mbox series

[v10,0/6] Optionally randomize kernel stack offset each syscall

Message ID 20210401232347.2791257-1-keescook@chromium.org (mailing list archive)
Headers show
Series Optionally randomize kernel stack offset each syscall | expand


Kees Cook April 1, 2021, 11:23 p.m. UTC

This should be good to go now. :)

- switch from "m" to "o" constraint (will)
- switch to raw_cpu_*() (tglx)
- hooked LKDTM test up to kselftest
v9: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210331205458.1871746-1-keescook@chromium.org/
v8: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210330205750.428816-1-keescook@chromium.org/
v7: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210319212835.3928492-1-keescook@chromium.org/
v6: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210315180229.1224655-1-keescook@chromium.org/
v5: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210309214301.678739-1-keescook@chromium.org/
v4: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200622193146.2985288-1-keescook@chromium.org/
v3: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200406231606.37619-1-keescook@chromium.org/
v2: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200324203231.64324-1-keescook@chromium.org/
rfc: https://lore.kernel.org/kernel-hardening/20190329081358.30497-1-elena.reshetova@intel.com/

This is a continuation and refactoring of Elena's earlier effort to add
kernel stack base offset randomization. In the time since the earlier
discussions, two attacks[1][2] were made public that depended on stack
determinism, so we're no longer in the position of "this is a good idea
but we have no examples of attacks". :)

Earlier discussions also devolved into debates on entropy sources, which
is mostly a red herring, given the already low entropy available due
to stack size. Regardless, entropy can be changed/improved separately
from this series as needed.

Earlier discussions also got stuck debating how much syscall overhead
was too much, but this is also a red herring since the feature itself
needs to be selectable at boot with no cost for those that don't want it:
this is solved here with static branches.

So, here is the latest improved version, made as arch-agnostic as
possible, with usage added for x86 and arm64. It also includes some small
static branch clean ups, and addresses some surprise performance issues
due to the stack canary[3].



[1] https://a13xp0p0v.github.io/2020/02/15/CVE-2019-18683.html
[2] https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/bitstream/10216/125357/2/374717.pdf
[3] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/202003281520.A9BFF461@keescook/

Kees Cook (6):
  jump_label: Provide CONFIG-driven build state defaults
  init_on_alloc: Optimize static branches
  stack: Optionally randomize kernel stack offset each syscall
  x86/entry: Enable random_kstack_offset support
  arm64: entry: Enable random_kstack_offset support
  lkdtm: Add REPORT_STACK for checking stack offsets

 .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt         | 11 ++++
 Makefile                                      |  4 ++
 arch/Kconfig                                  | 23 ++++++++
 arch/arm64/Kconfig                            |  1 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile                    |  5 ++
 arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c                   | 16 ++++++
 arch/x86/Kconfig                              |  1 +
 arch/x86/entry/common.c                       |  3 ++
 arch/x86/include/asm/entry-common.h           | 16 ++++++
 drivers/misc/lkdtm/bugs.c                     | 17 ++++++
 drivers/misc/lkdtm/core.c                     |  1 +
 drivers/misc/lkdtm/lkdtm.h                    |  1 +
 include/linux/jump_label.h                    | 19 +++++++
 include/linux/mm.h                            | 10 ++--
 include/linux/randomize_kstack.h              | 54 +++++++++++++++++++
 init/main.c                                   | 23 ++++++++
 mm/page_alloc.c                               |  4 +-
 mm/slab.h                                     |  6 ++-
 tools/testing/selftests/lkdtm/.gitignore      |  1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/lkdtm/Makefile        |  1 +
 .../testing/selftests/lkdtm/stack-entropy.sh  | 36 +++++++++++++
 21 files changed, 245 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 include/linux/randomize_kstack.h
 create mode 100755 tools/testing/selftests/lkdtm/stack-entropy.sh