diff mbox series

[v39,16/24] x86/sgx: Add a page reclaimer

Message ID 20201003045059.665934-17-jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com
State New, archived
Headers show
Series Intel SGX foundations | expand

Commit Message

Jarkko Sakkinen Oct. 3, 2020, 4:50 a.m. UTC
There is a limited amount of EPC available. Therefore, some of it must be
copied to the regular memory, and only subset kept in the SGX reserved
memory. While kernel cannot directly access enclave memory, SGX provides a
set of ENCLS leaf functions to perform reclaiming.

Implement a page reclaimer by using these leaf functions. It picks the
victim pages in LRU fashion from all the enclaves running in the system.
The thread ksgxswapd reclaims pages on the event when the number of free
EPC pages goes below SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES up until it reaches
SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES.

sgx_alloc_epc_page() can optionally directly reclaim pages with @reclaim
set true. A caller must also supply owner for each page so that the
reclaimer can access the associated enclaves. This is needed for locking,
as most of the ENCLS leafs cannot be executed concurrently for an enclave.
The owner is also needed for accessing SECS, which is required to be
resident when its child pages are being reclaimed.

Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Acked-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
Tested-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
Tested-by: Jordan Hand <jorhand@linux.microsoft.com>
Tested-by: Nathaniel McCallum <npmccallum@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Chunyang Hui <sanqian.hcy@antfin.com>
Tested-by: Seth Moore <sethmo@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c |   1 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c   | 344 +++++++++++++++++++++-
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h   |  41 +++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c  |  78 ++++-
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c   | 481 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h    |   9 +
 6 files changed, 947 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

Comments

Haitao Huang Oct. 3, 2020, 5:22 a.m. UTC | #1
When I turn on CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING, kernel reports following suspicious  
RCU usages. Not sure if it is an issue. Just reporting here:

[ +34.337095] =============================
[  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
[  +0.000002] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
[  +0.000001] -----------------------------
[  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1165 suspicious  
rcu_dereference_check() usage!
[  +0.000001]
               other info that might help us debug this:

[  +0.000001]
               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
[  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
[  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:  
vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
[  +0.000005]
               stack backtrace:
[  +0.000002] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted  
5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
[  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual Machine/Virtual  
Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
[  +0.000002] Call Trace:
[  +0.000003]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
[  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
[  +0.000004]  xas_start+0x14c/0x1c0
[  +0.000003]  xas_load+0xf/0x50
[  +0.000002]  xas_find+0x25c/0x2c0
[  +0.000004]  sgx_encl_may_map+0x87/0x1c0
[  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
[  +0.000003]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
[  +0.000006]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
[  +0.000004]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
[  +0.000007]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
[  +0.000005]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
[  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
[  +0.000003]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[  +0.000002] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
[  +0.000002] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da 4d  
89 f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05  
<48> 3d 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
[  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:  
0000000000000009
[  +0.000001] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX:  
00007fe34efe06ba
[  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000001000 RDI:  
0000000007fff000
[  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:  
0000000000000000
[  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:  
0000000007fff000
[  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000001000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:  
0000000000000000

[  +0.000010] =============================
[  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
[  +0.000001] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
[  +0.000001] -----------------------------
[  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1181 suspicious  
rcu_dereference_check() usage!
[  +0.000001]
               other info that might help us debug this:

[  +0.000001]
               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
[  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
[  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:  
vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
[  +0.000003]
               stack backtrace:
[  +0.000001] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted  
5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
[  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual Machine/Virtual  
Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
[  +0.000001] Call Trace:
[  +0.000001]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
[  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
[  +0.000003]  xas_descend+0x116/0x120
[  +0.000004]  xas_load+0x42/0x50
[  +0.000002]  xas_find+0x25c/0x2c0
[  +0.000004]  sgx_encl_may_map+0x87/0x1c0
[  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
[  +0.000002]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
[  +0.000006]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
[  +0.000004]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
[  +0.000007]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
[  +0.000005]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
[  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
[  +0.000002]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[  +0.000001] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
[  +0.000001] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da 4d  
89 f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05  
<48> 3d 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
[  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:  
0000000000000009
[  +0.000001] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX:  
00007fe34efe06ba
[  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000001000 RDI:  
0000000007fff000
[  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:  
0000000000000000
[  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:  
0000000007fff000
[  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000001000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:  
0000000000000000

[  +0.001117] =============================
[  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
[  +0.000001] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
[  +0.000001] -----------------------------
[  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1181 suspicious  
rcu_dereference_check() usage!
[  +0.000001]
               other info that might help us debug this:

[  +0.000001]
               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
[  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
[  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:  
vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
[  +0.000003]
               stack backtrace:
[  +0.000002] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted  
5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
[  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual Machine/Virtual  
Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
[  +0.000001] Call Trace:
[  +0.000002]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
[  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
[  +0.000003]  sgx_encl_may_map+0x1b0/0x1c0
[  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
[  +0.000002]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
[  +0.000006]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
[  +0.000005]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
[  +0.000006]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
[  +0.000005]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
[  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
[  +0.000002]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[  +0.000002] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
[  +0.000001] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da 4d  
89 f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05  
<48> 3d 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
[  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:  
0000000000000009
[  +0.000001] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000003 RCX:  
00007fe34efe06ba
[  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000003 RSI: 0000000000010000 RDI:  
0000000007fee000
[  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:  
0000000000000000
[  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:  
0000000007fee000
[  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000010000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:  
0000000000000000

[  +0.003197] =============================
[  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
[  +0.000001] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
[  +0.000001] -----------------------------
[  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1198 suspicious  
rcu_dereference_check() usage!
[  +0.000001]
               other info that might help us debug this:

[  +0.000001]
               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
[  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
[  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:  
vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
[  +0.000003]
               stack backtrace:
[  +0.000002] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted  
5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
[  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual Machine/Virtual  
Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
[  +0.000001] Call Trace:
[  +0.000002]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
[  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
[  +0.000004]  xas_find+0x255/0x2c0
[  +0.000003]  sgx_encl_may_map+0xad/0x1c0
[  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
[  +0.000003]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
[  +0.000005]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
[  +0.000005]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
[  +0.000007]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
[  +0.000004]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
[  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
[  +0.000002]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[  +0.000002] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
[  +0.000001] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da 4d  
89 f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05  
<48> 3d 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
[  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:  
0000000000000009
[  +0.000002] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000003 RCX:  
00007fe34efe06ba
[  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000003 RSI: 0000000000010000 RDI:  
0000000007fba000
[  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:  
0000000000000000
[  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:  
0000000007fba000
[  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000010000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:  
0000000000000000


On Fri, 02 Oct 2020 23:50:51 -0500, Jarkko Sakkinen  
<jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> wrote:

