diff mbox series

[v4] drm/doc/rfc: i915 DG1 uAPI

Message ID 20210419164403.52470-1-matthew.auld@intel.com (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series [v4] drm/doc/rfc: i915 DG1 uAPI | expand

Commit Message

Matthew Auld April 19, 2021, 4:44 p.m. UTC
Add an entry for the new uAPI needed for DG1. Also add the overall
upstream plan, including some notes for the TTM conversion.

v2(Daniel):
  - include the overall upstreaming plan
  - add a note for mmap, there are differences here for TTM vs i915
  - bunch of other suggestions from Daniel
v3:
 (Daniel)
  - add a note for set/get caching stuff
  - add some more docs for existing query and extensions stuff
  - add an actual code example for regions query
  - bunch of other stuff
 (Jason)
  - uAPI change(!):
	- try a simpler design with the placements extension
	- rather than have a generic setparam which can cover multiple
	  use cases, have each extension be responsible for one thing
	  only
v4:
 (Daniel)
  - add some more notes for ttm conversion
  - bunch of other stuff
 (Jason)
  - uAPI change(!):
	- drop all the extra rsvd members for the region_query and
	  region_info, just keep the bare minimum needed for padding

Signed-off-by: Matthew Auld <matthew.auld@intel.com>
Cc: Joonas Lahtinen <joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Hellström <thomas.hellstrom@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Daniele Ceraolo Spurio <daniele.ceraolospurio@intel.com>
Cc: Lionel Landwerlin <lionel.g.landwerlin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jon Bloomfield <jon.bloomfield@intel.com>
Cc: Jordan Justen <jordan.l.justen@intel.com>
Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@intel.com>
Cc: Kenneth Graunke <kenneth@whitecape.org>
Cc: Jason Ekstrand <jason@jlekstrand.net>
Cc: Dave Airlie <airlied@gmail.com>
Cc: dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
Cc: mesa-dev@lists.freedesktop.org
Acked-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
---
 Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.h   | 212 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.rst | 130 +++++++++++++++
 Documentation/gpu/rfc/index.rst         |   4 +
 3 files changed, 346 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.h
 create mode 100644 Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.rst

Comments

Dave Airlie April 23, 2021, 6:25 a.m. UTC | #1
On Tue, 20 Apr 2021 at 02:45, Matthew Auld <matthew.auld@intel.com> wrote:
>
> Add an entry for the new uAPI needed for DG1. Also add the overall
> upstream plan, including some notes for the TTM conversion.
>
> v2(Daniel):
>   - include the overall upstreaming plan
>   - add a note for mmap, there are differences here for TTM vs i915
>   - bunch of other suggestions from Daniel
> v3:
>  (Daniel)
>   - add a note for set/get caching stuff
>   - add some more docs for existing query and extensions stuff
>   - add an actual code example for regions query
>   - bunch of other stuff
>  (Jason)
>   - uAPI change(!):
>         - try a simpler design with the placements extension
>         - rather than have a generic setparam which can cover multiple
>           use cases, have each extension be responsible for one thing
>           only
> v4:
>  (Daniel)
>   - add some more notes for ttm conversion
>   - bunch of other stuff
>  (Jason)
>   - uAPI change(!):
>         - drop all the extra rsvd members for the region_query and
>           region_info, just keep the bare minimum needed for padding

Staying out of the ioctl's being over engineering, I hope they have a
good future use case.

The plan seems like a good plan.

