diff mbox series

[v1,1/3] drm/mipi-dbi: Add support for Type B

Message ID 1606717439-18383-2-git-send-email-mikhail_durnev@mentor.com (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series drm/mipi-dbi: Type B bus support, drm/tiny: MRB2801 | expand

Commit Message

mdurnev@gmail.com Nov. 30, 2020, 6:23 a.m. UTC
From: Mikhail Durnev <mikhail_durnev@mentor.com>

Intel 8080 type (Type B) parallel bus over GPIO.

The parallel bus is implemented partially. It supports only write
operations from the host to the display. Read operations would
require switching GPIO mode between input and output back and
forth. But this implementation is very simple, and GPIO mode can
be set for all used pins to output once at initialization.

It is enough to support only write operations to initialize displays
and output video data. The bus driver returns EOPNOTSUPP for all read
operations requested through a display driver.

Bit banging is used to transmit data over the parallel bus from host
to display. There are two numbers that contol timings: wr_up_delay
and wr_down_delay. They should be provided by the display driver.
The first number is related to the write control pulse duration, and
the second number is related to the write cycle duration that can
be found in the specification of the display.

Signed-off-by: Mikhail Durnev <mikhail_durnev@mentor.com>
---
 drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mipi_dbi.c | 116 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 include/drm/drm_mipi_dbi.h     |  30 ++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 144 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mipi_dbi.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mipi_dbi.c
index 230c4fd..5dedc59 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mipi_dbi.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mipi_dbi.c
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ 
  *    3. 8-bit with the Data/Command signal as a separate D/CX pin
  *
  * Currently mipi_dbi only supports Type C options 1 and 3 with
- * mipi_dbi_spi_init().
+ * mipi_dbi_spi_init() and Type B with mipi_dbi_gpio_init().
  */
 
 #define MIPI_DBI_DEBUG_COMMAND(cmd, data, len) \
@@ -1158,6 +1158,120 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_spi_transfer);
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_SPI */
 
+/*
+ * This function implements data transfer only from host to display.
+ */
+static void mipi_dbi_gpio_transfer(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, u16 data)
+{
+	unsigned long ldata = data;
+
+	/*
+	 * Set W/R to low to start transfer.
+	 * Set DB bits with provided data when W/R is low.
+	 */
+	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(dbi->wr, 0);
+	gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep(dbi->db->ndescs, dbi->db->desc,
+				       dbi->db->info, &ldata);
+
+	/*
+	 * The bus usually needs additional delay.
+	 */
+	ndelay(dbi->wr_up_delay);
+
+	/*
+	 * Set W/R to high to indicate that DB lines are set.
+	 */
+	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(dbi->wr, 1);
+
+	/*
+	 * The connected display needs some time to read the data.
+	 */
+	ndelay(dbi->wr_down_delay);
+}
+
+static int mipi_dbi_gpio_command(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, u8 *cmd,
+				u8 *par, size_t num)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	/*
+	 * Read commands are not currently supported.
+	 */
+	if (mipi_dbi_command_is_read(dbi, *cmd))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	MIPI_DBI_DEBUG_COMMAND(*cmd, par, num);
+
+	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(dbi->dc, 0);
+	mipi_dbi_gpio_transfer(dbi, (u16)*cmd);
+	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(dbi->dc, 1);
+
+	if (dbi->db->ndescs == 16 &&
+	    (*cmd == MIPI_DCS_WRITE_MEMORY_START ||
+	     *cmd == MIPI_DCS_WRITE_MEMORY_CONTINUE)) {
+		/*
+		 * Only a couple of commands supports 16-bit transfer.
+		 */
+		for (i = 0; i < num; i += 2) {
+			u16 data = *(u16 *)&par[i];
+
+			if (dbi->swap_bytes)
+				data = (data >> 8) | (data << 8);
+
+			mipi_dbi_gpio_transfer(dbi, data);
+		}
+	} else {
+		for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
+			/*
+			 * Other commands ignore most significant bits.
+			 */
+			mipi_dbi_gpio_transfer(dbi, (u16)par[i]);
+		}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * mipi_dbi_gpio_init - Initialize MIPI DBI Type B interface implemented via GPIO
+ * @dbi: MIPI DBI structure to initialize
+ * @dc: D/C gpio
+ * @wr: W/R gpio
+ * @db: DB gpios
+ * @wr_up_delay: Delay after setting DB and before changing W/R from low to high
+ * @wr_down_delay: Delay after changing W/R from low to high
+ *
+ * This function sets &mipi_dbi->command, enables &mipi_dbi->read_commands for the
+ * usual read commands. It should be followed by a call to mipi_dbi_dev_init() or
+ * a driver-specific init.
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ * Zero on success, negative error code on failure.
+ */
+int mipi_dbi_gpio_init(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, struct gpio_desc *dc,
+		      struct gpio_desc *wr, struct gpio_descs *db,
+		      unsigned long wr_up_delay, unsigned long wr_down_delay)
+{
+	dbi->spi = NULL; /* Type B uses GPIO lines rather than SPI */
+
+	dbi->read_commands = mipi_dbi_dcs_read_commands;
+	dbi->command = mipi_dbi_gpio_command;
+
+	dbi->dc = dc;
+	dbi->wr = wr;
+	dbi->db = db;
+	dbi->wr_up_delay = wr_up_delay;
+	dbi->wr_down_delay = wr_down_delay;
+
+	if (mipi_dbi_machine_little_endian())
+		dbi->swap_bytes = true;
+
+	mutex_init(&dbi->cmdlock);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mipi_dbi_gpio_init);
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
 
