[v7,08/11] x86, kvm/x86.c: support vcpu preempted check
diff mbox

Message ID 20161219114241.GD4927@redhat.com
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Andrea Arcangeli Dec. 19, 2016, 11:42 a.m. UTC
Hello,

On Wed, Nov 02, 2016 at 05:08:35AM -0400, Pan Xinhui wrote:
> Support the vcpu_is_preempted() functionality under KVM. This will
> enhance lock performance on overcommitted hosts (more runnable vcpus
> than physical cpus in the system) as doing busy waits for preempted
> vcpus will hurt system performance far worse than early yielding.
> 
> Use one field of struct kvm_steal_time ::preempted to indicate that if
> one vcpu is running or not.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Pan Xinhui <xinhui.pan@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Acked-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h |  4 +++-
>  arch/x86/kvm/x86.c                   | 16 ++++++++++++++++
>  2 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
[..]
> +static void kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> +	if (!(vcpu->arch.st.msr_val & KVM_MSR_ENABLED))
> +		return;
> +
> +	vcpu->arch.st.steal.preempted = 1;
> +
> +	kvm_write_guest_offset_cached(vcpu->kvm, &vcpu->arch.st.stime,
> +			&vcpu->arch.st.steal.preempted,
> +			offsetof(struct kvm_steal_time, preempted),
> +			sizeof(vcpu->arch.st.steal.preempted));
> +}
> +
>  void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>  {
> +	kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(vcpu);
>  	kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_put(vcpu);
>  	kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
>  	vcpu->arch.last_host_tsc = rdtsc();

You can't call kvm_steal_time_set_preempted in atomic context (neither
in sched_out notifier nor in vcpu_put() after
preempt_disable)). __copy_to_user in kvm_write_guest_offset_cached
schedules and locks up the host.

kvm->srcu (or kvm->slots_lock) is also not taken and
kvm_write_guest_offset_cached needs to call kvm_memslots which
requires it.

This I think is why postcopy live migration locks up with current
upstream, and it doesn't seem related to userfaultfd at all (initially
I suspected the vmf conversion but it wasn't that) and in theory it
can happen with heavy swapping or page migration too.

Just the page is written so frequently it's unlikely to be swapped
out. The page being written so frequently also means it's very likely
found as re-dirtied when postcopy starts and that pretty much
guarantees an userfault will trigger a scheduling event in
kvm_steal_time_set_preempted in destination. There are opposite
probabilities of reproducing this with swapping vs postcopy live
migration.

For now I applied the below two patches, but this just will skip the
write and only prevent the host instability as nobody checks the
retval of __copy_to_user (what happens to guest after the write is
skipped is not as clear and should be investigated, but at least the
host will survive and not all guests will care about this flag being
updated). For this to be fully safe the preempted information should
be just an hint and not fundamental for correct functionality of the
guest pv spinlock code.

This bug was introduced in commit
0b9f6c4615c993d2b552e0d2bd1ade49b56e5beb in v4.9-rc7.

From 458897fd44aa9b91459a006caa4051a7d1628a23 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Date: Sat, 17 Dec 2016 18:43:52 +0100
Subject: [PATCH 1/2] kvm: fix schedule in atomic in
 kvm_steal_time_set_preempted()

kvm_steal_time_set_preempted() isn't disabling the pagefaults before
calling __copy_to_user and the kernel debug notices.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
---
 arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 10 ++++++++++
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)



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Comments

xinhui Dec. 19, 2016, 1:56 p.m. UTC | #1
hi, Andrea
	thanks for your reply. :)

