,9 +1618,9 @@  xfs_alloc_ag_vextent_small(
 			goto error0;
 		if (fbno != NULLAGBLOCK) {
 			xfs_extent_busy_reuse(args->mp, args->agno, fbno, 1,
-					     args->userdata);
+			      xfs_alloc_allow_busy_reuse(args->datatype));
 
-			if (args->userdata) {
+			if (xfs_alloc_is_userdata(args->datatype)) {
 				xfs_buf_t	*bp;
 
 				bp = xfs_btree_get_bufs(args->mp, args->tp,
@@ -2099,7 +2100,7 @@  xfs_alloc_fix_freelist(
 	 * somewhere else if we are not being asked to try harder at this
 	 * point
 	 */
-	if (pag->pagf_metadata && args->userdata &&
+	if (pag->pagf_metadata && xfs_alloc_is_userdata(args->datatype) &&
 	    (flags & XFS_ALLOC_FLAG_TRYLOCK)) {
 		ASSERT(!(flags & XFS_ALLOC_FLAG_FREEING));
 		goto out_agbp_relse;
@@ -2675,7 +2676,7 @@  xfs_alloc_vextent(
 		 * Try near allocation first, then anywhere-in-ag after
 		 * the first a.g. fails.
 		 */
-		if ((args->userdata & XFS_ALLOC_INITIAL_USER_DATA) &&
+		if ((args->datatype & XFS_ALLOC_INITIAL_USER_DATA) &&
 		    (mp->m_flags & XFS_MOUNT_32BITINODES)) {
 			args->fsbno = XFS_AGB_TO_FSB(mp,
 					((mp->m_agfrotor / rotorstep) %
@@ -2808,7 +2809,7 @@  xfs_alloc_vextent(
 #endif
 
 		/* Zero the extent if we were asked to do so */
-		if (args->userdata & XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA_ZERO) {
+		if (args->datatype & XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA_ZERO) {
 			error = xfs_zero_extent(args->ip, args->fsbno, args->len);
 			if (error)
 				goto error0;
diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.h b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.h
index f7c5201..7c404a6 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_alloc.h
@@ -85,20 +85,33 @@  typedef struct xfs_alloc_arg {
 	xfs_extlen_t	len;		/* output: actual size of extent */
 	xfs_alloctype_t	type;		/* allocation type XFS_ALLOCTYPE_... */
 	xfs_alloctype_t	otype;		/* original allocation type */
+	int		datatype;	/* mask defining data type treatment */
 	char		wasdel;		/* set if allocation was prev delayed */
 	char		wasfromfl;	/* set if allocation is from freelist */
-	char		userdata;	/* mask defining userdata treatment */
 	xfs_fsblock_t	firstblock;	/* io first block allocated */
 	struct xfs_owner_info	oinfo;	/* owner of blocks being allocated */
 	enum xfs_ag_resv_type	resv;	/* block reservation to use */
 } xfs_alloc_arg_t;
 
 /*
- * Defines for userdata
+ * Defines for datatype
  */
 #define XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA		(1 << 0)/* allocation is for user data*/
 #define XFS_ALLOC_INITIAL_USER_DATA	(1 << 1)/* special case start of file */
 #define XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA_ZERO		(1 << 2)/* zero extent on allocation */
+#define XFS_ALLOC_NOBUSY		(1 << 3)/* Busy extents not allowed */
+
+static inline bool
+xfs_alloc_is_userdata(int datatype)
+{
+	return (datatype & ~XFS_ALLOC_NOBUSY) != 0;
+}
+
+static inline bool
+xfs_alloc_allow_busy_reuse(int datatype)
+{
+	return (datatype & XFS_ALLOC_NOBUSY) == 0;
+}
 
 /* freespace limit calculations */
 #define XFS_ALLOC_AGFL_RESERVE	4
diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.c b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.c
index 6fd4586..9d7f61d 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.c
@@ -3348,7 +3348,8 @@  xfs_bmap_adjacent(
 
 	mp = ap->ip->i_mount;
 	nullfb = *ap->firstblock == NULLFSBLOCK;
-	rt = XFS_IS_REALTIME_INODE(ap->ip) && ap->userdata;
+	rt = XFS_IS_REALTIME_INODE(ap->ip) &&
+		xfs_alloc_is_userdata(ap->datatype);
 	fb_agno = nullfb ? NULLAGNUMBER : XFS_FSB_TO_AGNO(mp, *ap->firstblock);
 	/*
 	 * If allocating at eof, and there's a previous real block,
@@ -3624,7 +3625,7 @@  xfs_bmap_btalloc(
 {
 	xfs_mount_t	*mp;		/* mount point structure */
 	xfs_alloctype_t	atype = 0;	/* type for allocation routines */
-	xfs_extlen_t	align;		/* minimum allocation alignment */
+	xfs_extlen_t	align = 0;	/* minimum allocation alignment */
 	xfs_agnumber_t	fb_agno;	/* ag number of ap->firstblock */
 	xfs_agnumber_t	ag;
 	xfs_alloc_arg_t	args;
@@ -3647,7 +3648,8 @@  xfs_bmap_btalloc(
 	else if (mp->m_dalign)
 		stripe_align = mp->m_dalign;
 
