Patchwork [tip:x86/mm] mm, x86/mm: Fix performance regression in get_user_pages_fast()

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Submitter tip-bot for Jacob Shin
Date Sept. 13, 2017, 10:06 a.m.
Message ID <tip-5b65c4677a57a1d4414212f9995aa0e46a21ff80@git.kernel.org>
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Permalink /patch/9950887/
State New
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tip-bot for Jacob Shin - Sept. 13, 2017, 10:06 a.m.
Commit-ID:  5b65c4677a57a1d4414212f9995aa0e46a21ff80
Gitweb:     http://git.kernel.org/tip/5b65c4677a57a1d4414212f9995aa0e46a21ff80
Author:     Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
AuthorDate: Sat, 9 Sep 2017 00:56:03 +0300
Committer:  Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Wed, 13 Sep 2017 11:26:52 +0200

mm, x86/mm: Fix performance regression in get_user_pages_fast()

The 0-day test bot found a performance regression that was tracked down to
switching x86 to the generic get_user_pages_fast() implementation:

  http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170710024020.GA26389@yexl-desktop

The regression was caused by the fact that we now use local_irq_save() +
local_irq_restore() in get_user_pages_fast() to disable interrupts.
In x86 implementation local_irq_disable() + local_irq_enable() was used.

The fix is to make get_user_pages_fast() use local_irq_disable(),
leaving local_irq_save() for __get_user_pages_fast() that can be called
with interrupts disabled.

Numbers for pinning a gigabyte of memory, one page a time, 20 repeats:

  Before:  Average: 14.91 ms, stddev: 0.45 ms
  After:   Average: 10.76 ms, stddev: 0.18 ms

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Thorsten Leemhuis <regressions@leemhuis.info>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Fixes: e585513b76f7 ("x86/mm/gup: Switch GUP to the generic get_user_page_fast() implementation")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170908215603.9189-3-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
 mm/gup.c | 97 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------
 1 file changed, 58 insertions(+), 39 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 23f01c4..4a789f1 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -1618,6 +1618,47 @@  static int gup_p4d_range(pgd_t pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
 	return 1;
 }
 
+static void gup_pgd_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+		int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
+{
+	unsigned long next;
+	pgd_t *pgdp;
+
+	pgdp = pgd_offset(current->mm, addr);
+	do {
+		pgd_t pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
+
+		next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
+		if (pgd_none(pgd))
+			return;
+		if (unlikely(pgd_huge(pgd))) {
+			if (!gup_huge_pgd(pgd, pgdp, addr, next, write,
+					  pages, nr))
+				return;
+		} else if (unlikely(is_hugepd(__hugepd(pgd_val(pgd))))) {
+			if (!gup_huge_pd(__hugepd(pgd_val(pgd)), addr,
+					 PGDIR_SHIFT, next, write, pages, nr))
+				return;
+		} else if (!gup_p4d_range(pgd, addr, next, write, pages, nr))
+			return;
+	} while (pgdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
+}
+
+#ifndef gup_fast_permitted
+/*
+ * Check if it's allowed to use __get_user_pages_fast() for the range, or
+ * we need to fall back to the slow version:
+ */
+bool gup_fast_permitted(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write)
+{
+	unsigned long len, end;
+
+	len = (unsigned long) nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+	end = start + len;
+	return end >= start;
+}
+#endif
+
 /*
  * Like get_user_pages_fast() except it's IRQ-safe in that it won't fall back to
  * the regular GUP. It will only return non-negative values.
@@ -1625,10 +1666,8 @@  static int gup_p4d_range(pgd_t pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
 int __get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write,
 			  struct page **pages)
 {
-	struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
 	unsigned long addr, len, end;
-	unsigned long next, flags;
-	pgd_t *pgdp;
+	unsigned long flags;
 	int nr = 0;
 
 	start &= PAGE_MASK;
@@ -1652,45 +1691,15 @@  int __get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write,
 	 * block IPIs that come from THPs splitting.
 	 */
 
-	local_irq_save(flags);
-	pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
-	do {
-		pgd_t pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
-
-		next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
-		if (pgd_none(pgd))
-			break;
-		if (unlikely(pgd_huge(pgd))) {
-			if (!gup_huge_pgd(pgd, pgdp, addr, next, write,
-					  pages, &nr))
-				break;
-		} else if (unlikely(is_hugepd(__hugepd(pgd_val(pgd))))) {
-			if (!gup_huge_pd(__hugepd(pgd_val(pgd)), addr,
-					 PGDIR_SHIFT, next, write, pages, &nr))
-				break;
-		} else if (!gup_p4d_range(pgd, addr, next, write, pages, &nr))
-			break;
-	} while (pgdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
-	local_irq_restore(flags);
+	if (gup_fast_permitted(start, nr_pages, write)) {
+		local_irq_save(flags);
+		gup_pgd_range(addr, end, write, pages, &nr);
+		local_irq_restore(flags);
+	}
 
 	return nr;
 }
 
-#ifndef gup_fast_permitted
-/*
- * Check if it's allowed to use __get_user_pages_fast() for the range, or
- * we need to fall back to the slow version:
- */
-bool gup_fast_permitted(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write)
-{
-	unsigned long len, end;
-
-	len = (unsigned long) nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
-	end = start + len;
-	return end >= start;
-}
-#endif
-
 /**
  * get_user_pages_fast() - pin user pages in memory
  * @start:	starting user address
@@ -1710,12 +1719,22 @@  bool gup_fast_permitted(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write)
 int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write,
 			struct page **pages)
 {
+	unsigned long addr, len, end;
 	int nr = 0, ret = 0;
 
 	start &= PAGE_MASK;
+	addr = start;
+	len = (unsigned long) nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+	end = start + len;
+
+	if (unlikely(!access_ok(write ? VERIFY_WRITE : VERIFY_READ,
+					(void __user *)start, len)))
+		return 0;
 
 	if (gup_fast_permitted(start, nr_pages, write)) {
-		nr = __get_user_pages_fast(start, nr_pages, write, pages);
+		local_irq_disable();
+		gup_pgd_range(addr, end, write, pages, &nr);
+		local_irq_enable();
 		ret = nr;
 	}