[(resend)] seq_file: reset iterator to first record for zero offset
diff mbox

Message ID 20161219113800.GE27207@veci.piliscsaba.szeredi.hu
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Miklos Szeredi Dec. 19, 2016, 11:38 a.m. UTC
Al,

Can you please take (or NACK) this patch please?

Thanks,
Miklos

---
From: Tomasz Majchrzak <tomasz.majchrzak@intel.com>
Date: Tue, 29 Nov 2016 15:18:20 +0100

If kernfs file is empty on a first read, successive read operations
using the same file descriptor will return no data, even when data is
available. Default kernfs 'seq_next' implementation advances iterator
position even when next object is not there. Kernfs 'seq_start' for
following requests will not return iterator as position is already on
the second object.

This defect doesn't allow to monitor badblocks sysfs files from MD raid.
They are initially empty but if data appears at some stage, userspace is
not able to read it.

Signed-off-by: Tomasz Majchrzak <tomasz.majchrzak@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com>
---
 fs/seq_file.c |    7 +++++++
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)

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Comments

Szabolcs Nagy Nov. 8, 2017, 1:10 p.m. UTC | #1
* Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu> [2016-12-19 12:38:00 +0100]:
> Al,
> 
> Can you please take (or NACK) this patch please?
> 
> Thanks,
> Miklos
> ---
> From: Tomasz Majchrzak <tomasz.majchrzak@intel.com>
> Date: Tue, 29 Nov 2016 15:18:20 +0100
> 
> If kernfs file is empty on a first read, successive read operations
> using the same file descriptor will return no data, even when data is
> available. Default kernfs 'seq_next' implementation advances iterator
> position even when next object is not there. Kernfs 'seq_start' for
> following requests will not return iterator as position is already on
> the second object.
> 
> This defect doesn't allow to monitor badblocks sysfs files from MD raid.
> They are initially empty but if data appears at some stage, userspace is
> not able to read it.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Tomasz Majchrzak <tomasz.majchrzak@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com>
> ---

this patch broke userspace abi:

commit e522751d605d99a81508e58390a8f51ee96fb662
Author:     Tomasz Majchrzak <tomasz.majchrzak@intel.com>
AuthorDate: 2016-11-29 15:18:20 +0100
Commit:     Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
CommitDate: 2016-12-22 23:03:06 -0500

    seq_file: reset iterator to first record for zero offset

reported in may at:
https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=195697

read(fd,buf,0) on sysfs/procfs changes the behaviour of the next read:
the next read reads the first line twice.

same issue with readv() with a 0 length buffer.

test code:

#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
	char buf1[512] = {0};
	char buf2[512] = {0};
	int fd;

	fd = open("/proc/mounts", O_RDONLY);
	if (read(fd, buf1, 0) < 0) return 1;
	if (read(fd, buf1, 512) < 0) return 1;
	lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_SET);
	if (read(fd, buf2, 512) < 0) return 1;

	// buf1 should be the same as buf2,
	// the first 512 bytes of /proc/mounts

	buf1[511]=buf2[511]='\n';
	write(1, "# buf1:\n", 8);
	write(1, buf1, 512);      // prints the first line twice
	write(1, "# buf2:\n", 8);
	write(1, buf2, 512);

	return memcmp(buf1, buf2, 512) != 0;
}

stdio in musl libc can use readv with 0 length buffer in some cases,
and various tools use stdio to read these synthetic filesystems
so this is observable regression between linux v4.9 and v4.10

(i think musl can avoid the 0 length buffer in stdio, but the
linux behaviour is still incorrect. in general readv/writev could
have more posix conform behaviour on sysfs/procfs, currently they
don't behave as atomic fs operations which is surprising:
writev with several buffers behaves as if several independent write
syscalls were made instead of one, which can cause issues when users
do 'echo 12 >/proc/foo' and writev is used in the stdio implementation)


