diff mbox

[v5,0/5] nvdimm: hotplug support

Message ID ac0fa824-6a93-20b3-2e26-53ba14b67218@linux.intel.com
State New, archived
Headers show

Commit Message

Xiao Guangrong Nov. 4, 2016, 7:51 a.m. UTC
On 11/04/2016 12:22 PM, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Fri, Nov 04, 2016 at 06:01:54AM +0200, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
>> On Fri, Nov 04, 2016 at 11:50:19AM +0800, Xiao Guangrong wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> On 11/04/2016 02:36 AM, Xiao Guangrong wrote:
>>>> Hi Michael,
>>>>
>>>> This patchset can replace the patches from [PULL 36/47] to [PULL 39/47]
>>>> in your pull request:
>>>> [PULL 36/47] nvdimm acpi: prebuild nvdimm devices for available slots
>>>> [PULL 37/47] nvdimm acpi: introduce fit buffer
>>>> [PULL 38/47] nvdimm acpi: introduce _FIT
>>>> [PULL 39/47] pc: memhp: enable nvdimm device hotplug
>>>>
>>>> Thanks for your patience also thank Igor and Stefan for their review.
>>>
>>> Hi,
>>>
>>> As the pull request has been upstream (Cool! :)), i will post
>>> diff changes based on that.
>>>
>>> Thanks!
>>
>> Igor prefers seeing revert+patches, I prefer seeing a diff.
>> Can you send both? A global diff would be ok for me
>> as it's small and easy enough to generate.

Okay, this is the diff comparing upstream and this version (v5):


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diff mbox

Patch

diff --git a/default-configs/mips-softmmu-common.mak b/default-configs/mips-softmmu-common.mak
index 0394514..f0676f5 100644
--- a/default-configs/mips-softmmu-common.mak
+++ b/default-configs/mips-softmmu-common.mak
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@  CONFIG_FDC=y
  CONFIG_ACPI=y
  CONFIG_ACPI_X86=y
  CONFIG_ACPI_MEMORY_HOTPLUG=y
+CONFIG_ACPI_NVDIMM=y
  CONFIG_ACPI_CPU_HOTPLUG=y
  CONFIG_APM=y
  CONFIG_I8257=y
diff --git a/docs/specs/acpi_mem_hotplug.txt b/docs/specs/acpi_mem_hotplug.txt
index cb26dd2..3df3620 100644
--- a/docs/specs/acpi_mem_hotplug.txt
+++ b/docs/specs/acpi_mem_hotplug.txt
@@ -4,9 +4,6 @@  QEMU<->ACPI BIOS memory hotplug interface
  ACPI BIOS GPE.3 handler is dedicated for notifying OS about memory hot-add
  and hot-remove events.

-ACPI BIOS GPE.4 handler is dedicated for notifying OS about nvdimm device
-hot-add and hot-remove events.
-
  Memory hot-plug interface (IO port 0xa00-0xa17, 1-4 byte access):
  ---------------------------------------------------------------
  0xa00:
diff --git a/docs/specs/acpi_nvdimm.txt b/docs/specs/acpi_nvdimm.txt
index 4aa5e3d..9ab6d9a 100644
--- a/docs/specs/acpi_nvdimm.txt
+++ b/docs/specs/acpi_nvdimm.txt
@@ -65,8 +65,8 @@  _FIT(Firmware Interface Table)
     The detailed definition of the structure can be found at ACPI 6.0: 5.2.25
     NVDIMM Firmware Interface Table (NFIT).

-QEMU NVDIMM Implemention
-========================
+QEMU NVDIMM Implementation
+==========================
  QEMU uses 4 bytes IO Port starting from 0x0a18 and a RAM-based memory page
  for NVDIMM ACPI.

@@ -82,6 +82,16 @@  Memory:
     ACPI writes _DSM Input Data (based on the offset in the page):
     [0x0 - 0x3]: 4 bytes, NVDIMM Device Handle, 0 is reserved for NVDIMM
                  Root device.
+
+                The handle is completely QEMU internal thing, the values in
+                range [1, 0xFFFF] indicate nvdimm device. Other values are
+                reserved for other purposes.
+
+                Reserved handles:
+                0 is reserved for nvdimm root device named NVDR.
+                0x10000 is reserved for QEMU internal DSM function called on
+                the root device.
+
     [0x4 - 0x7]: 4 bytes, Revision ID, that is the Arg1 of _DSM method.
     [0x8 - 0xB]: 4 bytes. Function Index, that is the Arg2 of _DSM method.
     [0xC - 0xFFF]: 4084 bytes, the Arg3 of _DSM method.
@@ -127,28 +137,17 @@  _DSM process diagram:
   | result from the page     |      |              |
   +--------------------------+      +--------------+

-Device Handle Reservation
--------------------------
-As we mentioned above, byte 0 ~ byte 3 in the DSM memory save NVDIMM device
-handle. The handle is completely QEMU internal thing, the values in range
-[0, 0xFFFF] indicate nvdimm device (O means nvdimm root device named NVDR),
-other values are reserved by other purpose.
-
-Current reserved handle:
-0x10000 is reserved for QEMU internal DSM function called on the root
-device.
+NVDIMM hotplug
+--------------
+ACPI BIOS GPE.4 handler is dedicated for notifying OS about nvdimm device
+hot-add event.