> There is a limited amount of EPC available. Therefore, some of it must be
> copied to the regular memory, and only subset kept in the SGX reserved
> memory. While kernel cannot directly access enclave memory, SGX provides  
> a
> set of ENCLS leaf functions to perform reclaiming.
>
> Implement a page reclaimer by using these leaf functions. It picks the
> victim pages in LRU fashion from all the enclaves running in the system.
> The thread ksgxswapd reclaims pages on the event when the number of free
> EPC pages goes below SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES up until it reaches
> SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES.
>
> sgx_alloc_epc_page() can optionally directly reclaim pages with @reclaim
> set true. A caller must also supply owner for each page so that the
> reclaimer can access the associated enclaves. This is needed for locking,
> as most of the ENCLS leafs cannot be executed concurrently for an  
> enclave.
> The owner is also needed for accessing SECS, which is required to be
> resident when its child pages are being reclaimed.
>
> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
> Acked-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
> Tested-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
> Tested-by: Jordan Hand <jorhand@linux.microsoft.com>
> Tested-by: Nathaniel McCallum <npmccallum@redhat.com>
> Tested-by: Chunyang Hui <sanqian.hcy@antfin.com>
> Tested-by: Seth Moore <sethmo@google.com>
> Co-developed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c |   1 +
>  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c   | 344 +++++++++++++++++++++-
>  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h   |  41 +++
>  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c  |  78 ++++-
>  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c   | 481 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h    |   9 +
>  6 files changed, 947 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c  
> b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
> index d01b28f7ce4a..0446781cc7a2 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
> @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ static int sgx_open(struct inode *inode, struct file  
> *file)
>  	atomic_set(&encl->flags, 0);
>  	kref_init(&encl->refcount);
>  	xa_init(&encl->page_array);
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&encl->va_pages);
>  	mutex_init(&encl->lock);
>  	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&encl->mm_list);
>  	spin_lock_init(&encl->mm_lock);
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c  
> b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
> index c2c4a77af36b..54326efa6c2f 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
> @@ -12,9 +12,88 @@
>  #include "encls.h"
>  #include "sgx.h"
> +/*
> + * ELDU: Load an EPC page as unblocked. For more info, see "OS  
> Management of EPC
> + * Pages" in the SDM.
> + */
> +static int __sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page,
> +			   struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
> +			   struct sgx_epc_page *secs_page)
> +{
> +	unsigned long va_offset = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(encl_page);
> +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
> +	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
> +	struct sgx_backing b;
> +	pgoff_t page_index;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (secs_page)
> +		page_index = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(encl_page);
> +	else
> +		page_index = PFN_DOWN(encl->size);
> +
> +	ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl, page_index, &b);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	pginfo.addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(encl_page);
> +	pginfo.contents = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(b.contents);
> +	pginfo.metadata = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(b.pcmd) +
> +			  b.pcmd_offset;
> +
> +	if (secs_page)
> +		pginfo.secs = (u64)sgx_get_epc_addr(secs_page);
> +	else
> +		pginfo.secs = 0;
> +
> +	ret = __eldu(&pginfo, sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page),
> +		     sgx_get_epc_addr(encl_page->va_page->epc_page) +
> +				      va_offset);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		if (encls_failed(ret))
> +			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "ELDU");
> +
> +		ret = -EFAULT;
> +	}
> +
> +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)(pginfo.metadata -  
> b.pcmd_offset));
> +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)pginfo.contents);
> +
> +	sgx_encl_put_backing(&b, false);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page  
> *encl_page,
> +					  struct sgx_epc_page *secs_page)
> +{
> +	unsigned long va_offset = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(encl_page);
> +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
> +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(encl_page, false);
> +	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
> +		return epc_page;
> +
> +	ret = __sgx_encl_eldu(encl_page, epc_page, secs_page);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
> +		return ERR_PTR(ret);
> +	}
> +
> +	sgx_free_va_slot(encl_page->va_page, va_offset);
> +	list_move(&encl_page->va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
> +	encl_page->desc &= ~SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK;
> +	encl_page->epc_page = epc_page;
> +
> +	return epc_page;
> +}
> +
>  static struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_load_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
>  						unsigned long addr)
>  {
> +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
>  	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
>  	unsigned int flags;
> @@ -33,10 +112,27 @@ static struct sgx_encl_page  
> *sgx_encl_load_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
>  		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
> 	/* Page is already resident in the EPC. */
> -	if (entry->epc_page)
> +	if (entry->epc_page) {
> +		if (entry->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED)
> +			return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
> +
>  		return entry;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!(encl->secs.epc_page)) {
> +		epc_page = sgx_encl_eldu(&encl->secs, NULL);
> +		if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
> +			return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
> +	}
> -	return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
> +	epc_page = sgx_encl_eldu(entry, encl->secs.epc_page);
> +	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
> +		return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
> +
> +	encl->secs_child_cnt++;
> +	sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(entry->epc_page);
> +
> +	return entry;
>  }
> static void sgx_mmu_notifier_release(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
> @@ -132,6 +228,9 @@ int sgx_encl_mm_add(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct  
> mm_struct *mm)
> 	spin_lock(&encl->mm_lock);
>  	list_add_rcu(&encl_mm->list, &encl->mm_list);
> +	/* Pairs with smp_rmb() in sgx_reclaimer_block(). */
> +	smp_wmb();
> +	encl->mm_list_version++;
>  	spin_unlock(&encl->mm_lock);
> 	return 0;
> @@ -179,6 +278,8 @@ static unsigned int sgx_vma_fault(struct vm_fault  
> *vmf)
>  		goto out;
>  	}
> +	sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(vma->vm_mm, entry);
> +
>  out:
>  	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
>  	return ret;
> @@ -280,6 +381,7 @@ int sgx_encl_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned  
> long addr,
>   */
>  void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
>  {
> +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
>  	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
>  	unsigned long index;
> @@ -287,6 +389,13 @@ void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
> 	xa_for_each(&encl->page_array, index, entry) {
>  		if (entry->epc_page) {
> +			/*
> +			 * The page and its radix tree entry cannot be freed
> +			 * if the page is being held by the reclaimer.
> +			 */
> +			if (sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(entry->epc_page))
> +				continue;
> +
>  			sgx_free_epc_page(entry->epc_page);
>  			encl->secs_child_cnt--;
>  			entry->epc_page = NULL;
> @@ -301,6 +410,19 @@ void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
>  		sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
>  		encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
>  	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * The reclaimer is responsible for checking SGX_ENCL_DEAD before doing
> +	 * EWB, thus it's safe to free VA pages even if the reclaimer holds a
> +	 * reference to the enclave.
> +	 */
> +	while (!list_empty(&encl->va_pages)) {
> +		va_page = list_first_entry(&encl->va_pages, struct sgx_va_page,
> +					   list);
> +		list_del(&va_page->list);
> +		sgx_free_epc_page(va_page->epc_page);
> +		kfree(va_page);
> +	}
>  }
> /**
> @@ -329,3 +451,221 @@ void sgx_encl_release(struct kref *ref)
> 	kfree(encl);
>  }
> +
> +static struct page *sgx_encl_get_backing_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> +					      pgoff_t index)
> +{
> +	struct inode *inode = encl->backing->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
> +	struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
> +	gfp_t gfpmask = mapping_gfp_mask(mapping);
> +
> +	return shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(mapping, index, gfpmask);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_encl_get_backing() - Pin the backing storage
> + * @encl:	an enclave pointer
> + * @page_index:	enclave page index
> + * @backing:	data for accessing backing storage for the page
> + *
> + * Pin the backing storage pages for storing the encrypted contents and  
> Paging
> + * Crypto MetaData (PCMD) of an enclave page.
> + *
> + * Return:
> + *   0 on success,
> + *   -errno otherwise.
> + */
> +int sgx_encl_get_backing(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long  
> page_index,
> +			 struct sgx_backing *backing)
> +{
> +	pgoff_t pcmd_index = PFN_DOWN(encl->size) + 1 + (page_index >> 5);
> +	struct page *contents;
> +	struct page *pcmd;
> +
> +	contents = sgx_encl_get_backing_page(encl, page_index);
> +	if (IS_ERR(contents))
> +		return PTR_ERR(contents);
> +
> +	pcmd = sgx_encl_get_backing_page(encl, pcmd_index);
> +	if (IS_ERR(pcmd)) {
> +		put_page(contents);
> +		return PTR_ERR(pcmd);
> +	}
> +
> +	backing->page_index = page_index;
> +	backing->contents = contents;
> +	backing->pcmd = pcmd;
> +	backing->pcmd_offset =
> +		(page_index & (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct sgx_pcmd) - 1)) *
> +		sizeof(struct sgx_pcmd);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_encl_put_backing() - Unpin the backing storage
> + * @backing:	data for accessing backing storage for the page
> + * @do_write:	mark pages dirty
> + */
> +void sgx_encl_put_backing(struct sgx_backing *backing, bool do_write)
> +{
> +	if (do_write) {
> +		set_page_dirty(backing->pcmd);
> +		set_page_dirty(backing->contents);
> +	}
> +
> +	put_page(backing->pcmd);
> +	put_page(backing->contents);
> +}
> +
> +static int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young_cb(pte_t *ptep, unsigned long  
> addr,
> +					    void *data)
> +{
> +	pte_t pte;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = pte_young(*ptep);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		pte = pte_mkold(*ptep);
> +		set_pte_at((struct mm_struct *)data, addr, ptep, pte);
> +	}
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young() - Test and reset the accessed bit
> + * @mm:		mm_struct that is checked
> + * @page:	enclave page to be tested for recent access
> + *
> + * Checks the Access (A) bit from the PTE corresponding to the enclave  
> page and
> + * clears it.
> + *
> + * Return: 1 if the page has been recently accessed and 0 if not.
> + */
> +int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
> +				  struct sgx_encl_page *page)
> +{
> +	unsigned long addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page);
> +	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
> +	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = sgx_encl_find(mm, addr, &vma);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	if (encl != vma->vm_private_data)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	ret = apply_to_page_range(vma->vm_mm, addr, PAGE_SIZE,
> +				  sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young_cb, vma->vm_mm);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_encl_reserve_page() - Reserve an enclave page
> + * @encl:	an enclave pointer
> + * @addr:	a page address
> + *
> + * Load an enclave page and lock the enclave so that the page can be  
> used by
> + * EDBG* and EMOD*.
> + *
> + * Return:
> + *   an enclave page on success
> + *   -EFAULT	if the load fails
> + */
> +struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_reserve_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> +					    unsigned long addr)
> +{
> +	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
> +
> +	for ( ; ; ) {
> +		mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
> +
> +		entry = sgx_encl_load_page(encl, addr);
> +		if (PTR_ERR(entry) != -EBUSY)
> +			break;
> +
> +		mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> +	}
> +
> +	if (IS_ERR(entry))
> +		mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> +
> +	return entry;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_alloc_va_page() - Allocate a Version Array (VA) page
> + *
> + * Allocate a free EPC page and convert it to a Version Array (VA) page.
> + *
> + * Return:
> + *   a VA page,
> + *   -errno otherwise
> + */
> +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_va_page(void)
> +{
> +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(NULL, true);
> +	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
> +		return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
> +
> +	ret = __epa(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
> +	if (ret) {
> +		WARN_ONCE(1, "EPA returned %d (0x%x)", ret, ret);
> +		sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
> +		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
> +	}
> +
> +	return epc_page;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_alloc_va_slot - allocate a VA slot
> + * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
> + *
> + * Allocates a slot from a &struct sgx_va_page instance.
> + *
> + * Return: offset of the slot inside the VA page
> + */
> +unsigned int sgx_alloc_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page)
> +{
> +	int slot = find_first_zero_bit(va_page->slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
> +
> +	if (slot < SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT)
> +		set_bit(slot, va_page->slots);
> +
> +	return slot << 3;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_free_va_slot - free a VA slot
> + * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
> + * @offset:	offset of the slot inside the VA page
> + *
> + * Frees a slot from a &struct sgx_va_page instance.
> + */
> +void sgx_free_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page, unsigned int offset)
> +{
> +	clear_bit(offset >> 3, va_page->slots);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_va_page_full - is the VA page full?
> + * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
> + *
> + * Return: true if all slots have been taken
> + */
> +bool sgx_va_page_full(struct sgx_va_page *va_page)
> +{
> +	int slot = find_first_zero_bit(va_page->slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
> +
> +	return slot == SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT;
> +}
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h  
> b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
> index 0448d22d3010..e8eb9e9a834e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
> @@ -19,6 +19,10 @@
> /**
>   * enum sgx_encl_page_desc - defines bits for an enclave page's  
> descriptor
> + * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED:	The page is in the process of being
> + *					reclaimed.
> + * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK:	Holds the offset in the Version Array
> + *					(VA) page for a swapped page.
>   * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK:		Holds the virtual address of the page.
>   *
>   * The page address for SECS is zero and is used by the subsystem to  
> recognize
> @@ -26,16 +30,23 @@
>   */
>  enum sgx_encl_page_desc {
>  	/* Bits 11:3 are available when the page is not swapped. */
> +	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED		= BIT(3),
> +	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK	= GENMASK_ULL(11, 3),
>  	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK		= PAGE_MASK,
>  };
> #define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page) \
>  	((page)->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK)
> +#define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(page) \
> +	((page)->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK)
> +#define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(page) \
> +	PFN_DOWN((page)->desc - (page)->encl->base)
> struct sgx_encl_page {
>  	unsigned long desc;
>  	unsigned long vm_max_prot_bits;
>  	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
>  	struct sgx_encl *encl;
>  };
> @@ -61,6 +72,7 @@ struct sgx_encl {
>  	struct mutex lock;
>  	struct list_head mm_list;
>  	spinlock_t mm_lock;
> +	unsigned long mm_list_version;
>  	struct file *backing;
>  	struct kref refcount;
>  	struct srcu_struct srcu;
> @@ -68,12 +80,21 @@ struct sgx_encl {
>  	unsigned long size;
>  	unsigned long ssaframesize;
>  	struct xarray page_array;
> +	struct list_head va_pages;
>  	struct sgx_encl_page secs;
>  	cpumask_t cpumask;
>  	unsigned long attributes;
>  	unsigned long attributes_mask;
>  };
> +#define SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT 512
> +
> +struct sgx_va_page {
> +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> +	DECLARE_BITMAP(slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
> +	struct list_head list;
> +};
> +
>  extern const struct vm_operations_struct sgx_vm_ops;
> int sgx_encl_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
> @@ -84,4 +105,24 @@ int sgx_encl_mm_add(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct  
> mm_struct *mm);
>  int sgx_encl_may_map(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long start,
>  		     unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags);
> +struct sgx_backing {
> +	pgoff_t page_index;
> +	struct page *contents;
> +	struct page *pcmd;
> +	unsigned long pcmd_offset;
> +};
> +
> +int sgx_encl_get_backing(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long  
> page_index,
> +			 struct sgx_backing *backing);
> +void sgx_encl_put_backing(struct sgx_backing *backing, bool do_write);
> +int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
> +				  struct sgx_encl_page *page);
> +struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_reserve_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> +					    unsigned long addr);
> +
> +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_va_page(void);
> +unsigned int sgx_alloc_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page);
> +void sgx_free_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page, unsigned int offset);
> +bool sgx_va_page_full(struct sgx_va_page *va_page);
> +
>  #endif /* _X86_ENCL_H */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c  
> b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
> index 3c04798e83e5..613f6c03598e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
> @@ -16,6 +16,43 @@
>  #include "encl.h"
>  #include "encls.h"
> +static struct sgx_va_page *sgx_encl_grow(struct sgx_encl *encl)
> +{
> +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page = NULL;
> +	void *err;
> +
> +	BUILD_BUG_ON(SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT !=
> +		(SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK >> 3) + 1);
> +
> +	if (!(encl->page_cnt % SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT)) {
> +		va_page = kzalloc(sizeof(*va_page), GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!va_page)
> +			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> +		va_page->epc_page = sgx_alloc_va_page();
> +		if (IS_ERR(va_page->epc_page)) {
> +			err = ERR_CAST(va_page->epc_page);
> +			kfree(va_page);
> +			return err;
> +		}
> +
> +		WARN_ON_ONCE(encl->page_cnt % SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
> +	}
> +	encl->page_cnt++;
> +	return va_page;
> +}
> +
> +static void sgx_encl_shrink(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_va_page  
> *va_page)
> +{
> +	encl->page_cnt--;
> +
> +	if (va_page) {
> +		sgx_free_epc_page(va_page->epc_page);
> +		list_del(&va_page->list);
> +		kfree(va_page);
> +	}
> +}
> +
>  static u32 sgx_calc_ssa_frame_size(u32 miscselect, u64 xfrm)
>  {
>  	u32 size_max = PAGE_SIZE;
> @@ -80,15 +117,24 @@ static int sgx_validate_secs(const struct sgx_secs  
> *secs)
>  static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_secs *secs)
>  {
>  	struct sgx_epc_page *secs_epc;
> +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
>  	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
>  	struct sgx_secinfo secinfo;
>  	unsigned long encl_size;
>  	struct file *backing;
>  	long ret;
> +	va_page = sgx_encl_grow(encl);
> +	if (IS_ERR(va_page))
> +		return PTR_ERR(va_page);
> +	else if (va_page)
> +		list_add(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
> +	/* else the tail page of the VA page list had free slots. */
> +
>  	if (sgx_validate_secs(secs)) {
>  		pr_debug("invalid SECS\n");
> -		return -EINVAL;
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto err_out_shrink;
>  	}
> 	/* The extra page goes to SECS. */
> @@ -96,12 +142,14 @@ static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl,  
> struct sgx_secs *secs)
> 	backing = shmem_file_setup("SGX backing", encl_size + (encl_size >> 5),
>  				   VM_NORESERVE);
> -	if (IS_ERR(backing))
> -		return PTR_ERR(backing);
> +	if (IS_ERR(backing)) {
> +		ret = PTR_ERR(backing);
> +		goto err_out_shrink;
> +	}
> 	encl->backing = backing;
> -	secs_epc = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
> +	secs_epc = sgx_alloc_epc_page(&encl->secs, true);
>  	if (IS_ERR(secs_epc)) {
>  		ret = PTR_ERR(secs_epc);
>  		goto err_out_backing;
> @@ -149,6 +197,9 @@ static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl,  
> struct sgx_secs *secs)
>  	fput(encl->backing);
>  	encl->backing = NULL;
> +err_out_shrink:
> +	sgx_encl_shrink(encl, va_page);
> +
>  	return ret;
>  }
> @@ -321,21 +372,35 @@ static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl  
> *encl, unsigned long src,
>  {
>  	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page;
>  	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
>  	int ret;
> 	encl_page = sgx_encl_page_alloc(encl, offset, secinfo->flags);
>  	if (IS_ERR(encl_page))
>  		return PTR_ERR(encl_page);
> -	epc_page = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
> +	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(encl_page, true);
>  	if (IS_ERR(epc_page)) {
>  		kfree(encl_page);
>  		return PTR_ERR(epc_page);
>  	}
> +	va_page = sgx_encl_grow(encl);
> +	if (IS_ERR(va_page)) {
> +		ret = PTR_ERR(va_page);
> +		goto err_out_free;
> +	}
> +
>  	mmap_read_lock(current->mm);
>  	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
> +	/*
> +	 * Adding to encl->va_pages must be done under encl->lock.  Ditto for
> +	 * deleting (via sgx_encl_shrink()) in the error path.
> +	 */
> +	if (va_page)
> +		list_add(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
> +
>  	/*
>  	 * Insert prior to EADD in case of OOM.  EADD modifies MRENCLAVE, i.e.
>  	 * can't be gracefully unwound, while failure on EADD/EXTEND is limited
> @@ -366,6 +431,7 @@ static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,  
> unsigned long src,
>  			goto err_out;
>  	}
> +	sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(encl_page->epc_page);
>  	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
>  	mmap_read_unlock(current->mm);
>  	return ret;
> @@ -374,9 +440,11 @@ static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,  
> unsigned long src,
>  	xa_erase(&encl->page_array, PFN_DOWN(encl_page->desc));
> err_out_unlock:
> +	sgx_encl_shrink(encl, va_page);
>  	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
>  	mmap_read_unlock(current->mm);
> +err_out_free:
>  	sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
>  	kfree(encl_page);
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c  
> b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
> index 4137254fb29e..3f9130501370 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
> @@ -16,6 +16,395 @@
>  struct sgx_epc_section sgx_epc_sections[SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS];
>  static int sgx_nr_epc_sections;
>  static struct task_struct *ksgxswapd_tsk;
> +static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(ksgxswapd_waitq);
> +static LIST_HEAD(sgx_active_page_list);
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_mark_page_reclaimable() - Mark a page as reclaimable
> + * @page:	EPC page
> + *
> + * Mark a page as reclaimable and add it to the active page list. Pages
> + * are automatically removed from the active list when freed.
> + */
> +void sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
> +{
> +	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> +	page->desc |= SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
> +	list_add_tail(&page->list, &sgx_active_page_list);
> +	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable() - Remove a page from the reclaim list
> + * @page:	EPC page
> + *
> + * Clear the reclaimable flag and remove the page from the active page  
> list.
> + *
> + * Return:
> + *   0 on success,
> + *   -EBUSY if the page is in the process of being reclaimed
> + */
> +int sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
> +{
> +	/*
> +	 * Remove the page from the active list if necessary.  If the page
> +	 * is actively being reclaimed, i.e. RECLAIMABLE is set but the
> +	 * page isn't on the active list, return -EBUSY as we can't free
> +	 * the page at this time since it is "owned" by the reclaimer.
> +	 */
> +	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> +	if (page->desc & SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE) {
> +		if (list_empty(&page->list)) {
> +			spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> +			return -EBUSY;
> +		}
> +		list_del(&page->list);
> +		page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static bool sgx_reclaimer_age(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page)
> +{
> +	struct sgx_encl_page *page = epc_page->owner;
> +	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
> +	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
> +	bool ret = true;
> +	int idx;
> +
> +	idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
> +		if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		mmap_read_lock(encl_mm->mm);
> +		ret = !sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(encl_mm->mm, page);
> +		mmap_read_unlock(encl_mm->mm);
> +
> +		mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
> +
> +		if (!ret || (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD))
> +			break;
> +	}
> +
> +	srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
> +
> +	if (!ret && !(atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD))
> +		return false;
> +
> +	return true;
> +}
> +
> +static void sgx_reclaimer_block(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page)
> +{
> +	struct sgx_encl_page *page = epc_page->owner;
> +	unsigned long addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page);
> +	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
> +	unsigned long mm_list_version;
> +	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
> +	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> +	int idx, ret;
> +
> +	do {
> +		mm_list_version = encl->mm_list_version;
> +
> +		/* Pairs with smp_rmb() in sgx_encl_mm_add(). */
> +		smp_rmb();
> +
> +		idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
> +
> +		list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
> +			if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
> +				continue;
> +
> +			mmap_read_lock(encl_mm->mm);
> +
> +			ret = sgx_encl_find(encl_mm->mm, addr, &vma);
> +			if (!ret && encl == vma->vm_private_data)
> +				zap_vma_ptes(vma, addr, PAGE_SIZE);
> +
> +			mmap_read_unlock(encl_mm->mm);
> +
> +			mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
> +		}
> +
> +		srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
> +	} while (unlikely(encl->mm_list_version != mm_list_version));
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
> +
> +	if (!(atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD)) {
> +		ret = __eblock(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
> +		if (encls_failed(ret))
> +			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EBLOCK");
> +	}
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> +}
> +
> +static int __sgx_encl_ewb(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page, void *va_slot,
> +			  struct sgx_backing *backing)
> +{
> +	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	pginfo.addr = 0;
> +	pginfo.secs = 0;
> +
> +	pginfo.contents = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(backing->contents);
> +	pginfo.metadata = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(backing->pcmd) +
> +			  backing->pcmd_offset;
> +
> +	ret = __ewb(&pginfo, sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page), va_slot);
> +
> +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)(pginfo.metadata -
> +					      backing->pcmd_offset));
> +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)pginfo.contents);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void sgx_ipi_cb(void *info)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static const cpumask_t *sgx_encl_ewb_cpumask(struct sgx_encl *encl)
> +{
> +	cpumask_t *cpumask = &encl->cpumask;
> +	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
> +	int idx;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Can race with sgx_encl_mm_add(), but ETRACK has already been
> +	 * executed, which means that the CPUs running in the new mm will enter
> +	 * into the enclave with a fresh epoch.
> +	 */
> +	cpumask_clear(cpumask);
> +
> +	idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
> +		if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		cpumask_or(cpumask, cpumask, mm_cpumask(encl_mm->mm));
> +
> +		mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
> +	}
> +
> +	srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
> +
> +	return cpumask;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Swap page to the regular memory transformed to the blocked state by  
> using
> + * EBLOCK, which means that it can no loger be referenced (no new TLB  
> entries).
> + *
> + * The first trial just tries to write the page assuming that some  
> other thread
> + * has reset the count for threads inside the enlave by using ETRACK,  
> and
> + * previous thread count has been zeroed out. The second trial calls  
> ETRACK
> + * before EWB. If that fails we kick all the HW threads out, and then  
> do EWB,
> + * which should be guaranteed the succeed.
> + */
> +static void sgx_encl_ewb(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
> +			 struct sgx_backing *backing)
> +{
> +	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page = epc_page->owner;
> +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
> +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
> +	unsigned int va_offset;
> +	void *va_slot;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	encl_page->desc &= ~SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED;
> +
> +	va_page = list_first_entry(&encl->va_pages, struct sgx_va_page,
> +				   list);
> +	va_offset = sgx_alloc_va_slot(va_page);
> +	va_slot = sgx_get_epc_addr(va_page->epc_page) + va_offset;
> +	if (sgx_va_page_full(va_page))
> +		list_move_tail(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
> +
> +	ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
> +	if (ret == SGX_NOT_TRACKED) {
> +		ret = __etrack(sgx_get_epc_addr(encl->secs.epc_page));
> +		if (ret) {
> +			if (encls_failed(ret))
> +				ENCLS_WARN(ret, "ETRACK");
> +		}
> +
> +		ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
> +		if (ret == SGX_NOT_TRACKED) {
> +			/*
> +			 * Slow path, send IPIs to kick cpus out of the
> +			 * enclave.  Note, it's imperative that the cpu
> +			 * mask is generated *after* ETRACK, else we'll
> +			 * miss cpus that entered the enclave between
> +			 * generating the mask and incrementing epoch.
> +			 */
> +			on_each_cpu_mask(sgx_encl_ewb_cpumask(encl),
> +					 sgx_ipi_cb, NULL, 1);
> +			ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	if (ret) {
> +		if (encls_failed(ret))
> +			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EWB");
> +
> +		sgx_free_va_slot(va_page, va_offset);
> +	} else {
> +		encl_page->desc |= va_offset;
> +		encl_page->va_page = va_page;
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static void sgx_reclaimer_write(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
> +				struct sgx_backing *backing)
> +{
> +	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page = epc_page->owner;
> +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
> +	struct sgx_backing secs_backing;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
> +
> +	if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD) {
> +		ret = __eremove(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
> +		ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EREMOVE");
> +	} else {
> +		sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, backing);
> +	}
> +
> +	encl_page->epc_page = NULL;
> +	encl->secs_child_cnt--;
> +
> +	if (!encl->secs_child_cnt) {
> +		if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD) {
> +			sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
> +			encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
> +		} else if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_INITIALIZED) {
> +			ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl, PFN_DOWN(encl->size),
> +						   &secs_backing);
> +			if (ret)
> +				goto out;
> +
> +			sgx_encl_ewb(encl->secs.epc_page, &secs_backing);
> +
> +			sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
> +			encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
> +
> +			sgx_encl_put_backing(&secs_backing, true);
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +out:
> +	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Take a fixed number of pages from the head of the active page pool  
> and
> + * reclaim them to the enclave's private shmem files. Skip the pages,  
> which have
> + * been accessed since the last scan. Move those pages to the tail of  
> active
> + * page pool so that the pages get scanned in LRU like fashion.
> + *
> + * Batch process a chunk of pages (at the moment 16) in order to  
> degrade amount
> + * of IPI's and ETRACK's potentially required. sgx_encl_ewb() does  
> degrade a bit
> + * among the HW threads with three stage EWB pipeline (EWB, ETRACK +  
> EWB and IPI
> + * + EWB) but not sufficiently. Reclaiming one page at a time would  
> also be
> + * problematic as it would increase the lock contention too much, which  
> would
> + * halt forward progress.
> + */
> +static void sgx_reclaim_pages(void)
> +{
> +	struct sgx_epc_page *chunk[SGX_NR_TO_SCAN];
> +	struct sgx_backing backing[SGX_NR_TO_SCAN];
> +	struct sgx_epc_section *section;
> +	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page;
> +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> +	int cnt = 0;
> +	int ret;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> +	for (i = 0; i < SGX_NR_TO_SCAN; i++) {
> +		if (list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list))
> +			break;
> +
> +		epc_page = list_first_entry(&sgx_active_page_list,
> +					    struct sgx_epc_page, list);
> +		list_del_init(&epc_page->list);
> +		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
> +
> +		if (kref_get_unless_zero(&encl_page->encl->refcount) != 0)
> +			chunk[cnt++] = epc_page;
> +		else
> +			/* The owner is freeing the page. No need to add the
> +			 * page back to the list of reclaimable pages.
> +			 */
> +			epc_page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
> +		epc_page = chunk[i];
> +		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
> +
> +		if (!sgx_reclaimer_age(epc_page))
> +			goto skip;
> +
> +		ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl_page->encl,
> +					   SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(encl_page),
> +					   &backing[i]);
> +		if (ret)
> +			goto skip;
> +
> +		mutex_lock(&encl_page->encl->lock);
> +		encl_page->desc |= SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED;
> +		mutex_unlock(&encl_page->encl->lock);
> +		continue;
> +
> +skip:
> +		spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> +		list_add_tail(&epc_page->list, &sgx_active_page_list);
> +		spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> +
> +		kref_put(&encl_page->encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);
> +
> +		chunk[i] = NULL;
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
> +		epc_page = chunk[i];
> +		if (epc_page)
> +			sgx_reclaimer_block(epc_page);
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
> +		epc_page = chunk[i];
> +		if (!epc_page)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
> +		sgx_reclaimer_write(epc_page, &backing[i]);
> +		sgx_encl_put_backing(&backing[i], true);
> +
> +		kref_put(&encl_page->encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);
> +		epc_page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
> +
> +		section = sgx_get_epc_section(epc_page);
> +		spin_lock(&section->lock);
> +		list_add_tail(&epc_page->list, &section->page_list);
> +		section->free_cnt++;
> +		spin_unlock(&section->lock);
> +	}
> +}
> +
> static void sgx_sanitize_section(struct sgx_epc_section *section)
>  {
> @@ -44,6 +433,23 @@ static void sgx_sanitize_section(struct  
> sgx_epc_section *section)
>  	}
>  }
> +static unsigned long sgx_nr_free_pages(void)
> +{
> +	unsigned long cnt = 0;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < sgx_nr_epc_sections; i++)
> +		cnt += sgx_epc_sections[i].free_cnt;
> +
> +	return cnt;
> +}
> +
> +static bool sgx_should_reclaim(unsigned long watermark)
> +{
> +	return sgx_nr_free_pages() < watermark &&
> +	       !list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list);
> +}
> +
>  static int ksgxswapd(void *p)
>  {
>  	int i;
> @@ -69,6 +475,20 @@ static int ksgxswapd(void *p)
>  			WARN(1, "EPC section %d has unsanitized pages.\n", i);
>  	}
> +	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
> +		if (try_to_freeze())
> +			continue;
> +
> +		wait_event_freezable(ksgxswapd_waitq,
> +				     kthread_should_stop() ||
> +				     sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES));
> +
> +		if (sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES))
> +			sgx_reclaim_pages();
> +
> +		cond_resched();
> +	}
> +
>  	return 0;
>  }
> @@ -94,6 +514,7 @@ static struct sgx_epc_page  
> *__sgx_alloc_epc_page_from_section(struct sgx_epc_sec
> 	page = list_first_entry(&section->page_list, struct sgx_epc_page, list);
>  	list_del_init(&page->list);
> +	section->free_cnt--;
> 	return page;
>  }
> @@ -127,6 +548,57 @@ struct sgx_epc_page *__sgx_alloc_epc_page(void)
>  	return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>  }
> +/**
> + * sgx_alloc_epc_page() - Allocate an EPC page
> + * @owner:	the owner of the EPC page
> + * @reclaim:	reclaim pages if necessary
> + *
> + * Iterate through EPC sections and borrow a free EPC page to the  
> caller. When a
> + * page is no longer needed it must be released with  
> sgx_free_epc_page(). If
> + * @reclaim is set to true, directly reclaim pages when we are out of  
> pages. No
> + * mm's can be locked when @reclaim is set to true.
> + *
> + * Finally, wake up ksgxswapd when the number of pages goes below the  
> watermark
> + * before returning back to the caller.
> + *
> + * Return:
> + *   an EPC page,
> + *   -errno on error
> + */
> +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_epc_page(void *owner, bool reclaim)
> +{
> +	struct sgx_epc_page *entry;
> +
> +	for ( ; ; ) {
> +		entry = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
> +		if (!IS_ERR(entry)) {
> +			entry->owner = owner;
> +			break;
> +		}
> +
> +		if (list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list))
> +			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> +		if (!reclaim) {
> +			entry = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
> +			break;
> +		}
> +
> +		if (signal_pending(current)) {
> +			entry = ERR_PTR(-ERESTARTSYS);
> +			break;
> +		}
> +
> +		sgx_reclaim_pages();
> +		schedule();
> +	}
> +
> +	if (sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES))
> +		wake_up(&ksgxswapd_waitq);
> +
> +	return entry;
> +}
> +
>  /**
>   * sgx_free_epc_page() - Free an EPC page
>   * @page:	an EPC page
> @@ -138,12 +610,20 @@ void sgx_free_epc_page(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
>  	struct sgx_epc_section *section = sgx_get_epc_section(page);
>  	int ret;
> +	/*
> +	 * Don't take sgx_active_page_list_lock when asserting the page isn't
> +	 * reclaimable, missing a WARN in the very rare case is preferable to
> +	 * unnecessarily taking a global lock in the common case.
> +	 */
> +	WARN_ON_ONCE(page->desc & SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE);
> +
>  	ret = __eremove(sgx_get_epc_addr(page));
>  	if (WARN_ONCE(ret, "EREMOVE returned %d (0x%x)", ret, ret))
>  		return;
> 	spin_lock(&section->lock);
>  	list_add_tail(&page->list, &section->page_list);
> +	section->free_cnt++;
>  	spin_unlock(&section->lock);
>  }
> @@ -194,6 +674,7 @@ static bool __init sgx_setup_epc_section(u64 addr,  
> u64 size,
>  		list_add_tail(&page->list, &section->unsanitized_page_list);
>  	}
> +	section->free_cnt = nr_pages;
>  	return true;
> err_out:
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h  
> b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
> index 8d126070db1e..ec4f7b338dbe 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
> @@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
> struct sgx_epc_page {
>  	unsigned long desc;
> +	struct sgx_encl_page *owner;
>  	struct list_head list;
>  };
> @@ -27,6 +28,7 @@ struct sgx_epc_page {
>  struct sgx_epc_section {
>  	unsigned long pa;
>  	void *va;
> +	unsigned long free_cnt;
>  	struct list_head page_list;
>  	struct list_head unsanitized_page_list;
>  	spinlock_t lock;
> @@ -35,6 +37,10 @@ struct sgx_epc_section {
>  #define SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK		GENMASK(7, 0)
>  #define SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS		(SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK + 1)
>  #define SGX_MAX_ADD_PAGES_LENGTH	0x100000
> +#define SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE	BIT(8)
> +#define SGX_NR_TO_SCAN			16
> +#define SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES		32
> +#define SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES		64
> extern struct sgx_epc_section sgx_epc_sections[SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS];
> @@ -50,7 +56,10 @@ static inline void *sgx_get_epc_addr(struct  
> sgx_epc_page *page)
>  	return section->va + (page->desc & PAGE_MASK) - section->pa;
>  }
> +void sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
> +int sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
>  struct sgx_epc_page *__sgx_alloc_epc_page(void);
> +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_epc_page(void *owner, bool reclaim);
>  void sgx_free_epc_page(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
> #endif /* _X86_SGX_H */
Jarkko Sakkinen Oct. 3, 2020, 1:32 p.m. UTC | #2
On Sat, Oct 03, 2020 at 12:22:47AM -0500, Haitao Huang wrote:
> When I turn on CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING, kernel reports following suspicious RCU
> usages. Not sure if it is an issue. Just reporting here:

I'm glad to hear that my tip helped you to get us the data.

This does not look like an issue in the page reclaimer, which was not
obvious for me before. That's a good thing. I was really worried about
that because it has been very stable for a long period now. The last
bug fix for the reclaimer was done in June in v31 version of the patch
set and after that it has been unchanged (except possibly some renames
requested by Boris).

I wildly guess I have a bad usage pattern for xarray. I migrated to it
in v36, and it is entirely possible that I've misused it. It was the
first time that I ever used it. Before xarray we had radix_tree but
based Matthew Wilcox feedback I did a migration to xarray.

What I'd ask you to do next is to, if by any means possible, to try to
run the same test with v35 so we can verify this. That one still has
the radix tree.

Thank you.

