diff mbox series

[v14,12/14] x86/sgx: Turn on per-cgroup EPC reclamation

Message ID 20240531222630.4634-13-haitao.huang@linux.intel.com (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series Add Cgroup support for SGX EPC memory | expand

Commit Message

Haitao Huang May 31, 2024, 10:26 p.m. UTC
From: Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>

Previous patches have implemented all infrastructure needed for
per-cgroup EPC page tracking and reclaiming. But all reclaimable EPC
pages are still tracked in the global LRU as sgx_epc_page_lru() always
returns reference to the global LRU.

Change sgx_epc_page_lru() to return the LRU of the cgroup in which the
given EPC page is allocated.

This makes all EPC pages tracked in per-cgroup LRUs and the global
reclaimer (ksgxd) will not be able to reclaim any pages from the global
LRU. However, in cases of over-committing, i.e., the sum of cgroup
limits greater than the total capacity, cgroups may never reclaim but
the total usage can still be near the capacity. Therefore a global
reclamation is still needed in those cases and it should be performed
from the root cgroup.

Modify sgx_reclaim_pages_global(), to reclaim from the root EPC cgroup
when cgroup is enabled. Similar to sgx_cgroup_reclaim_pages(), return
the next cgroup so callers can use it as the new starting node for next
round of reclamation if needed.

Also update sgx_can_reclaim_global(), to check emptiness of LRUs of all
cgroups when EPC cgroup is enabled, otherwise only check the global LRU.

Finally, change sgx_reclaim_direct(), to check and ensure there are free
pages at cgroup level so forward progress can be made by the caller.

With these changes, the global reclamation and per-cgroup reclamation
both work properly with all pages tracked in per-cgroup LRUs.

Co-developed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>
Co-developed-by: Haitao Huang <haitao.huang@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Haitao Huang <haitao.huang@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Mikko Ylinen <mikko.ylinen@linux.intel.com>
Tested-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
---
V14:
- Update global reclamation to use the new sgx_cgroup_reclaim_pages() to
iterate cgroups at lower level if the top cgroups are too busy.

V13:
- Use IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CGROUP_MISC) in sgx_can_reclaim_global(). (Kai)

V12:
- Remove CONFIG_CGROUP_SGX_EPC, conditional compile SGX Cgroup for
CONFIGCONFIG_CGROUPMISC. (Jarkko)

V11:
- Reword the comments for global reclamation for allocation failure
after passing cgroup charging. (Kai)
- Add stub functions to remove ifdefs in c file (Kai)
- Add more detailed comments to clarify each page belongs to one cgroup, or the
root. (Kai)

V10:
- Add comment to clarify each page belongs to one cgroup, or the root by
default. (Kai)
- Merge the changes that expose sgx_cgroup_* functions to this patch.
- Add changes for sgx_reclaim_direct() that was missed previously.

V7:
- Split this out from the big patch, #10 in V6. (Dave, Kai)
---
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/epc_cgroup.c |  8 +--
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/epc_cgroup.h | 32 +++++++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c       | 80 +++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 3 files changed, 109 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/epc_cgroup.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/epc_cgroup.c
index 7e0e9a4fedf0..2702bbd49c60 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/epc_cgroup.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/epc_cgroup.c
@@ -67,7 +67,7 @@  static inline u64 sgx_cgroup_max_pages_to_root(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg)
  *
  * Return: %true if all cgroups under the specified root have empty LRU lists.
  */
-static bool sgx_cgroup_lru_empty(struct misc_cg *root)
+bool sgx_cgroup_lru_empty(struct misc_cg *root)
 {
 	struct cgroup_subsys_state *css_root;
 	struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos;
@@ -127,8 +127,8 @@  static bool sgx_cgroup_lru_empty(struct misc_cg *root)
  * release the reference if the returned is not used as %start for a subsequent
  * call.
  */
-static struct misc_cg *sgx_cgroup_reclaim_pages(struct misc_cg *root, struct misc_cg *start,
-						struct mm_struct *charge_mm)
+struct misc_cg *sgx_cgroup_reclaim_pages(struct misc_cg *root, struct misc_cg *start,
+					 struct mm_struct *charge_mm)
 {
 	struct cgroup_subsys_state *css_root, *pos;
 	struct cgroup_subsys_state *next = NULL;
@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@  static struct misc_cg *sgx_cgroup_reclaim_pages(struct misc_cg *root, struct mis
  * threshold (%SGX_CG_MIN_FREE_PAGE) and there are reclaimable pages within the
  * cgroup.
  */
-static bool sgx_cgroup_should_reclaim(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg)
+bool sgx_cgroup_should_reclaim(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg)
 {
 	u64 cur, max;
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/epc_cgroup.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/epc_cgroup.h
index 2044e0d64076..c6940bb8ec3b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/epc_cgroup.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/epc_cgroup.h
@@ -13,6 +13,11 @@ 
 #define MISC_CG_RES_SGX_EPC MISC_CG_RES_TYPES
 struct sgx_cgroup;
 
