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[v8,1/3] drm/doc/rfc: VM_BIND feature design document

Message ID 20220701003110.24843-2-niranjana.vishwanathapura@intel.com (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series drm/doc/rfc: i915 VM_BIND feature design + uapi | expand

Commit Message

Niranjana Vishwanathapura July 1, 2022, 12:31 a.m. UTC
VM_BIND design document with description of intended use cases.

v2: Reduce the scope to simple Mesa use case.
v3: Expand documentation on dma-resv usage, TLB flushing and
v4: Remove vm_bind tlb flush request support.
v5: Update TLB flushing documentation.
v6: Update out of order completion documentation.

Signed-off-by: Niranjana Vishwanathapura <niranjana.vishwanathapura@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
Acked-by: Paulo Zanoni <paulo.r.zanoni@intel.com>
 Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_vm_bind.rst | 245 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 Documentation/gpu/rfc/index.rst        |   4 +
 2 files changed, 249 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_vm_bind.rst
diff mbox series


diff --git a/Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_vm_bind.rst b/Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_vm_bind.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9a1dcdf2799e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_vm_bind.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,245 @@ 
+I915 VM_BIND feature design and use cases
+VM_BIND feature
+DRM_I915_GEM_VM_BIND/UNBIND ioctls allows UMD to bind/unbind GEM buffer
+objects (BOs) or sections of a BOs at specified GPU virtual addresses on a
+specified address space (VM). These mappings (also referred to as persistent
+mappings) will be persistent across multiple GPU submissions (execbuf calls)
+issued by the UMD, without user having to provide a list of all required
+mappings during each submission (as required by older execbuf mode).
+The VM_BIND/UNBIND calls allow UMDs to request a timeline out fence for
+signaling the completion of bind/unbind operation.
+VM_BIND feature is advertised to user via I915_PARAM_VM_BIND_VERSION.
+User has to opt-in for VM_BIND mode of binding for an address space (VM)
+during VM creation time via I915_VM_CREATE_FLAGS_USE_VM_BIND extension.
+VM_BIND/UNBIND ioctl calls executed on different CPU threads concurrently are
+not ordered. Furthermore, parts of the VM_BIND/UNBIND operations can be done
+asynchronously, when valid out fence is specified.
+VM_BIND features include:
+* Multiple Virtual Address (VA) mappings can map to the same physical pages
+  of an object (aliasing).
+* VA mapping can map to a partial section of the BO (partial binding).
+* Support capture of persistent mappings in the dump upon GPU error.
+* Support for userptr gem objects (no special uapi is required for this).
+TLB flush consideration
+The i915 driver flushes the TLB for each submission and when an object's
+pages are released. The VM_BIND/UNBIND operation will not do any additional
+TLB flush. Any VM_BIND mapping added will be in the working set for subsequent
+submissions on that VM and will not be in the working set for currently running
+batches (which would require additional TLB flushes, which is not supported).
+Execbuf ioctl in VM_BIND mode
+A VM in VM_BIND mode will not support older execbuf mode of binding.
+The execbuf ioctl handling in VM_BIND mode differs significantly from the
+older execbuf2 ioctl (See struct drm_i915_gem_execbuffer2).
+Hence, a new execbuf3 ioctl has been added to support VM_BIND mode. (See
+struct drm_i915_gem_execbuffer3). The execbuf3 ioctl will not accept any
+execlist. Hence, no support for implicit sync. It is expected that the below
+work will be able to support requirements of object dependency setting in all
+use cases:
+"dma-buf: Add an API for exporting sync files"
+The new execbuf3 ioctl only works in VM_BIND mode and the VM_BIND mode only
+works with execbuf3 ioctl for submission. All BOs mapped on that VM (through
+VM_BIND call) at the time of execbuf3 call are deemed required for that
+The execbuf3 ioctl directly specifies the batch addresses instead of as
+object handles as in execbuf2 ioctl. The execbuf3 ioctl will also not
+support many of the older features like in/out/submit fences, fence array,