/Jarkko

> 
> [ +34.337095] =============================
> [  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
> [  +0.000002] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
> [  +0.000001] -----------------------------
> [  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1165 suspicious
> rcu_dereference_check() usage!
> [  +0.000001]
>               other info that might help us debug this:
> 
> [  +0.000001]
>               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
> [  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
> [  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:
> vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
> [  +0.000005]
>               stack backtrace:
> [  +0.000002] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted
> 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
> [  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual Machine/Virtual
> Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
> [  +0.000002] Call Trace:
> [  +0.000003]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
> [  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
> [  +0.000004]  xas_start+0x14c/0x1c0
> [  +0.000003]  xas_load+0xf/0x50
> [  +0.000002]  xas_find+0x25c/0x2c0
> [  +0.000004]  sgx_encl_may_map+0x87/0x1c0
> [  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
> [  +0.000003]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
> [  +0.000006]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
> [  +0.000004]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
> [  +0.000007]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
> [  +0.000005]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
> [  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
> [  +0.000003]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> [  +0.000002] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
> [  +0.000002] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da 4d 89
> f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d
> 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
> [  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:
> 0000000000000009
> [  +0.000001] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX:
> 00007fe34efe06ba
> [  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000001000 RDI:
> 0000000007fff000
> [  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:
> 0000000000000000
> [  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:
> 0000000007fff000
> [  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000001000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:
> 0000000000000000
> 
> [  +0.000010] =============================
> [  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
> [  +0.000001] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
> [  +0.000001] -----------------------------
> [  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1181 suspicious
> rcu_dereference_check() usage!
> [  +0.000001]
>               other info that might help us debug this:
> 
> [  +0.000001]
>               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
> [  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
> [  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:
> vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
> [  +0.000003]
>               stack backtrace:
> [  +0.000001] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted
> 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
> [  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual Machine/Virtual
> Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
> [  +0.000001] Call Trace:
> [  +0.000001]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
> [  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
> [  +0.000003]  xas_descend+0x116/0x120
> [  +0.000004]  xas_load+0x42/0x50
> [  +0.000002]  xas_find+0x25c/0x2c0
> [  +0.000004]  sgx_encl_may_map+0x87/0x1c0
> [  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
> [  +0.000002]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
> [  +0.000006]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
> [  +0.000004]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
> [  +0.000007]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
> [  +0.000005]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
> [  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
> [  +0.000002]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> [  +0.000001] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
> [  +0.000001] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da 4d 89
> f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d
> 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
> [  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:
> 0000000000000009
> [  +0.000001] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX:
> 00007fe34efe06ba
> [  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000001000 RDI:
> 0000000007fff000
> [  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:
> 0000000000000000
> [  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:
> 0000000007fff000
> [  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000001000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:
> 0000000000000000
> 
> [  +0.001117] =============================
> [  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
> [  +0.000001] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
> [  +0.000001] -----------------------------
> [  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1181 suspicious
> rcu_dereference_check() usage!
> [  +0.000001]
>               other info that might help us debug this:
> 
> [  +0.000001]
>               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
> [  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
> [  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:
> vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
> [  +0.000003]
>               stack backtrace:
> [  +0.000002] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted
> 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
> [  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual Machine/Virtual
> Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
> [  +0.000001] Call Trace:
> [  +0.000002]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
> [  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
> [  +0.000003]  sgx_encl_may_map+0x1b0/0x1c0
> [  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
> [  +0.000002]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
> [  +0.000006]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
> [  +0.000005]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
> [  +0.000006]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
> [  +0.000005]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
> [  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
> [  +0.000002]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> [  +0.000002] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
> [  +0.000001] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da 4d 89
> f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d
> 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
> [  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:
> 0000000000000009
> [  +0.000001] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000003 RCX:
> 00007fe34efe06ba
> [  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000003 RSI: 0000000000010000 RDI:
> 0000000007fee000
> [  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:
> 0000000000000000
> [  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:
> 0000000007fee000
> [  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000010000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:
> 0000000000000000
> 
> [  +0.003197] =============================
> [  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
> [  +0.000001] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
> [  +0.000001] -----------------------------
> [  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1198 suspicious
> rcu_dereference_check() usage!
> [  +0.000001]
>               other info that might help us debug this:
> 
> [  +0.000001]
>               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
> [  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
> [  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:
> vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
> [  +0.000003]
>               stack backtrace:
> [  +0.000002] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted
> 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
> [  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual Machine/Virtual
> Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
> [  +0.000001] Call Trace:
> [  +0.000002]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
> [  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
> [  +0.000004]  xas_find+0x255/0x2c0
> [  +0.000003]  sgx_encl_may_map+0xad/0x1c0
> [  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
> [  +0.000003]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
> [  +0.000005]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
> [  +0.000005]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
> [  +0.000007]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
> [  +0.000004]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
> [  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
> [  +0.000002]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> [  +0.000002] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
> [  +0.000001] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da 4d 89
> f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d
> 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
> [  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:
> 0000000000000009
> [  +0.000002] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000003 RCX:
> 00007fe34efe06ba
> [  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000003 RSI: 0000000000010000 RDI:
> 0000000007fba000
> [  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:
> 0000000000000000
> [  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:
> 0000000007fba000
> [  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000010000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:
> 0000000000000000
> 
> 
> On Fri, 02 Oct 2020 23:50:51 -0500, Jarkko Sakkinen
> <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> 
> > There is a limited amount of EPC available. Therefore, some of it must be
> > copied to the regular memory, and only subset kept in the SGX reserved
> > memory. While kernel cannot directly access enclave memory, SGX provides
> > a
> > set of ENCLS leaf functions to perform reclaiming.
> > 
> > Implement a page reclaimer by using these leaf functions. It picks the
> > victim pages in LRU fashion from all the enclaves running in the system.
> > The thread ksgxswapd reclaims pages on the event when the number of free
> > EPC pages goes below SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES up until it reaches
> > SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES.
> > 
> > sgx_alloc_epc_page() can optionally directly reclaim pages with @reclaim
> > set true. A caller must also supply owner for each page so that the
> > reclaimer can access the associated enclaves. This is needed for locking,
> > as most of the ENCLS leafs cannot be executed concurrently for an
> > enclave.
> > The owner is also needed for accessing SECS, which is required to be
> > resident when its child pages are being reclaimed.
> > 
> > Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
> > Acked-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
> > Tested-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
> > Tested-by: Jordan Hand <jorhand@linux.microsoft.com>
> > Tested-by: Nathaniel McCallum <npmccallum@redhat.com>
> > Tested-by: Chunyang Hui <sanqian.hcy@antfin.com>
> > Tested-by: Seth Moore <sethmo@google.com>
> > Co-developed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
> > ---
> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c |   1 +
> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c   | 344 +++++++++++++++++++++-
> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h   |  41 +++
> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c  |  78 ++++-
> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c   | 481 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h    |   9 +
> >  6 files changed, 947 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
> > index d01b28f7ce4a..0446781cc7a2 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
> > @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ static int sgx_open(struct inode *inode, struct file
> > *file)
> >  	atomic_set(&encl->flags, 0);
> >  	kref_init(&encl->refcount);
> >  	xa_init(&encl->page_array);
> > +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&encl->va_pages);
> >  	mutex_init(&encl->lock);
> >  	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&encl->mm_list);
> >  	spin_lock_init(&encl->mm_lock);
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
> > index c2c4a77af36b..54326efa6c2f 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
> > @@ -12,9 +12,88 @@
> >  #include "encls.h"
> >  #include "sgx.h"
> > +/*
> > + * ELDU: Load an EPC page as unblocked. For more info, see "OS
> > Management of EPC
> > + * Pages" in the SDM.
> > + */
> > +static int __sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page,
> > +			   struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
> > +			   struct sgx_epc_page *secs_page)
> > +{
> > +	unsigned long va_offset = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(encl_page);
> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
> > +	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
> > +	struct sgx_backing b;
> > +	pgoff_t page_index;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	if (secs_page)
> > +		page_index = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(encl_page);
> > +	else
> > +		page_index = PFN_DOWN(encl->size);
> > +
> > +	ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl, page_index, &b);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return ret;
> > +
> > +	pginfo.addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(encl_page);
> > +	pginfo.contents = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(b.contents);
> > +	pginfo.metadata = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(b.pcmd) +
> > +			  b.pcmd_offset;
> > +
> > +	if (secs_page)
> > +		pginfo.secs = (u64)sgx_get_epc_addr(secs_page);
> > +	else
> > +		pginfo.secs = 0;
> > +
> > +	ret = __eldu(&pginfo, sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page),
> > +		     sgx_get_epc_addr(encl_page->va_page->epc_page) +
> > +				      va_offset);
> > +	if (ret) {
> > +		if (encls_failed(ret))
> > +			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "ELDU");
> > +
> > +		ret = -EFAULT;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)(pginfo.metadata -
> > b.pcmd_offset));
> > +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)pginfo.contents);
> > +
> > +	sgx_encl_put_backing(&b, false);
> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page
> > *encl_page,
> > +					  struct sgx_epc_page *secs_page)
> > +{
> > +	unsigned long va_offset = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(encl_page);
> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(encl_page, false);
> > +	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
> > +		return epc_page;
> > +
> > +	ret = __sgx_encl_eldu(encl_page, epc_page, secs_page);
> > +	if (ret) {
> > +		sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
> > +		return ERR_PTR(ret);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	sgx_free_va_slot(encl_page->va_page, va_offset);
> > +	list_move(&encl_page->va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
> > +	encl_page->desc &= ~SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK;
> > +	encl_page->epc_page = epc_page;
> > +
> > +	return epc_page;
> > +}
> > +
> >  static struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_load_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> >  						unsigned long addr)
> >  {
> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> >  	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
> >  	unsigned int flags;
> > @@ -33,10 +112,27 @@ static struct sgx_encl_page
> > *sgx_encl_load_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> >  		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
> > 	/* Page is already resident in the EPC. */
> > -	if (entry->epc_page)
> > +	if (entry->epc_page) {
> > +		if (entry->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED)
> > +			return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
> > +
> >  		return entry;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	if (!(encl->secs.epc_page)) {
> > +		epc_page = sgx_encl_eldu(&encl->secs, NULL);
> > +		if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
> > +			return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
> > +	}
> > -	return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
> > +	epc_page = sgx_encl_eldu(entry, encl->secs.epc_page);
> > +	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
> > +		return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
> > +
> > +	encl->secs_child_cnt++;
> > +	sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(entry->epc_page);
> > +
> > +	return entry;
> >  }
> > static void sgx_mmu_notifier_release(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
> > @@ -132,6 +228,9 @@ int sgx_encl_mm_add(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct
> > mm_struct *mm)
> > 	spin_lock(&encl->mm_lock);
> >  	list_add_rcu(&encl_mm->list, &encl->mm_list);
> > +	/* Pairs with smp_rmb() in sgx_reclaimer_block(). */
> > +	smp_wmb();
> > +	encl->mm_list_version++;
> >  	spin_unlock(&encl->mm_lock);
> > 	return 0;
> > @@ -179,6 +278,8 @@ static unsigned int sgx_vma_fault(struct vm_fault
> > *vmf)
> >  		goto out;
> >  	}
> > +	sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(vma->vm_mm, entry);
> > +
> >  out:
> >  	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> >  	return ret;
> > @@ -280,6 +381,7 @@ int sgx_encl_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned
> > long addr,
> >   */
> >  void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
> >  {
> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
> >  	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
> >  	unsigned long index;
> > @@ -287,6 +389,13 @@ void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
> > 	xa_for_each(&encl->page_array, index, entry) {
> >  		if (entry->epc_page) {
> > +			/*
> > +			 * The page and its radix tree entry cannot be freed
> > +			 * if the page is being held by the reclaimer.
> > +			 */
> > +			if (sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(entry->epc_page))
> > +				continue;
> > +
> >  			sgx_free_epc_page(entry->epc_page);
> >  			encl->secs_child_cnt--;
> >  			entry->epc_page = NULL;
> > @@ -301,6 +410,19 @@ void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
> >  		sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
> >  		encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
> >  	}
> > +
> > +	/*
> > +	 * The reclaimer is responsible for checking SGX_ENCL_DEAD before doing
> > +	 * EWB, thus it's safe to free VA pages even if the reclaimer holds a
> > +	 * reference to the enclave.
> > +	 */
> > +	while (!list_empty(&encl->va_pages)) {
> > +		va_page = list_first_entry(&encl->va_pages, struct sgx_va_page,
> > +					   list);
> > +		list_del(&va_page->list);
> > +		sgx_free_epc_page(va_page->epc_page);
> > +		kfree(va_page);
> > +	}
> >  }
> > /**
> > @@ -329,3 +451,221 @@ void sgx_encl_release(struct kref *ref)
> > 	kfree(encl);
> >  }
> > +
> > +static struct page *sgx_encl_get_backing_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> > +					      pgoff_t index)
> > +{
> > +	struct inode *inode = encl->backing->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
> > +	struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
> > +	gfp_t gfpmask = mapping_gfp_mask(mapping);
> > +
> > +	return shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(mapping, index, gfpmask);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_encl_get_backing() - Pin the backing storage
> > + * @encl:	an enclave pointer
> > + * @page_index:	enclave page index
> > + * @backing:	data for accessing backing storage for the page
> > + *
> > + * Pin the backing storage pages for storing the encrypted contents and
> > Paging
> > + * Crypto MetaData (PCMD) of an enclave page.
> > + *
> > + * Return:
> > + *   0 on success,
> > + *   -errno otherwise.
> > + */
> > +int sgx_encl_get_backing(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long
> > page_index,
> > +			 struct sgx_backing *backing)
> > +{
> > +	pgoff_t pcmd_index = PFN_DOWN(encl->size) + 1 + (page_index >> 5);
> > +	struct page *contents;
> > +	struct page *pcmd;
> > +
> > +	contents = sgx_encl_get_backing_page(encl, page_index);
> > +	if (IS_ERR(contents))
> > +		return PTR_ERR(contents);
> > +
> > +	pcmd = sgx_encl_get_backing_page(encl, pcmd_index);
> > +	if (IS_ERR(pcmd)) {
> > +		put_page(contents);
> > +		return PTR_ERR(pcmd);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	backing->page_index = page_index;
> > +	backing->contents = contents;
> > +	backing->pcmd = pcmd;
> > +	backing->pcmd_offset =
> > +		(page_index & (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct sgx_pcmd) - 1)) *
> > +		sizeof(struct sgx_pcmd);
> > +
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_encl_put_backing() - Unpin the backing storage
> > + * @backing:	data for accessing backing storage for the page
> > + * @do_write:	mark pages dirty
> > + */
> > +void sgx_encl_put_backing(struct sgx_backing *backing, bool do_write)
> > +{
> > +	if (do_write) {
> > +		set_page_dirty(backing->pcmd);
> > +		set_page_dirty(backing->contents);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	put_page(backing->pcmd);
> > +	put_page(backing->contents);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young_cb(pte_t *ptep, unsigned long
> > addr,
> > +					    void *data)
> > +{
> > +	pte_t pte;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	ret = pte_young(*ptep);
> > +	if (ret) {
> > +		pte = pte_mkold(*ptep);
> > +		set_pte_at((struct mm_struct *)data, addr, ptep, pte);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young() - Test and reset the accessed bit
> > + * @mm:		mm_struct that is checked
> > + * @page:	enclave page to be tested for recent access
> > + *
> > + * Checks the Access (A) bit from the PTE corresponding to the enclave
> > page and
> > + * clears it.
> > + *
> > + * Return: 1 if the page has been recently accessed and 0 if not.
> > + */
> > +int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
> > +				  struct sgx_encl_page *page)
> > +{
> > +	unsigned long addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page);
> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
> > +	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	ret = sgx_encl_find(mm, addr, &vma);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		return 0;
> > +
> > +	if (encl != vma->vm_private_data)
> > +		return 0;
> > +
> > +	ret = apply_to_page_range(vma->vm_mm, addr, PAGE_SIZE,
> > +				  sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young_cb, vma->vm_mm);
> > +	if (ret < 0)
> > +		return 0;
> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_encl_reserve_page() - Reserve an enclave page
> > + * @encl:	an enclave pointer
> > + * @addr:	a page address
> > + *
> > + * Load an enclave page and lock the enclave so that the page can be
> > used by
> > + * EDBG* and EMOD*.
> > + *
> > + * Return:
> > + *   an enclave page on success
> > + *   -EFAULT	if the load fails
> > + */
> > +struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_reserve_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> > +					    unsigned long addr)
> > +{
> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
> > +
> > +	for ( ; ; ) {
> > +		mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
> > +
> > +		entry = sgx_encl_load_page(encl, addr);
> > +		if (PTR_ERR(entry) != -EBUSY)
> > +			break;
> > +
> > +		mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	if (IS_ERR(entry))
> > +		mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> > +
> > +	return entry;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_alloc_va_page() - Allocate a Version Array (VA) page
> > + *
> > + * Allocate a free EPC page and convert it to a Version Array (VA) page.
> > + *
> > + * Return:
> > + *   a VA page,
> > + *   -errno otherwise
> > + */
> > +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_va_page(void)
> > +{
> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(NULL, true);
> > +	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
> > +		return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
> > +
> > +	ret = __epa(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
> > +	if (ret) {
> > +		WARN_ONCE(1, "EPA returned %d (0x%x)", ret, ret);
> > +		sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
> > +		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	return epc_page;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_alloc_va_slot - allocate a VA slot
> > + * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
> > + *
> > + * Allocates a slot from a &struct sgx_va_page instance.
> > + *
> > + * Return: offset of the slot inside the VA page
> > + */
> > +unsigned int sgx_alloc_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page)
> > +{
> > +	int slot = find_first_zero_bit(va_page->slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
> > +
> > +	if (slot < SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT)
> > +		set_bit(slot, va_page->slots);
> > +
> > +	return slot << 3;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_free_va_slot - free a VA slot
> > + * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
> > + * @offset:	offset of the slot inside the VA page
> > + *
> > + * Frees a slot from a &struct sgx_va_page instance.
> > + */
> > +void sgx_free_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page, unsigned int offset)
> > +{
> > +	clear_bit(offset >> 3, va_page->slots);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_va_page_full - is the VA page full?
> > + * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
> > + *
> > + * Return: true if all slots have been taken
> > + */
> > +bool sgx_va_page_full(struct sgx_va_page *va_page)
> > +{
> > +	int slot = find_first_zero_bit(va_page->slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
> > +
> > +	return slot == SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT;
> > +}
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
> > index 0448d22d3010..e8eb9e9a834e 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
> > @@ -19,6 +19,10 @@
> > /**
> >   * enum sgx_encl_page_desc - defines bits for an enclave page's
> > descriptor
> > + * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED:	The page is in the process of being
> > + *					reclaimed.
> > + * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK:	Holds the offset in the Version Array
> > + *					(VA) page for a swapped page.
> >   * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK:		Holds the virtual address of the page.
> >   *
> >   * The page address for SECS is zero and is used by the subsystem to
> > recognize
> > @@ -26,16 +30,23 @@
> >   */
> >  enum sgx_encl_page_desc {
> >  	/* Bits 11:3 are available when the page is not swapped. */
> > +	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED		= BIT(3),
> > +	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK	= GENMASK_ULL(11, 3),
> >  	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK		= PAGE_MASK,
> >  };
> > #define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page) \
> >  	((page)->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK)
> > +#define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(page) \
> > +	((page)->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK)
> > +#define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(page) \
> > +	PFN_DOWN((page)->desc - (page)->encl->base)
> > struct sgx_encl_page {
> >  	unsigned long desc;
> >  	unsigned long vm_max_prot_bits;
> >  	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
> >  	struct sgx_encl *encl;
> >  };
> > @@ -61,6 +72,7 @@ struct sgx_encl {
