diff mbox series

[v4] clone: document partial clone section

Message ID pull.745.v4.git.git.1614244436547.gitgitgadget@gmail.com (mailing list archive)
State Superseded
Headers show
Series [v4] clone: document partial clone section | expand

Commit Message

Dyrone Teng Feb. 25, 2021, 9:13 a.m. UTC
From: Teng Long <dyroneteng@gmail.com>

Partial clones are created using 'git clone', but there is no related
help information in the git-clone documentation. Add a relevant section
to help users understand what partial clones are and how they differ
from normal clones.

The section briefly introduces the applicable scenarios and some
precautions of partial clone. If users want to know more about its
technical design and other details, users can view the link of
git-partial-clone(7) according to the guidelines in the section.

Signed-off-by: Teng Long <dyroneteng@gmail.com>
---
    clone: document partial clone section
    
    Partial clones are created using 'git clone', but there is no related
    help information in the git-clone documentation during a period. Add a
    relevant section to help users understand what partial clones are and
    how they differ from normal clones.
    
    The section briefly introduces the applicable scenarios and some
    precautions of partial clone. If users want to know more about its
    technical design and other details, users can view the link of
    git-partial-clone(7) according to the guidelines in the section.

Published-As: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/releases/tag/pr-git-745%2Fdyrone%2Fmaster-v4
Fetch-It-Via: git fetch https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git pr-git-745/dyrone/master-v4
Pull-Request: https://github.com/git/git/pull/745

Range-diff vs v3:

 1:  681c5dcb7904 ! 1:  6d543cc11378 clone: document partial clone section
     @@
       ## Metadata ##
     -Author: Dyrone Teng <dyroneteng@gmail.com>
     +Author: Teng Long <dyroneteng@gmail.com>
      
       ## Commit message ##
          clone: document partial clone section
      
          Partial clones are created using 'git clone', but there is no related
     -    help information in the git-clone documentation during a period. Add
     -    a relevant section to help users understand what partial clones are
     -    and how they differ from normal clones.
     +    help information in the git-clone documentation. Add a relevant section
     +    to help users understand what partial clones are and how they differ
     +    from normal clones.
      
          The section briefly introduces the applicable scenarios and some
          precautions of partial clone. If users want to know more about its


 Documentation/git-clone.txt | 69 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 69 insertions(+)


base-commit: e1cfff676549cdcd702cbac105468723ef2722f4

Comments

Philippe Blain Feb. 25, 2021, 1:38 p.m. UTC | #1
Hi Dyrone,

Le 2021-02-25 à 04:13, Teng Long via GitGitGadget a écrit :
> From: Teng Long <dyroneteng@gmail.com>
> 
> Partial clones are created using 'git clone', but there is no related
> help information in the git-clone documentation. Add a relevant section
> to help users understand what partial clones are and how they differ
> from normal clones.
> 
> The section briefly introduces the applicable scenarios and some
> precautions of partial clone. If users want to know more about its
> technical design and other details, users can view the link of
> git-partial-clone(7) according to the guidelines in the section.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Teng Long <dyroneteng@gmail.com>
> ---
>      clone: document partial clone section
>      
>      Partial clones are created using 'git clone', but there is no related
>      help information in the git-clone documentation during a period. Add a
>      relevant section to help users understand what partial clones are and
>      how they differ from normal clones.
>      
>      The section briefly introduces the applicable scenarios and some
>      precautions of partial clone. If users want to know more about its
>      technical design and other details, users can view the link of
>      git-partial-clone(7) according to the guidelines in the section.
> 
> Published-As: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/releases/tag/pr-git-745%2Fdyrone%2Fmaster-v4
> Fetch-It-Via: git fetch https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git pr-git-745/dyrone/master-v4
> Pull-Request: https://github.com/git/git/pull/745
> 
> Range-diff vs v3:
> 
>   1:  681c5dcb7904 ! 1:  6d543cc11378 clone: document partial clone section
>       @@
>         ## Metadata ##
>       -Author: Dyrone Teng <dyroneteng@gmail.com>
>       +Author: Teng Long <dyroneteng@gmail.com>
>        
>         ## Commit message ##
>            clone: document partial clone section
>        
>            Partial clones are created using 'git clone', but there is no related
>       -    help information in the git-clone documentation during a period. Add
>       -    a relevant section to help users understand what partial clones are
>       -    and how they differ from normal clones.
>       +    help information in the git-clone documentation. Add a relevant section
>       +    to help users understand what partial clones are and how they differ
>       +    from normal clones.
>        
>            The section briefly introduces the applicable scenarios and some
>            precautions of partial clone. If users want to know more about its

