diff mbox series

[v2,1/3] KVM: arm64: Allow setting of ID_AA64PFR0_EL1.CSV2 from userspace

Message ID 20201110141308.451654-2-maz@kernel.org (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series KVM: arm64: Another set of CSV2-related fixes | expand

Commit Message

Marc Zyngier Nov. 10, 2020, 2:13 p.m. UTC
We now expose ID_AA64PFR0_EL1.CSV2=1 to guests running on hosts
that are immune to Spectre-v2, but that don't have this field set,
most likely because they predate the specification.

However, this prevents the migration of guests that have started on
a host the doesn't fake this CSV2 setting to one that does, as KVM
rejects the write to ID_AA64PFR0_EL2 on the grounds that it isn't
what is already there.

In order to fix this, allow userspace to set this field as long as
this doesn't result in a promising more than what is already there
(setting CSV2 to 0 is acceptable, but setting it to 1 when it is
already set to 0 isn't).

Fixes: e1026237f9067 ("KVM: arm64: Set CSV2 for guests on hardware unaffected by Spectre-v2")
Reported-by: Peng Liang <liangpeng10@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h |  2 ++
 arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c              | 16 ++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c         | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 3 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Comments

Will Deacon Nov. 11, 2020, 10:01 p.m. UTC | #1
On Tue, Nov 10, 2020 at 02:13:06PM +0000, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> We now expose ID_AA64PFR0_EL1.CSV2=1 to guests running on hosts
> that are immune to Spectre-v2, but that don't have this field set,
> most likely because they predate the specification.
> 
> However, this prevents the migration of guests that have started on
> a host the doesn't fake this CSV2 setting to one that does, as KVM
> rejects the write to ID_AA64PFR0_EL2 on the grounds that it isn't
> what is already there.
> 
> In order to fix this, allow userspace to set this field as long as
> this doesn't result in a promising more than what is already there
> (setting CSV2 to 0 is acceptable, but setting it to 1 when it is
> already set to 0 isn't).
> 
> Fixes: e1026237f9067 ("KVM: arm64: Set CSV2 for guests on hardware unaffected by Spectre-v2")
> Reported-by: Peng Liang <liangpeng10@huawei.com>
> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
> ---
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h |  2 ++
>  arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c              | 16 ++++++++++++
>  arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c         | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>  3 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>

Will
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index 781d029b8aa8..0cd9f0f75c13 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -118,6 +118,8 @@  struct kvm_arch {
 	 */
 	unsigned long *pmu_filter;
 	unsigned int pmuver;
+
+	u8 pfr0_csv2;
 };
 
 struct kvm_vcpu_fault_info {
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c
index 5750ec34960e..c0ffb019ca8b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c
@@ -102,6 +102,20 @@  static int kvm_arm_default_max_vcpus(void)
 	return vgic_present ? kvm_vgic_get_max_vcpus() : KVM_MAX_VCPUS;
 }
 
+static void set_default_csv2(struct kvm *kvm)
+{
+	/*
+	 * The default is to expose CSV2 == 1 if the HW isn't affected.
+	 * Although this is a per-CPU feature, we make it global because
+	 * asymmetric systems are just a nuisance.
+	 *
+	 * Userspace can override this as long as it doesn't promise
+	 * the impossible.
+	 */
+	if (arm64_get_spectre_v2_state() == SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED)
+		kvm->arch.pfr0_csv2 = 1;
+}
+
 /**
  * kvm_arch_init_vm - initializes a VM data structure
  * @kvm:	pointer to the KVM struct
@@ -127,6 +141,8 @@  int kvm_arch_init_vm(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long type)
 	/* The maximum number of VCPUs is limited by the host's GIC model */
 	kvm->arch.max_vcpus = kvm_arm_default_max_vcpus();
 
+	set_default_csv2(kvm);
+
 	return ret;
 out_free_stage2_pgd:
 	kvm_free_stage2_pgd(&kvm->arch.mmu);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
index fb12d3ef423a..24fdb6b9b6d3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
@@ -1128,9 +1128,8 @@  static u64 read_id_reg(const struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 		if (!vcpu_has_sve(vcpu))
 			val &= ~(0xfUL << ID_AA64PFR0_SVE_SHIFT);
 		val &= ~(0xfUL << ID_AA64PFR0_AMU_SHIFT);
-		if (!(val & (0xfUL << ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT)) &&
-		    arm64_get_spectre_v2_state() == SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED)
-			val |= (1UL << ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT);
+		val &= ~(0xfUL << ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT);
+		val |= ((u64)vcpu->kvm->arch.pfr0_csv2 << ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT);
 	} else if (id == SYS_ID_AA64PFR1_EL1) {
 		val &= ~(0xfUL << ID_AA64PFR1_MTE_SHIFT);
 	} else if (id == SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1 && !vcpu_has_ptrauth(vcpu)) {
@@ -1260,6 +1259,40 @@  static int set_id_aa64zfr0_el1(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int set_id_aa64pfr0_el1(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+			       const struct sys_reg_desc *rd,
+			       const struct kvm_one_reg *reg, void __user *uaddr)
+{
+	const u64 id = sys_reg_to_index(rd);
+	int err;
+	u64 val;
+	u8 csv2;
+
+	err = reg_from_user(&val, uaddr, id);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	/*
+	 * Allow AA64PFR0_EL1.CSV2 to be set from userspace as long as
+	 * it doesn't promise more than what is actually provided (the
+	 * guest could otherwise be covered in ectoplasmic residue).
+	 */
+	csv2 = cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field(val, ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT);
+	if (csv2 > 1 ||
+	    (csv2 && arm64_get_spectre_v2_state() != SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* We can only differ with CSV2, and anything else is an error */
+	val ^= read_id_reg(vcpu, rd, false);
+	val &= ~(0xFUL << ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT);
+	if (val)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	vcpu->kvm->arch.pfr0_csv2 = csv2;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /*
  * cpufeature ID register user accessors
  *
@@ -1514,7 +1547,8 @@  static const struct sys_reg_desc sys_reg_descs[] = {
 
 	/* AArch64 ID registers */
 	/* CRm=4 */
-	ID_SANITISED(ID_AA64PFR0_EL1),
+	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1), .access = access_id_reg,
+	  .get_user = get_id_reg, .set_user = set_id_aa64pfr0_el1, },
 	ID_SANITISED(ID_AA64PFR1_EL1),
 	ID_UNALLOCATED(4,2),
 	ID_UNALLOCATED(4,3),