> >  	struct mutex lock;
> >  	struct list_head mm_list;
> >  	spinlock_t mm_lock;
> > +	unsigned long mm_list_version;
> >  	struct file *backing;
> >  	struct kref refcount;
> >  	struct srcu_struct srcu;
> > @@ -68,12 +80,21 @@ struct sgx_encl {
> >  	unsigned long size;
> >  	unsigned long ssaframesize;
> >  	struct xarray page_array;
> > +	struct list_head va_pages;
> >  	struct sgx_encl_page secs;
> >  	cpumask_t cpumask;
> >  	unsigned long attributes;
> >  	unsigned long attributes_mask;
> >  };
> > +#define SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT 512
> > +
> > +struct sgx_va_page {
> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> > +	DECLARE_BITMAP(slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
> > +	struct list_head list;
> > +};
> > +
> >  extern const struct vm_operations_struct sgx_vm_ops;
> > int sgx_encl_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
> > @@ -84,4 +105,24 @@ int sgx_encl_mm_add(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct
> > mm_struct *mm);
> >  int sgx_encl_may_map(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long start,
> >  		     unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags);
> > +struct sgx_backing {
> > +	pgoff_t page_index;
> > +	struct page *contents;
> > +	struct page *pcmd;
> > +	unsigned long pcmd_offset;
> > +};
> > +
> > +int sgx_encl_get_backing(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long
> > page_index,
> > +			 struct sgx_backing *backing);
> > +void sgx_encl_put_backing(struct sgx_backing *backing, bool do_write);
> > +int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
> > +				  struct sgx_encl_page *page);
> > +struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_reserve_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> > +					    unsigned long addr);
> > +
> > +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_va_page(void);
> > +unsigned int sgx_alloc_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page);
> > +void sgx_free_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page, unsigned int offset);
> > +bool sgx_va_page_full(struct sgx_va_page *va_page);
> > +
> >  #endif /* _X86_ENCL_H */
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
> > index 3c04798e83e5..613f6c03598e 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
> > @@ -16,6 +16,43 @@
> >  #include "encl.h"
> >  #include "encls.h"
> > +static struct sgx_va_page *sgx_encl_grow(struct sgx_encl *encl)
> > +{
> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page = NULL;
> > +	void *err;
> > +
> > +	BUILD_BUG_ON(SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT !=
> > +		(SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK >> 3) + 1);
> > +
> > +	if (!(encl->page_cnt % SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT)) {
> > +		va_page = kzalloc(sizeof(*va_page), GFP_KERNEL);
> > +		if (!va_page)
> > +			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > +
> > +		va_page->epc_page = sgx_alloc_va_page();
> > +		if (IS_ERR(va_page->epc_page)) {
> > +			err = ERR_CAST(va_page->epc_page);
> > +			kfree(va_page);
> > +			return err;
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		WARN_ON_ONCE(encl->page_cnt % SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
> > +	}
> > +	encl->page_cnt++;
> > +	return va_page;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void sgx_encl_shrink(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_va_page
> > *va_page)
> > +{
> > +	encl->page_cnt--;
> > +
> > +	if (va_page) {
> > +		sgx_free_epc_page(va_page->epc_page);
> > +		list_del(&va_page->list);
> > +		kfree(va_page);
> > +	}
> > +}
> > +
> >  static u32 sgx_calc_ssa_frame_size(u32 miscselect, u64 xfrm)
> >  {
> >  	u32 size_max = PAGE_SIZE;
> > @@ -80,15 +117,24 @@ static int sgx_validate_secs(const struct sgx_secs
> > *secs)
> >  static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_secs *secs)
> >  {
> >  	struct sgx_epc_page *secs_epc;
> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
> >  	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
> >  	struct sgx_secinfo secinfo;
> >  	unsigned long encl_size;
> >  	struct file *backing;
> >  	long ret;
> > +	va_page = sgx_encl_grow(encl);
> > +	if (IS_ERR(va_page))
> > +		return PTR_ERR(va_page);
> > +	else if (va_page)
> > +		list_add(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
> > +	/* else the tail page of the VA page list had free slots. */
> > +
> >  	if (sgx_validate_secs(secs)) {
> >  		pr_debug("invalid SECS\n");
> > -		return -EINVAL;
> > +		ret = -EINVAL;
> > +		goto err_out_shrink;
> >  	}
> > 	/* The extra page goes to SECS. */
> > @@ -96,12 +142,14 @@ static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> > struct sgx_secs *secs)
> > 	backing = shmem_file_setup("SGX backing", encl_size + (encl_size >> 5),
> >  				   VM_NORESERVE);
> > -	if (IS_ERR(backing))
> > -		return PTR_ERR(backing);
> > +	if (IS_ERR(backing)) {
> > +		ret = PTR_ERR(backing);
> > +		goto err_out_shrink;
> > +	}
> > 	encl->backing = backing;
> > -	secs_epc = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
> > +	secs_epc = sgx_alloc_epc_page(&encl->secs, true);
> >  	if (IS_ERR(secs_epc)) {
> >  		ret = PTR_ERR(secs_epc);
> >  		goto err_out_backing;
> > @@ -149,6 +197,9 @@ static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> > struct sgx_secs *secs)
> >  	fput(encl->backing);
> >  	encl->backing = NULL;
> > +err_out_shrink:
> > +	sgx_encl_shrink(encl, va_page);
> > +
> >  	return ret;
> >  }
> > @@ -321,21 +372,35 @@ static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl
> > *encl, unsigned long src,
> >  {
> >  	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page;
> >  	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
> >  	int ret;
> > 	encl_page = sgx_encl_page_alloc(encl, offset, secinfo->flags);
> >  	if (IS_ERR(encl_page))
> >  		return PTR_ERR(encl_page);
> > -	epc_page = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
> > +	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(encl_page, true);
> >  	if (IS_ERR(epc_page)) {
> >  		kfree(encl_page);
> >  		return PTR_ERR(epc_page);
> >  	}
> > +	va_page = sgx_encl_grow(encl);
> > +	if (IS_ERR(va_page)) {
> > +		ret = PTR_ERR(va_page);
> > +		goto err_out_free;
> > +	}
> > +
> >  	mmap_read_lock(current->mm);
> >  	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
> > +	/*
> > +	 * Adding to encl->va_pages must be done under encl->lock.  Ditto for
> > +	 * deleting (via sgx_encl_shrink()) in the error path.
> > +	 */
> > +	if (va_page)
> > +		list_add(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
> > +
> >  	/*
> >  	 * Insert prior to EADD in case of OOM.  EADD modifies MRENCLAVE, i.e.
> >  	 * can't be gracefully unwound, while failure on EADD/EXTEND is limited
> > @@ -366,6 +431,7 @@ static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> > unsigned long src,
> >  			goto err_out;
> >  	}
> > +	sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(encl_page->epc_page);
> >  	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> >  	mmap_read_unlock(current->mm);
> >  	return ret;
> > @@ -374,9 +440,11 @@ static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> > unsigned long src,
> >  	xa_erase(&encl->page_array, PFN_DOWN(encl_page->desc));
> > err_out_unlock:
> > +	sgx_encl_shrink(encl, va_page);
> >  	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> >  	mmap_read_unlock(current->mm);
> > +err_out_free:
> >  	sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
> >  	kfree(encl_page);
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
> > index 4137254fb29e..3f9130501370 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
> > @@ -16,6 +16,395 @@
> >  struct sgx_epc_section sgx_epc_sections[SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS];
> >  static int sgx_nr_epc_sections;
> >  static struct task_struct *ksgxswapd_tsk;
> > +static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(ksgxswapd_waitq);
> > +static LIST_HEAD(sgx_active_page_list);
> > +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_mark_page_reclaimable() - Mark a page as reclaimable
> > + * @page:	EPC page
> > + *
> > + * Mark a page as reclaimable and add it to the active page list. Pages
> > + * are automatically removed from the active list when freed.
> > + */
> > +void sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
> > +{
> > +	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> > +	page->desc |= SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
> > +	list_add_tail(&page->list, &sgx_active_page_list);
> > +	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable() - Remove a page from the reclaim list
> > + * @page:	EPC page
> > + *
> > + * Clear the reclaimable flag and remove the page from the active page
> > list.
> > + *
> > + * Return:
> > + *   0 on success,
> > + *   -EBUSY if the page is in the process of being reclaimed
> > + */
> > +int sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
> > +{
> > +	/*
> > +	 * Remove the page from the active list if necessary.  If the page
> > +	 * is actively being reclaimed, i.e. RECLAIMABLE is set but the
> > +	 * page isn't on the active list, return -EBUSY as we can't free
> > +	 * the page at this time since it is "owned" by the reclaimer.
> > +	 */
> > +	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> > +	if (page->desc & SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE) {
> > +		if (list_empty(&page->list)) {
> > +			spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> > +			return -EBUSY;
> > +		}
> > +		list_del(&page->list);
> > +		page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
> > +	}
> > +	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> > +
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static bool sgx_reclaimer_age(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page)
> > +{
> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *page = epc_page->owner;
> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
> > +	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
> > +	bool ret = true;
> > +	int idx;
> > +
> > +	idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
> > +
> > +	list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
> > +		if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
> > +			continue;
> > +
> > +		mmap_read_lock(encl_mm->mm);
> > +		ret = !sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(encl_mm->mm, page);
> > +		mmap_read_unlock(encl_mm->mm);
> > +
> > +		mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
> > +
> > +		if (!ret || (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD))
> > +			break;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
> > +
> > +	if (!ret && !(atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD))
> > +		return false;
> > +
> > +	return true;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void sgx_reclaimer_block(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page)
> > +{
> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *page = epc_page->owner;
> > +	unsigned long addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page);
> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
> > +	unsigned long mm_list_version;
> > +	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
> > +	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> > +	int idx, ret;
> > +
> > +	do {
> > +		mm_list_version = encl->mm_list_version;
> > +
> > +		/* Pairs with smp_rmb() in sgx_encl_mm_add(). */
> > +		smp_rmb();
> > +
> > +		idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
> > +
> > +		list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
> > +			if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
> > +				continue;
> > +
> > +			mmap_read_lock(encl_mm->mm);
> > +
> > +			ret = sgx_encl_find(encl_mm->mm, addr, &vma);
> > +			if (!ret && encl == vma->vm_private_data)
> > +				zap_vma_ptes(vma, addr, PAGE_SIZE);
> > +
> > +			mmap_read_unlock(encl_mm->mm);
> > +
> > +			mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
> > +	} while (unlikely(encl->mm_list_version != mm_list_version));
> > +
> > +	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
> > +
> > +	if (!(atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD)) {
> > +		ret = __eblock(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
> > +		if (encls_failed(ret))
> > +			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EBLOCK");
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int __sgx_encl_ewb(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page, void *va_slot,
> > +			  struct sgx_backing *backing)
> > +{
> > +	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	pginfo.addr = 0;
> > +	pginfo.secs = 0;
> > +
> > +	pginfo.contents = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(backing->contents);
> > +	pginfo.metadata = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(backing->pcmd) +
> > +			  backing->pcmd_offset;
> > +
> > +	ret = __ewb(&pginfo, sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page), va_slot);
> > +
> > +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)(pginfo.metadata -
> > +					      backing->pcmd_offset));
> > +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)pginfo.contents);
> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void sgx_ipi_cb(void *info)
> > +{
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const cpumask_t *sgx_encl_ewb_cpumask(struct sgx_encl *encl)
> > +{
> > +	cpumask_t *cpumask = &encl->cpumask;
> > +	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
> > +	int idx;
> > +
> > +	/*
> > +	 * Can race with sgx_encl_mm_add(), but ETRACK has already been
> > +	 * executed, which means that the CPUs running in the new mm will enter
> > +	 * into the enclave with a fresh epoch.
> > +	 */
> > +	cpumask_clear(cpumask);
> > +
> > +	idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
> > +
> > +	list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
> > +		if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
> > +			continue;
> > +
> > +		cpumask_or(cpumask, cpumask, mm_cpumask(encl_mm->mm));
> > +
> > +		mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
> > +
> > +	return cpumask;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Swap page to the regular memory transformed to the blocked state by
> > using
> > + * EBLOCK, which means that it can no loger be referenced (no new TLB
> > entries).
> > + *
> > + * The first trial just tries to write the page assuming that some
> > other thread
> > + * has reset the count for threads inside the enlave by using ETRACK,
> > and
> > + * previous thread count has been zeroed out. The second trial calls
> > ETRACK
> > + * before EWB. If that fails we kick all the HW threads out, and then
> > do EWB,
> > + * which should be guaranteed the succeed.
> > + */
> > +static void sgx_encl_ewb(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
> > +			 struct sgx_backing *backing)
> > +{
> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page = epc_page->owner;
> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
> > +	unsigned int va_offset;
> > +	void *va_slot;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	encl_page->desc &= ~SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED;
> > +
> > +	va_page = list_first_entry(&encl->va_pages, struct sgx_va_page,
> > +				   list);
> > +	va_offset = sgx_alloc_va_slot(va_page);
> > +	va_slot = sgx_get_epc_addr(va_page->epc_page) + va_offset;
> > +	if (sgx_va_page_full(va_page))
> > +		list_move_tail(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
> > +
> > +	ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
> > +	if (ret == SGX_NOT_TRACKED) {
> > +		ret = __etrack(sgx_get_epc_addr(encl->secs.epc_page));
> > +		if (ret) {
> > +			if (encls_failed(ret))
> > +				ENCLS_WARN(ret, "ETRACK");
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
> > +		if (ret == SGX_NOT_TRACKED) {
> > +			/*
> > +			 * Slow path, send IPIs to kick cpus out of the
> > +			 * enclave.  Note, it's imperative that the cpu
> > +			 * mask is generated *after* ETRACK, else we'll
> > +			 * miss cpus that entered the enclave between
> > +			 * generating the mask and incrementing epoch.
> > +			 */
> > +			on_each_cpu_mask(sgx_encl_ewb_cpumask(encl),
> > +					 sgx_ipi_cb, NULL, 1);
> > +			ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
> > +		}
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	if (ret) {
> > +		if (encls_failed(ret))
> > +			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EWB");
> > +
> > +		sgx_free_va_slot(va_page, va_offset);
> > +	} else {
> > +		encl_page->desc |= va_offset;
> > +		encl_page->va_page = va_page;
> > +	}
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void sgx_reclaimer_write(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
> > +				struct sgx_backing *backing)
> > +{
> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page = epc_page->owner;
> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
> > +	struct sgx_backing secs_backing;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
> > +
> > +	if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD) {
> > +		ret = __eremove(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
> > +		ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EREMOVE");
> > +	} else {
> > +		sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, backing);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	encl_page->epc_page = NULL;
> > +	encl->secs_child_cnt--;
> > +
> > +	if (!encl->secs_child_cnt) {
> > +		if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD) {
> > +			sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
> > +			encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
> > +		} else if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_INITIALIZED) {
> > +			ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl, PFN_DOWN(encl->size),
> > +						   &secs_backing);
> > +			if (ret)
> > +				goto out;
> > +
> > +			sgx_encl_ewb(encl->secs.epc_page, &secs_backing);
> > +
> > +			sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
> > +			encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
> > +
> > +			sgx_encl_put_backing(&secs_backing, true);
> > +		}
> > +	}
> > +
> > +out:
> > +	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Take a fixed number of pages from the head of the active page pool
> > and
> > + * reclaim them to the enclave's private shmem files. Skip the pages,
> > which have
> > + * been accessed since the last scan. Move those pages to the tail of
> > active
> > + * page pool so that the pages get scanned in LRU like fashion.
> > + *
> > + * Batch process a chunk of pages (at the moment 16) in order to
> > degrade amount
> > + * of IPI's and ETRACK's potentially required. sgx_encl_ewb() does
> > degrade a bit
> > + * among the HW threads with three stage EWB pipeline (EWB, ETRACK +
> > EWB and IPI
> > + * + EWB) but not sufficiently. Reclaiming one page at a time would
> > also be
> > + * problematic as it would increase the lock contention too much, which
> > would
> > + * halt forward progress.
> > + */
> > +static void sgx_reclaim_pages(void)
> > +{
> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *chunk[SGX_NR_TO_SCAN];
> > +	struct sgx_backing backing[SGX_NR_TO_SCAN];
> > +	struct sgx_epc_section *section;
> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page;
> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
> > +	int cnt = 0;
> > +	int ret;
> > +	int i;
> > +
> > +	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> > +	for (i = 0; i < SGX_NR_TO_SCAN; i++) {
> > +		if (list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list))
> > +			break;
> > +
> > +		epc_page = list_first_entry(&sgx_active_page_list,
> > +					    struct sgx_epc_page, list);
> > +		list_del_init(&epc_page->list);
> > +		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
> > +
> > +		if (kref_get_unless_zero(&encl_page->encl->refcount) != 0)
> > +			chunk[cnt++] = epc_page;
> > +		else
> > +			/* The owner is freeing the page. No need to add the
> > +			 * page back to the list of reclaimable pages.
> > +			 */
> > +			epc_page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
> > +	}
> > +	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> > +
> > +	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
> > +		epc_page = chunk[i];
> > +		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
> > +
> > +		if (!sgx_reclaimer_age(epc_page))
> > +			goto skip;
> > +
> > +		ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl_page->encl,
> > +					   SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(encl_page),
> > +					   &backing[i]);
> > +		if (ret)
> > +			goto skip;
> > +
> > +		mutex_lock(&encl_page->encl->lock);
> > +		encl_page->desc |= SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED;
> > +		mutex_unlock(&encl_page->encl->lock);
> > +		continue;
> > +
> > +skip:
> > +		spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> > +		list_add_tail(&epc_page->list, &sgx_active_page_list);
> > +		spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
> > +
> > +		kref_put(&encl_page->encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);
> > +
> > +		chunk[i] = NULL;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
> > +		epc_page = chunk[i];
> > +		if (epc_page)
> > +			sgx_reclaimer_block(epc_page);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
> > +		epc_page = chunk[i];
> > +		if (!epc_page)
> > +			continue;
> > +
> > +		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
> > +		sgx_reclaimer_write(epc_page, &backing[i]);
> > +		sgx_encl_put_backing(&backing[i], true);
> > +
> > +		kref_put(&encl_page->encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);
> > +		epc_page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
> > +
> > +		section = sgx_get_epc_section(epc_page);
> > +		spin_lock(&section->lock);
> > +		list_add_tail(&epc_page->list, &section->page_list);
> > +		section->free_cnt++;
> > +		spin_unlock(&section->lock);
> > +	}
> > +}
> > +
> > static void sgx_sanitize_section(struct sgx_epc_section *section)
> >  {
> > @@ -44,6 +433,23 @@ static void sgx_sanitize_section(struct
> > sgx_epc_section *section)
> >  	}
> >  }
> > +static unsigned long sgx_nr_free_pages(void)
> > +{
> > +	unsigned long cnt = 0;
> > +	int i;
> > +
> > +	for (i = 0; i < sgx_nr_epc_sections; i++)
> > +		cnt += sgx_epc_sections[i].free_cnt;
> > +
> > +	return cnt;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static bool sgx_should_reclaim(unsigned long watermark)
> > +{
> > +	return sgx_nr_free_pages() < watermark &&
> > +	       !list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list);
> > +}
> > +
> >  static int ksgxswapd(void *p)
> >  {
> >  	int i;
> > @@ -69,6 +475,20 @@ static int ksgxswapd(void *p)
> >  			WARN(1, "EPC section %d has unsanitized pages.\n", i);
> >  	}
> > +	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
> > +		if (try_to_freeze())
> > +			continue;
> > +
> > +		wait_event_freezable(ksgxswapd_waitq,
> > +				     kthread_should_stop() ||
> > +				     sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES));
> > +
> > +		if (sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES))
> > +			sgx_reclaim_pages();
> > +
> > +		cond_resched();
> > +	}
> > +
> >  	return 0;
> >  }
> > @@ -94,6 +514,7 @@ static struct sgx_epc_page
> > *__sgx_alloc_epc_page_from_section(struct sgx_epc_sec
> > 	page = list_first_entry(&section->page_list, struct sgx_epc_page, list);
> >  	list_del_init(&page->list);
> > +	section->free_cnt--;
> > 	return page;
> >  }
> > @@ -127,6 +548,57 @@ struct sgx_epc_page *__sgx_alloc_epc_page(void)
> >  	return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> >  }
> > +/**
> > + * sgx_alloc_epc_page() - Allocate an EPC page
> > + * @owner:	the owner of the EPC page
> > + * @reclaim:	reclaim pages if necessary
> > + *
> > + * Iterate through EPC sections and borrow a free EPC page to the
> > caller. When a
> > + * page is no longer needed it must be released with
> > sgx_free_epc_page(). If
> > + * @reclaim is set to true, directly reclaim pages when we are out of
> > pages. No
> > + * mm's can be locked when @reclaim is set to true.
> > + *
> > + * Finally, wake up ksgxswapd when the number of pages goes below the
> > watermark
> > + * before returning back to the caller.
> > + *
> > + * Return:
> > + *   an EPC page,
> > + *   -errno on error
> > + */
> > +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_epc_page(void *owner, bool reclaim)
> > +{
> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *entry;
> > +
> > +	for ( ; ; ) {
> > +		entry = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
> > +		if (!IS_ERR(entry)) {
> > +			entry->owner = owner;
> > +			break;
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		if (list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list))
> > +			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > +
> > +		if (!reclaim) {
> > +			entry = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
> > +			break;
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		if (signal_pending(current)) {
> > +			entry = ERR_PTR(-ERESTARTSYS);
> > +			break;
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		sgx_reclaim_pages();
> > +		schedule();
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	if (sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES))
> > +		wake_up(&ksgxswapd_waitq);
> > +
> > +	return entry;
> > +}
> > +
> >  /**
> >   * sgx_free_epc_page() - Free an EPC page
> >   * @page:	an EPC page
> > @@ -138,12 +610,20 @@ void sgx_free_epc_page(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
> >  	struct sgx_epc_section *section = sgx_get_epc_section(page);
> >  	int ret;
> > +	/*
> > +	 * Don't take sgx_active_page_list_lock when asserting the page isn't
> > +	 * reclaimable, missing a WARN in the very rare case is preferable to
> > +	 * unnecessarily taking a global lock in the common case.
> > +	 */
> > +	WARN_ON_ONCE(page->desc & SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE);
> > +
> >  	ret = __eremove(sgx_get_epc_addr(page));
> >  	if (WARN_ONCE(ret, "EREMOVE returned %d (0x%x)", ret, ret))
> >  		return;
> > 	spin_lock(&section->lock);
> >  	list_add_tail(&page->list, &section->page_list);
> > +	section->free_cnt++;
> >  	spin_unlock(&section->lock);
> >  }
> > @@ -194,6 +674,7 @@ static bool __init sgx_setup_epc_section(u64 addr,
> > u64 size,
> >  		list_add_tail(&page->list, &section->unsanitized_page_list);
> >  	}
> > +	section->free_cnt = nr_pages;
> >  	return true;
> > err_out:
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
> > index 8d126070db1e..ec4f7b338dbe 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
> > @@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
> > struct sgx_epc_page {
> >  	unsigned long desc;
> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *owner;
> >  	struct list_head list;
> >  };
> > @@ -27,6 +28,7 @@ struct sgx_epc_page {
> >  struct sgx_epc_section {
> >  	unsigned long pa;
> >  	void *va;
> > +	unsigned long free_cnt;
> >  	struct list_head page_list;
> >  	struct list_head unsanitized_page_list;
> >  	spinlock_t lock;
> > @@ -35,6 +37,10 @@ struct sgx_epc_section {
> >  #define SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK		GENMASK(7, 0)
> >  #define SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS		(SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK + 1)
> >  #define SGX_MAX_ADD_PAGES_LENGTH	0x100000
> > +#define SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE	BIT(8)
> > +#define SGX_NR_TO_SCAN			16
> > +#define SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES		32
> > +#define SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES		64
> > extern struct sgx_epc_section sgx_epc_sections[SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS];
> > @@ -50,7 +56,10 @@ static inline void *sgx_get_epc_addr(struct
> > sgx_epc_page *page)
> >  	return section->va + (page->desc & PAGE_MASK) - section->pa;
> >  }
> > +void sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
> > +int sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
> >  struct sgx_epc_page *__sgx_alloc_epc_page(void);
> > +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_epc_page(void *owner, bool reclaim);
> >  void sgx_free_epc_page(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
> > #endif /* _X86_SGX_H */
> 
> 
> -- 
> Using Opera's mail client: http://www.opera.com/mail/
Haitao Huang Oct. 3, 2020, 6:23 p.m. UTC | #3
On Sat, 03 Oct 2020 08:32:45 -0500, Jarkko Sakkinen  
<jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> wrote:

> On Sat, Oct 03, 2020 at 12:22:47AM -0500, Haitao Huang wrote:
>> When I turn on CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING, kernel reports following  
>> suspicious RCU
>> usages. Not sure if it is an issue. Just reporting here:
>
> I'm glad to hear that my tip helped you to get us the data.
>
> This does not look like an issue in the page reclaimer, which was not
> obvious for me before. That's a good thing. I was really worried about
> that because it has been very stable for a long period now. The last
> bug fix for the reclaimer was done in June in v31 version of the patch
> set and after that it has been unchanged (except possibly some renames
> requested by Boris).
>
> I wildly guess I have a bad usage pattern for xarray. I migrated to it
> in v36, and it is entirely possible that I've misused it. It was the
> first time that I ever used it. Before xarray we had radix_tree but
> based Matthew Wilcox feedback I did a migration to xarray.
>
> What I'd ask you to do next is to, if by any means possible, to try to
> run the same test with v35 so we can verify this. That one still has
> the radix tree.
>


v35 does not cause any such warning messages from kernel

> Thank you.
>
> /Jarkko
>
>>
>> [ +34.337095] =============================
>> [  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
>> [  +0.000002] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
>> [  +0.000001] -----------------------------
>> [  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1165 suspicious
>> rcu_dereference_check() usage!
>> [  +0.000001]
>>               other info that might help us debug this:
>>
>> [  +0.000001]
>>               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
>> [  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
>> [  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:
>> vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
>> [  +0.000005]
>>               stack backtrace:
>> [  +0.000002] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted
>> 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
>> [  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual  
>> Machine/Virtual
>> Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
>> [  +0.000002] Call Trace:
>> [  +0.000003]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
>> [  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
>> [  +0.000004]  xas_start+0x14c/0x1c0
>> [  +0.000003]  xas_load+0xf/0x50
>> [  +0.000002]  xas_find+0x25c/0x2c0
>> [  +0.000004]  sgx_encl_may_map+0x87/0x1c0
>> [  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
>> [  +0.000003]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
>> [  +0.000006]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
>> [  +0.000004]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
>> [  +0.000007]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
>> [  +0.000005]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
>> [  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
>> [  +0.000003]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
>> [  +0.000002] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
>> [  +0.000002] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da  
>> 4d 89
>> f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05  
>> <48> 3d
>> 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
>> [  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:
>> 0000000000000009
>> [  +0.000001] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX:
>> 00007fe34efe06ba
>> [  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000001000 RDI:
>> 0000000007fff000
>> [  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:
>> 0000000007fff000
>> [  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000001000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:
>> 0000000000000000
>>
>> [  +0.000010] =============================
>> [  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
>> [  +0.000001] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
>> [  +0.000001] -----------------------------
>> [  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1181 suspicious
>> rcu_dereference_check() usage!
>> [  +0.000001]
>>               other info that might help us debug this:
>>
>> [  +0.000001]
>>               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
>> [  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
>> [  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:
>> vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
>> [  +0.000003]
>>               stack backtrace:
>> [  +0.000001] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted
>> 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
>> [  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual  
>> Machine/Virtual
>> Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
>> [  +0.000001] Call Trace:
>> [  +0.000001]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
>> [  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
>> [  +0.000003]  xas_descend+0x116/0x120
>> [  +0.000004]  xas_load+0x42/0x50
>> [  +0.000002]  xas_find+0x25c/0x2c0
>> [  +0.000004]  sgx_encl_may_map+0x87/0x1c0
>> [  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
>> [  +0.000002]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
>> [  +0.000006]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
>> [  +0.000004]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
>> [  +0.000007]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
>> [  +0.000005]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
>> [  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
>> [  +0.000002]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
>> [  +0.000001] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
>> [  +0.000001] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da  
>> 4d 89
>> f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05  
>> <48> 3d
>> 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
>> [  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:
>> 0000000000000009
>> [  +0.000001] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX:
>> 00007fe34efe06ba
>> [  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000001000 RDI:
>> 0000000007fff000
>> [  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:
>> 0000000007fff000
>> [  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000001000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:
>> 0000000000000000
>>
>> [  +0.001117] =============================
>> [  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
>> [  +0.000001] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
>> [  +0.000001] -----------------------------
>> [  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1181 suspicious
>> rcu_dereference_check() usage!
>> [  +0.000001]
>>               other info that might help us debug this:
>>
>> [  +0.000001]
>>               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
>> [  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
>> [  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:
>> vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
>> [  +0.000003]
>>               stack backtrace:
>> [  +0.000002] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted
>> 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
>> [  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual  
>> Machine/Virtual
>> Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
>> [  +0.000001] Call Trace:
>> [  +0.000002]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
>> [  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
>> [  +0.000003]  sgx_encl_may_map+0x1b0/0x1c0
>> [  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
>> [  +0.000002]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
>> [  +0.000006]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
>> [  +0.000005]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
>> [  +0.000006]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
>> [  +0.000005]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
>> [  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
>> [  +0.000002]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
>> [  +0.000002] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
>> [  +0.000001] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da  
>> 4d 89
>> f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05  
>> <48> 3d
>> 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
>> [  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:
>> 0000000000000009
>> [  +0.000001] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000003 RCX:
>> 00007fe34efe06ba
>> [  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000003 RSI: 0000000000010000 RDI:
>> 0000000007fee000
>> [  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:
>> 0000000007fee000
>> [  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000010000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:
>> 0000000000000000
>>
>> [  +0.003197] =============================
>> [  +0.000001] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
>> [  +0.000001] 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1 Not tainted
>> [  +0.000001] -----------------------------
>> [  +0.000001] ./include/linux/xarray.h:1198 suspicious
>> rcu_dereference_check() usage!
>> [  +0.000001]
>>               other info that might help us debug this:
>>
>> [  +0.000001]
>>               rcu_scheduler_active = 2, debug_locks = 1
>> [  +0.000001] 1 lock held by enclaveos-runne/4238:
>> [  +0.000001]  #0: ffff9cc6657e45e8 (&mm->mmap_lock#2){++++}-{3:3}, at:
>> vm_mmap_pgoff+0xa1/0x120
>> [  +0.000003]
>>               stack backtrace:
>> [  +0.000002] CPU: 1 PID: 4238 Comm: enclaveos-runne Not tainted
>> 5.9.0-rc6-lock-sgx39 #1
>> [  +0.000001] Hardware name: Microsoft Corporation Virtual  
>> Machine/Virtual
>> Machine, BIOS Hyper-V UEFI Release v4.1 04/02/2020
>> [  +0.000001] Call Trace:
>> [  +0.000002]  dump_stack+0x7d/0x9f
>> [  +0.000003]  lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xce/0xf0
>> [  +0.000004]  xas_find+0x255/0x2c0
>> [  +0.000003]  sgx_encl_may_map+0xad/0x1c0
>> [  +0.000006]  sgx_mmap+0x29/0x70
>> [  +0.000003]  mmap_region+0x3ee/0x710
>> [  +0.000005]  do_mmap+0x3f1/0x5e0
>> [  +0.000005]  vm_mmap_pgoff+0xcd/0x120
>> [  +0.000007]  ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x1de/0x240
>> [  +0.000004]  __x64_sys_mmap+0x33/0x40
>> [  +0.000002]  do_syscall_64+0x37/0x80
>> [  +0.000002]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
>> [  +0.000002] RIP: 0033:0x7fe34efe06ba
>> [  +0.000001] Code: 89 f5 41 54 49 89 fc 55 53 74 35 49 63 e8 48 63 da  
>> 4d 89
>> f9 49 89 e8 4d 63 d6 48 89 da 4c 89 ee 4c 89 e7 b8 09 00 00 00 0f 05  
>> <48> 3d
>> 00 f0 ff ff 77 56 5b 5d 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f c3 0f 1f 00
>> [  +0.000001] RSP: 002b:00007ffee83eac08 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX:
>> 0000000000000009
>> [  +0.000002] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000003 RCX:
>> 00007fe34efe06ba
>> [  +0.000001] RDX: 0000000000000003 RSI: 0000000000010000 RDI:
>> 0000000007fba000
>> [  +0.000001] RBP: 0000000000000004 R08: 0000000000000004 R09:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [  +0.000001] R10: 0000000000000011 R11: 0000000000000206 R12:
>> 0000000007fba000
>> [  +0.000001] R13: 0000000000010000 R14: 0000000000000011 R15:
>> 0000000000000000
>>
>>
>> On Fri, 02 Oct 2020 23:50:51 -0500, Jarkko Sakkinen
>> <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>>
>> > There is a limited amount of EPC available. Therefore, some of it  
>> must be
>> > copied to the regular memory, and only subset kept in the SGX reserved
>> > memory. While kernel cannot directly access enclave memory, SGX  
>> provides
>> > a
>> > set of ENCLS leaf functions to perform reclaiming.
>> >
>> > Implement a page reclaimer by using these leaf functions. It picks the
>> > victim pages in LRU fashion from all the enclaves running in the  
>> system.
>> > The thread ksgxswapd reclaims pages on the event when the number of  
>> free
>> > EPC pages goes below SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES up until it reaches
>> > SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES.
>> >
>> > sgx_alloc_epc_page() can optionally directly reclaim pages with  
>> @reclaim
>> > set true. A caller must also supply owner for each page so that the
>> > reclaimer can access the associated enclaves. This is needed for  
>> locking,
>> > as most of the ENCLS leafs cannot be executed concurrently for an
>> > enclave.
>> > The owner is also needed for accessing SECS, which is required to be
>> > resident when its child pages are being reclaimed.
>> >
>> > Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
>> > Acked-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
>> > Tested-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
>> > Tested-by: Jordan Hand <jorhand@linux.microsoft.com>
>> > Tested-by: Nathaniel McCallum <npmccallum@redhat.com>
>> > Tested-by: Chunyang Hui <sanqian.hcy@antfin.com>
>> > Tested-by: Seth Moore <sethmo@google.com>
>> > Co-developed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
>> > Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
>> > Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
>> > ---
>> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c |   1 +
>> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c   | 344 +++++++++++++++++++++-
>> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h   |  41 +++
>> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c  |  78 ++++-
>> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c   | 481  
>> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> >  arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h    |   9 +
>> >  6 files changed, 947 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>> >
>> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
>> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
>> > index d01b28f7ce4a..0446781cc7a2 100644
>> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
>> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
>> > @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ static int sgx_open(struct inode *inode, struct file
>> > *file)
>> >  	atomic_set(&encl->flags, 0);
>> >  	kref_init(&encl->refcount);
>> >  	xa_init(&encl->page_array);
>> > +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&encl->va_pages);
>> >  	mutex_init(&encl->lock);
>> >  	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&encl->mm_list);
>> >  	spin_lock_init(&encl->mm_lock);
>> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
>> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
>> > index c2c4a77af36b..54326efa6c2f 100644
>> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
>> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
>> > @@ -12,9 +12,88 @@
>> >  #include "encls.h"
>> >  #include "sgx.h"
>> > +/*
>> > + * ELDU: Load an EPC page as unblocked. For more info, see "OS
>> > Management of EPC
>> > + * Pages" in the SDM.
>> > + */
>> > +static int __sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page,
>> > +			   struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
>> > +			   struct sgx_epc_page *secs_page)
>> > +{
>> > +	unsigned long va_offset = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(encl_page);
>> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
>> > +	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
>> > +	struct sgx_backing b;
>> > +	pgoff_t page_index;
>> > +	int ret;
>> > +
>> > +	if (secs_page)
>> > +		page_index = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(encl_page);
>> > +	else
>> > +		page_index = PFN_DOWN(encl->size);
>> > +
>> > +	ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl, page_index, &b);
>> > +	if (ret)
>> > +		return ret;
>> > +
>> > +	pginfo.addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(encl_page);
>> > +	pginfo.contents = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(b.contents);
>> > +	pginfo.metadata = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(b.pcmd) +
>> > +			  b.pcmd_offset;
>> > +
>> > +	if (secs_page)
>> > +		pginfo.secs = (u64)sgx_get_epc_addr(secs_page);
>> > +	else
>> > +		pginfo.secs = 0;
>> > +
>> > +	ret = __eldu(&pginfo, sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page),
>> > +		     sgx_get_epc_addr(encl_page->va_page->epc_page) +
>> > +				      va_offset);
>> > +	if (ret) {
>> > +		if (encls_failed(ret))
>> > +			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "ELDU");
>> > +
>> > +		ret = -EFAULT;
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)(pginfo.metadata -
>> > b.pcmd_offset));
>> > +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)pginfo.contents);
>> > +
>> > +	sgx_encl_put_backing(&b, false);
>> > +
>> > +	return ret;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page
>> > *encl_page,
>> > +					  struct sgx_epc_page *secs_page)
>> > +{
>> > +	unsigned long va_offset = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(encl_page);
>> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
>> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
>> > +	int ret;
>> > +
>> > +	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(encl_page, false);
>> > +	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
>> > +		return epc_page;
>> > +
>> > +	ret = __sgx_encl_eldu(encl_page, epc_page, secs_page);
>> > +	if (ret) {
>> > +		sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
>> > +		return ERR_PTR(ret);
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	sgx_free_va_slot(encl_page->va_page, va_offset);
>> > +	list_move(&encl_page->va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
>> > +	encl_page->desc &= ~SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK;
>> > +	encl_page->epc_page = epc_page;
>> > +
>> > +	return epc_page;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> >  static struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_load_page(struct sgx_encl  
>> *encl,
>> >  						unsigned long addr)
>> >  {
>> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
>> >  	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
>> >  	unsigned int flags;
>> > @@ -33,10 +112,27 @@ static struct sgx_encl_page
>> > *sgx_encl_load_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
>> >  		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
>> > 	/* Page is already resident in the EPC. */
>> > -	if (entry->epc_page)
>> > +	if (entry->epc_page) {
>> > +		if (entry->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED)
>> > +			return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
>> > +
>> >  		return entry;
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	if (!(encl->secs.epc_page)) {
>> > +		epc_page = sgx_encl_eldu(&encl->secs, NULL);
>> > +		if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
>> > +			return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
>> > +	}
>> > -	return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
>> > +	epc_page = sgx_encl_eldu(entry, encl->secs.epc_page);
>> > +	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
>> > +		return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
>> > +
>> > +	encl->secs_child_cnt++;
>> > +	sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(entry->epc_page);
>> > +
>> > +	return entry;
>> >  }
>> > static void sgx_mmu_notifier_release(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
>> > @@ -132,6 +228,9 @@ int sgx_encl_mm_add(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct
>> > mm_struct *mm)
>> > 	spin_lock(&encl->mm_lock);
>> >  	list_add_rcu(&encl_mm->list, &encl->mm_list);
>> > +	/* Pairs with smp_rmb() in sgx_reclaimer_block(). */
>> > +	smp_wmb();
>> > +	encl->mm_list_version++;
>> >  	spin_unlock(&encl->mm_lock);
>> > 	return 0;
>> > @@ -179,6 +278,8 @@ static unsigned int sgx_vma_fault(struct vm_fault
>> > *vmf)
>> >  		goto out;
>> >  	}
>> > +	sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(vma->vm_mm, entry);
>> > +
>> >  out:
>> >  	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
>> >  	return ret;
>> > @@ -280,6 +381,7 @@ int sgx_encl_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned
>> > long addr,
>> >   */
>> >  void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
>> >  {
>> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
>> >  	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
>> >  	unsigned long index;
>> > @@ -287,6 +389,13 @@ void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
>> > 	xa_for_each(&encl->page_array, index, entry) {
>> >  		if (entry->epc_page) {
>> > +			/*
>> > +			 * The page and its radix tree entry cannot be freed
>> > +			 * if the page is being held by the reclaimer.
>> > +			 */
>> > +			if (sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(entry->epc_page))
>> > +				continue;
>> > +
>> >  			sgx_free_epc_page(entry->epc_page);
>> >  			encl->secs_child_cnt--;
>> >  			entry->epc_page = NULL;
>> > @@ -301,6 +410,19 @@ void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
>> >  		sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
>> >  		encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
>> >  	}
>> > +
>> > +	/*
>> > +	 * The reclaimer is responsible for checking SGX_ENCL_DEAD before  
>> doing
>> > +	 * EWB, thus it's safe to free VA pages even if the reclaimer holds  
>> a
>> > +	 * reference to the enclave.
>> > +	 */
>> > +	while (!list_empty(&encl->va_pages)) {
>> > +		va_page = list_first_entry(&encl->va_pages, struct sgx_va_page,
>> > +					   list);
>> > +		list_del(&va_page->list);
>> > +		sgx_free_epc_page(va_page->epc_page);
>> > +		kfree(va_page);
>> > +	}
>> >  }
>> > /**
>> > @@ -329,3 +451,221 @@ void sgx_encl_release(struct kref *ref)
>> > 	kfree(encl);
>> >  }
>> > +
>> > +static struct page *sgx_encl_get_backing_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
>> > +					      pgoff_t index)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct inode *inode = encl->backing->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
>> > +	struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
>> > +	gfp_t gfpmask = mapping_gfp_mask(mapping);
>> > +
>> > +	return shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(mapping, index, gfpmask);
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_encl_get_backing() - Pin the backing storage
>> > + * @encl:	an enclave pointer
>> > + * @page_index:	enclave page index
>> > + * @backing:	data for accessing backing storage for the page
>> > + *
>> > + * Pin the backing storage pages for storing the encrypted contents  
>> and
>> > Paging
>> > + * Crypto MetaData (PCMD) of an enclave page.
>> > + *
>> > + * Return:
>> > + *   0 on success,
>> > + *   -errno otherwise.
>> > + */
>> > +int sgx_encl_get_backing(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long
>> > page_index,
>> > +			 struct sgx_backing *backing)
>> > +{
>> > +	pgoff_t pcmd_index = PFN_DOWN(encl->size) + 1 + (page_index >> 5);
>> > +	struct page *contents;
>> > +	struct page *pcmd;
>> > +
>> > +	contents = sgx_encl_get_backing_page(encl, page_index);
>> > +	if (IS_ERR(contents))
>> > +		return PTR_ERR(contents);
>> > +
>> > +	pcmd = sgx_encl_get_backing_page(encl, pcmd_index);
>> > +	if (IS_ERR(pcmd)) {
>> > +		put_page(contents);
>> > +		return PTR_ERR(pcmd);
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	backing->page_index = page_index;
>> > +	backing->contents = contents;
>> > +	backing->pcmd = pcmd;
>> > +	backing->pcmd_offset =
>> > +		(page_index & (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct sgx_pcmd) - 1)) *
>> > +		sizeof(struct sgx_pcmd);
>> > +
>> > +	return 0;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_encl_put_backing() - Unpin the backing storage
>> > + * @backing:	data for accessing backing storage for the page
>> > + * @do_write:	mark pages dirty
>> > + */
>> > +void sgx_encl_put_backing(struct sgx_backing *backing, bool do_write)
>> > +{
>> > +	if (do_write) {
>> > +		set_page_dirty(backing->pcmd);
>> > +		set_page_dirty(backing->contents);
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	put_page(backing->pcmd);
>> > +	put_page(backing->contents);
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young_cb(pte_t *ptep, unsigned  
>> long
>> > addr,
>> > +					    void *data)
>> > +{
>> > +	pte_t pte;
>> > +	int ret;
>> > +
>> > +	ret = pte_young(*ptep);
>> > +	if (ret) {
>> > +		pte = pte_mkold(*ptep);
>> > +		set_pte_at((struct mm_struct *)data, addr, ptep, pte);
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	return ret;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young() - Test and reset the accessed bit
>> > + * @mm:		mm_struct that is checked
>> > + * @page:	enclave page to be tested for recent access
>> > + *
>> > + * Checks the Access (A) bit from the PTE corresponding to the  
>> enclave
>> > page and
>> > + * clears it.
>> > + *
>> > + * Return: 1 if the page has been recently accessed and 0 if not.
>> > + */
>> > +int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
>> > +				  struct sgx_encl_page *page)
>> > +{
>> > +	unsigned long addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page);
>> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
>> > +	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
>> > +	int ret;
>> > +
>> > +	ret = sgx_encl_find(mm, addr, &vma);
>> > +	if (ret)
>> > +		return 0;
>> > +
>> > +	if (encl != vma->vm_private_data)
>> > +		return 0;
>> > +
>> > +	ret = apply_to_page_range(vma->vm_mm, addr, PAGE_SIZE,
>> > +				  sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young_cb, vma->vm_mm);
>> > +	if (ret < 0)
>> > +		return 0;
>> > +
>> > +	return ret;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_encl_reserve_page() - Reserve an enclave page
>> > + * @encl:	an enclave pointer
>> > + * @addr:	a page address
>> > + *
>> > + * Load an enclave page and lock the enclave so that the page can be
>> > used by
>> > + * EDBG* and EMOD*.
>> > + *
>> > + * Return:
>> > + *   an enclave page on success
>> > + *   -EFAULT	if the load fails
>> > + */
>> > +struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_reserve_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
>> > +					    unsigned long addr)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
>> > +
>> > +	for ( ; ; ) {
>> > +		mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
>> > +
>> > +		entry = sgx_encl_load_page(encl, addr);
>> > +		if (PTR_ERR(entry) != -EBUSY)
>> > +			break;
>> > +
>> > +		mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	if (IS_ERR(entry))
>> > +		mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
>> > +
>> > +	return entry;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_alloc_va_page() - Allocate a Version Array (VA) page
>> > + *
>> > + * Allocate a free EPC page and convert it to a Version Array (VA)  
>> page.
>> > + *
>> > + * Return:
>> > + *   a VA page,
>> > + *   -errno otherwise
>> > + */
>> > +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_va_page(void)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
>> > +	int ret;
>> > +
>> > +	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(NULL, true);
>> > +	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
>> > +		return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
>> > +
>> > +	ret = __epa(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
>> > +	if (ret) {
>> > +		WARN_ONCE(1, "EPA returned %d (0x%x)", ret, ret);
>> > +		sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
>> > +		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	return epc_page;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_alloc_va_slot - allocate a VA slot
>> > + * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
>> > + *
>> > + * Allocates a slot from a &struct sgx_va_page instance.
>> > + *
>> > + * Return: offset of the slot inside the VA page
>> > + */
>> > +unsigned int sgx_alloc_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page)
>> > +{
>> > +	int slot = find_first_zero_bit(va_page->slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
>> > +
>> > +	if (slot < SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT)
>> > +		set_bit(slot, va_page->slots);
>> > +
>> > +	return slot << 3;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_free_va_slot - free a VA slot
>> > + * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
>> > + * @offset:	offset of the slot inside the VA page
>> > + *
>> > + * Frees a slot from a &struct sgx_va_page instance.
>> > + */
>> > +void sgx_free_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page, unsigned int  
>> offset)
>> > +{
>> > +	clear_bit(offset >> 3, va_page->slots);
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_va_page_full - is the VA page full?
>> > + * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
>> > + *
>> > + * Return: true if all slots have been taken
>> > + */
>> > +bool sgx_va_page_full(struct sgx_va_page *va_page)
>> > +{
>> > +	int slot = find_first_zero_bit(va_page->slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
>> > +
>> > +	return slot == SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT;
>> > +}
>> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
>> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
>> > index 0448d22d3010..e8eb9e9a834e 100644
>> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
>> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
>> > @@ -19,6 +19,10 @@
>> > /**
>> >   * enum sgx_encl_page_desc - defines bits for an enclave page's
>> > descriptor
>> > + * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED:	The page is in the process of  
>> being
>> > + *					reclaimed.
>> > + * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK:	Holds the offset in the Version  
>> Array
>> > + *					(VA) page for a swapped page.
>> >   * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK:		Holds the virtual address of the page.
>> >   *
>> >   * The page address for SECS is zero and is used by the subsystem to
>> > recognize
>> > @@ -26,16 +30,23 @@
>> >   */
>> >  enum sgx_encl_page_desc {
>> >  	/* Bits 11:3 are available when the page is not swapped. */
>> > +	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED		= BIT(3),
>> > +	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK	= GENMASK_ULL(11, 3),
>> >  	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK		= PAGE_MASK,
>> >  };
>> > #define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page) \
>> >  	((page)->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK)
>> > +#define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(page) \
>> > +	((page)->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK)
>> > +#define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(page) \
>> > +	PFN_DOWN((page)->desc - (page)->encl->base)
>> > struct sgx_encl_page {
>> >  	unsigned long desc;
>> >  	unsigned long vm_max_prot_bits;
>> >  	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
>> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
>> >  	struct sgx_encl *encl;
>> >  };
>> > @@ -61,6 +72,7 @@ struct sgx_encl {
>> >  	struct mutex lock;
>> >  	struct list_head mm_list;
>> >  	spinlock_t mm_lock;