在 2016/12/19 19:42, Andrea Arcangeli 写道:
> Hello,
>
> On Wed, Nov 02, 2016 at 05:08:35AM -0400, Pan Xinhui wrote:
>> Support the vcpu_is_preempted() functionality under KVM. This will
>> enhance lock performance on overcommitted hosts (more runnable vcpus
>> than physical cpus in the system) as doing busy waits for preempted
>> vcpus will hurt system performance far worse than early yielding.
>>
>> Use one field of struct kvm_steal_time ::preempted to indicate that if
>> one vcpu is running or not.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Pan Xinhui <xinhui.pan@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>> Acked-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
>> ---
>>  arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h |  4 +++-
>>  arch/x86/kvm/x86.c                   | 16 ++++++++++++++++
>>  2 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
> [..]
>> +static void kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> +{
>> +	if (!(vcpu->arch.st.msr_val & KVM_MSR_ENABLED))
>> +		return;
>> +
>> +	vcpu->arch.st.steal.preempted = 1;
>> +
>> +	kvm_write_guest_offset_cached(vcpu->kvm, &vcpu->arch.st.stime,
>> +			&vcpu->arch.st.steal.preempted,
>> +			offsetof(struct kvm_steal_time, preempted),
>> +			sizeof(vcpu->arch.st.steal.preempted));
>> +}
>> +
>>  void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>  {
>> +	kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(vcpu);
>>  	kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_put(vcpu);
>>  	kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
>>  	vcpu->arch.last_host_tsc = rdtsc();
>
> You can't call kvm_steal_time_set_preempted in atomic context (neither
> in sched_out notifier nor in vcpu_put() after
> preempt_disable)). __copy_to_user in kvm_write_guest_offset_cached
> schedules and locks up the host.
>
yes, you are right! :) we have known the problems.
I am going to introduce something like kvm_write_guest_XXX_atomic and use them instead of kvm_write_guest_offset_cached.
within pagefault_disable()/enable(), we can not call __copy_to_user I think.

> kvm->srcu (or kvm->slots_lock) is also not taken and
> kvm_write_guest_offset_cached needs to call kvm_memslots which
> requires it.
>
let me check the details later. thanks for pointing it out.

> This I think is why postcopy live migration locks up with current
> upstream, and it doesn't seem related to userfaultfd at all (initially
> I suspected the vmf conversion but it wasn't that) and in theory it
> can happen with heavy swapping or page migration too.
>
> Just the page is written so frequently it's unlikely to be swapped
> out. The page being written so frequently also means it's very likely
> found as re-dirtied when postcopy starts and that pretty much
> guarantees an userfault will trigger a scheduling event in
> kvm_steal_time_set_preempted in destination. There are opposite
> probabilities of reproducing this with swapping vs postcopy live
> migration.
>

Good analyze. :)

> For now I applied the below two patches, but this just will skip the
> write and only prevent the host instability as nobody checks the
> retval of __copy_to_user (what happens to guest after the write is
> skipped is not as clear and should be investigated, but at least the
> host will survive and not all guests will care about this flag being
> updated). For this to be fully safe the preempted information should
> be just an hint and not fundamental for correct functionality of the
> guest pv spinlock code.
>
> This bug was introduced in commit
> 0b9f6c4615c993d2b552e0d2bd1ade49b56e5beb in v4.9-rc7.
>
> From 458897fd44aa9b91459a006caa4051a7d1628a23 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
> Date: Sat, 17 Dec 2016 18:43:52 +0100
> Subject: [PATCH 1/2] kvm: fix schedule in atomic in
>  kvm_steal_time_set_preempted()
>
> kvm_steal_time_set_preempted() isn't disabling the pagefaults before
> calling __copy_to_user and the kernel debug notices.
>
> Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 10 ++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 1f0d238..2dabaeb 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -2844,7 +2844,17 @@ static void kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>
>  void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>  {
> +	/*
> +	 * Disable page faults because we're in atomic context here.
> +	 * kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() would call might_fault()
> +	 * that relies on pagefault_disable() to tell if there's a
> +	 * bug. NOTE: the write to guest memory may not go through if
> +	 * during postcopy live migration or if there's heavy guest
> +	 * paging.
> +	 */
> +	pagefault_disable();
>  	kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(vcpu);
> +	pagefault_enable();
can we just add this?
I think it is better to modify kvm_steal_time_set_preempted() and let it run correctly in atomic context.

thanks
xinhui

>  	kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_put(vcpu);
>  	kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
>  	vcpu->arch.last_host_tsc = rdtsc();
>
>
> From 2845eba22ac74c5e313e3b590f9dac33e1b3cfef Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
> Date: Sat, 17 Dec 2016 19:13:32 +0100
> Subject: [PATCH 2/2] kvm: take srcu lock around kvm_steal_time_set_preempted()
>
> kvm_memslots() will be called by kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() so
> take the srcu lock.
>
> Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 7 +++++++
>  1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 2dabaeb..02e6ab4 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -2844,6 +2844,7 @@ static void kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>
>  void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>  {
> +	int idx;
>  	/*
>  	 * Disable page faults because we're in atomic context here.
>  	 * kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() would call might_fault()
> @@ -2853,7 +2854,13 @@ void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>  	 * paging.
>  	 */
>  	pagefault_disable();
> +	/*
> +	 * kvm_memslots() will be called by
> +	 * kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() so take the srcu lock.
> +	 */
> +	idx = srcu_read_lock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu);
>  	kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(vcpu);
> +	srcu_read_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu, idx);
>  	pagefault_enable();
>  	kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_put(vcpu);
>  	kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
>
>