-	align = ap->userdata ? xfs_get_extsz_hint(ap->ip) : 0;
+	if (xfs_alloc_is_userdata(ap->datatype))
+		align = xfs_get_extsz_hint(ap->ip);
 	if (unlikely(align)) {
 		error = xfs_bmap_extsize_align(mp, &ap->got, &ap->prev,
 						align, 0, ap->eof, 0, ap->conv,
@@ -3660,7 +3662,8 @@  xfs_bmap_btalloc(
 	nullfb = *ap->firstblock == NULLFSBLOCK;
 	fb_agno = nullfb ? NULLAGNUMBER : XFS_FSB_TO_AGNO(mp, *ap->firstblock);
 	if (nullfb) {
-		if (ap->userdata && xfs_inode_is_filestream(ap->ip)) {
+		if (xfs_alloc_is_userdata(ap->datatype) &&
+		    xfs_inode_is_filestream(ap->ip)) {
 			ag = xfs_filestream_lookup_ag(ap->ip);
 			ag = (ag != NULLAGNUMBER) ? ag : 0;
 			ap->blkno = XFS_AGB_TO_FSB(mp, ag, 0);
@@ -3700,7 +3703,8 @@  xfs_bmap_btalloc(
 		 * enough for the request.  If one isn't found, then adjust
 		 * the minimum allocation size to the largest space found.
 		 */
-		if (ap->userdata && xfs_inode_is_filestream(ap->ip))
+		if (xfs_alloc_is_userdata(ap->datatype) &&
+		    xfs_inode_is_filestream(ap->ip))
 			error = xfs_bmap_btalloc_filestreams(ap, &args, &blen);
 		else
 			error = xfs_bmap_btalloc_nullfb(ap, &args, &blen);
@@ -3784,8 +3788,8 @@  xfs_bmap_btalloc(
 	args.minleft = ap->minleft;
 	args.wasdel = ap->wasdel;
 	args.resv = XFS_AG_RESV_NONE;
-	args.userdata = ap->userdata;
-	if (ap->userdata & XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA_ZERO)
+	args.datatype = ap->datatype;
+	if (ap->datatype & XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA_ZERO)
 		args.ip = ap->ip;
 
 	error = xfs_alloc_vextent(&args);
@@ -3879,7 +3883,8 @@  STATIC int
 xfs_bmap_alloc(
 	struct xfs_bmalloca	*ap)	/* bmap alloc argument struct */
 {
-	if (XFS_IS_REALTIME_INODE(ap->ip) && ap->userdata)
+	if (XFS_IS_REALTIME_INODE(ap->ip) &&
+	    xfs_alloc_is_userdata(ap->datatype))
 		return xfs_bmap_rtalloc(ap);
 	return xfs_bmap_btalloc(ap);
 }
@@ -4204,15 +4209,21 @@  xfs_bmapi_allocate(
 	}
 
 	/*
-	 * Indicate if this is the first user data in the file, or just any
-	 * user data. And if it is userdata, indicate whether it needs to
-	 * be initialised to zero during allocation.
+	 * Set the data type being allocated. For the data fork, the first data
+	 * in the file is treated differently to all other allocations. For the
+	 * attribute fork, we only need to ensure the allocated range is not on
+	 * the busy list.
 	 */
 	if (!(bma->flags & XFS_BMAPI_METADATA)) {
-		bma->userdata = (bma->offset == 0) ?
-			XFS_ALLOC_INITIAL_USER_DATA : XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA;
+		bma->datatype = XFS_ALLOC_NOBUSY;
+		if (whichfork == XFS_DATA_FORK) {
+			if (bma->offset == 0)
+				bma->datatype |= XFS_ALLOC_INITIAL_USER_DATA;
+			else
+				bma->datatype |= XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA;
+		}
 		if (bma->flags & XFS_BMAPI_ZERO)
-			bma->userdata |= XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA_ZERO;
+			bma->datatype |= XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA_ZERO;
 	}
 