>> > +	unsigned long mm_list_version;
>> >  	struct file *backing;
>> >  	struct kref refcount;
>> >  	struct srcu_struct srcu;
>> > @@ -68,12 +80,21 @@ struct sgx_encl {
>> >  	unsigned long size;
>> >  	unsigned long ssaframesize;
>> >  	struct xarray page_array;
>> > +	struct list_head va_pages;
>> >  	struct sgx_encl_page secs;
>> >  	cpumask_t cpumask;
>> >  	unsigned long attributes;
>> >  	unsigned long attributes_mask;
>> >  };
>> > +#define SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT 512
>> > +
>> > +struct sgx_va_page {
>> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
>> > +	DECLARE_BITMAP(slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
>> > +	struct list_head list;
>> > +};
>> > +
>> >  extern const struct vm_operations_struct sgx_vm_ops;
>> > int sgx_encl_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
>> > @@ -84,4 +105,24 @@ int sgx_encl_mm_add(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct
>> > mm_struct *mm);
>> >  int sgx_encl_may_map(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long start,
>> >  		     unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags);
>> > +struct sgx_backing {
>> > +	pgoff_t page_index;
>> > +	struct page *contents;
>> > +	struct page *pcmd;
>> > +	unsigned long pcmd_offset;
>> > +};
>> > +
>> > +int sgx_encl_get_backing(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long
>> > page_index,
>> > +			 struct sgx_backing *backing);
>> > +void sgx_encl_put_backing(struct sgx_backing *backing, bool  
>> do_write);
>> > +int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
>> > +				  struct sgx_encl_page *page);
>> > +struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_reserve_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
>> > +					    unsigned long addr);
>> > +
>> > +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_va_page(void);
>> > +unsigned int sgx_alloc_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page);
>> > +void sgx_free_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page, unsigned int  
>> offset);
>> > +bool sgx_va_page_full(struct sgx_va_page *va_page);
>> > +
>> >  #endif /* _X86_ENCL_H */
>> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
>> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
>> > index 3c04798e83e5..613f6c03598e 100644
>> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
>> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
>> > @@ -16,6 +16,43 @@
>> >  #include "encl.h"
>> >  #include "encls.h"
>> > +static struct sgx_va_page *sgx_encl_grow(struct sgx_encl *encl)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page = NULL;
>> > +	void *err;
>> > +
>> > +	BUILD_BUG_ON(SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT !=
>> > +		(SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK >> 3) + 1);
>> > +
>> > +	if (!(encl->page_cnt % SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT)) {
>> > +		va_page = kzalloc(sizeof(*va_page), GFP_KERNEL);
>> > +		if (!va_page)
>> > +			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>> > +
>> > +		va_page->epc_page = sgx_alloc_va_page();
>> > +		if (IS_ERR(va_page->epc_page)) {
>> > +			err = ERR_CAST(va_page->epc_page);
>> > +			kfree(va_page);
>> > +			return err;
>> > +		}
>> > +
>> > +		WARN_ON_ONCE(encl->page_cnt % SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
>> > +	}
>> > +	encl->page_cnt++;
>> > +	return va_page;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static void sgx_encl_shrink(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_va_page
>> > *va_page)
>> > +{
>> > +	encl->page_cnt--;
>> > +
>> > +	if (va_page) {
>> > +		sgx_free_epc_page(va_page->epc_page);
>> > +		list_del(&va_page->list);
>> > +		kfree(va_page);
>> > +	}
>> > +}
>> > +
>> >  static u32 sgx_calc_ssa_frame_size(u32 miscselect, u64 xfrm)
>> >  {
>> >  	u32 size_max = PAGE_SIZE;
>> > @@ -80,15 +117,24 @@ static int sgx_validate_secs(const struct  
>> sgx_secs
>> > *secs)
>> >  static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_secs  
>> *secs)
>> >  {
>> >  	struct sgx_epc_page *secs_epc;
>> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
>> >  	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
>> >  	struct sgx_secinfo secinfo;
>> >  	unsigned long encl_size;
>> >  	struct file *backing;
>> >  	long ret;
>> > +	va_page = sgx_encl_grow(encl);
>> > +	if (IS_ERR(va_page))
>> > +		return PTR_ERR(va_page);
>> > +	else if (va_page)
>> > +		list_add(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
>> > +	/* else the tail page of the VA page list had free slots. */
>> > +
>> >  	if (sgx_validate_secs(secs)) {
>> >  		pr_debug("invalid SECS\n");
>> > -		return -EINVAL;
>> > +		ret = -EINVAL;
>> > +		goto err_out_shrink;
>> >  	}
>> > 	/* The extra page goes to SECS. */
>> > @@ -96,12 +142,14 @@ static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl,
>> > struct sgx_secs *secs)
>> > 	backing = shmem_file_setup("SGX backing", encl_size + (encl_size >>  
>> 5),
>> >  				   VM_NORESERVE);
>> > -	if (IS_ERR(backing))
>> > -		return PTR_ERR(backing);
>> > +	if (IS_ERR(backing)) {
>> > +		ret = PTR_ERR(backing);
>> > +		goto err_out_shrink;
>> > +	}
>> > 	encl->backing = backing;
>> > -	secs_epc = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
>> > +	secs_epc = sgx_alloc_epc_page(&encl->secs, true);
>> >  	if (IS_ERR(secs_epc)) {
>> >  		ret = PTR_ERR(secs_epc);
>> >  		goto err_out_backing;
>> > @@ -149,6 +197,9 @@ static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl,
>> > struct sgx_secs *secs)
>> >  	fput(encl->backing);
>> >  	encl->backing = NULL;
>> > +err_out_shrink:
>> > +	sgx_encl_shrink(encl, va_page);
>> > +
>> >  	return ret;
>> >  }
>> > @@ -321,21 +372,35 @@ static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl
>> > *encl, unsigned long src,
>> >  {
>> >  	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page;
>> >  	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
>> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
>> >  	int ret;
>> > 	encl_page = sgx_encl_page_alloc(encl, offset, secinfo->flags);
>> >  	if (IS_ERR(encl_page))
>> >  		return PTR_ERR(encl_page);
>> > -	epc_page = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
>> > +	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(encl_page, true);
>> >  	if (IS_ERR(epc_page)) {
>> >  		kfree(encl_page);
>> >  		return PTR_ERR(epc_page);
>> >  	}
>> > +	va_page = sgx_encl_grow(encl);
>> > +	if (IS_ERR(va_page)) {
>> > +		ret = PTR_ERR(va_page);
>> > +		goto err_out_free;
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> >  	mmap_read_lock(current->mm);
>> >  	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
>> > +	/*
>> > +	 * Adding to encl->va_pages must be done under encl->lock.  Ditto  
>> for
>> > +	 * deleting (via sgx_encl_shrink()) in the error path.
>> > +	 */
>> > +	if (va_page)
>> > +		list_add(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
>> > +
>> >  	/*
>> >  	 * Insert prior to EADD in case of OOM.  EADD modifies MRENCLAVE,  
>> i.e.
>> >  	 * can't be gracefully unwound, while failure on EADD/EXTEND is  
>> limited
>> > @@ -366,6 +431,7 @@ static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl  
>> *encl,
>> > unsigned long src,
>> >  			goto err_out;
>> >  	}
>> > +	sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(encl_page->epc_page);
>> >  	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
>> >  	mmap_read_unlock(current->mm);
>> >  	return ret;
>> > @@ -374,9 +440,11 @@ static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl  
>> *encl,
>> > unsigned long src,
>> >  	xa_erase(&encl->page_array, PFN_DOWN(encl_page->desc));
>> > err_out_unlock:
>> > +	sgx_encl_shrink(encl, va_page);
>> >  	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
>> >  	mmap_read_unlock(current->mm);
>> > +err_out_free:
>> >  	sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
>> >  	kfree(encl_page);
>> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
>> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
>> > index 4137254fb29e..3f9130501370 100644
>> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
>> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
>> > @@ -16,6 +16,395 @@
>> >  struct sgx_epc_section sgx_epc_sections[SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS];
>> >  static int sgx_nr_epc_sections;
>> >  static struct task_struct *ksgxswapd_tsk;
>> > +static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(ksgxswapd_waitq);
>> > +static LIST_HEAD(sgx_active_page_list);
>> > +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(sgx_active_page_list_lock);
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_mark_page_reclaimable() - Mark a page as reclaimable
>> > + * @page:	EPC page
>> > + *
>> > + * Mark a page as reclaimable and add it to the active page list.  
>> Pages
>> > + * are automatically removed from the active list when freed.
>> > + */
>> > +void sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
>> > +{
>> > +	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
>> > +	page->desc |= SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
>> > +	list_add_tail(&page->list, &sgx_active_page_list);
>> > +	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable() - Remove a page from the reclaim  
>> list
>> > + * @page:	EPC page
>> > + *
>> > + * Clear the reclaimable flag and remove the page from the active  
>> page
>> > list.
>> > + *
>> > + * Return:
>> > + *   0 on success,
>> > + *   -EBUSY if the page is in the process of being reclaimed
>> > + */
>> > +int sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
>> > +{
>> > +	/*
>> > +	 * Remove the page from the active list if necessary.  If the page
>> > +	 * is actively being reclaimed, i.e. RECLAIMABLE is set but the
>> > +	 * page isn't on the active list, return -EBUSY as we can't free
>> > +	 * the page at this time since it is "owned" by the reclaimer.
>> > +	 */
>> > +	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
>> > +	if (page->desc & SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE) {
>> > +		if (list_empty(&page->list)) {
>> > +			spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
>> > +			return -EBUSY;
>> > +		}
>> > +		list_del(&page->list);
>> > +		page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
>> > +	}
>> > +	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
>> > +
>> > +	return 0;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static bool sgx_reclaimer_age(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *page = epc_page->owner;
>> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
>> > +	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
>> > +	bool ret = true;
>> > +	int idx;
>> > +
>> > +	idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
>> > +
>> > +	list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
>> > +		if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
>> > +			continue;
>> > +
>> > +		mmap_read_lock(encl_mm->mm);
>> > +		ret = !sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(encl_mm->mm, page);
>> > +		mmap_read_unlock(encl_mm->mm);
>> > +
>> > +		mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
>> > +
>> > +		if (!ret || (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD))
>> > +			break;
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
>> > +
>> > +	if (!ret && !(atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD))
>> > +		return false;
>> > +
>> > +	return true;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static void sgx_reclaimer_block(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *page = epc_page->owner;
>> > +	unsigned long addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page);
>> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
>> > +	unsigned long mm_list_version;
>> > +	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
>> > +	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
>> > +	int idx, ret;
>> > +
>> > +	do {
>> > +		mm_list_version = encl->mm_list_version;
>> > +
>> > +		/* Pairs with smp_rmb() in sgx_encl_mm_add(). */
>> > +		smp_rmb();
>> > +
>> > +		idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
>> > +
>> > +		list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
>> > +			if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
>> > +				continue;
>> > +
>> > +			mmap_read_lock(encl_mm->mm);
>> > +
>> > +			ret = sgx_encl_find(encl_mm->mm, addr, &vma);
>> > +			if (!ret && encl == vma->vm_private_data)
>> > +				zap_vma_ptes(vma, addr, PAGE_SIZE);
>> > +
>> > +			mmap_read_unlock(encl_mm->mm);
>> > +
>> > +			mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
>> > +		}
>> > +
>> > +		srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
>> > +	} while (unlikely(encl->mm_list_version != mm_list_version));
>> > +
>> > +	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
>> > +
>> > +	if (!(atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD)) {
>> > +		ret = __eblock(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
>> > +		if (encls_failed(ret))
>> > +			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EBLOCK");
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static int __sgx_encl_ewb(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page, void  
>> *va_slot,
>> > +			  struct sgx_backing *backing)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
>> > +	int ret;
>> > +
>> > +	pginfo.addr = 0;
>> > +	pginfo.secs = 0;
>> > +
>> > +	pginfo.contents = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(backing->contents);
>> > +	pginfo.metadata = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(backing->pcmd) +
>> > +			  backing->pcmd_offset;
>> > +
>> > +	ret = __ewb(&pginfo, sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page), va_slot);
>> > +
>> > +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)(pginfo.metadata -
>> > +					      backing->pcmd_offset));
>> > +	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)pginfo.contents);
>> > +
>> > +	return ret;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static void sgx_ipi_cb(void *info)
>> > +{
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static const cpumask_t *sgx_encl_ewb_cpumask(struct sgx_encl *encl)
>> > +{
>> > +	cpumask_t *cpumask = &encl->cpumask;
>> > +	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
>> > +	int idx;
>> > +
>> > +	/*
>> > +	 * Can race with sgx_encl_mm_add(), but ETRACK has already been
>> > +	 * executed, which means that the CPUs running in the new mm will  
>> enter
>> > +	 * into the enclave with a fresh epoch.
>> > +	 */
>> > +	cpumask_clear(cpumask);
>> > +
>> > +	idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
>> > +
>> > +	list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
>> > +		if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
>> > +			continue;
>> > +
>> > +		cpumask_or(cpumask, cpumask, mm_cpumask(encl_mm->mm));
>> > +
>> > +		mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
>> > +
>> > +	return cpumask;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/*
>> > + * Swap page to the regular memory transformed to the blocked state  
>> by
>> > using
>> > + * EBLOCK, which means that it can no loger be referenced (no new TLB
>> > entries).
>> > + *
>> > + * The first trial just tries to write the page assuming that some
>> > other thread
>> > + * has reset the count for threads inside the enlave by using ETRACK,
>> > and
>> > + * previous thread count has been zeroed out. The second trial calls
>> > ETRACK
>> > + * before EWB. If that fails we kick all the HW threads out, and then
>> > do EWB,
>> > + * which should be guaranteed the succeed.
>> > + */
>> > +static void sgx_encl_ewb(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
>> > +			 struct sgx_backing *backing)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page = epc_page->owner;
>> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
>> > +	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
>> > +	unsigned int va_offset;
>> > +	void *va_slot;
>> > +	int ret;
>> > +
>> > +	encl_page->desc &= ~SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED;
>> > +
>> > +	va_page = list_first_entry(&encl->va_pages, struct sgx_va_page,
>> > +				   list);
>> > +	va_offset = sgx_alloc_va_slot(va_page);
>> > +	va_slot = sgx_get_epc_addr(va_page->epc_page) + va_offset;
>> > +	if (sgx_va_page_full(va_page))
>> > +		list_move_tail(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
>> > +
>> > +	ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
>> > +	if (ret == SGX_NOT_TRACKED) {
>> > +		ret = __etrack(sgx_get_epc_addr(encl->secs.epc_page));
>> > +		if (ret) {
>> > +			if (encls_failed(ret))
>> > +				ENCLS_WARN(ret, "ETRACK");
>> > +		}
>> > +
>> > +		ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
>> > +		if (ret == SGX_NOT_TRACKED) {
>> > +			/*
>> > +			 * Slow path, send IPIs to kick cpus out of the
>> > +			 * enclave.  Note, it's imperative that the cpu
>> > +			 * mask is generated *after* ETRACK, else we'll
>> > +			 * miss cpus that entered the enclave between
>> > +			 * generating the mask and incrementing epoch.
>> > +			 */
>> > +			on_each_cpu_mask(sgx_encl_ewb_cpumask(encl),
>> > +					 sgx_ipi_cb, NULL, 1);
>> > +			ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
>> > +		}
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	if (ret) {
>> > +		if (encls_failed(ret))
>> > +			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EWB");
>> > +
>> > +		sgx_free_va_slot(va_page, va_offset);
>> > +	} else {
>> > +		encl_page->desc |= va_offset;
>> > +		encl_page->va_page = va_page;
>> > +	}
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static void sgx_reclaimer_write(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
>> > +				struct sgx_backing *backing)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page = epc_page->owner;
>> > +	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
>> > +	struct sgx_backing secs_backing;
>> > +	int ret;
>> > +
>> > +	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
>> > +
>> > +	if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD) {
>> > +		ret = __eremove(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
>> > +		ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EREMOVE");
>> > +	} else {
>> > +		sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, backing);
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	encl_page->epc_page = NULL;
>> > +	encl->secs_child_cnt--;
>> > +
>> > +	if (!encl->secs_child_cnt) {
>> > +		if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD) {
>> > +			sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
>> > +			encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
>> > +		} else if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_INITIALIZED) {
>> > +			ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl, PFN_DOWN(encl->size),
>> > +						   &secs_backing);
>> > +			if (ret)
>> > +				goto out;
>> > +
>> > +			sgx_encl_ewb(encl->secs.epc_page, &secs_backing);
>> > +
>> > +			sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
>> > +			encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
>> > +
>> > +			sgx_encl_put_backing(&secs_backing, true);
>> > +		}
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +out:
>> > +	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +/*
>> > + * Take a fixed number of pages from the head of the active page pool
>> > and
>> > + * reclaim them to the enclave's private shmem files. Skip the pages,
>> > which have
>> > + * been accessed since the last scan. Move those pages to the tail of
>> > active
>> > + * page pool so that the pages get scanned in LRU like fashion.
>> > + *
>> > + * Batch process a chunk of pages (at the moment 16) in order to
>> > degrade amount
>> > + * of IPI's and ETRACK's potentially required. sgx_encl_ewb() does
>> > degrade a bit
>> > + * among the HW threads with three stage EWB pipeline (EWB, ETRACK +
>> > EWB and IPI
>> > + * + EWB) but not sufficiently. Reclaiming one page at a time would
>> > also be
>> > + * problematic as it would increase the lock contention too much,  
>> which
>> > would
>> > + * halt forward progress.
>> > + */
>> > +static void sgx_reclaim_pages(void)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *chunk[SGX_NR_TO_SCAN];
>> > +	struct sgx_backing backing[SGX_NR_TO_SCAN];
>> > +	struct sgx_epc_section *section;
>> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page;
>> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
>> > +	int cnt = 0;
>> > +	int ret;
>> > +	int i;
>> > +
>> > +	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
>> > +	for (i = 0; i < SGX_NR_TO_SCAN; i++) {
>> > +		if (list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list))
>> > +			break;
>> > +
>> > +		epc_page = list_first_entry(&sgx_active_page_list,
>> > +					    struct sgx_epc_page, list);
>> > +		list_del_init(&epc_page->list);
>> > +		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
>> > +
>> > +		if (kref_get_unless_zero(&encl_page->encl->refcount) != 0)
>> > +			chunk[cnt++] = epc_page;
>> > +		else
>> > +			/* The owner is freeing the page. No need to add the
>> > +			 * page back to the list of reclaimable pages.
>> > +			 */
>> > +			epc_page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
>> > +	}
>> > +	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
>> > +
>> > +	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
>> > +		epc_page = chunk[i];
>> > +		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
>> > +
>> > +		if (!sgx_reclaimer_age(epc_page))
>> > +			goto skip;
>> > +
>> > +		ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl_page->encl,
>> > +					   SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(encl_page),
>> > +					   &backing[i]);
>> > +		if (ret)
>> > +			goto skip;
>> > +
>> > +		mutex_lock(&encl_page->encl->lock);
>> > +		encl_page->desc |= SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED;
>> > +		mutex_unlock(&encl_page->encl->lock);
>> > +		continue;
>> > +
>> > +skip:
>> > +		spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
>> > +		list_add_tail(&epc_page->list, &sgx_active_page_list);
>> > +		spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
>> > +
>> > +		kref_put(&encl_page->encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);
>> > +
>> > +		chunk[i] = NULL;
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
>> > +		epc_page = chunk[i];
>> > +		if (epc_page)
>> > +			sgx_reclaimer_block(epc_page);
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
>> > +		epc_page = chunk[i];
>> > +		if (!epc_page)
>> > +			continue;
>> > +
>> > +		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
>> > +		sgx_reclaimer_write(epc_page, &backing[i]);
>> > +		sgx_encl_put_backing(&backing[i], true);
>> > +
>> > +		kref_put(&encl_page->encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);
>> > +		epc_page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
>> > +
>> > +		section = sgx_get_epc_section(epc_page);
>> > +		spin_lock(&section->lock);
>> > +		list_add_tail(&epc_page->list, &section->page_list);
>> > +		section->free_cnt++;
>> > +		spin_unlock(&section->lock);
>> > +	}
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > static void sgx_sanitize_section(struct sgx_epc_section *section)
>> >  {
>> > @@ -44,6 +433,23 @@ static void sgx_sanitize_section(struct
>> > sgx_epc_section *section)
>> >  	}
>> >  }
>> > +static unsigned long sgx_nr_free_pages(void)
>> > +{
>> > +	unsigned long cnt = 0;
>> > +	int i;
>> > +
>> > +	for (i = 0; i < sgx_nr_epc_sections; i++)
>> > +		cnt += sgx_epc_sections[i].free_cnt;
>> > +
>> > +	return cnt;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static bool sgx_should_reclaim(unsigned long watermark)
>> > +{
>> > +	return sgx_nr_free_pages() < watermark &&
>> > +	       !list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list);
>> > +}
>> > +
>> >  static int ksgxswapd(void *p)
>> >  {
>> >  	int i;
>> > @@ -69,6 +475,20 @@ static int ksgxswapd(void *p)
>> >  			WARN(1, "EPC section %d has unsanitized pages.\n", i);
>> >  	}
>> > +	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
>> > +		if (try_to_freeze())
>> > +			continue;
>> > +
>> > +		wait_event_freezable(ksgxswapd_waitq,
>> > +				     kthread_should_stop() ||
>> > +				     sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES));
>> > +
>> > +		if (sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES))
>> > +			sgx_reclaim_pages();
>> > +
>> > +		cond_resched();
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> >  	return 0;
>> >  }
>> > @@ -94,6 +514,7 @@ static struct sgx_epc_page
>> > *__sgx_alloc_epc_page_from_section(struct sgx_epc_sec
>> > 	page = list_first_entry(&section->page_list, struct sgx_epc_page,  
>> list);
>> >  	list_del_init(&page->list);
>> > +	section->free_cnt--;
>> > 	return page;
>> >  }
>> > @@ -127,6 +548,57 @@ struct sgx_epc_page *__sgx_alloc_epc_page(void)
>> >  	return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>> >  }
>> > +/**
>> > + * sgx_alloc_epc_page() - Allocate an EPC page
>> > + * @owner:	the owner of the EPC page
>> > + * @reclaim:	reclaim pages if necessary
>> > + *
>> > + * Iterate through EPC sections and borrow a free EPC page to the
>> > caller. When a
>> > + * page is no longer needed it must be released with
>> > sgx_free_epc_page(). If
>> > + * @reclaim is set to true, directly reclaim pages when we are out of
>> > pages. No
>> > + * mm's can be locked when @reclaim is set to true.
>> > + *
>> > + * Finally, wake up ksgxswapd when the number of pages goes below the
>> > watermark
>> > + * before returning back to the caller.
>> > + *
>> > + * Return:
>> > + *   an EPC page,
>> > + *   -errno on error
>> > + */
>> > +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_epc_page(void *owner, bool reclaim)
>> > +{
>> > +	struct sgx_epc_page *entry;
>> > +
>> > +	for ( ; ; ) {
>> > +		entry = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
>> > +		if (!IS_ERR(entry)) {
>> > +			entry->owner = owner;
>> > +			break;
>> > +		}
>> > +
>> > +		if (list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list))
>> > +			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>> > +
>> > +		if (!reclaim) {
>> > +			entry = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
>> > +			break;
>> > +		}
>> > +
>> > +		if (signal_pending(current)) {
>> > +			entry = ERR_PTR(-ERESTARTSYS);
>> > +			break;
>> > +		}
>> > +
>> > +		sgx_reclaim_pages();
>> > +		schedule();
>> > +	}
>> > +
>> > +	if (sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES))
>> > +		wake_up(&ksgxswapd_waitq);
>> > +
>> > +	return entry;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> >  /**
>> >   * sgx_free_epc_page() - Free an EPC page
>> >   * @page:	an EPC page
>> > @@ -138,12 +610,20 @@ void sgx_free_epc_page(struct sgx_epc_page  
>> *page)
>> >  	struct sgx_epc_section *section = sgx_get_epc_section(page);
>> >  	int ret;
>> > +	/*
>> > +	 * Don't take sgx_active_page_list_lock when asserting the page  
>> isn't
>> > +	 * reclaimable, missing a WARN in the very rare case is preferable  
>> to
>> > +	 * unnecessarily taking a global lock in the common case.
>> > +	 */
>> > +	WARN_ON_ONCE(page->desc & SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE);
>> > +
>> >  	ret = __eremove(sgx_get_epc_addr(page));
>> >  	if (WARN_ONCE(ret, "EREMOVE returned %d (0x%x)", ret, ret))
>> >  		return;
>> > 	spin_lock(&section->lock);
>> >  	list_add_tail(&page->list, &section->page_list);
>> > +	section->free_cnt++;
>> >  	spin_unlock(&section->lock);
>> >  }
>> > @@ -194,6 +674,7 @@ static bool __init sgx_setup_epc_section(u64 addr,
>> > u64 size,
>> >  		list_add_tail(&page->list, &section->unsanitized_page_list);
>> >  	}
>> > +	section->free_cnt = nr_pages;
>> >  	return true;
>> > err_out:
>> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
>> > b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
>> > index 8d126070db1e..ec4f7b338dbe 100644
>> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
>> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
>> > @@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
>> > struct sgx_epc_page {
>> >  	unsigned long desc;
>> > +	struct sgx_encl_page *owner;
>> >  	struct list_head list;
>> >  };
>> > @@ -27,6 +28,7 @@ struct sgx_epc_page {
>> >  struct sgx_epc_section {
>> >  	unsigned long pa;
>> >  	void *va;
>> > +	unsigned long free_cnt;
>> >  	struct list_head page_list;
>> >  	struct list_head unsanitized_page_list;
>> >  	spinlock_t lock;
>> > @@ -35,6 +37,10 @@ struct sgx_epc_section {
>> >  #define SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK		GENMASK(7, 0)
>> >  #define SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS		(SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK + 1)
>> >  #define SGX_MAX_ADD_PAGES_LENGTH	0x100000
>> > +#define SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE	BIT(8)
>> > +#define SGX_NR_TO_SCAN			16
>> > +#define SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES		32
>> > +#define SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES		64
>> > extern struct sgx_epc_section sgx_epc_sections[SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS];
>> > @@ -50,7 +56,10 @@ static inline void *sgx_get_epc_addr(struct
>> > sgx_epc_page *page)
>> >  	return section->va + (page->desc & PAGE_MASK) - section->pa;
>> >  }
>> > +void sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
>> > +int sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
>> >  struct sgx_epc_page *__sgx_alloc_epc_page(void);
>> > +struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_epc_page(void *owner, bool reclaim);
>> >  void sgx_free_epc_page(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
>> > #endif /* _X86_SGX_H */
>>
>>
>> --
Jarkko Sakkinen Oct. 4, 2020, 10:39 p.m. UTC | #4
On Sat, Oct 03, 2020 at 01:23:49PM -0500, Haitao Huang wrote:
> On Sat, 03 Oct 2020 08:32:45 -0500, Jarkko Sakkinen
> <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> 
> > On Sat, Oct 03, 2020 at 12:22:47AM -0500, Haitao Huang wrote:
> > > When I turn on CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING, kernel reports following
> > > suspicious RCU
> > > usages. Not sure if it is an issue. Just reporting here:
> > 
> > I'm glad to hear that my tip helped you to get us the data.
> > 
> > This does not look like an issue in the page reclaimer, which was not
> > obvious for me before. That's a good thing. I was really worried about
> > that because it has been very stable for a long period now. The last
> > bug fix for the reclaimer was done in June in v31 version of the patch
> > set and after that it has been unchanged (except possibly some renames
> > requested by Boris).
> > 
> > I wildly guess I have a bad usage pattern for xarray. I migrated to it
> > in v36, and it is entirely possible that I've misused it. It was the
> > first time that I ever used it. Before xarray we had radix_tree but
> > based Matthew Wilcox feedback I did a migration to xarray.
> > 
> > What I'd ask you to do next is to, if by any means possible, to try to
> > run the same test with v35 so we can verify this. That one still has
> > the radix tree.
> > 
> 
> 
> v35 does not cause any such warning messages from kernel