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Paolo Bonzini Dec. 19, 2016, 2:39 p.m. UTC | #2
On 19/12/2016 14:56, Pan Xinhui wrote:
> hi, Andrea
>     thanks for your reply. :)
> 
> 在 2016/12/19 19:42, Andrea Arcangeli 写道:
>> Hello,
>>
>> On Wed, Nov 02, 2016 at 05:08:35AM -0400, Pan Xinhui wrote:
>>> Support the vcpu_is_preempted() functionality under KVM. This will
>>> enhance lock performance on overcommitted hosts (more runnable vcpus
>>> than physical cpus in the system) as doing busy waits for preempted
>>> vcpus will hurt system performance far worse than early yielding.
>>>
>>> Use one field of struct kvm_steal_time ::preempted to indicate that if
>>> one vcpu is running or not.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Pan Xinhui <xinhui.pan@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>>> Acked-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
>>> ---
>>>  arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h |  4 +++-
>>>  arch/x86/kvm/x86.c                   | 16 ++++++++++++++++
>>>  2 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>
>> [..]
>>> +static void kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>> +{
>>> +    if (!(vcpu->arch.st.msr_val & KVM_MSR_ENABLED))
>>> +        return;
>>> +
>>> +    vcpu->arch.st.steal.preempted = 1;
>>> +
>>> +    kvm_write_guest_offset_cached(vcpu->kvm, &vcpu->arch.st.stime,
>>> +            &vcpu->arch.st.steal.preempted,
>>> +            offsetof(struct kvm_steal_time, preempted),
>>> +            sizeof(vcpu->arch.st.steal.preempted));
>>> +}
>>> +
>>>  void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>>  {
>>> +    kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(vcpu);
>>>      kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_put(vcpu);
>>>      kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
>>>      vcpu->arch.last_host_tsc = rdtsc();
>>
>> You can't call kvm_steal_time_set_preempted in atomic context (neither
>> in sched_out notifier nor in vcpu_put() after
>> preempt_disable)). __copy_to_user in kvm_write_guest_offset_cached
>> schedules and locks up the host.
>>
> yes, you are right! :) we have known the problems.
> I am going to introduce something like kvm_write_guest_XXX_atomic and
> use them instead of kvm_write_guest_offset_cached.
> within pagefault_disable()/enable(), we can not call __copy_to_user I
> think.

Since I have already botched the revert and need to resend the fix, I'm
going to apply Andrea's patches.  The preempted flag is only advisory
anyway.

