diff mbox series

[06/10] selftests: KVM: Add counter emulation benchmark

Message ID 20210608214742.1897483-7-oupton@google.com (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series KVM: Add idempotent controls for migrating system counter state | expand

Commit Message

Oliver Upton June 8, 2021, 9:47 p.m. UTC
Add a test case for counter emulation on arm64. A side effect of how KVM
handles physical counter offsetting on non-ECV systems is that the
virtual counter will always hit hardware and the physical could be
emulated. Force emulation by writing a nonzero offset to the physical
counter and compare the elapsed cycles to a direct read of the hardware
register.

Reviewed-by: Ricardo Koller <ricarkol@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Oliver Upton <oupton@google.com>
---
 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore        |   1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile          |   1 +
 .../kvm/aarch64/counter_emulation_benchmark.c | 209 ++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 211 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/aarch64/counter_emulation_benchmark.c
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore
index 1a5782d8a0d4..ac6a7d17d04a 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore
@@ -1,4 +1,5 @@ 
 # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/aarch64/counter_emulation_benchmark
 /aarch64/get-reg-list
 /aarch64/get-reg-list-sve
 /aarch64/vgic_init
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
index b14f16dc954a..c2e5a7d877b1 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
@@ -77,6 +77,7 @@  TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += memslot_modification_stress_test
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += set_memory_region_test
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += steal_time
 
+TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/counter_emulation_benchmark
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/get-reg-list
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/get-reg-list-sve
 TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/vgic_init
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/aarch64/counter_emulation_benchmark.c b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/aarch64/counter_emulation_benchmark.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c403e0762200
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/aarch64/counter_emulation_benchmark.c
@@ -0,0 +1,209 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * counter_emulation_benchmark.c -- test to measure the effects of counter
+ * emulation on guest reads of the physical counter.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2021, Google LLC.
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <asm/kvm.h>
+#include <linux/kvm.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "kvm_util.h"
+#include "processor.h"
+#include "test_util.h"
+
+#define VCPU_ID 0
+
+static struct counter_values {
+	uint64_t cntvct_start;
+	uint64_t cntpct;
+	uint64_t cntvct_end;
+} counter_values;
+
+static uint64_t nr_iterations = 1000;
+
+static void do_test(void)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Open-coded approach instead of using helper methods to keep a tight
+	 * interval around the physical counter read.
+	 */
+	asm volatile("isb\n\t"
+		     "mrs %[cntvct_start], cntvct_el0\n\t"
+		     "isb\n\t"
+		     "mrs %[cntpct], cntpct_el0\n\t"
+		     "isb\n\t"
+		     "mrs %[cntvct_end], cntvct_el0\n\t"
+		     "isb\n\t"
+		     : [cntvct_start] "=r"(counter_values.cntvct_start),
+		     [cntpct] "=r"(counter_values.cntpct),
+		     [cntvct_end] "=r"(counter_values.cntvct_end));
+}
+
+static void guest_main(void)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_iterations; i++) {
+		do_test();
+		GUEST_SYNC(i);
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_iterations; i++) {
+		do_test();
+		GUEST_SYNC(i);
+	}
+
+	GUEST_DONE();
+}
+
+static bool enter_guest(struct kvm_vm *vm)
+{
+	struct ucall uc;
+
+	vcpu_ioctl(vm, VCPU_ID, KVM_RUN, NULL);
+
+	switch (get_ucall(vm, VCPU_ID, &uc)) {
+	case UCALL_DONE:
+		return true;
+	case UCALL_SYNC:
+		break;
+	case UCALL_ABORT:
+		TEST_ASSERT(false, "%s at %s:%ld", (const char *)uc.args[0],
+			    __FILE__, uc.args[1]);
+		break;
+	default:
+		TEST_ASSERT(false, "unexpected exit: %s",
+			    exit_reason_str(vcpu_state(vm, VCPU_ID)->exit_reason));
+		break;
+	}
+
+	/* more work to do in the guest */
+	return false;
+}
+
+static double counter_frequency(void)
+{
+	uint32_t freq;
+
+	asm volatile("mrs %0, cntfrq_el0"
+		     : "=r" (freq));
+
+	return freq / 1000000.0;
+}
+
+static void log_csv(FILE *csv, bool trapped)
+{
+	double freq = counter_frequency();
+
+	fprintf(csv, "%s,%.02f,%lu,%lu,%lu\n",
+		trapped ? "true" : "false", freq,
+		counter_values.cntvct_start,
+		counter_values.cntpct,
+		counter_values.cntvct_end);
+}
+
+static double run_loop(struct kvm_vm *vm, FILE *csv, bool trapped)
+{
+	double avg = 0;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_iterations; i++) {
+		uint64_t delta;
+
+		TEST_ASSERT(!enter_guest(vm), "guest exited unexpectedly");
+		sync_global_from_guest(vm, counter_values);
+
+		if (csv)
+			log_csv(csv, trapped);
+
+		delta = counter_values.cntvct_end - counter_values.cntvct_start;
+		avg = ((avg * i) + delta) / (i + 1);
+	}
+
+	return avg;
+}
+
+static void run_tests(struct kvm_vm *vm, FILE *csv)
+{
+	struct kvm_system_counter_state state = {0};
+	double avg_trapped, avg_native, freq;
+
+	freq = counter_frequency();
+
+	if (csv)
+		fputs("trapped,freq_mhz,cntvct_start,cntpct,cntvct_end\n", csv);
+
+	/* no physical offsetting; kvm allows reads of cntpct_el0 */
+	vcpu_ioctl(vm, VCPU_ID, KVM_SET_SYSTEM_COUNTER_STATE, &state);
+	avg_native = run_loop(vm, csv, false);
+
+	/* force emulation of the physical counter */
+	state.flags = KVM_SYSTEM_COUNTER_STATE_PHYS_OFFSET;
+	state.cntpoff = 1;
+	vcpu_ioctl(vm, VCPU_ID, KVM_SET_SYSTEM_COUNTER_STATE, &state);
+	avg_trapped = run_loop(vm, csv, true);
+
+	TEST_ASSERT(enter_guest(vm), "guest didn't run to completion");
+	pr_info("%lu iterations: average cycles (@%.02fMHz) native: %.02f, trapped: %.02f\n",
+		nr_iterations, freq, avg_native, avg_trapped);
+}
+
+static void usage(const char *program_name)
+{
+	fprintf(stderr,
+		"Usage: %s [-h] [-o csv_file] [-n iterations]\n"
+		"  -h prints this message\n"
+		"  -n number of test iterations (default: %lu)\n"
+		"  -o csv file to write data\n",
+		program_name, nr_iterations);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	struct kvm_vm *vm;
+	FILE *csv = NULL;
+	int opt;
+
+	if (!kvm_check_cap(KVM_CAP_SYSTEM_COUNTER_STATE)) {
+		print_skip("KVM_CAP_SYSTEM_COUNTER_STATE not supported");
+		exit(KSFT_SKIP);
+	}
+
+	while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "hn:o:")) != -1) {
+		switch (opt) {
+		case 'o':
+			csv = fopen(optarg, "w");
+			if (!csv) {
+				fprintf(stderr, "failed to open file '%s': %d\n",
+					optarg, errno);
+				exit(1);
+			}
+			break;
+		case 'n':
+			nr_iterations = strtoul(optarg, NULL, 0);
+			break;
+		default:
+			fprintf(stderr, "unrecognized option: '-%c'\n", opt);
+			/* fallthrough */
+		case 'h':
+			usage(argv[0]);
+			exit(1);
+		}
+	}
+
+	vm = vm_create_default(0, 0, guest_main);
+	sync_global_to_guest(vm, nr_iterations);
+	ucall_init(vm, NULL);
+	run_tests(vm, csv);
+	kvm_vm_free(vm);
+
+	if (csv)
+		fclose(csv);
+}