+static inline struct misc_cg *misc_from_sgx(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg)
+{
+	return NULL;
+}
+
 static inline struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_get_current_cg(void)
 {
 	return NULL;
@@ -27,8 +32,25 @@  static inline int sgx_cgroup_try_charge(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg, enum sgx_recl
 
 static inline void sgx_cgroup_uncharge(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg) { }
 
+static inline bool sgx_cgroup_lru_empty(struct misc_cg *root)
+{
+	return true;
+}
+
+static inline bool sgx_cgroup_should_reclaim(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
 static inline void sgx_cgroup_init(void) { }
 
+static inline struct misc_cg *sgx_cgroup_reclaim_pages(struct misc_cg *root,
+						       struct misc_cg *next_cg,
+						       struct mm_struct *charge_mm)
+{
+	return NULL;
+}
+
 #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_MISC */
 
 struct sgx_cgroup {
@@ -37,6 +59,11 @@  struct sgx_cgroup {
 	struct work_struct reclaim_work;
 };
 
+static inline struct misc_cg *misc_from_sgx(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg)
+{
+	return sgx_cg->cg;
+}
+
 static inline struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cgroup_from_misc_cg(struct misc_cg *cg)
 {
 	return (struct sgx_cgroup *)(cg->res[MISC_CG_RES_SGX_EPC].priv);
@@ -67,6 +94,11 @@  static inline void sgx_put_cg(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg)
 
 int sgx_cgroup_try_charge(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg, enum sgx_reclaim reclaim);
 void sgx_cgroup_uncharge(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg);
+bool sgx_cgroup_lru_empty(struct misc_cg *root);
+bool sgx_cgroup_should_reclaim(struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg);
+struct misc_cg *sgx_cgroup_reclaim_pages(struct misc_cg *root,
+					 struct misc_cg *next_cg,
+					 struct mm_struct *charge_mm);
 void sgx_cgroup_init(void);
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_MISC */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
index c8ac4eb996aa..30ca489007ec 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
@@ -32,9 +32,30 @@  static DEFINE_XARRAY(sgx_epc_address_space);
  */
 static struct sgx_epc_lru_list sgx_global_lru;
 
+/*
+ * Get the per-cgroup or global LRU list that tracks the given reclaimable page.
+ */
 static inline struct sgx_epc_lru_list *sgx_epc_page_lru(struct sgx_epc_page *epc_page)
 {
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MISC
+	/*
+	 * epc_page->sgx_cg here is never NULL during a reclaimable epc_page's
+	 * life between sgx_alloc_epc_page() and sgx_free_epc_page():
+	 *
+	 * In sgx_alloc_epc_page(), epc_page->sgx_cg is set to the return from
+	 * sgx_get_current_cg() which is the misc cgroup of the current task, or
+	 * the root by default even if the misc cgroup is disabled by kernel
+	 * command line.
+	 *
+	 * epc_page->sgx_cg is only unset by sgx_free_epc_page().
+	 *
+	 * This function is never used before sgx_alloc_epc_page() or after
+	 * sgx_free_epc_page().
+	 */
+	return &epc_page->sgx_cg->lru;
+#else
 	return &sgx_global_lru;
+#endif
 }
 