Thanks,

Paolo

>> kvm->srcu (or kvm->slots_lock) is also not taken and
>> kvm_write_guest_offset_cached needs to call kvm_memslots which
>> requires it.
>>
> let me check the details later. thanks for pointing it out.
> 
>> This I think is why postcopy live migration locks up with current
>> upstream, and it doesn't seem related to userfaultfd at all (initially
>> I suspected the vmf conversion but it wasn't that) and in theory it
>> can happen with heavy swapping or page migration too.
>>
>> Just the page is written so frequently it's unlikely to be swapped
>> out. The page being written so frequently also means it's very likely
>> found as re-dirtied when postcopy starts and that pretty much
>> guarantees an userfault will trigger a scheduling event in
>> kvm_steal_time_set_preempted in destination. There are opposite
>> probabilities of reproducing this with swapping vs postcopy live
>> migration.
>>
> 
> Good analyze. :)
> 
>> For now I applied the below two patches, but this just will skip the
>> write and only prevent the host instability as nobody checks the
>> retval of __copy_to_user (what happens to guest after the write is
>> skipped is not as clear and should be investigated, but at least the
>> host will survive and not all guests will care about this flag being
>> updated). For this to be fully safe the preempted information should
>> be just an hint and not fundamental for correct functionality of the
>> guest pv spinlock code.
>>
>> This bug was introduced in commit
>> 0b9f6c4615c993d2b552e0d2bd1ade49b56e5beb in v4.9-rc7.
>>
>> From 458897fd44aa9b91459a006caa4051a7d1628a23 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
>> From: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
>> Date: Sat, 17 Dec 2016 18:43:52 +0100
>> Subject: [PATCH 1/2] kvm: fix schedule in atomic in
>>  kvm_steal_time_set_preempted()
>>
>> kvm_steal_time_set_preempted() isn't disabling the pagefaults before
>> calling __copy_to_user and the kernel debug notices.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
>> ---
>>  arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 10 ++++++++++
>>  1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> index 1f0d238..2dabaeb 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> @@ -2844,7 +2844,17 @@ static void kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(struct
>> kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>
>>  void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>  {
>> +    /*
>> +     * Disable page faults because we're in atomic context here.
>> +     * kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() would call might_fault()
>> +     * that relies on pagefault_disable() to tell if there's a
>> +     * bug. NOTE: the write to guest memory may not go through if
>> +     * during postcopy live migration or if there's heavy guest
>> +     * paging.
>> +     */
>> +    pagefault_disable();
>>      kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(vcpu);
>> +    pagefault_enable();
> can we just add this?
> I think it is better to modify kvm_steal_time_set_preempted() and let it
> run correctly in atomic context.
> 
> thanks
> xinhui
> 
>>      kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_put(vcpu);
>>      kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
>>      vcpu->arch.last_host_tsc = rdtsc();
>>
>>
>> From 2845eba22ac74c5e313e3b590f9dac33e1b3cfef Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
>> From: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
>> Date: Sat, 17 Dec 2016 19:13:32 +0100
>> Subject: [PATCH 2/2] kvm: take srcu lock around
>> kvm_steal_time_set_preempted()
>>
>> kvm_memslots() will be called by kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() so
>> take the srcu lock.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
>> ---
>>  arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 7 +++++++
>>  1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> index 2dabaeb..02e6ab4 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> @@ -2844,6 +2844,7 @@ static void kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(struct
>> kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>
>>  void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>  {
>> +    int idx;
>>      /*
>>       * Disable page faults because we're in atomic context here.
>>       * kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() would call might_fault()
>> @@ -2853,7 +2854,13 @@ void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>       * paging.
>>       */
>>      pagefault_disable();
>> +    /*
>> +     * kvm_memslots() will be called by
>> +     * kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() so take the srcu lock.
>> +     */
>> +    idx = srcu_read_lock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu);
>>      kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(vcpu);
>> +    srcu_read_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu, idx);
>>      pagefault_enable();
>>      kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_put(vcpu);
>>      kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
>>
>>
> 
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Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 1f0d238..2dabaeb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -2844,7 +2844,17 @@  static void kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 
 void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 {
+	/*
+	 * Disable page faults because we're in atomic context here.
+	 * kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() would call might_fault()
+	 * that relies on pagefault_disable() to tell if there's a
+	 * bug. NOTE: the write to guest memory may not go through if
+	 * during postcopy live migration or if there's heavy guest
+	 * paging.
+	 */
+	pagefault_disable();
 	kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(vcpu);
+	pagefault_enable();
 	kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_put(vcpu);
 	kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
 	vcpu->arch.last_host_tsc = rdtsc();


From 2845eba22ac74c5e313e3b590f9dac33e1b3cfef Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Date: Sat, 17 Dec 2016 19:13:32 +0100
Subject: [PATCH 2/2] kvm: take srcu lock around kvm_steal_time_set_preempted()

kvm_memslots() will be called by kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() so
take the srcu lock.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
---
 arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 7 +++++++
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 2dabaeb..02e6ab4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -2844,6 +2844,7 @@  static void kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 
 void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 {
+	int idx;
 	/*
 	 * Disable page faults because we're in atomic context here.
 	 * kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() would call might_fault()
@@ -2853,7 +2854,13 @@  void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	 * paging.
 	 */
 	pagefault_disable();
+	/*
+	 * kvm_memslots() will be called by
+	 * kvm_write_guest_offset_cached() so take the srcu lock.
+	 */
+	idx = srcu_read_lock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu);
 	kvm_steal_time_set_preempted(vcpu);
+	srcu_read_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->srcu, idx);
 	pagefault_enable();
 	kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_put(vcpu);
 	kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);