Acked-by: Dave Airlie <airlied@redhat.com>

Dave.
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.h b/Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7ed59b6202d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.h
@@ -0,0 +1,212 @@ 
+/**
+ * enum drm_i915_gem_memory_class - Supported memory classes
+ */
+enum drm_i915_gem_memory_class {
+	/** @I915_MEMORY_CLASS_SYSTEM: System memory */
+	I915_MEMORY_CLASS_SYSTEM = 0,
+	/** @I915_MEMORY_CLASS_DEVICE: Device local-memory */
+	I915_MEMORY_CLASS_DEVICE,
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct drm_i915_gem_memory_class_instance - Identify particular memory region
+ */
+struct drm_i915_gem_memory_class_instance {
+	/** @memory_class: See enum drm_i915_gem_memory_class */
+	__u16 memory_class;
+
+	/** @memory_instance: Which instance */
+	__u16 memory_instance;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct drm_i915_memory_region_info - Describes one region as known to the
+ * driver.
+ *
+ * Note that we reserve some stuff here for potential future work. As an example
+ * we might want expose the capabilities(see @caps) for a given region, which
+ * could include things like if the region is CPU mappable/accessible, what are
+ * the supported mapping types etc.
+ *
+ * Note this is using both struct drm_i915_query_item and struct drm_i915_query.
+ * For this new query we are adding the new query id DRM_I915_QUERY_MEMORY_REGIONS
+ * at &drm_i915_query_item.query_id.
+ */
+struct drm_i915_memory_region_info {
+	/** @region: The class:instance pair encoding */
+	struct drm_i915_gem_memory_class_instance region;
+
+	/** @pad: MBZ */
+	__u32 pad;
+
+	/** @caps: MBZ */
+	__u64 caps;
+
+	/** @probed_size: Memory probed by the driver (-1 = unknown) */
+	__u64 probed_size;
+
+	/** @unallocated_size: Estimate of memory remaining (-1 = unknown) */
+	__u64 unallocated_size;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct drm_i915_query_memory_regions
+ *
+ * The region info query enumerates all regions known to the driver by filling
+ * in an array of struct drm_i915_memory_region_info structures.
+ *
+ * Example for getting the list of supported regions:
+ *
+ * .. code-block:: C
+ *
+ *	struct drm_i915_query_memory_regions *info;
+ *	struct drm_i915_query_item item = {
+ *		.query_id = DRM_I915_QUERY_MEMORY_REGIONS;
+ *	};
+ *	struct drm_i915_query query = {
+ *		.num_items = 1,
+ *		.items_ptr = (uintptr_t)&item,
+ *	};
+ *	int err, i;
+ *
+ *	// First query the size of the blob we need, this needs to be large
+ *	// enough to hold our array of regions. The kernel will fill out the
+ *	// item.length for us, which is the number of bytes we need.
+ *	err = ioctl(fd, DRM_IOCTL_I915_QUERY, &query);
+ *	if (err) ...
+ *
+ *	info = calloc(1, item.length);
+ *	// Now that we allocated the required number of bytes, we call the ioctl
+ *	// again, this time with the data_ptr pointing to our newly allocated
+ *	// blob, which the kernel can then populate with the all the region info.
+ *	item.data_ptr = (uintptr_t)&info,
+ *
+ *	err = ioctl(fd, DRM_IOCTL_I915_QUERY, &query);
+ *	if (err) ...
+ *
+ *	// We can now access each region in the array
+ *	for (i = 0; i < info->num_regions; i++) {
+ *		struct drm_i915_memory_region_info mr = info->regions[i];
+ *		u16 class = mr.region.class;
+ *		u16 instance = mr.region.instance;
+ *
+ *		....
+ *	}
+ *
+ *	free(info);
+ */
+struct drm_i915_query_memory_regions {
+	/** @num_regions: Number of supported regions */
+	__u32 num_regions;
+
+	/** @pad: MBZ */
+	__u32 pad;
+
+	/** @regions: Info about each supported region */
+	struct drm_i915_memory_region_info regions[];
+};
+
+#define DRM_I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT		0xdeadbeaf
+#define DRM_IOCTL_I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT	DRM_IOWR(DRM_COMMAND_BASE + DRM_I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT, struct drm_i915_gem_create_ext)
+
+/**
+ * struct drm_i915_gem_create_ext - Existing gem_create behaviour, with added
+ * extension support using struct i915_user_extension.
+ *
+ * Note that in the future we want to have our buffer flags here, at least for
+ * the stuff that is immutable. Previously we would have two ioctls, one to
+ * create the object with gem_create, and another to apply various parameters,
+ * however this creates some ambiguity for the params which are considered
+ * immutable. Also in general we're phasing out the various SET/GET ioctls.
+ */
+struct drm_i915_gem_create_ext {
+	/**
+	 * @size: Requested size for the object.
+	 *
+	 * The (page-aligned) allocated size for the object will be returned.
+	 *
+	 * Note that for some devices we have might have further minimum
+	 * page-size restrictions(larger than 4K), like for device local-memory.
+	 * However in general the final size here should always reflect any
