diff mbox series

[v6,02/13] t6060: modify multiple files to expose a possible issue with merge-index

Message ID 20201124115315.13311-3-alban.gruin@gmail.com (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series Rewrite the remaining merge strategies from shell to C | expand

Commit Message

Alban Gruin Nov. 24, 2020, 11:53 a.m. UTC
Currently, merge-index iterates over every index entry, skipping stage0
entries.  It will then count how many entries following the current one
have the same name, then fork to do the merge.  It will then increase
the iterator by the number of entries to skip them.  This behaviour is
correct, as even if the subprocess modifies the index, merge-index does
not reload it at all.

But when it will be rewritten to use a function, the index it will use
will be modified and may shrink when a conflict happens or if a file is
removed, so we have to be careful to handle such cases.

Here is an example:

 *    Merge branches, file1 and file2 are trivially mergeable.
 | *  Modifies file1 and file2.
 * |  Modifies file1 and file2.
 *    Adds file1 and file2.

When the merge happens, the index will look like that:

 i -> 0. file1 (stage1)
      1. file1 (stage2)
      2. file1 (stage3)
      3. file2 (stage1)
      4. file2 (stage2)
      5. file2 (stage3)

merge-index handles `file1' first.  As it appears 3 times after the
iterator, it is merged.  The index is now stale, `i' is increased by 3,
and the index now looks like this:

      0. file1 (stage1)
      1. file1 (stage2)
      2. file1 (stage3)
 i -> 3. file2 (stage1)
      4. file2 (stage2)
      5. file2 (stage3)

`file2' appears three times too, so it is merged.

With a naive rewrite, the index would look like this:

      0. file1 (stage0)
      1. file2 (stage1)
      2. file2 (stage2)
 i -> 3. file2 (stage3)

`file2' appears once at the iterator or after, so it will be added,
_not_ merged.  Which is wrong.

A naive rewrite would lead to unproperly merged files, or even files not
handled at all.

This changes t6060 to reproduce this case, by creating 2 files instead
of 1, to check the correctness of the soon-to-be-rewritten merge-index.
The files are identical, which is not really important -- the factors
that could trigger this issue are that they should be separated by at
most one entry in the index, and that the first one in the index should
be trivially mergeable.

Signed-off-by: Alban Gruin <alban.gruin@gmail.com>
 t/t6060-merge-index.sh | 10 ++++++++--
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
diff mbox series


diff --git a/t/t6060-merge-index.sh b/t/t6060-merge-index.sh
index ddf34f0115..9e15ceb957 100755
--- a/t/t6060-merge-index.sh
+++ b/t/t6060-merge-index.sh
@@ -7,16 +7,19 @@  test_expect_success 'setup diverging branches' '
 	for i in 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10; do
 		echo $i
 	done >file &&
-	git add file &&
+	cp file file2 &&
+	git add file file2 &&
 	git commit -m base &&
 	git tag base &&
 	sed s/2/two/ <file >tmp &&
 	mv tmp file &&
+	cp file file2 &&
 	git commit -a -m two &&
 	git tag two &&
 	git checkout -b other HEAD^ &&
 	sed s/10/ten/ <file >tmp &&
 	mv tmp file &&
+	cp file file2 &&
 	git commit -a -m ten &&
 	git tag ten
@@ -35,8 +38,11 @@  ten
 test_expect_success 'read-tree does not resolve content merge' '
+	cat >expect <<-\EOF &&
+	file
+	file2
 	git read-tree -i -m base ten two &&
-	echo file >expect &&
 	git diff-files --name-only --diff-filter=U >unmerged &&
 	test_cmp expect unmerged