Thank you. Looks like Matthew already located the issue, a fix will
land soon.

/Jarkko
Jarkko Sakkinen Oct. 7, 2020, 5:25 p.m. UTC | #5
On Mon, Oct 05, 2020 at 01:39:21AM +0300, Jarkko Sakkinen wrote:
> On Sat, Oct 03, 2020 at 01:23:49PM -0500, Haitao Huang wrote:
> > On Sat, 03 Oct 2020 08:32:45 -0500, Jarkko Sakkinen
> > <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> > 
> > > On Sat, Oct 03, 2020 at 12:22:47AM -0500, Haitao Huang wrote:
> > > > When I turn on CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING, kernel reports following
> > > > suspicious RCU
> > > > usages. Not sure if it is an issue. Just reporting here:
> > > 
> > > I'm glad to hear that my tip helped you to get us the data.
> > > 
> > > This does not look like an issue in the page reclaimer, which was not
> > > obvious for me before. That's a good thing. I was really worried about
> > > that because it has been very stable for a long period now. The last
> > > bug fix for the reclaimer was done in June in v31 version of the patch
> > > set and after that it has been unchanged (except possibly some renames
> > > requested by Boris).
> > > 
> > > I wildly guess I have a bad usage pattern for xarray. I migrated to it
> > > in v36, and it is entirely possible that I've misused it. It was the
> > > first time that I ever used it. Before xarray we had radix_tree but
> > > based Matthew Wilcox feedback I did a migration to xarray.
> > > 
> > > What I'd ask you to do next is to, if by any means possible, to try to
> > > run the same test with v35 so we can verify this. That one still has
> > > the radix tree.
> > > 
> > 
> > 
> > v35 does not cause any such warning messages from kernel
> 
> Thank you. Looks like Matthew already located the issue, a fix will
> land soon.

Just acknowledging that this should be fixed in my master branch now.

/Jarkko
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
index d01b28f7ce4a..0446781cc7a2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@  static int sgx_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	atomic_set(&encl->flags, 0);
 	kref_init(&encl->refcount);
 	xa_init(&encl->page_array);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&encl->va_pages);
 	mutex_init(&encl->lock);
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&encl->mm_list);
 	spin_lock_init(&encl->mm_lock);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
index c2c4a77af36b..54326efa6c2f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
@@ -12,9 +12,88 @@ 
 #include "encls.h"
 #include "sgx.h"
 
+/*
+ * ELDU: Load an EPC page as unblocked. For more info, see "OS Management of EPC
+ * Pages" in the SDM.
+ */
+static int __sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page,
+			   struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
+			   struct sgx_epc_page *secs_page)
+{
+	unsigned long va_offset = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(encl_page);
+	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
+	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
+	struct sgx_backing b;
+	pgoff_t page_index;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (secs_page)
+		page_index = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(encl_page);
+	else
+		page_index = PFN_DOWN(encl->size);
+
+	ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl, page_index, &b);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	pginfo.addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(encl_page);
+	pginfo.contents = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(b.contents);
+	pginfo.metadata = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(b.pcmd) +
+			  b.pcmd_offset;
+
+	if (secs_page)
+		pginfo.secs = (u64)sgx_get_epc_addr(secs_page);
+	else
+		pginfo.secs = 0;
+
+	ret = __eldu(&pginfo, sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page),
+		     sgx_get_epc_addr(encl_page->va_page->epc_page) +
+				      va_offset);
+	if (ret) {
+		if (encls_failed(ret))
+			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "ELDU");
+
+		ret = -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)(pginfo.metadata - b.pcmd_offset));
+	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)pginfo.contents);
+
+	sgx_encl_put_backing(&b, false);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page,
+					  struct sgx_epc_page *secs_page)
+{
+	unsigned long va_offset = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(encl_page);
+	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
+	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
+	int ret;
+
+	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(encl_page, false);
+	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
+		return epc_page;
+
+	ret = __sgx_encl_eldu(encl_page, epc_page, secs_page);
+	if (ret) {
+		sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
+		return ERR_PTR(ret);
+	}
+
+	sgx_free_va_slot(encl_page->va_page, va_offset);
+	list_move(&encl_page->va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
+	encl_page->desc &= ~SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK;
+	encl_page->epc_page = epc_page;
+
+	return epc_page;
+}
+
 static struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_load_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
 						unsigned long addr)
 {
+	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
 	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
 	unsigned int flags;
 
@@ -33,10 +112,27 @@  static struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_load_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
 		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
 
 	/* Page is already resident in the EPC. */
-	if (entry->epc_page)
+	if (entry->epc_page) {
+		if (entry->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED)
+			return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+
 		return entry;
+	}
+
+	if (!(encl->secs.epc_page)) {
+		epc_page = sgx_encl_eldu(&encl->secs, NULL);
+		if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
+			return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
+	}
 
-	return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
+	epc_page = sgx_encl_eldu(entry, encl->secs.epc_page);
+	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
+		return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
+
+	encl->secs_child_cnt++;
+	sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(entry->epc_page);
+
+	return entry;
 }
 
 static void sgx_mmu_notifier_release(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
@@ -132,6 +228,9 @@  int sgx_encl_mm_add(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct mm_struct *mm)
 
 	spin_lock(&encl->mm_lock);
 	list_add_rcu(&encl_mm->list, &encl->mm_list);
+	/* Pairs with smp_rmb() in sgx_reclaimer_block(). */
+	smp_wmb();
+	encl->mm_list_version++;
 	spin_unlock(&encl->mm_lock);
 
 	return 0;
@@ -179,6 +278,8 @@  static unsigned int sgx_vma_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
 		goto out;
 	}
 
+	sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(vma->vm_mm, entry);
+
 out:
 	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
 	return ret;
@@ -280,6 +381,7 @@  int sgx_encl_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
  */
 void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
 {
+	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
 	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
 	unsigned long index;
 
@@ -287,6 +389,13 @@  void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
 
 	xa_for_each(&encl->page_array, index, entry) {
 		if (entry->epc_page) {
+			/*
+			 * The page and its radix tree entry cannot be freed
+			 * if the page is being held by the reclaimer.
+			 */
+			if (sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(entry->epc_page))
+				continue;
+
 			sgx_free_epc_page(entry->epc_page);
 			encl->secs_child_cnt--;
 			entry->epc_page = NULL;
@@ -301,6 +410,19 @@  void sgx_encl_destroy(struct sgx_encl *encl)
 		sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
 		encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
 	}
+
+	/*
+	 * The reclaimer is responsible for checking SGX_ENCL_DEAD before doing
+	 * EWB, thus it's safe to free VA pages even if the reclaimer holds a
+	 * reference to the enclave.
+	 */
+	while (!list_empty(&encl->va_pages)) {
+		va_page = list_first_entry(&encl->va_pages, struct sgx_va_page,
+					   list);
+		list_del(&va_page->list);
+		sgx_free_epc_page(va_page->epc_page);
+		kfree(va_page);
+	}
 }
 
 /**
@@ -329,3 +451,221 @@  void sgx_encl_release(struct kref *ref)
 
 	kfree(encl);
 }
+
+static struct page *sgx_encl_get_backing_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
+					      pgoff_t index)
+{
+	struct inode *inode = encl->backing->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
+	struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
+	gfp_t gfpmask = mapping_gfp_mask(mapping);
+
+	return shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(mapping, index, gfpmask);
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgx_encl_get_backing() - Pin the backing storage
+ * @encl:	an enclave pointer
+ * @page_index:	enclave page index
+ * @backing:	data for accessing backing storage for the page
+ *
+ * Pin the backing storage pages for storing the encrypted contents and Paging
+ * Crypto MetaData (PCMD) of an enclave page.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ *   0 on success,
+ *   -errno otherwise.
+ */
+int sgx_encl_get_backing(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long page_index,
+			 struct sgx_backing *backing)
+{
+	pgoff_t pcmd_index = PFN_DOWN(encl->size) + 1 + (page_index >> 5);
+	struct page *contents;
+	struct page *pcmd;
+
+	contents = sgx_encl_get_backing_page(encl, page_index);
+	if (IS_ERR(contents))
+		return PTR_ERR(contents);
+
+	pcmd = sgx_encl_get_backing_page(encl, pcmd_index);
+	if (IS_ERR(pcmd)) {
+		put_page(contents);
+		return PTR_ERR(pcmd);
+	}
+
+	backing->page_index = page_index;
+	backing->contents = contents;
+	backing->pcmd = pcmd;
+	backing->pcmd_offset =
+		(page_index & (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct sgx_pcmd) - 1)) *
+		sizeof(struct sgx_pcmd);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgx_encl_put_backing() - Unpin the backing storage
+ * @backing:	data for accessing backing storage for the page
+ * @do_write:	mark pages dirty
+ */
+void sgx_encl_put_backing(struct sgx_backing *backing, bool do_write)
+{
+	if (do_write) {
+		set_page_dirty(backing->pcmd);
+		set_page_dirty(backing->contents);
+	}
+
+	put_page(backing->pcmd);
+	put_page(backing->contents);
+}
+
+static int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young_cb(pte_t *ptep, unsigned long addr,
+					    void *data)
+{
+	pte_t pte;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = pte_young(*ptep);
+	if (ret) {
+		pte = pte_mkold(*ptep);
+		set_pte_at((struct mm_struct *)data, addr, ptep, pte);
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young() - Test and reset the accessed bit
+ * @mm:		mm_struct that is checked
+ * @page:	enclave page to be tested for recent access
+ *
+ * Checks the Access (A) bit from the PTE corresponding to the enclave page and
+ * clears it.
+ *
+ * Return: 1 if the page has been recently accessed and 0 if not.
+ */
+int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
+				  struct sgx_encl_page *page)
+{
+	unsigned long addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page);
+	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = sgx_encl_find(mm, addr, &vma);
+	if (ret)
+		return 0;
+
+	if (encl != vma->vm_private_data)
+		return 0;
+
+	ret = apply_to_page_range(vma->vm_mm, addr, PAGE_SIZE,
+				  sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young_cb, vma->vm_mm);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return 0;
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgx_encl_reserve_page() - Reserve an enclave page
+ * @encl:	an enclave pointer
+ * @addr:	a page address
+ *
+ * Load an enclave page and lock the enclave so that the page can be used by
+ * EDBG* and EMOD*.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ *   an enclave page on success
+ *   -EFAULT	if the load fails
+ */
+struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_reserve_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
+					    unsigned long addr)
+{
+	struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
+
+	for ( ; ; ) {
+		mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
+
+		entry = sgx_encl_load_page(encl, addr);
+		if (PTR_ERR(entry) != -EBUSY)
+			break;
+
+		mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
+	}
+
+	if (IS_ERR(entry))
+		mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
+
+	return entry;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgx_alloc_va_page() - Allocate a Version Array (VA) page
+ *
+ * Allocate a free EPC page and convert it to a Version Array (VA) page.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ *   a VA page,
+ *   -errno otherwise
+ */
+struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_va_page(void)
+{
+	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
+	int ret;
+
+	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(NULL, true);
+	if (IS_ERR(epc_page))
+		return ERR_CAST(epc_page);
+
+	ret = __epa(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
+	if (ret) {
+		WARN_ONCE(1, "EPA returned %d (0x%x)", ret, ret);
+		sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
+		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
+	}
+
+	return epc_page;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgx_alloc_va_slot - allocate a VA slot
+ * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
+ *
+ * Allocates a slot from a &struct sgx_va_page instance.
+ *
+ * Return: offset of the slot inside the VA page
+ */
+unsigned int sgx_alloc_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page)
+{
+	int slot = find_first_zero_bit(va_page->slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
+
+	if (slot < SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT)
+		set_bit(slot, va_page->slots);
+
+	return slot << 3;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgx_free_va_slot - free a VA slot
+ * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
+ * @offset:	offset of the slot inside the VA page
+ *
+ * Frees a slot from a &struct sgx_va_page instance.
+ */
+void sgx_free_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page, unsigned int offset)
+{
+	clear_bit(offset >> 3, va_page->slots);
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgx_va_page_full - is the VA page full?
+ * @va_page:	a &struct sgx_va_page instance
+ *
+ * Return: true if all slots have been taken
+ */
+bool sgx_va_page_full(struct sgx_va_page *va_page)
+{
+	int slot = find_first_zero_bit(va_page->slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
+
+	return slot == SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT;
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
index 0448d22d3010..e8eb9e9a834e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
@@ -19,6 +19,10 @@ 
 
 /**
  * enum sgx_encl_page_desc - defines bits for an enclave page's descriptor
+ * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED:	The page is in the process of being
+ *					reclaimed.
+ * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK:	Holds the offset in the Version Array
+ *					(VA) page for a swapped page.
  * %SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK:		Holds the virtual address of the page.
  *
  * The page address for SECS is zero and is used by the subsystem to recognize
@@ -26,16 +30,23 @@ 
  */
 enum sgx_encl_page_desc {
 	/* Bits 11:3 are available when the page is not swapped. */
+	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED		= BIT(3),
+	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK	= GENMASK_ULL(11, 3),
 	SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK		= PAGE_MASK,
 };
 
 #define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page) \
 	((page)->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR_MASK)
+#define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET(page) \
+	((page)->desc & SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK)
+#define SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(page) \
+	PFN_DOWN((page)->desc - (page)->encl->base)
 
 struct sgx_encl_page {
 	unsigned long desc;
 	unsigned long vm_max_prot_bits;
 	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
+	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
 	struct sgx_encl *encl;
 };
 
@@ -61,6 +72,7 @@  struct sgx_encl {
 	struct mutex lock;
 	struct list_head mm_list;
 	spinlock_t mm_lock;
+	unsigned long mm_list_version;
 	struct file *backing;
 	struct kref refcount;
 	struct srcu_struct srcu;
@@ -68,12 +80,21 @@  struct sgx_encl {
 	unsigned long size;
 	unsigned long ssaframesize;
 	struct xarray page_array;
+	struct list_head va_pages;
 	struct sgx_encl_page secs;
 	cpumask_t cpumask;
 	unsigned long attributes;
 	unsigned long attributes_mask;
 };
 