 static ssize_t mipi_dbi_debugfs_command_write(struct file *file,
diff --git a/include/drm/drm_mipi_dbi.h b/include/drm/drm_mipi_dbi.h
index c2827ce..c4be5ca 100644
--- a/include/drm/drm_mipi_dbi.h
+++ b/include/drm/drm_mipi_dbi.h
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@  struct mipi_dbi {
 	struct spi_device *spi;
 
 	/**
-	 * @dc: Optional D/C gpio.
+	 * @dc: D/C gpio, optional for Type C and mandatory for Type B.
 	 */
 	struct gpio_desc *dc;
 
@@ -68,6 +68,31 @@  struct mipi_dbi {
 	 * @tx_buf9_len: Size of tx_buf9.
 	 */
 	size_t tx_buf9_len;
+
+	/* Type B specific */
+
+	/**
+	 * @wr: W/R gpio.
+	 */
+	struct gpio_desc *wr;
+
+	/**
+	 * @db: Data Bus gpios (usually 8 or 16).
+	 */
+	struct gpio_descs *db;
+
+	/**
+	 * @wr_up_delay: Delay after setting all db lines and before changing
+	 * wr from low to high.
+	 */
+	unsigned long wr_up_delay;
+
+	/**
+	 * @wr_down_delay: Delay after changing wr from low to high and
+	 * before wr can be changed again from hight to low to start a new
+	 * write operation.
+	 */
+	unsigned long wr_down_delay;
 };
 
 /**
@@ -139,6 +164,9 @@  static inline struct mipi_dbi_dev *drm_to_mipi_dbi_dev(struct drm_device *drm)
 
 int mipi_dbi_spi_init(struct spi_device *spi, struct mipi_dbi *dbi,
 		      struct gpio_desc *dc);
+int mipi_dbi_gpio_init(struct mipi_dbi *dbi, struct gpio_desc *dc,
+		      struct gpio_desc *wr, struct gpio_descs *db,
+		      unsigned long wr_up_delay, unsigned long wr_down_delay);
 int mipi_dbi_dev_init_with_formats(struct mipi_dbi_dev *dbidev,
 				   const struct drm_simple_display_pipe_funcs *funcs,
 				   const uint32_t *formats, unsigned int format_count,