diff mbox series

[v3,07/11] merge-octopus: rewrite in C

Message ID 20201005122646.27994-8-alban.gruin@gmail.com
State New
Headers show
Series Rewrite the remaining merge strategies from shell to C | expand

Commit Message

Alban Gruin Oct. 5, 2020, 12:26 p.m. UTC
This rewrites `git merge-octopus' from shell to C.  As for the two last
conversions, this port removes calls to external processes to avoid
reading and writing the index over and over again.

 - Calls to `read-tree -u -m (--aggressive)?' are replaced by calls to
   unpack_trees().

 - The call to `write-tree' is replaced by a call to
   write_index_as_tree().

 - The call to `diff-index ...' is replaced by a call to
   repo_index_has_changes(), and is moved from cmd_merge_octopus() to
   merge_octopus().

 - The call to `merge-index', needed to invoke `git merge-one-file', is
   replaced by a call to merge_all().

The index is read in cmd_merge_octopus(), and is wrote back by
merge_strategies_octopus().

Here to, merge_strategies_octopus() takes two commit lists and a string
to reduce frictions when try_merge_strategies() will be modified to call
it directly.

Signed-off-by: Alban Gruin <alban.gruin@gmail.com>
---
 Makefile                |   2 +-
 builtin.h               |   1 +
 builtin/merge-octopus.c |  69 ++++++++++++++
 git-merge-octopus.sh    | 112 ----------------------
 git.c                   |   1 +
 merge-strategies.c      | 204 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 merge-strategies.h      |   3 +
 7 files changed, 279 insertions(+), 113 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 builtin/merge-octopus.c
 delete mode 100755 git-merge-octopus.sh
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 3cc6b192f1..2b2bdffafe 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -600,7 +600,6 @@  unexport CDPATH
 SCRIPT_SH += git-bisect.sh
 SCRIPT_SH += git-difftool--helper.sh
 SCRIPT_SH += git-filter-branch.sh
-SCRIPT_SH += git-merge-octopus.sh
 SCRIPT_SH += git-mergetool.sh
 SCRIPT_SH += git-quiltimport.sh
 SCRIPT_SH += git-request-pull.sh
@@ -1093,6 +1092,7 @@  BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/mailsplit.o
 BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/merge-base.o
 BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/merge-file.o
 BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/merge-index.o
+BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/merge-octopus.o
 BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/merge-one-file.o
 BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/merge-ours.o
 BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin/merge-recursive.o
diff --git a/builtin.h b/builtin.h
index 35e91c16d0..50225404a0 100644
--- a/builtin.h
+++ b/builtin.h
@@ -176,6 +176,7 @@  int cmd_maintenance(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
 int cmd_merge(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
 int cmd_merge_base(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
 int cmd_merge_index(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
+int cmd_merge_octopus(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
 int cmd_merge_ours(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
 int cmd_merge_file(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
 int cmd_merge_one_file(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
diff --git a/builtin/merge-octopus.c b/builtin/merge-octopus.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..abf0981fe8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/builtin/merge-octopus.c
@@ -0,0 +1,69 @@ 
+/*
+ * Builtin "git merge-octopus"
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2020 Alban Gruin
+ *
+ * Based on git-merge-octopus.sh, written by Junio C Hamano.
+ *
+ * Resolve two or more trees.
+ */
+
+#include "cache.h"