  QEMU internal use only _DSM function
  ------------------------------------
-UUID, 648B9CF2-CDA1-4312-8AD9-49C4AF32BD62, is reserved for QEMU internal
-DSM function.
-
-There is the function introduced by QEMU and only used by QEMU internal.
-
  1) Read FIT
-   As we only reserved one page for NVDIMM ACPI it is impossible to map the
-   whole FIT data to guest's address space. This function is used by _FIT
-   method to read a piece of FIT data from QEMU.
+   _FIT method uses _DSM method to fetch NFIT structures blob from QEMU
+   in 1 page sized increments which are then concatenated and returned
+   as _FIT method result.

     Input parameters:
     Arg0 – UUID {set to 648B9CF2-CDA1-4312-8AD9-49C4AF32BD62}
@@ -156,29 +155,34 @@  There is the function introduced by QEMU and only used by QEMU internal.
     Arg2 - Function Index, 0x1
     Arg3 - A package containing a buffer whose layout is as follows:

-   +----------+-------------+-------------+-----------------------------------+
-   |  Filed   | Byte Length | Byte Offset | Description                       |
-   +----------+-------------+-------------+-----------------------------------+
-   | offset   |     4       |    0        | the offset of FIT buffer          |
-   +----------+-------------+-------------+-----------------------------------+
-
-   Output:
-   +----------+-------------+-------------+-----------------------------------+
-   |  Filed   | Byte Length | Byte Offset | Description                       |
-   +----------+-------------+-------------+-----------------------------------+
-   |          |             |             | return status codes               |
-   |          |             |             |   0x100 indicates fit has been    |
-   | status   |     4       |    0        |   updated                         |
-   |          |             |             | other follows Chapter 3 in DSM    |
-   |          |             |             | Spec Rev1                         |
-   +----------+-------------+-------------+-----------------------------------+
-   | fit data |  Varies     |    4        | FIT data                          |
-   |          |             |             |                                   |
-   +----------+-------------+-------------+-----------------------------------+
-
-   The FIT offset is maintained by the caller itself, current offset plugs
-   the length returned by the function is the next offset we should read.
-   When all the FIT data has been read out, zero length is returned.
-
-   If it returns 0x100, OSPM should restart to read FIT (read from offset 0
-   again).
+   +----------+--------+--------+-------------------------------------------+
+   |  Field   | Length | Offset |                 Description               |
+   +----------+--------+--------+-------------------------------------------+
+   | offset   |   4    |   0    | offset in QEMU's NFIT structures blob to  |
+   |          |        |        | read from                                 |
+   +----------+--------+--------+-------------------------------------------+
+
+   Output layout in the dsm memory page:
+   +----------+--------+--------+-------------------------------------------+
+   |  Field   | Length | Offset |                 Description               |
+   +----------+--------+--------+-------------------------------------------+
+   | length   |   4    |   0    | length of entire returned data            |
+   |          |        |        | (including the header)                    |
+   +----------+-----------------+-------------------------------------------+
+   |          |        |        | return status codes                       |
+   |          |        |        | 0x0 - success                             |
+   |          |        |        | 0x100 - error caused by NFIT update while |
+   | status   |   4    |   4    | read by _FIT wasn't completed, other      |
+   |          |        |        | codes follow Chapter 3 in DSM Spec Rev1   |
+   +----------+-----------------+-------------------------------------------+
+   | fit data | Varies |   8    | contains FIT data, this field is present  |
+   |          |        |        | if status field is 0;                     |
+   +----------+--------+--------+-------------------------------------------+
+
+   The FIT offset is maintained by the OSPM itself, current offset plus
+   the size of the fit data returned by the function is the next offset
+   OSPM should read. When all FIT data has been read out, zero length is
+   returned.
+
+   If it returns status code 0x100, OSPM should restart to read FIT (read
+   from offset 0 again).
diff --git a/hw/acpi/ich9.c b/hw/acpi/ich9.c
index e5a3c18..830c475 100644
--- a/hw/acpi/ich9.c
+++ b/hw/acpi/ich9.c
@@ -490,8 +490,12 @@  void ich9_pm_device_plug_cb(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev, DeviceState *dev,