>  fs/seq_file.c |    7 +++++++
>  1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)
> 
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-fsdevel" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> 
> --- a/fs/seq_file.c
> +++ b/fs/seq_file.c
> @@ -190,6 +190,13 @@ ssize_t seq_read(struct file *file, char
>  	 */
>  	m->version = file->f_version;
>  
> +	/*
> +	 * if request is to read from zero offset, reset iterator to first
> +	 * record as it might have been already advanced by previous requests
> +	 */
> +	if (*ppos == 0)
> +		m->index = 0;
> +
>  	/* Don't assume *ppos is where we left it */
>  	if (unlikely(*ppos != m->read_pos)) {
>  		while ((err = traverse(m, *ppos)) == -EAGAIN)
Rich Felker Nov. 10, 2017, 1:14 a.m. UTC | #2
On Wed, Nov 08, 2017 at 02:10:05PM +0100, Szabolcs Nagy wrote:
> * Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu> [2016-12-19 12:38:00 +0100]:
> > Al,
> > 
> > Can you please take (or NACK) this patch please?
> > 
> > Thanks,
> > Miklos
> > ---
> > From: Tomasz Majchrzak <tomasz.majchrzak@intel.com>
> > Date: Tue, 29 Nov 2016 15:18:20 +0100
> > 
> > If kernfs file is empty on a first read, successive read operations
> > using the same file descriptor will return no data, even when data is
> > available. Default kernfs 'seq_next' implementation advances iterator
> > position even when next object is not there. Kernfs 'seq_start' for
> > following requests will not return iterator as position is already on
> > the second object.
> > 
> > This defect doesn't allow to monitor badblocks sysfs files from MD raid.
> > They are initially empty but if data appears at some stage, userspace is
> > not able to read it.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Tomasz Majchrzak <tomasz.majchrzak@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com>
> > ---
> 
> this patch broke userspace abi:
> 
> commit e522751d605d99a81508e58390a8f51ee96fb662

Thanks for reporting this!

> Author:     Tomasz Majchrzak <tomasz.majchrzak@intel.com>
> AuthorDate: 2016-11-29 15:18:20 +0100
> Commit:     Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
> CommitDate: 2016-12-22 23:03:06 -0500
> 
>     seq_file: reset iterator to first record for zero offset
> 
> reported in may at:
> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=195697
> 
> read(fd,buf,0) on sysfs/procfs changes the behaviour of the next read:
> the next read reads the first line twice.
> 
> same issue with readv() with a 0 length buffer.
> 
> test code:
> 
> #include <string.h>
> #include <fcntl.h>
> #include <unistd.h>
> 
> int main(int argc, char* argv[])
> {
> 	char buf1[512] = {0};
> 	char buf2[512] = {0};
> 	int fd;
> 
> 	fd = open("/proc/mounts", O_RDONLY);
> 	if (read(fd, buf1, 0) < 0) return 1;
> 	if (read(fd, buf1, 512) < 0) return 1;
> 	lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_SET);
> 	if (read(fd, buf2, 512) < 0) return 1;
> 
> 	// buf1 should be the same as buf2,
> 	// the first 512 bytes of /proc/mounts
> 
> 	buf1[511]=buf2[511]='\n';
> 	write(1, "# buf1:\n", 8);
> 	write(1, buf1, 512);      // prints the first line twice
> 	write(1, "# buf2:\n", 8);
> 	write(1, buf2, 512);
> 
> 	return memcmp(buf1, buf2, 512) != 0;
> }
> 
> stdio in musl libc can use readv with 0 length buffer in some cases,
> and various tools use stdio to read these synthetic filesystems
> so this is observable regression between linux v4.9 and v4.10
> 
> (i think musl can avoid the 0 length buffer in stdio, but the
> linux behaviour is still incorrect. in general readv/writev could
> have more posix conform behaviour on sysfs/procfs, currently they
> don't behave as atomic fs operations which is surprising:
> writev with several buffers behaves as if several independent write
> syscalls were made instead of one, which can cause issues when users
> do 'echo 12 >/proc/foo' and writev is used in the stdio implementation)

Formally, readv is specified to behave as if it does one read of size
matching the total size of the iovecs. Currently Linux tty devices and
procfs files behave nonconformingly in that the iovecs get treated
like separate read calls. musl works around the issue this causes with
ttys, and probably could work around this issue with procfs too (by
collapsing out the zero-length iovec), but it's a regression breaking
a lot of existing binaries out there and I think it needs to be fixed.

Rich

Patch
diff mbox

--- a/fs/seq_file.c
+++ b/fs/seq_file.c
@@ -190,6 +190,13 @@  ssize_t seq_read(struct file *file, char
 	 */
 	m->version = file->f_version;
 
+	/*
+	 * if request is to read from zero offset, reset iterator to first
+	 * record as it might have been already advanced by previous requests
+	 */
+	if (*ppos == 0)
+		m->index = 0;
+
 	/* Don't assume *ppos is where we left it */
 	if (unlikely(*ppos != m->read_pos)) {
 		while ((err = traverse(m, *ppos)) == -EAGAIN)