+	 * rounding up, if for example using the I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT_MEMORY_REGIONS
+	 * extension to place the object in device local-memory.
+	 */
+	__u64 size;
+	/**
+	 * @handle: Returned handle for the object.
+	 *
+	 * Object handles are nonzero.
+	 */
+	__u32 handle;
+	/** @flags: MBZ */
+	__u32 flags;
+	/**
+	 * @extensions: The chain of extensions to apply to this object.
+	 *
+	 * This will be useful in the future when we need to support several
+	 * different extensions, and we need to apply more than one when
+	 * creating the object. See struct i915_user_extension.
+	 *
+	 * If we don't supply any extensions then we get the same old gem_create
+	 * behaviour.
+	 *
+	 * For I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT_MEMORY_REGIONS usage see
+	 * struct drm_i915_gem_create_ext_memory_regions.
+	 */
+#define I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT_MEMORY_REGIONS 0
+	__u64 extensions;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct drm_i915_gem_create_ext_memory_regions - The
+ * I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT_MEMORY_REGIONS extension.
+ *
+ * Set the object with the desired set of placements/regions in priority
+ * order. Each entry must be unique and supported by the device.
+ *
+ * This is provided as an array of struct drm_i915_gem_memory_class_instance, or
+ * an equivalent layout of class:instance pair encodings. See struct
+ * drm_i915_query_memory_regions and DRM_I915_QUERY_MEMORY_REGIONS for how to
+ * query the supported regions for a device.
+ *
+ * As an example, on discrete devices, if we wish to set the placement as
+ * device local-memory we can do something like:
+ *
+ * .. code-block:: C
+ *
+ *	struct drm_i915_gem_memory_class_instance region_lmem = {
+ *              .memory_class = I915_MEMORY_CLASS_DEVICE,
+ *              .memory_instance = 0,
+ *      };
+ *      struct drm_i915_gem_create_ext_memory_regions regions = {
+ *              .base = { .name = I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT_MEMORY_REGIONS },
+ *              .regions = (uintptr_t)&region_lmem,
+ *              .num_regions = 1,
+ *      };
+ *      struct drm_i915_gem_create_ext create_ext = {
+ *              .size = 16 * PAGE_SIZE,
+ *              .extensions = (uintptr_t)&regions,
+ *      };
+ *
+ *      int err = ioctl(fd, DRM_IOCTL_I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT, &create_ext);
+ *      if (err) ...
+ *
+ * At which point we get the object handle in &drm_i915_gem_create_ext.handle,
+ * along with the final object size in &drm_i915_gem_create_ext.size, which
+ * should account for any rounding up, if required.
+ */
+struct drm_i915_gem_create_ext_memory_regions {
+	/** @base: Extension link. See struct i915_user_extension. */
+	struct i915_user_extension base;
+
+	/** @pad: MBZ */
+	__u32 pad;
+	/** @num_regions: Number of elements in the @regions array. */
+	__u32 num_regions;
+	/**
+	 * @regions: The regions/placements array.
+	 *
+	 * An array of struct drm_i915_gem_memory_class_instance.
+	 */
+	__u64 regions;
+};
diff --git a/Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.rst b/Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..462f1efd9003
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,130 @@ 
+=========================
+I915 DG1/LMEM RFC Section
+=========================
+
+Upstream plan
+=============
+For upstream the overall plan for landing all the DG1 stuff and turning it for
+real, with all the uAPI bits is:
+
+* Merge basic HW enabling of DG1(still without pciid)
+* Merge the uAPI bits behind special CONFIG_BROKEN(or so) flag
+        * At this point we can still make changes, but importantly this lets us
+          start running IGTs which can utilize local-memory in CI
+* Convert over to TTM, make sure it all keeps working. Some of the work items:
+        * TTM shrinker for discrete
+        * dma_resv_lockitem for full dma_resv_lock, i.e not just trylock
+        * Use TTM CPU pagefault handler
+        * Route shmem backend over to TTM SYSTEM for discrete
+        * TTM purgeable object support
+        * Move i915 buddy allocator over to TTM
+        * MMAP ioctl mode(see `I915 MMAP`_)
+        * SET/GET ioctl caching(see `I915 SET/GET CACHING`_)
+* Add pciid for DG1 and turn on uAPI for real
+
+New object placement and region query uAPI
+==========================================
+Starting from DG1 we need to give userspace the ability to allocate buffers from
+device local-memory. Currently the driver supports gem_create, which can place
+buffers in system memory via shmem, and the usual assortment of other
+interfaces, like dumb buffers and userptr.
+
+To support this new capability, while also providing a uAPI which will work
+beyond just DG1, we propose to offer three new bits of uAPI:
+
+DRM_I915_QUERY_MEMORY_REGIONS