+#include "builtin.h"
+#include "commit.h"
+#include "merge-strategies.h"
+
+static const char builtin_merge_octopus_usage[] =
+	"git merge-octopus [<bases>...] -- <head> <remote1> <remote2> [<remotes>...]";
+
+int cmd_merge_octopus(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
+{
+	int i, sep_seen = 0;
+	struct commit_list *bases = NULL, *remotes = NULL;
+	struct commit_list **next_base = &bases, **next_remote = &remotes;
+	const char *head_arg = NULL;
+
+	if (argc < 5)
+		usage(builtin_merge_octopus_usage);
+
+	setup_work_tree();
+	if (repo_read_index(the_repository) < 0)
+		die("corrupted cache");
+
+	/*
+	 * The first parameters up to -- are merge bases; the rest are
+	 * heads.
+	 */
+	for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
+		if (strcmp(argv[i], "--") == 0)
+			sep_seen = 1;
+		else if (strcmp(argv[i], "-h") == 0)
+			usage(builtin_merge_octopus_usage);
+		else if (sep_seen && !head_arg)
+			head_arg = argv[i];
+		else {
+			struct object_id oid;
+
+			get_oid(argv[i], &oid);
+
+			if (!oideq(&oid, the_hash_algo->empty_tree)) {
+				struct commit *commit;
+				commit = lookup_commit_or_die(&oid, argv[i]);
+
+				if (sep_seen)
+					next_remote = commit_list_append(commit, next_remote);
+				else
+					next_base = commit_list_append(commit, next_base);
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Reject if this is not an octopus -- resolve should be used
+	 * instead.
+	 */
+	if (commit_list_count(remotes) < 2)
+		return 2;
+
+	return merge_strategies_octopus(the_repository, bases, head_arg, remotes);
+}
diff --git a/git-merge-octopus.sh b/git-merge-octopus.sh
deleted file mode 100755
index 7d19d37951..0000000000
--- a/git-merge-octopus.sh
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,112 +0,0 @@ 
-#!/bin/sh
-#
-# Copyright (c) 2005 Junio C Hamano
-#
-# Resolve two or more trees.
-#
-
-. git-sh-setup
-
-LF='
-'
-
-# The first parameters up to -- are merge bases; the rest are heads.
-bases= head= remotes= sep_seen=
-for arg
-do
-	case ",$sep_seen,$head,$arg," in
-	*,--,)
-		sep_seen=yes
-		;;
-	,yes,,*)
-		head=$arg
-		;;
-	,yes,*)
-		remotes="$remotes$arg "
-		;;
-	*)
-		bases="$bases$arg "
-		;;
-	esac
-done
-
-# Reject if this is not an octopus -- resolve should be used instead.
-case "$remotes" in
-?*' '?*)
-	;;
-*)
-	exit 2 ;;
-esac
-
-# MRC is the current "merge reference commit"
-# MRT is the current "merge result tree"
-
-if ! git diff-index --quiet --cached HEAD --
-then
-    gettextln "Error: Your local changes to the following files would be overwritten by merge"
-    git diff-index --cached --name-only HEAD -- | sed -e 's/^/    /'
-    exit 2
-fi
-MRC=$(git rev-parse --verify -q $head)
-MRT=$(git write-tree)
-NON_FF_MERGE=0
-OCTOPUS_FAILURE=0
-for SHA1 in $remotes
-do
-	case "$OCTOPUS_FAILURE" in
-	1)
-		# We allow only last one to have a hand-resolvable
-		# conflicts.  Last round failed and we still had
-		# a head to merge.
-		gettextln "Automated merge did not work."
-		gettextln "Should not be doing an octopus."
-		exit 2
-	esac
-
-	eval pretty_name=\${GITHEAD_$SHA1:-$SHA1}
-	if test "$SHA1" = "$pretty_name"
-	then
-		SHA1_UP="$(echo "$SHA1" | tr a-z A-Z)"
-		eval pretty_name=\${GITHEAD_$SHA1_UP:-$pretty_name}
-	fi
-	common=$(git merge-base --all $SHA1 $MRC) ||
-		die "$(eval_gettext "Unable to find common commit with \$pretty_name")"
-
-	case "$LF$common$LF" in
-	*"$LF$SHA1$LF"*)
-		eval_gettextln "Already up to date with \$pretty_name"
-		continue
-		;;
-	esac
-
-	if test "$common,$NON_FF_MERGE" = "$MRC,0"
-	then
-		# The first head being merged was a fast-forward.
-		# Advance MRC to the head being merged, and use that
-		# tree as the intermediate result of the merge.
-		# We still need to count this as part of the parent set.
-
-		eval_gettextln "Fast-forwarding to: \$pretty_name"
