diff mbox series

[v3,1/3] ALSA: pcm: add snd_pcm_period_elapsed() variant without acquiring lock of PCM substream

Message ID 20210610031733.56297-2-o-takashi@sakamocchi.jp (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series ALSA: pcm: add snd_pcm_period_elapsed() variant without acquiring lock of PCM substream | expand

Commit Message

Takashi Sakamoto June 10, 2021, 3:17 a.m. UTC
Current implementation of ALSA PCM core has a kernel API,
snd_pcm_period_elapsed(), for drivers to queue event to awaken processes
from waiting for available frames. The function voluntarily acquires lock
of PCM substream, therefore it is not called in process context for any
PCM operation since the lock is already acquired.

It is convenient for packet-oriented driver, at least for drivers to audio
and music unit in IEEE 1394 bus. The drivers are allowed by Linux
FireWire subsystem to process isochronous packets queued till recent
isochronous cycle in process context in any time.

This commit adds snd_pcm_period_elapsed() variant,
snd_pcm_period_elapsed_without_lock(), for drivers to queue the event in
the process context.

Signed-off-by: Takashi Sakamoto <o-takashi@sakamocchi.jp>
---
 include/sound/pcm.h  |  1 +
 sound/core/pcm_lib.c | 64 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 2 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/include/sound/pcm.h b/include/sound/pcm.h
index 2e1200d17d0c..bae90696cd06 100644
--- a/include/sound/pcm.h
+++ b/include/sound/pcm.h
@@ -1066,6 +1066,7 @@  void snd_pcm_set_ops(struct snd_pcm * pcm, int direction,
 void snd_pcm_set_sync(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 int snd_pcm_lib_ioctl(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 		      unsigned int cmd, void *arg);                      
+void snd_pcm_period_elapsed_under_stream_lock(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 void snd_pcm_period_elapsed(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 snd_pcm_sframes_t __snd_pcm_lib_xfer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 				     void *buf, bool interleaved,
diff --git a/sound/core/pcm_lib.c b/sound/core/pcm_lib.c
index b7e3d8f44511..7d5883432085 100644
--- a/sound/core/pcm_lib.c
+++ b/sound/core/pcm_lib.c
@@ -1778,27 +1778,38 @@  int snd_pcm_lib_ioctl(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_lib_ioctl);
 
 /**
- * snd_pcm_period_elapsed - update the pcm status for the next period
- * @substream: the pcm substream instance
+ * snd_pcm_period_elapsed_under_stream_lock() - update the status of runtime for the next period
+ *						under acquired lock of PCM substream.
+ * @substream: the instance of pcm substream.
+ *
+ * This function is called when the batch of audio data frames as the same size as the period of
+ * buffer is already processed in audio data transmission.
+ *
+ * The call of function updates the status of runtime with the latest position of audio data
+ * transmission, checks overrun and underrun over buffer, awaken user processes from waiting for
+ * available audio data frames, sampling audio timestamp, and performs stop or drain the PCM
+ * substream according to configured threshold.
+ *
+ * The function is intended to use for the case that PCM driver operates audio data frames under
+ * acquired lock of PCM substream; e.g. in callback of any operation of &snd_pcm_ops in process
+ * context. In any interrupt context, it's preferrable to use ``snd_pcm_period_elapsed()`` instead
+ * since lock of PCM substream should be acquired in advance.
  *
- * This function is called from the interrupt handler when the
- * PCM has processed the period size.  It will update the current
- * pointer, wake up sleepers, etc.
+ * Developer should pay enough attention that some callbacks in &snd_pcm_ops are done by the call of
+ * function:
  *
- * Even if more than one periods have elapsed since the last call, you
- * have to call this only once.
+ * - .pointer - to retrieve current position of audio data transmission by frame count or XRUN state.
+ * - .trigger - with SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP at XRUN or DRAINING state.
+ * - .get_time_info - to retrieve audio time stamp if needed.
+ *
+ * Even if more than one periods have elapsed since the last call, you have to call this only once.
  */
-void snd_pcm_period_elapsed(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+void snd_pcm_period_elapsed_under_stream_lock(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 {
 	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
-	unsigned long flags;
 
-	if (snd_BUG_ON(!substream))
-		return;
-
-	snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave(substream, flags);
 	if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
-		goto _unlock;
+		return;
 	runtime = substream->runtime;
 
 	if (!snd_pcm_running(substream) ||
@@ -1811,7 +1822,30 @@  void snd_pcm_period_elapsed(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 #endif
  _end:
 	kill_fasync(&runtime->fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
- _unlock:
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_period_elapsed_under_stream_lock);
+
+/**
+ * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() - update the status of runtime for the next period by acquiring lock of
+ *			      PCM substream.
+ * @substream: the instance of PCM substream.
+ *
+ * This function is mostly similar to ``snd_pcm_period_elapsed_under_stream_lock()`` except for
+ * acquiring lock of PCM substream voluntarily.
+ *
+ * It's typically called by any type of IRQ handler when hardware IRQ occurs to notify event that
+ * the batch of audio data frames as the same size as the period of buffer is already processed in
+ * audio data transmission.
+ */
+void snd_pcm_period_elapsed(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (snd_BUG_ON(!substream))
+		return;
+
+	snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave(substream, flags);
+	snd_pcm_period_elapsed_under_stream_lock(substream);
 	snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irqrestore(substream, flags);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_period_elapsed);