 	bma->minlen = (bma->flags & XFS_BMAPI_CONTIG) ? bma->length : 1;
@@ -4482,7 +4493,7 @@  xfs_bmapi_write(
 	bma.tp = tp;
 	bma.ip = ip;
 	bma.total = total;
-	bma.userdata = 0;
+	bma.datatype = 0;
 	bma.dfops = dfops;
 	bma.firstblock = firstblock;
 
diff --git a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.h b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.h
index d660069..8395f6e 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_bmap.h
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@  struct xfs_bmalloca {
 	bool			wasdel;	/* replacing a delayed allocation */
 	bool			aeof;	/* allocated space at eof */
 	bool			conv;	/* overwriting unwritten extents */
-	char			userdata;/* userdata mask */
+	int			datatype;/* data type being allocated */
 	int			flags;
 };
 
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
index 4ece4f2..e827d65 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_bmap_util.c
@@ -182,7 +182,7 @@  xfs_bmap_rtalloc(
 					XFS_TRANS_DQ_RTBCOUNT, (long) ralen);
 
 		/* Zero the extent if we were asked to do so */
-		if (ap->userdata & XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA_ZERO) {
+		if (ap->datatype & XFS_ALLOC_USERDATA_ZERO) {
 			error = xfs_zero_extent(ap->ip, ap->blkno, ap->length);
 			if (error)
 				return error;
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_extent_busy.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_extent_busy.c
index c263e07..162dc18 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_extent_busy.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_extent_busy.c
@@ -384,7 +384,7 @@  restart:
 		 * If this is a metadata allocation, try to reuse the busy
 		 * extent instead of trimming the allocation.
 		 */
-		if (!args->userdata &&
+		if (!xfs_alloc_is_userdata(args->datatype) &&
 		    !(busyp->flags & XFS_EXTENT_BUSY_DISCARDED)) {
 			if (!xfs_extent_busy_update_extent(args->mp, args->pag,
 							  busyp, fbno, flen,
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_filestream.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_filestream.c
index c8005fd..043ca380 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_filestream.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_filestream.c
@@ -371,7 +371,8 @@  xfs_filestream_new_ag(
 	struct xfs_mount	*mp = ip->i_mount;
 	xfs_extlen_t		minlen = ap->length;
 	xfs_agnumber_t		startag = 0;
-	int			flags, err = 0;
+	int			flags = 0;
+	int			err = 0;
 	struct xfs_mru_cache_elem *mru;
 
 	*agp = NULLAGNUMBER;
@@ -387,8 +388,10 @@  xfs_filestream_new_ag(
 		startag = (item->ag + 1) % mp->m_sb.sb_agcount;
 	}
 
-	flags = (ap->userdata ? XFS_PICK_USERDATA : 0) |
-	        (ap->dfops->dop_low ? XFS_PICK_LOWSPACE : 0);
+	if (xfs_alloc_is_userdata(ap->datatype))
+		flags |= XFS_PICK_USERDATA;
+	if (ap->dfops->dop_low)
+		flags |= XFS_PICK_LOWSPACE;
 
 	err = xfs_filestream_pick_ag(pip, startag, agp, flags, minlen);
 
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
index 993e2d2..2be97c0 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
@@ -1624,7 +1624,7 @@  DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(xfs_alloc_class,
 		__field(char, wasdel)
 		__field(char, wasfromfl)
 		__field(int, resv)
-		__field(char, userdata)
+		__field(int, datatype)
 		__field(xfs_fsblock_t, firstblock)
 	),
 	TP_fast_assign(
@@ -1645,13 +1645,13 @@  DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(xfs_alloc_class,
 		__entry->wasdel = args->wasdel;
 		__entry->wasfromfl = args->wasfromfl;
 		__entry->resv = args->resv;
-		__entry->userdata = args->userdata;
+		__entry->datatype = args->datatype;
 		__entry->firstblock = args->firstblock;
 	),
 	TP_printk("dev %d:%d agno %u agbno %u minlen %u maxlen %u mod %u "
 		  "prod %u minleft %u total %u alignment %u minalignslop %u "
 		  "len %u type %s otype %s wasdel %d wasfromfl %d resv %d "
-		  "userdata %d firstblock 0x%llx",
+		  "userdata 0x%xfirstblock 0x%llx",
 		  MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev),
 		  __entry->agno,
 		  __entry->agbno,
@@ -1669,7 +1669,7 @@  DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(xfs_alloc_class,
 		  __entry->wasdel,
 		  __entry->wasfromfl,
 		  __entry->resv,
-		  __entry->userdata,
+		  __entry->datatype,
 		  (unsigned long long)__entry->firstblock)
 )