+default gem context and many more (See struct drm_i915_gem_execbuffer3).
+In VM_BIND mode, VA allocation is completely managed by the user instead of
+the i915 driver. Hence all VA assignment, eviction are not applicable in
+VM_BIND mode. Also, for determining object activeness, VM_BIND mode will not
+be using the i915_vma active reference tracking. It will instead use dma-resv
+object for that (See `VM_BIND dma_resv usage`_).
+So, a lot of existing code supporting execbuf2 ioctl, like relocations, VA
+evictions, vma lookup table, implicit sync, vma active reference tracking etc.,
+are not applicable for execbuf3 ioctl. Hence, all execbuf3 specific handling
+should be in a separate file and only functionalities common to these ioctls
+can be the shared code where possible.
+VM_PRIVATE objects
+By default, BOs can be mapped on multiple VMs and can also be dma-buf
+exported. Hence these BOs are referred to as Shared BOs.
+During each execbuf submission, the request fence must be added to the
+dma-resv fence list of all shared BOs mapped on the VM.
+VM_BIND feature introduces an optimization where user can create BO which
+is private to a specified VM via I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT_VM_PRIVATE flag during
+BO creation. Unlike Shared BOs, these VM private BOs can only be mapped on
+the VM they are private to and can't be dma-buf exported.
+All private BOs of a VM share the dma-resv object. Hence during each execbuf
+submission, they need only one dma-resv fence list updated. Thus, the fast
+path (where required mappings are already bound) submission latency is O(1)
+w.r.t the number of VM private BOs.
+VM_BIND locking hirarchy
+The locking design here supports the older (execlist based) execbuf mode, the
+newer VM_BIND mode, the VM_BIND mode with GPU page faults and possible future
+system allocator support (See `Shared Virtual Memory (SVM) support`_).
+The older execbuf mode and the newer VM_BIND mode without page faults manages
+residency of backing storage using dma_fence. The VM_BIND mode with page faults
+and the system allocator support do not use any dma_fence at all.
+VM_BIND locking order is as below.
+1) Lock-A: A vm_bind mutex will protect vm_bind lists. This lock is taken in
+   vm_bind/vm_unbind ioctl calls, in the execbuf path and while releasing the
+   mapping.
+   In future, when GPU page faults are supported, we can potentially use a
+   rwsem instead, so that multiple page fault handlers can take the read side
+   lock to lookup the mapping and hence can run in parallel.
+   The older execbuf mode of binding do not need this lock.
+2) Lock-B: The object's dma-resv lock will protect i915_vma state and needs to
+   be held while binding/unbinding a vma in the async worker and while updating
+   dma-resv fence list of an object. Note that private BOs of a VM will all
+   share a dma-resv object.
+   The future system allocator support will use the HMM prescribed locking
+   instead.
+3) Lock-C: Spinlock/s to protect some of the VM's lists like the list of
+   invalidated vmas (due to eviction and userptr invalidation) etc.
+When GPU page faults are supported, the execbuf path do not take any of these
+locks. There we will simply smash the new batch buffer address into the ring and
+then tell the scheduler run that. The lock taking only happens from the page
+fault handler, where we take lock-A in read mode, whichever lock-B we need to
+find the backing storage (dma_resv lock for gem objects, and hmm/core mm for
+system allocator) and some additional locks (lock-D) for taking care of page
+table races. Page fault mode should not need to ever manipulate the vm lists,
+so won't ever need lock-C.
+VM_BIND LRU handling
+We need to ensure VM_BIND mapped objects are properly LRU tagged to avoid
+performance degradation. We will also need support for bulk LRU movement of
+VM_BIND objects to avoid additional latencies in execbuf path.
+The page table pages are similar to VM_BIND mapped objects (See
+`Evictable page table allocations`_) and are maintained per VM and needs to
+be pinned in memory when VM is made active (ie., upon an execbuf call with
+that VM). So, bulk LRU movement of page table pages is also needed.
+VM_BIND dma_resv usage
+Fences needs to be added to all VM_BIND mapped objects. During each execbuf