-		git read-tree -u -m $head $SHA1 || exit
-		MRC=$SHA1 MRT=$(git write-tree)
-		continue
-	fi
-
-	NON_FF_MERGE=1
-
-	eval_gettextln "Trying simple merge with \$pretty_name"
-	git read-tree -u -m --aggressive  $common $MRT $SHA1 || exit 2
-	next=$(git write-tree 2>/dev/null)
-	if test $? -ne 0
-	then
-		gettextln "Simple merge did not work, trying automatic merge."
-		git merge-index -o git-merge-one-file -a ||
-		OCTOPUS_FAILURE=1
-		next=$(git write-tree 2>/dev/null)
-	fi
-
-	MRC="$MRC $SHA1"
-	MRT=$next
-done
-
-exit "$OCTOPUS_FAILURE"
diff --git a/git.c b/git.c
index 64a1a1de41..d51fb5d2bf 100644
--- a/git.c
+++ b/git.c
@@ -539,6 +539,7 @@  static struct cmd_struct commands[] = {
 	{ "merge-base", cmd_merge_base, RUN_SETUP },
 	{ "merge-file", cmd_merge_file, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
 	{ "merge-index", cmd_merge_index, RUN_SETUP | NO_PARSEOPT },
+	{ "merge-octopus", cmd_merge_octopus, RUN_SETUP | NO_PARSEOPT },
 	{ "merge-ours", cmd_merge_ours, RUN_SETUP | NO_PARSEOPT },
 	{ "merge-one-file", cmd_merge_one_file, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE | NO_PARSEOPT },
 	{ "merge-recursive", cmd_merge_recursive, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE | NO_PARSEOPT },
diff --git a/merge-strategies.c b/merge-strategies.c
index 6b4b3d03a6..37c662094e 100644
--- a/merge-strategies.c
+++ b/merge-strategies.c
@@ -1,5 +1,6 @@ 
 #include "cache.h"
 #include "cache-tree.h"
+#include "commit-reach.h"
 #include "dir.h"
 #include "ll-merge.h"
 #include "lockfile.h"
@@ -407,3 +408,206 @@  int merge_strategies_resolve(struct repository *r,
 	rollback_lock_file(&lock);
 	return 2;
 }
+
+static int fast_forward(struct repository *r, const struct object_id *oids,
+			int nr, int aggressive)
+{
+	int i;
+	struct tree_desc t[MAX_UNPACK_TREES];
+	struct unpack_trees_options opts;
+	struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
+
+	repo_read_index_preload(r, NULL, 0);
+	if (refresh_index(r->index, REFRESH_QUIET, NULL, NULL, NULL))
+		return -1;
+
+	repo_hold_locked_index(r, &lock, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
+
+	memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
+	opts.head_idx = 1;
+	opts.src_index = r->index;
+	opts.dst_index = r->index;
+	opts.merge = 1;
+	opts.update = 1;
+	opts.aggressive = aggressive;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
+		struct tree *tree;
+		tree = parse_tree_indirect(oids + i);
+		if (parse_tree(tree))
+			return -1;
+		init_tree_desc(t + i, tree->buffer, tree->size);
+	}
+
+	if (nr == 1)
+		opts.fn = oneway_merge;
+	else if (nr == 2) {
+		opts.fn = twoway_merge;
+		opts.initial_checkout = is_index_unborn(r->index);
+	} else if (nr >= 3) {
+		opts.fn = threeway_merge;
+		opts.head_idx = nr - 1;
+	}
+
+	if (unpack_trees(nr, t, &opts))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (write_locked_index(r->index, &lock, COMMIT_LOCK))
+		return error(_("unable to write new index file"));
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int write_tree(struct repository *r, struct tree **reference_tree)
+{
+	struct object_id oid;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = write_index_as_tree(&oid, r->index, r->index_file, 0, NULL);
+	if (!ret)
+		*reference_tree = lookup_tree(r, &oid);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+int merge_strategies_octopus(struct repository *r,
+			     struct commit_list *bases, const char *head_arg,
+			     struct commit_list *remotes)
+{
+	int non_ff_merge = 0, ret = 0, references = 1;
+	struct commit **reference_commit;
+	struct tree *reference_tree;
+	struct commit_list *j;
+	struct object_id head;
+	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
+
+	get_oid(head_arg, &head);
+
+	reference_commit = xcalloc(commit_list_count(remotes) + 1, sizeof(struct commit *));