The "range-diff" above is automatically inserted by GitGitGadget and shows what has changed
since the last version you sent (i.e. it compares v3 to v4). So you adressed Junio's comment
about your commit identity and signed-off-by identity needing to match, good.
You also adressed my comment about the wording of the first paragraph of the commit message.
But then I wrote:

However, you did not address all the feedback I sent as a reply to patch 3/3 of v2 (see [1]).
So it would be good to send a v5 with these suggestions incorporated (or, if you do not
agree with a reviewer, you should still answer them and explain why).

Cheers,

Philippe.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/git/B90939A5-5693-4EB6-8F07-5B50F63B3143@gmail.com/
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index c89831009989..15495675a8ce 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -308,6 +308,75 @@  or `--mirror` is given)
 	for `host.xz:foo/.git`).  Cloning into an existing directory
 	is only allowed if the directory is empty.
 
+Partial Clone
+-------------
+
+By default, `git clone` will download every reachable object, including
+every version of every file in the history of the repository. The **partial clone**
+feature allows Git to transfer fewer objects and request them from the
+remote only when they are needed, so some reachable objects can be
+omitted from the initial `git clone` and subsequent `git fetch`
+operations. In this way, a partial clone can reduce the network traffic
+costs and disk space usage when git is working under a large repository.
+
+To use the partial clone feature, you can run `git clone` with the 
+`--filter=<filter-spec>` option. If the repository has a deep history
+and you don't want to download any blobs, the form `filter=blob:none`
+will omit all the blobs. If the repository has some large blobs and you
+want to prevent some large blobs being downloaded by an appropriate
+threshold, the form `--filter=blob:limit=<n>[kmg]` omits blobs larger
+than n bytes or units (see linkgit:git-rev-list[1]).
+
+When using a partial clone, Git will request missing objects from the
+remote(s) when necessary. Several commands that do not involve a request
+over a network may now trigger these requests.
+
+For example, The <repository> contains two branches which names 'master'
+and 'topic. Then, we clone the repository by
+
+    $ git clone --filter=blob:none --no-checkout <repository>
+
+With the `--filter=blob:none` option Git will omit all the blobs and
+the `--no-checkout` option Git will not perform a checkout of HEAD
+after the clone is complete. Then, we check out the remote tracking
+'topic' branch by
+
+    $ git checkout -b topic origin/topic 
+
+The output looks like
+
+------------
+    remote: Enumerating objects: 1, done.
+    remote: Counting objects: 100% (1/1), done.
+    remote: Total 1 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 0
+    Receiving objects: 100% (1/1), 43 bytes | 43.00 KiB/s, done.
+    Branch 'topic' set up to track remote branch 'topic' from 'origin'.
+    Switched to a new branch 'topic'
+------------
+
+The output is a bit surprising but it shows how partial clone works.
+When we check out the branch 'topic' Git will request the missing blobs
+because they are needed. Then, We can switch back to branch 'master' by
+
+    $ git checkout master
+
+This time the output looks like
+
+------------
+    Switched to branch 'master'
+    Your branch is up to date with 'origin/master'.
+------------
+
+It shows that when we switch back to the previous location, the checkout
+is done without a download because the repository has all the blobs that
+were downloaded previously.
+
+`git log` may also make a surprise with partial clones. `git log
+--<path>` will not cause downloads with the blob filters, because it's
+only reading commits. `git log -p -- <path>` will download blobs to
+generate the patch output and git log --raw will download all blobs
+that changed at recent commits in order to compute renames.
+
 :git-clone: 1
 include::urls.txt[]