+submission, they are added with DMA_RESV_USAGE_BOOKKEEP usage to prevent
+over sync (See enum dma_resv_usage). One can override it with either
+DMA_RESV_USAGE_READ or DMA_RESV_USAGE_WRITE usage during explicit object
+dependency setting.
+Note that DRM_I915_GEM_WAIT and DRM_I915_GEM_BUSY ioctls do not check for
+DMA_RESV_USAGE_BOOKKEEP usage and hence should not be used for end of batch
+check. Instead, the execbuf3 out fence should be used for end of batch check
+(See struct drm_i915_gem_execbuffer3).
+Also, in VM_BIND mode, use dma-resv apis for determining object activeness
+(See dma_resv_test_signaled() and dma_resv_wait_timeout()) and do not use the
+older i915_vma active reference tracking which is deprecated. This should be
+easier to get it working with the current TTM backend.
+Mesa use case
+VM_BIND can potentially reduce the CPU overhead in Mesa (both Vulkan and Iris),
+hence improving performance of CPU-bound applications. It also allows us to
+implement Vulkan's Sparse Resources. With increasing GPU hardware performance,
+reducing CPU overhead becomes more impactful.
+Other VM_BIND use cases
+Long running Compute contexts
+Usage of dma-fence expects that they complete in reasonable amount of time.
+Compute on the other hand can be long running. Hence it is appropriate for
+compute to use user/memory fence (See `User/Memory Fence`_) and dma-fence usage
+must be limited to in-kernel consumption only.
+Where GPU page faults are not available, kernel driver upon buffer invalidation
+will initiate a suspend (preemption) of long running context, finish the
+invalidation, revalidate the BO and then resume the compute context. This is
+done by having a per-context preempt fence which is enabled when someone tries
+to wait on it and triggers the context preemption.
+User/Memory Fence
+User/Memory fence is a <address, value> pair. To signal the user fence, the
+specified value will be written at the specified virtual address and wakeup the
+waiting process. User fence can be signaled either by the GPU or kernel async
+worker (like upon bind completion). User can wait on a user fence with a new
+user fence wait ioctl.
+Here is some prior work on this:
+Low Latency Submission
+Allows compute UMD to directly submit GPU jobs instead of through execbuf
+ioctl. This is made possible by VM_BIND is not being synchronized against
+execbuf. VM_BIND allows bind/unbind of mappings required for the directly
+submitted jobs.
+With debug event interface user space process (debugger) is able to keep track
+of and act upon resources created by another process (debugged) and attached
+to GPU via vm_bind interface.
+GPU page faults
+GPU page faults when supported (in future), will only be supported in the
+VM_BIND mode. While both the older execbuf mode and the newer VM_BIND mode of
+binding will require using dma-fence to ensure residency, the GPU page faults
+mode when supported, will not use any dma-fence as residency is purely managed
+by installing and removing/invalidating page table entries.
+Page level hints settings
+VM_BIND allows any hints setting per mapping instead of per BO. Possible hints
+include placement and atomicity. Sub-BO level placement hint will be even more
+relevant with upcoming GPU on-demand page fault support.
+Page level Cache/CLOS settings
+VM_BIND allows cache/CLOS settings per mapping instead of per BO.
+Evictable page table allocations
+Make pagetable allocations evictable and manage them similar to VM_BIND
+mapped objects. Page table pages are similar to persistent mappings of a
+VM (difference here are that the page table pages will not have an i915_vma
+structure and after swapping pages back in, parent page link needs to be
+Shared Virtual Memory (SVM) support
+VM_BIND interface can be used to map system memory directly (without gem BO
+abstraction) using the HMM interface. SVM is only supported with GPU page
+faults enabled.
+.. kernel-doc:: Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_vm_bind.h
diff --git a/Documentation/gpu/rfc/index.rst b/Documentation/gpu/rfc/index.rst
index 91e93a705230..7d10c36b268d 100644
--- a/Documentation/gpu/rfc/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/gpu/rfc/index.rst
@@ -23,3 +23,7 @@  host such documentation:
 .. toctree::
+.. toctree::
+    i915_vm_bind.rst