diff mbox series

dma-buf: Document DMA_BUF_IOCTL_SYNC (v2)

Message ID 20210617194135.578833-1-jason@jlekstrand.net (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series dma-buf: Document DMA_BUF_IOCTL_SYNC (v2) | expand

Commit Message

Jason Ekstrand June 17, 2021, 7:41 p.m. UTC
This adds a new "DMA Buffer ioctls" section to the dma-buf docs and adds
documentation for DMA_BUF_IOCTL_SYNC.

v2 (Daniel Vetter):
 - Fix a couple typos
 - Add commentary about synchronization with other devices
 - Use item list format for describing flags

v2 (Pekka Paalanen):
 - Clarify stalling requirements.
 - Be more clear that that DMA_BUF_IOCTL_SYNC with SINC_END has to be
   called before more GPU work happens.

Signed-off-by: Jason Ekstrand <jason@jlekstrand.net>
Reviewed-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
Acked-by: Christian K├Ânig <christian.koenig@amd.com>
Acked-by: Pekka Paalanen <pekka.paalanen@collabora.com>
Cc: Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@linaro.org>
---
 Documentation/driver-api/dma-buf.rst |  8 +++++
 include/uapi/linux/dma-buf.h         | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/dma-buf.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/dma-buf.rst
index 7f21425d9435a..0d4c13ec1a800 100644
--- a/Documentation/driver-api/dma-buf.rst
+++ b/Documentation/driver-api/dma-buf.rst
@@ -88,6 +88,9 @@  consider though:
 - The DMA buffer FD is also pollable, see `Implicit Fence Poll Support`_ below for
   details.
 
+- The DMA buffer FD also supports a few dma-buf-specific ioctls, see
+  `DMA Buffer ioctls`_ below for details.
+
 Basic Operation and Device DMA Access
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
@@ -106,6 +109,11 @@  Implicit Fence Poll Support
 .. kernel-doc:: drivers/dma-buf/dma-buf.c
    :doc: implicit fence polling
 
+DMA Buffer ioctls
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+.. kernel-doc:: include/uapi/linux/dma-buf.h
+
 Kernel Functions and Structures Reference
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/dma-buf.h b/include/uapi/linux/dma-buf.h
index 7f30393b92c3b..8e4a2ca0bcbf7 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/dma-buf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/dma-buf.h
@@ -22,8 +22,56 @@ 
 
 #include <linux/types.h>
 
-/* begin/end dma-buf functions used for userspace mmap. */
+/**
+ * struct dma_buf_sync - Synchronize with CPU access.
+ *
+ * When a DMA buffer is accessed from the CPU via mmap, it is not always
+ * possible to guarantee coherency between the CPU-visible map and underlying
+ * memory.  To manage coherency, DMA_BUF_IOCTL_SYNC must be used to bracket
+ * any CPU access to give the kernel the chance to shuffle memory around if
+ * needed.
+ *
+ * Prior to accessing the map, the client must call DMA_BUF_IOCTL_SYNC
+ * with DMA_BUF_SYNC_START and the appropriate read/write flags.  Once the
+ * access is complete, the client should call DMA_BUF_IOCTL_SYNC with
+ * DMA_BUF_SYNC_END and the same read/write flags.
+ *
+ * The synchronization provided via DMA_BUF_IOCTL_SYNC only provides cache
+ * coherency.  It does not prevent other processes or devices from
+ * accessing the memory at the same time.  If synchronization with a GPU or
+ * other device driver is required, it is the client's responsibility to
+ * wait for buffer to be ready for reading or writing before calling this
+ * ioctl with DMA_BUF_SYNC_START.  Likewise, the client must ensure that
+ * follow-up work is not submitted to GPU or other device driver until
+ * after this ioctl has been called with DMA_BUF_SYNC_END?
+ *
+ * If the driver or API with which the client is interacting uses implicit
+ * synchronization, waiting for prior work to complete can be done via
+ * poll() on the DMA buffer file descriptor.  If the driver or API requires
+ * explicit synchronization, the client may have to wait on a sync_file or
+ * other synchronization primitive outside the scope of the DMA buffer API.
+ */
 struct dma_buf_sync {
+	/**
+	 * @flags: Set of access flags
+	 *
+	 * DMA_BUF_SYNC_START:
+	 *     Indicates the start of a map access session.
+	 *
+	 * DMA_BUF_SYNC_END:
+	 *     Indicates the end of a map access session.
+	 *
+	 * DMA_BUF_SYNC_READ:
+	 *     Indicates that the mapped DMA buffer will be read by the
+	 *     client via the CPU map.
+	 *
+	 * DMA_BUF_SYNC_WRITE:
+	 *     Indicates that the mapped DMA buffer will be written by the
+	 *     client via the CPU map.
+	 *
+	 * DMA_BUF_SYNC_RW:
+	 *     An alias for DMA_BUF_SYNC_READ | DMA_BUF_SYNC_WRITE.
+	 */
 	__u64 flags;
 };