diff mbox series

[v4,13/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle virtual EL2 registers in vcpu_read/write_sys_reg()

Message ID 20210510165920.1913477-14-maz@kernel.org (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series KVM: arm64: ARMv8.3/8.4 Nested Virtualization support | expand

Commit Message

Marc Zyngier May 10, 2021, 4:58 p.m. UTC
KVM internally uses accessor functions when reading or writing the
guest's system registers. This takes care of accessing either the stored
copy or using the "live" EL1 system registers when the host uses VHE.

With the introduction of virtual EL2 we add a bunch of EL2 system
registers, which now must also be taken care of:
- If the guest is running in vEL2, and we access an EL1 sysreg, we must
  revert to the stored version of that, and not use the CPU's copy.
- If the guest is running in vEL1, and we access an EL2 sysreg, we must
  also use the stored version, since the CPU carries the EL1 copy.
- Some EL2 system registers are supposed to affect the current execution
  of the system, so we need to put them into their respective EL1
  counterparts. For this we need to define a mapping between the two.
  This is done using the newly introduced struct el2_sysreg_map.
- Some EL2 system registers have a different format than their EL1
  counterpart, so we need to translate them before writing them to the
  CPU. This is done using an (optional) translate function in the map.
- There are the three special registers SP_EL2, SPSR_EL2 and ELR_EL2,
  which need some separate handling (SPSR_EL2 is being handled in a
  separate patch).

All of these cases are now wrapped into the existing accessor functions,
so KVM users wouldn't need to care whether they access EL2 or EL1
registers and also which state the guest is in.

This handles what was formerly known as the "shadow state" dynamically,
without requiring a separate copy for each vCPU EL.

Co-developed-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c | 143 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 139 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
index 912535c25615..70fa43f599e4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ 
 #include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
 #include <asm/kvm_hyp.h>
 #include <asm/kvm_mmu.h>
+#include <asm/kvm_nested.h>
 #include <asm/perf_event.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
 
@@ -68,23 +69,157 @@  static bool write_to_read_only(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 	return false;
 }
 
+#define PURE_EL2_SYSREG(el2)						\
+	case el2: {							\
+		*el1r = el2;						\
+		return true;						\
+	}
+
+#define MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(el2, el1, fn)					\
+	case el2: {							\
+		*xlate = fn;						\
+		*el1r = el1;						\
+		return true;						\
+	}
+
+static bool get_el2_mapping(unsigned int reg,
+			    unsigned int *el1r, u64 (**xlate)(u64))
+{
+	switch (reg) {
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  VPIDR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  VMPIDR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  ACTLR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  HCR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  MDCR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  HSTR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  HACR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  VTTBR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  VTCR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  RVBAR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  TPIDR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  HPFAR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  ELR_EL2	);
+		PURE_EL2_SYSREG(  SPSR_EL2	);
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(SCTLR_EL2,   SCTLR_EL1,
+				  translate_sctlr_el2_to_sctlr_el1	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(CPTR_EL2,    CPACR_EL1,
+				  translate_cptr_el2_to_cpacr_el1	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(TTBR0_EL2,   TTBR0_EL1,
+				  translate_ttbr0_el2_to_ttbr0_el1	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(TTBR1_EL2,   TTBR1_EL1,   NULL	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(TCR_EL2,     TCR_EL1,
+				  translate_tcr_el2_to_tcr_el1		     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(VBAR_EL2,    VBAR_EL1,    NULL	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(AFSR0_EL2,   AFSR0_EL1,   NULL	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(AFSR1_EL2,   AFSR1_EL1,   NULL	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(ESR_EL2,     ESR_EL1,     NULL	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(FAR_EL2,     FAR_EL1,     NULL	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(MAIR_EL2,    MAIR_EL1,    NULL	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(AMAIR_EL2,   AMAIR_EL1,   NULL	     );
+		MAPPED_EL2_SYSREG(CNTHCTL_EL2, CNTKCTL_EL1,
+				  translate_cnthctl_el2_to_cntkctl_el1	     );
+	default:
+		return false;
+	}
+}
+
 u64 vcpu_read_sys_reg(const struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int reg)
 {
 	u64 val = 0x8badf00d8badf00d;
+	u64 (*xlate)(u64) = NULL;
+	unsigned int el1r;
+
+	if (!vcpu->arch.sysregs_loaded_on_cpu)
+		goto memory_read;
+
+	if (unlikely(get_el2_mapping(reg, &el1r, &xlate))) {
+		if (!is_hyp_ctxt(vcpu))
+			goto memory_read;
+
+		/*
+		 * ELR_EL2 is special cased for now.
+		 */
+		switch (reg) {
+		case ELR_EL2:
+			return read_sysreg_el1(SYS_ELR);
+		}
+
+		/*
+		 * If this register does not have an EL1 counterpart,
+		 * then read the stored EL2 version.
+		 */
+		if (reg == el1r)
+			goto memory_read;
+
+		/*
+		 * If we have a non-VHE guest and that the sysreg
+		 * requires translation to be used at EL1, use the
+		 * in-memory copy instead.
+		 */
+		if (!vcpu_el2_e2h_is_set(vcpu) && xlate)
+			goto memory_read;
+
+		/* Get the current version of the EL1 counterpart. */
+		WARN_ON(!__vcpu_read_sys_reg_from_cpu(el1r, &val));
+		return val;
+	}
+
+	/* EL1 register can't be on the CPU if the guest is in vEL2. */
+	if (unlikely(is_hyp_ctxt(vcpu)))
+		goto memory_read;
 
-	if (vcpu->arch.sysregs_loaded_on_cpu &&
-	    __vcpu_read_sys_reg_from_cpu(reg, &val))
+	if (__vcpu_read_sys_reg_from_cpu(reg, &val))
 		return val;
 
+memory_read:
 	return __vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, reg);
 }
 
 void vcpu_write_sys_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 val, int reg)
 {
-	if (vcpu->arch.sysregs_loaded_on_cpu &&
-	    __vcpu_write_sys_reg_to_cpu(val, reg))
+	u64 (*xlate)(u64) = NULL;
+	unsigned int el1r;
+
+	if (!vcpu->arch.sysregs_loaded_on_cpu)
+		goto memory_write;
+
+	if (unlikely(get_el2_mapping(reg, &el1r, &xlate))) {
+		if (!is_hyp_ctxt(vcpu))
+			goto memory_write;
+
+		/*
+		 * Always store a copy of the write to memory to avoid having
+		 * to reverse-translate virtual EL2 system registers for a
+		 * non-VHE guest hypervisor.
+		 */
+		__vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, reg) = val;
+
+		switch (reg) {
+		case ELR_EL2:
+			write_sysreg_el1(val, SYS_ELR);
+			return;
+		}
+
+		/* No EL1 counterpart? We're done here.? */
+		if (reg == el1r)
+			return;
+
+		if (!vcpu_el2_e2h_is_set(vcpu) && xlate)
+			val = xlate(val);
+
+		/* Redirect this to the EL1 version of the register. */
+		WARN_ON(!__vcpu_write_sys_reg_to_cpu(val, el1r));
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/* EL1 register can't be on the CPU if the guest is in vEL2. */
+	if (unlikely(is_hyp_ctxt(vcpu)))
+		goto memory_write;
+
+	if (__vcpu_write_sys_reg_to_cpu(val, reg))
 		return;
 
+memory_write:
 	 __vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, reg) = val;
 }