+#define SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT 512
+
+struct sgx_va_page {
+	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(slots, SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
+	struct list_head list;
+};
+
 extern const struct vm_operations_struct sgx_vm_ops;
 
 int sgx_encl_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
@@ -84,4 +105,24 @@  int sgx_encl_mm_add(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct mm_struct *mm);
 int sgx_encl_may_map(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long start,
 		     unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags);
 
+struct sgx_backing {
+	pgoff_t page_index;
+	struct page *contents;
+	struct page *pcmd;
+	unsigned long pcmd_offset;
+};
+
+int sgx_encl_get_backing(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long page_index,
+			 struct sgx_backing *backing);
+void sgx_encl_put_backing(struct sgx_backing *backing, bool do_write);
+int sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(struct mm_struct *mm,
+				  struct sgx_encl_page *page);
+struct sgx_encl_page *sgx_encl_reserve_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
+					    unsigned long addr);
+
+struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_va_page(void);
+unsigned int sgx_alloc_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page);
+void sgx_free_va_slot(struct sgx_va_page *va_page, unsigned int offset);
+bool sgx_va_page_full(struct sgx_va_page *va_page);
+
 #endif /* _X86_ENCL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
index 3c04798e83e5..613f6c03598e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
@@ -16,6 +16,43 @@ 
 #include "encl.h"
 #include "encls.h"
 
+static struct sgx_va_page *sgx_encl_grow(struct sgx_encl *encl)
+{
+	struct sgx_va_page *va_page = NULL;
+	void *err;
+
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT !=
+		(SGX_ENCL_PAGE_VA_OFFSET_MASK >> 3) + 1);
+
+	if (!(encl->page_cnt % SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT)) {
+		va_page = kzalloc(sizeof(*va_page), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!va_page)
+			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+		va_page->epc_page = sgx_alloc_va_page();
+		if (IS_ERR(va_page->epc_page)) {
+			err = ERR_CAST(va_page->epc_page);
+			kfree(va_page);
+			return err;
+		}
+
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(encl->page_cnt % SGX_VA_SLOT_COUNT);
+	}
+	encl->page_cnt++;
+	return va_page;
+}
+
+static void sgx_encl_shrink(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_va_page *va_page)
+{
+	encl->page_cnt--;
+
+	if (va_page) {
+		sgx_free_epc_page(va_page->epc_page);
+		list_del(&va_page->list);
+		kfree(va_page);
+	}
+}
+
 static u32 sgx_calc_ssa_frame_size(u32 miscselect, u64 xfrm)
 {
 	u32 size_max = PAGE_SIZE;
@@ -80,15 +117,24 @@  static int sgx_validate_secs(const struct sgx_secs *secs)
 static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_secs *secs)
 {
 	struct sgx_epc_page *secs_epc;
+	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
 	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
 	struct sgx_secinfo secinfo;
 	unsigned long encl_size;
 	struct file *backing;
 	long ret;
 
+	va_page = sgx_encl_grow(encl);
+	if (IS_ERR(va_page))
+		return PTR_ERR(va_page);
+	else if (va_page)
+		list_add(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
+	/* else the tail page of the VA page list had free slots. */
+
 	if (sgx_validate_secs(secs)) {
 		pr_debug("invalid SECS\n");
-		return -EINVAL;
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto err_out_shrink;
 	}
 
 	/* The extra page goes to SECS. */
@@ -96,12 +142,14 @@  static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_secs *secs)
 
 	backing = shmem_file_setup("SGX backing", encl_size + (encl_size >> 5),
 				   VM_NORESERVE);
-	if (IS_ERR(backing))
-		return PTR_ERR(backing);
+	if (IS_ERR(backing)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(backing);
+		goto err_out_shrink;
+	}
 
 	encl->backing = backing;
 
-	secs_epc = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
+	secs_epc = sgx_alloc_epc_page(&encl->secs, true);
 	if (IS_ERR(secs_epc)) {
 		ret = PTR_ERR(secs_epc);
 		goto err_out_backing;
@@ -149,6 +197,9 @@  static int sgx_encl_create(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_secs *secs)
 	fput(encl->backing);
 	encl->backing = NULL;
 
+err_out_shrink:
+	sgx_encl_shrink(encl, va_page);
+
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -321,21 +372,35 @@  static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long src,
 {
 	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page;
 	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
+	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
 	int ret;
 
 	encl_page = sgx_encl_page_alloc(encl, offset, secinfo->flags);
 	if (IS_ERR(encl_page))
 		return PTR_ERR(encl_page);
 
-	epc_page = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
+	epc_page = sgx_alloc_epc_page(encl_page, true);
 	if (IS_ERR(epc_page)) {
 		kfree(encl_page);
 		return PTR_ERR(epc_page);
 	}
 
+	va_page = sgx_encl_grow(encl);
+	if (IS_ERR(va_page)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(va_page);
+		goto err_out_free;
+	}
+
 	mmap_read_lock(current->mm);
 	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
 
+	/*
+	 * Adding to encl->va_pages must be done under encl->lock.  Ditto for
+	 * deleting (via sgx_encl_shrink()) in the error path.
+	 */
+	if (va_page)
+		list_add(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
+
 	/*
 	 * Insert prior to EADD in case of OOM.  EADD modifies MRENCLAVE, i.e.
 	 * can't be gracefully unwound, while failure on EADD/EXTEND is limited
@@ -366,6 +431,7 @@  static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long src,
 			goto err_out;
 	}
 
+	sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(encl_page->epc_page);
 	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
 	mmap_read_unlock(current->mm);
 	return ret;
@@ -374,9 +440,11 @@  static int sgx_encl_add_page(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long src,
 	xa_erase(&encl->page_array, PFN_DOWN(encl_page->desc));
 
 err_out_unlock:
+	sgx_encl_shrink(encl, va_page);
 	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
 	mmap_read_unlock(current->mm);
 
+err_out_free:
 	sgx_free_epc_page(epc_page);
 	kfree(encl_page);
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
index 4137254fb29e..3f9130501370 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
@@ -16,6 +16,395 @@ 
 struct sgx_epc_section sgx_epc_sections[SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS];
 static int sgx_nr_epc_sections;
 static struct task_struct *ksgxswapd_tsk;
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(ksgxswapd_waitq);
+static LIST_HEAD(sgx_active_page_list);
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(sgx_active_page_list_lock);
+
+/**
+ * sgx_mark_page_reclaimable() - Mark a page as reclaimable
+ * @page:	EPC page
+ *
+ * Mark a page as reclaimable and add it to the active page list. Pages
+ * are automatically removed from the active list when freed.
+ */
+void sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
+{
+	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
+	page->desc |= SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
+	list_add_tail(&page->list, &sgx_active_page_list);
+	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
+}
+
+/**
+ * sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable() - Remove a page from the reclaim list
+ * @page:	EPC page
+ *
+ * Clear the reclaimable flag and remove the page from the active page list.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ *   0 on success,
+ *   -EBUSY if the page is in the process of being reclaimed
+ */
+int sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Remove the page from the active list if necessary.  If the page
+	 * is actively being reclaimed, i.e. RECLAIMABLE is set but the
+	 * page isn't on the active list, return -EBUSY as we can't free
+	 * the page at this time since it is "owned" by the reclaimer.
+	 */
+	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
+	if (page->desc & SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE) {
+		if (list_empty(&page->list)) {
+			spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
+			return -EBUSY;
+		}
+		list_del(&page->list);
+		page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
+	}
+	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static bool sgx_reclaimer_age(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page)
+{
+	struct sgx_encl_page *page = epc_page->owner;
+	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
+	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
+	bool ret = true;
+	int idx;
+
+	idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
+
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
+		if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
+			continue;
+
+		mmap_read_lock(encl_mm->mm);
+		ret = !sgx_encl_test_and_clear_young(encl_mm->mm, page);
+		mmap_read_unlock(encl_mm->mm);
+
+		mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
+
+		if (!ret || (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD))
+			break;
+	}
+
+	srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
+
+	if (!ret && !(atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD))
+		return false;
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+static void sgx_reclaimer_block(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page)
+{
+	struct sgx_encl_page *page = epc_page->owner;
+	unsigned long addr = SGX_ENCL_PAGE_ADDR(page);
+	struct sgx_encl *encl = page->encl;
+	unsigned long mm_list_version;
+	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+	int idx, ret;
+
+	do {
+		mm_list_version = encl->mm_list_version;
+
+		/* Pairs with smp_rmb() in sgx_encl_mm_add(). */
+		smp_rmb();
+
+		idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
+
+		list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
+			if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
+				continue;
+
+			mmap_read_lock(encl_mm->mm);
+
+			ret = sgx_encl_find(encl_mm->mm, addr, &vma);
+			if (!ret && encl == vma->vm_private_data)
+				zap_vma_ptes(vma, addr, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+			mmap_read_unlock(encl_mm->mm);
+
+			mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
+		}
+
+		srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
+	} while (unlikely(encl->mm_list_version != mm_list_version));
+
+	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
+
+	if (!(atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD)) {
+		ret = __eblock(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
+		if (encls_failed(ret))
+			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EBLOCK");
+	}
+
+	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
+}
+
+static int __sgx_encl_ewb(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page, void *va_slot,
+			  struct sgx_backing *backing)
+{
+	struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
+	int ret;
+
+	pginfo.addr = 0;
+	pginfo.secs = 0;
+
+	pginfo.contents = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(backing->contents);
+	pginfo.metadata = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(backing->pcmd) +
+			  backing->pcmd_offset;
+
+	ret = __ewb(&pginfo, sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page), va_slot);
+
+	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)(pginfo.metadata -
+					      backing->pcmd_offset));
+	kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)pginfo.contents);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void sgx_ipi_cb(void *info)
+{
+}
+
+static const cpumask_t *sgx_encl_ewb_cpumask(struct sgx_encl *encl)
+{
+	cpumask_t *cpumask = &encl->cpumask;
+	struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm;
+	int idx;
+
+	/*
+	 * Can race with sgx_encl_mm_add(), but ETRACK has already been
+	 * executed, which means that the CPUs running in the new mm will enter
+	 * into the enclave with a fresh epoch.
+	 */
+	cpumask_clear(cpumask);
+
+	idx = srcu_read_lock(&encl->srcu);
+
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(encl_mm, &encl->mm_list, list) {
+		if (!mmget_not_zero(encl_mm->mm))
+			continue;
+
+		cpumask_or(cpumask, cpumask, mm_cpumask(encl_mm->mm));
+
+		mmput_async(encl_mm->mm);
+	}
+
+	srcu_read_unlock(&encl->srcu, idx);
+
+	return cpumask;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Swap page to the regular memory transformed to the blocked state by using
+ * EBLOCK, which means that it can no loger be referenced (no new TLB entries).
+ *
+ * The first trial just tries to write the page assuming that some other thread
+ * has reset the count for threads inside the enlave by using ETRACK, and
+ * previous thread count has been zeroed out. The second trial calls ETRACK
+ * before EWB. If that fails we kick all the HW threads out, and then do EWB,
+ * which should be guaranteed the succeed.
+ */
+static void sgx_encl_ewb(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
+			 struct sgx_backing *backing)
+{
+	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page = epc_page->owner;
+	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
+	struct sgx_va_page *va_page;
+	unsigned int va_offset;
+	void *va_slot;
+	int ret;
+
+	encl_page->desc &= ~SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED;
+
+	va_page = list_first_entry(&encl->va_pages, struct sgx_va_page,
+				   list);
+	va_offset = sgx_alloc_va_slot(va_page);
+	va_slot = sgx_get_epc_addr(va_page->epc_page) + va_offset;
+	if (sgx_va_page_full(va_page))
+		list_move_tail(&va_page->list, &encl->va_pages);
+
+	ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
+	if (ret == SGX_NOT_TRACKED) {
+		ret = __etrack(sgx_get_epc_addr(encl->secs.epc_page));
+		if (ret) {
+			if (encls_failed(ret))
+				ENCLS_WARN(ret, "ETRACK");
+		}
+
+		ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
+		if (ret == SGX_NOT_TRACKED) {
+			/*
+			 * Slow path, send IPIs to kick cpus out of the
+			 * enclave.  Note, it's imperative that the cpu
+			 * mask is generated *after* ETRACK, else we'll
+			 * miss cpus that entered the enclave between
+			 * generating the mask and incrementing epoch.
+			 */
+			on_each_cpu_mask(sgx_encl_ewb_cpumask(encl),
+					 sgx_ipi_cb, NULL, 1);
+			ret = __sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, va_slot, backing);
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (ret) {
+		if (encls_failed(ret))
+			ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EWB");
+
+		sgx_free_va_slot(va_page, va_offset);
+	} else {
+		encl_page->desc |= va_offset;
+		encl_page->va_page = va_page;
+	}
+}
+
+static void sgx_reclaimer_write(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page,
+				struct sgx_backing *backing)
+{
+	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page = epc_page->owner;
+	struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
+	struct sgx_backing secs_backing;
+	int ret;
+
+	mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
+
+	if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD) {
+		ret = __eremove(sgx_get_epc_addr(epc_page));
+		ENCLS_WARN(ret, "EREMOVE");
+	} else {
+		sgx_encl_ewb(epc_page, backing);
+	}
+
+	encl_page->epc_page = NULL;
+	encl->secs_child_cnt--;
+
+	if (!encl->secs_child_cnt) {
+		if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_DEAD) {
+			sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
+			encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
+		} else if (atomic_read(&encl->flags) & SGX_ENCL_INITIALIZED) {
+			ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl, PFN_DOWN(encl->size),
+						   &secs_backing);
+			if (ret)
+				goto out;
+
+			sgx_encl_ewb(encl->secs.epc_page, &secs_backing);
+
+			sgx_free_epc_page(encl->secs.epc_page);
+			encl->secs.epc_page = NULL;
+
+			sgx_encl_put_backing(&secs_backing, true);
+		}
+	}
+
+out:
+	mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Take a fixed number of pages from the head of the active page pool and
+ * reclaim them to the enclave's private shmem files. Skip the pages, which have
+ * been accessed since the last scan. Move those pages to the tail of active
+ * page pool so that the pages get scanned in LRU like fashion.
+ *
+ * Batch process a chunk of pages (at the moment 16) in order to degrade amount
+ * of IPI's and ETRACK's potentially required. sgx_encl_ewb() does degrade a bit
+ * among the HW threads with three stage EWB pipeline (EWB, ETRACK + EWB and IPI
+ * + EWB) but not sufficiently. Reclaiming one page at a time would also be
+ * problematic as it would increase the lock contention too much, which would
+ * halt forward progress.
+ */
+static void sgx_reclaim_pages(void)
+{
+	struct sgx_epc_page *chunk[SGX_NR_TO_SCAN];
+	struct sgx_backing backing[SGX_NR_TO_SCAN];
+	struct sgx_epc_section *section;
+	struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page;
+	struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page;
+	int cnt = 0;
+	int ret;
+	int i;
+
+	spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
+	for (i = 0; i < SGX_NR_TO_SCAN; i++) {
+		if (list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list))
+			break;
+
+		epc_page = list_first_entry(&sgx_active_page_list,
+					    struct sgx_epc_page, list);
+		list_del_init(&epc_page->list);
+		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
+
+		if (kref_get_unless_zero(&encl_page->encl->refcount) != 0)
+			chunk[cnt++] = epc_page;
+		else
+			/* The owner is freeing the page. No need to add the
+			 * page back to the list of reclaimable pages.
+			 */
+			epc_page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
+	}
+	spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
+		epc_page = chunk[i];
+		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
+
+		if (!sgx_reclaimer_age(epc_page))
+			goto skip;
+
+		ret = sgx_encl_get_backing(encl_page->encl,
+					   SGX_ENCL_PAGE_INDEX(encl_page),
+					   &backing[i]);
+		if (ret)
+			goto skip;
+
+		mutex_lock(&encl_page->encl->lock);
+		encl_page->desc |= SGX_ENCL_PAGE_BEING_RECLAIMED;
+		mutex_unlock(&encl_page->encl->lock);
+		continue;
+
+skip:
+		spin_lock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
+		list_add_tail(&epc_page->list, &sgx_active_page_list);
+		spin_unlock(&sgx_active_page_list_lock);
+
+		kref_put(&encl_page->encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);
+
+		chunk[i] = NULL;
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
+		epc_page = chunk[i];
+		if (epc_page)
+			sgx_reclaimer_block(epc_page);
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
+		epc_page = chunk[i];
+		if (!epc_page)
+			continue;
+
+		encl_page = epc_page->owner;
+		sgx_reclaimer_write(epc_page, &backing[i]);
+		sgx_encl_put_backing(&backing[i], true);
+
+		kref_put(&encl_page->encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);
+		epc_page->desc &= ~SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE;
+
+		section = sgx_get_epc_section(epc_page);
+		spin_lock(&section->lock);
+		list_add_tail(&epc_page->list, &section->page_list);
+		section->free_cnt++;
+		spin_unlock(&section->lock);
+	}
+}
+
 
 static void sgx_sanitize_section(struct sgx_epc_section *section)
 {
@@ -44,6 +433,23 @@  static void sgx_sanitize_section(struct sgx_epc_section *section)
 	}
 }
 
+static unsigned long sgx_nr_free_pages(void)
+{
+	unsigned long cnt = 0;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < sgx_nr_epc_sections; i++)
+		cnt += sgx_epc_sections[i].free_cnt;
+
+	return cnt;
+}
+
+static bool sgx_should_reclaim(unsigned long watermark)
+{
+	return sgx_nr_free_pages() < watermark &&
+	       !list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list);
+}
+
 static int ksgxswapd(void *p)
 {
 	int i;
@@ -69,6 +475,20 @@  static int ksgxswapd(void *p)
 			WARN(1, "EPC section %d has unsanitized pages.\n", i);
 	}
 
+	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
+		if (try_to_freeze())
+			continue;
+
+		wait_event_freezable(ksgxswapd_waitq,
+				     kthread_should_stop() ||
+				     sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES));
+
+		if (sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES))
+			sgx_reclaim_pages();
+
+		cond_resched();
+	}
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -94,6 +514,7 @@  static struct sgx_epc_page *__sgx_alloc_epc_page_from_section(struct sgx_epc_sec
 
 	page = list_first_entry(&section->page_list, struct sgx_epc_page, list);
 	list_del_init(&page->list);
+	section->free_cnt--;
 
 	return page;
 }
@@ -127,6 +548,57 @@  struct sgx_epc_page *__sgx_alloc_epc_page(void)
 	return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 }
 
+/**
+ * sgx_alloc_epc_page() - Allocate an EPC page
+ * @owner:	the owner of the EPC page
+ * @reclaim:	reclaim pages if necessary
+ *
+ * Iterate through EPC sections and borrow a free EPC page to the caller. When a
+ * page is no longer needed it must be released with sgx_free_epc_page(). If
+ * @reclaim is set to true, directly reclaim pages when we are out of pages. No
+ * mm's can be locked when @reclaim is set to true.
+ *
+ * Finally, wake up ksgxswapd when the number of pages goes below the watermark
+ * before returning back to the caller.
+ *
+ * Return:
+ *   an EPC page,
+ *   -errno on error
+ */
+struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_epc_page(void *owner, bool reclaim)
+{
+	struct sgx_epc_page *entry;
+
+	for ( ; ; ) {
+		entry = __sgx_alloc_epc_page();
+		if (!IS_ERR(entry)) {
+			entry->owner = owner;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		if (list_empty(&sgx_active_page_list))
+			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+		if (!reclaim) {
+			entry = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+			break;
+		}
+
+		if (signal_pending(current)) {
+			entry = ERR_PTR(-ERESTARTSYS);
+			break;
+		}
+
+		sgx_reclaim_pages();
+		schedule();
+	}
+
+	if (sgx_should_reclaim(SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES))
+		wake_up(&ksgxswapd_waitq);
+
+	return entry;
+}
+
 /**
  * sgx_free_epc_page() - Free an EPC page
  * @page:	an EPC page
@@ -138,12 +610,20 @@  void sgx_free_epc_page(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
 	struct sgx_epc_section *section = sgx_get_epc_section(page);
 	int ret;
 
+	/*
+	 * Don't take sgx_active_page_list_lock when asserting the page isn't
+	 * reclaimable, missing a WARN in the very rare case is preferable to
+	 * unnecessarily taking a global lock in the common case.
+	 */
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(page->desc & SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE);
+
 	ret = __eremove(sgx_get_epc_addr(page));
 	if (WARN_ONCE(ret, "EREMOVE returned %d (0x%x)", ret, ret))
 		return;
 
 	spin_lock(&section->lock);
 	list_add_tail(&page->list, &section->page_list);
+	section->free_cnt++;
 	spin_unlock(&section->lock);
 }
 
@@ -194,6 +674,7 @@  static bool __init sgx_setup_epc_section(u64 addr, u64 size,
 		list_add_tail(&page->list, &section->unsanitized_page_list);
 	}
 
+	section->free_cnt = nr_pages;
 	return true;
 
 err_out:
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
index 8d126070db1e..ec4f7b338dbe 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ 
 
 struct sgx_epc_page {
 	unsigned long desc;
+	struct sgx_encl_page *owner;
 	struct list_head list;
 };
 
@@ -27,6 +28,7 @@  struct sgx_epc_page {
 struct sgx_epc_section {
 	unsigned long pa;
 	void *va;
+	unsigned long free_cnt;
 	struct list_head page_list;
 	struct list_head unsanitized_page_list;
 	spinlock_t lock;
@@ -35,6 +37,10 @@  struct sgx_epc_section {
 #define SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK		GENMASK(7, 0)
 #define SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS		(SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK + 1)
 #define SGX_MAX_ADD_PAGES_LENGTH	0x100000
+#define SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE	BIT(8)
+#define SGX_NR_TO_SCAN			16
+#define SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES		32
+#define SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES		64
 
 extern struct sgx_epc_section sgx_epc_sections[SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS];
 
@@ -50,7 +56,10 @@  static inline void *sgx_get_epc_addr(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
 	return section->va + (page->desc & PAGE_MASK) - section->pa;
 }
 
+void sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
+int sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
 struct sgx_epc_page *__sgx_alloc_epc_page(void);
+struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_epc_page(void *owner, bool reclaim);
 void sgx_free_epc_page(struct sgx_epc_page *page);
 
 #endif /* _X86_SGX_H */