 /*
@@ -42,7 +63,10 @@  static inline struct sgx_epc_lru_list *sgx_epc_page_lru(struct sgx_epc_page *epc
  */
 static inline bool sgx_can_reclaim_global(void)
 {
-	return !list_empty(&sgx_global_lru.reclaimable);
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CGROUP_MISC))
+		return !sgx_cgroup_lru_empty(misc_cg_root());
+	else
+		return !list_empty(&sgx_global_lru.reclaimable);
 }
 
 static atomic_long_t sgx_nr_free_pages = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0);
@@ -402,9 +426,14 @@  static bool sgx_should_reclaim_global(unsigned long watermark)
 		sgx_can_reclaim_global();
 }
 
-static void sgx_reclaim_pages_global(struct mm_struct *charge_mm)
+static struct misc_cg *sgx_reclaim_pages_global(struct misc_cg *next_cg,
+						struct mm_struct *charge_mm)
 {
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CGROUP_MISC))
+		return sgx_cgroup_reclaim_pages(misc_cg_root(), next_cg, charge_mm);
+
 	sgx_reclaim_pages(&sgx_global_lru, charge_mm);
+	return NULL;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -414,12 +443,35 @@  static void sgx_reclaim_pages_global(struct mm_struct *charge_mm)
  */
 void sgx_reclaim_direct(void)
 {
+	struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg = sgx_get_current_cg();
+	struct misc_cg *cg = misc_from_sgx(sgx_cg);
+	struct misc_cg *next_cg = NULL;
+
+	/*
+	 * Make sure there are some free pages at both cgroup and global levels.
+	 * In both cases, only make one attempt of reclamation to avoid lengthy
+	 * block on the caller.
+	 */
+	if (sgx_cg && sgx_cgroup_should_reclaim(sgx_cg))
+		next_cg = sgx_cgroup_reclaim_pages(cg, next_cg, current->mm);
+
+	if (next_cg != cg)
+		put_misc_cg(next_cg);
+
+	next_cg = NULL;
 	if (sgx_should_reclaim_global(SGX_NR_LOW_PAGES))
-		sgx_reclaim_pages_global(current->mm);
+		next_cg = sgx_reclaim_pages_global(next_cg, current->mm);
+
+	if (next_cg != misc_cg_root())
+		put_misc_cg(next_cg);
+
+	sgx_put_cg(sgx_cg);
 }
 
 static int ksgxd(void *p)
 {
+	struct misc_cg *next_cg = NULL;
+
 	set_freezable();
 
 	/*
@@ -437,11 +489,15 @@  static int ksgxd(void *p)
 				     kthread_should_stop() ||
 				     sgx_should_reclaim_global(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES));
 
-		if (sgx_should_reclaim_global(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES))
+		while (!kthread_should_stop() && sgx_should_reclaim_global(SGX_NR_HIGH_PAGES)) {
 			/* Indirect reclaim, no mm to charge, so NULL: */
-			sgx_reclaim_pages_global(NULL);
+			next_cg = sgx_reclaim_pages_global(next_cg, NULL);
+			cond_resched();
+		}
 
-		cond_resched();
+		if (next_cg != misc_cg_root())
+			put_misc_cg(next_cg);
+		next_cg = NULL;
 	}
 
 	return 0;
@@ -583,6 +639,7 @@  int sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
  */
 struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_epc_page(void *owner, enum sgx_reclaim reclaim)
 {
+	struct misc_cg *next_cg = NULL;
 	struct sgx_cgroup *sgx_cg;
 	struct sgx_epc_page *page;
 	int ret;
@@ -616,10 +673,19 @@  struct sgx_epc_page *sgx_alloc_epc_page(void *owner, enum sgx_reclaim reclaim)
 			break;
 		}
 
-		sgx_reclaim_pages_global(current->mm);
+		/*
+		 * At this point, the usage within this cgroup is under its
+		 * limit but there is no physical page left for allocation.
+		 * Perform a global reclaim to get some pages released from any
+		 * cgroup with reclaimable pages.
+		 */
+		next_cg = sgx_reclaim_pages_global(next_cg, current->mm);
 		cond_resched();
 	}
 
+	if (next_cg != misc_cg_root())
+		put_misc_cg(next_cg);
+
 	if (!IS_ERR(page)) {
 		WARN_ON_ONCE(sgx_epc_page_get_cgroup(page));
 		/* sgx_put_cg() in sgx_free_epc_page() */