+	reference_commit[0] = lookup_commit_reference(r, &head);
+	reference_tree = repo_get_commit_tree(r, reference_commit[0]);
+
+	if (repo_index_has_changes(r, reference_tree, &sb)) {
+		error(_("Your local changes to the following files "
+			"would be overwritten by merge:\n  %s"),
+		      sb.buf);
+		strbuf_release(&sb);
+		ret = 2;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	for (j = remotes; j && j->item; j = j->next) {
+		struct commit *c = j->item;
+		struct object_id *oid = &c->object.oid;
+		struct commit_list *common, *k;
+		char *branch_name;
+		int can_ff = 1;
+
+		if (ret) {
+			/*
+			 * We allow only last one to have a
+			 * hand-resolvable conflicts.  Last round failed
+			 * and we still had a head to merge.
+			 */
+			puts(_("Automated merge did not work."));
+			puts(_("Should not be doing an octopus."));
+
+			ret = 2;
+			goto out;
+		}
+
+		branch_name = merge_get_better_branch_name(oid_to_hex(oid));
+		common = get_merge_bases_many(c, references, reference_commit);
+
+		if (!common)
+			die(_("Unable to find common commit with %s"), branch_name);
+
+		for (k = common; k && !oideq(&k->item->object.oid, oid); k = k->next);
+
+		if (k) {
+			printf(_("Already up to date with %s\n"), branch_name);
+			free(branch_name);
+			free_commit_list(common);
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		if (!non_ff_merge) {
+			int i;
+
+			for (i = 0, k = common; k && i < references && can_ff; k = k->next, i++) {
+				can_ff = oideq(&k->item->object.oid,
+					       &reference_commit[i]->object.oid);
+			}
+		}
+
+		if (!non_ff_merge && can_ff) {
+			/*
+			 * The first head being merged was a
+			 * fast-forward.  Advance the reference commit
+			 * to the head being merged, and use that tree
+			 * as the intermediate result of the merge.  We
+			 * still need to count this as part of the
+			 * parent set.
+			 */
+			struct object_id oids[2];
+			printf(_("Fast-forwarding to: %s\n"), branch_name);
+
+			oidcpy(oids, &head);
+			oidcpy(oids + 1, oid);
+
+			ret = fast_forward(r, oids, 2, 0);
+			if (ret) {
+				free(branch_name);
+				free_commit_list(common);
+				goto out;
+			}
+
+			references = 0;
+			write_tree(r, &reference_tree);
+		} else {
+			int i = 0;
+			struct tree *next = NULL;
+			struct object_id oids[MAX_UNPACK_TREES];
+
+			non_ff_merge = 1;
+			printf(_("Trying simple merge with %s\n"), branch_name);
+
+			for (k = common; k; k = k->next)
+				oidcpy(oids + (i++), &k->item->object.oid);
+
+			oidcpy(oids + (i++), &reference_tree->object.oid);
+			oidcpy(oids + (i++), oid);
+
+			if (fast_forward(r, oids, i, 1)) {
+				ret = 2;
+
+				free(branch_name);
+				free_commit_list(common);
+
+				goto out;
+			}
+
+			if (write_tree(r, &next)) {
+				struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
+
+				puts(_("Simple merge did not work, trying automatic merge."));
+				repo_hold_locked_index(r, &lock, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
+				ret = !!merge_all(r->index, 0, 0, merge_one_file_cb, r);
+				write_locked_index(r->index, &lock, COMMIT_LOCK);
+
+				write_tree(r, &next);
+			}
+
+			reference_tree = next;
+		}
+
+		reference_commit[references++] = c;
+
+		free(branch_name);
+		free_commit_list(common);
+	}
+
+out:
+	free(reference_commit);
+	return ret;
+}
diff --git a/merge-strategies.h b/merge-strategies.h
index 778f8ce9d6..938411a04e 100644
--- a/merge-strategies.h
+++ b/merge-strategies.h
@@ -37,5 +37,8 @@  int merge_all(struct index_state *istate, int oneshot, int quiet,
 int merge_strategies_resolve(struct repository *r,
 			     struct commit_list *bases, const char *head_arg,
 			     struct commit_list *remote);
+int merge_strategies_octopus(struct repository *r,
+			     struct commit_list *bases, const char *head_arg,
+			     struct commit_list *remote);
 
 #endif /* MERGE_STRATEGIES_H */