+-----------------------------
+New query ID which allows userspace to discover the list of supported memory
+regions(like system-memory and local-memory) for a given device. We identify
+each region with a class and instance pair, which should be unique. The class
+here would be DEVICE or SYSTEM, and the instance would be zero, on platforms
+like DG1.
+
+Side note: The class/instance design is borrowed from our existing engine uAPI,
+where we describe every physical engine in terms of its class, and the
+particular instance, since we can have more than one per class.
+
+In the future we also want to expose more information which can further
+describe the capabilities of a region.
+
+.. kernel-doc:: Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.h
+        :functions: drm_i915_gem_memory_class drm_i915_gem_memory_class_instance drm_i915_memory_region_info drm_i915_query_memory_regions
+
+GEM_CREATE_EXT
+--------------
+New ioctl which is basically just gem_create but now allows userspace to
+provide a chain of possible extensions. Note that if we don't provide any
+extensions then we get the exact same behaviour as gem_create.
+
+Side note: We also need to support PXP[1] in the near future, which is also
+applicable to integrated platforms, and adds its own gem_create_ext extension,
+which basically lets userspace mark a buffer as "protected".
+
+.. kernel-doc:: Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.h
+        :functions: drm_i915_gem_create_ext
+
+I915_GEM_CREATE_EXT_MEMORY_REGIONS
+----------------------------------
+Implemented as an extension for gem_create_ext, we would now allow userspace to
+optionally provide an immutable list of preferred placements at creation time,
+in priority order, for a given buffer object.  For the placements we expect
+them each to use the class/instance encoding, as per the output of the regions
+query. Having the list in priority order will be useful in the future when
+placing an object, say during eviction.
+
+.. kernel-doc:: Documentation/gpu/rfc/i915_gem_lmem.h
+        :functions: drm_i915_gem_create_ext_memory_regions
+
+One fair criticism here is that this seems a little over-engineered[2]. If we
+just consider DG1 then yes, a simple gem_create.flags or something is totally
+all that's needed to tell the kernel to allocate the buffer in local-memory or
+whatever. However looking to the future we need uAPI which can also support
+upcoming Xe HP multi-tile architecture in a sane way, where there can be
+multiple local-memory instances for a given device, and so using both class and
+instance in our uAPI to describe regions is desirable, although specifically
+for DG1 it's uninteresting, since we only have a single local-memory instance.
+
+Existing uAPI issues
+====================
+Some potential issues we still need to resolve.
+
+I915 MMAP
+---------
+In i915 there are multiple ways to MMAP GEM object, including mapping the same
+object using different mapping types(WC vs WB), i.e multiple active mmaps per
+object. TTM expects one MMAP at most for the lifetime of the object. If it
+turns out that we have to backpedal here, there might be some potential
+userspace fallout.
+
+I915 SET/GET CACHING
+--------------------
+In i915 we have set/get_caching ioctl. TTM doesn't let us to change this, but
+DG1 doesn't support non-snooped pcie transactions, so we can just always
+allocate as WB for smem-only buffers.  If/when our hw gains support for
+non-snooped pcie transactions then we must fix this mode at allocation time as
+a new GEM extension.
+
+This is related to the mmap problem, because in general (meaning, when we're
+not running on intel cpus) the cpu mmap must not, ever, be inconsistent with
+allocation mode.
+
+Possible idea is to let the kernel picks the mmap mode for userspace from the
+following table:
+
+smem-only: WB. Userspace does not need to call clflush.
+
+smem+lmem: We allocate uncached memory, and give userspace a WC mapping
+for when the buffer is in smem, and WC when it's in lmem. GPU does snooped
+access, which is a bit inefficient.
+
+lmem only: always WC
+
+This means on discrete you only get a single mmap mode, all others must be
+rejected. That's probably going to be a new default mode or something like
+that.
+
+Links
+=====
+[1] https://patchwork.freedesktop.org/series/86798/
+
+[2] https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/mesa/mesa/-/merge_requests/5599#note_553791
diff --git a/Documentation/gpu/rfc/index.rst b/Documentation/gpu/rfc/index.rst
index a8621f7dab8b..05670442ca1b 100644
--- a/Documentation/gpu/rfc/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/gpu/rfc/index.rst
@@ -15,3 +15,7 @@  host such documentation:
 
 * Once the code has landed move all the documentation to the right places in
   the main core, helper or driver sections.
+
+.. toctree::
+
+    i915_gem_lmem.rst