      if (lpc->pm.acpi_memory_hotplug.is_enabled &&
          object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_PC_DIMM)) {
-        acpi_memory_plug_cb(hotplug_dev, &lpc->pm.acpi_memory_hotplug,
-                            dev, errp);
+        if (object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_NVDIMM)) {
+            nvdimm_acpi_plug_cb(hotplug_dev, dev);
+        } else {
+            acpi_memory_plug_cb(hotplug_dev, &lpc->pm.acpi_memory_hotplug,
+                                dev, errp);
+        }
      } else if (object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_CPU)) {
          if (lpc->pm.cpu_hotplug_legacy) {
              legacy_acpi_cpu_plug_cb(hotplug_dev, &lpc->pm.gpe_cpu, dev, errp);
diff --git a/hw/acpi/memory_hotplug.c b/hw/acpi/memory_hotplug.c
index 70f6451..ec4e64b 100644
--- a/hw/acpi/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/hw/acpi/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -2,7 +2,6 @@ 
  #include "hw/acpi/memory_hotplug.h"
  #include "hw/acpi/pc-hotplug.h"
  #include "hw/mem/pc-dimm.h"
-#include "hw/mem/nvdimm.h"
  #include "hw/boards.h"
  #include "hw/qdev-core.h"
  #include "trace.h"
@@ -233,8 +232,11 @@  void acpi_memory_plug_cb(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev, MemHotplugState *mem_st,
                           DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
  {
      MemStatus *mdev;
-    AcpiEventStatusBits event;
-    bool is_nvdimm = object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_NVDIMM);
+    DeviceClass *dc = DEVICE_GET_CLASS(dev);
+
+    if (!dc->hotpluggable) {
+        return;
+    }

      mdev = acpi_memory_slot_status(mem_st, dev, errp);
      if (!mdev) {
@@ -242,23 +244,10 @@  void acpi_memory_plug_cb(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev, MemHotplugState *mem_st,
      }

      mdev->dimm = dev;
-
-    /*
-     * do not set is_enabled and is_inserting if the slot is plugged with
-     * a nvdimm device to stop OSPM inquires memory region from the slot.
-     */
-    if (is_nvdimm) {
-        event = ACPI_NVDIMM_HOTPLUG_STATUS;
-    } else {
-        mdev->is_enabled = true;
-        event = ACPI_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_STATUS;
-    }
-
+    mdev->is_enabled = true;
      if (dev->hotplugged) {
-        if (!is_nvdimm) {
-            mdev->is_inserting = true;
-        }
-        acpi_send_event(DEVICE(hotplug_dev), event);
+        mdev->is_inserting = true;
+        acpi_send_event(DEVICE(hotplug_dev), ACPI_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_STATUS);
      }
  }

@@ -273,8 +262,6 @@  void acpi_memory_unplug_request_cb(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev,
          return;
      }

-    /* nvdimm device hot unplug is not supported yet. */
-    assert(!object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_NVDIMM));
      mdev->is_removing = true;
      acpi_send_event(DEVICE(hotplug_dev), ACPI_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_STATUS);
  }
@@ -289,8 +276,6 @@  void acpi_memory_unplug_cb(MemHotplugState *mem_st,
          return;
      }

-    /* nvdimm device hot unplug is not supported yet. */
-    assert(!object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_NVDIMM));
      mdev->is_enabled = false;
      mdev->dimm = NULL;
  }
diff --git a/hw/acpi/nvdimm.c b/hw/acpi/nvdimm.c
index fc1a012..3026e3e 100644
--- a/hw/acpi/nvdimm.c
+++ b/hw/acpi/nvdimm.c
@@ -33,35 +33,30 @@ 
  #include "hw/nvram/fw_cfg.h"
  #include "hw/mem/nvdimm.h"

-static int nvdimm_plugged_device_list(Object *obj, void *opaque)
+static int nvdimm_device_list(Object *obj, void *opaque)
  {
      GSList **list = opaque;

      if (object_dynamic_cast(obj, TYPE_NVDIMM)) {
-        DeviceState *dev = DEVICE(obj);
-
-        if (dev->realized) { /* only realized NVDIMMs matter */
-            *list = g_slist_append(*list, DEVICE(obj));
-        }
+        *list = g_slist_append(*list, DEVICE(obj));
      }

-    object_child_foreach(obj, nvdimm_plugged_device_list, opaque);
+    object_child_foreach(obj, nvdimm_device_list, opaque);
      return 0;
  }

  /*
- * inquire plugged NVDIMM devices and link them into the list which is
+ * inquire NVDIMM devices and link them into the list which is
   * returned to the caller.
   *
   * Note: it is the caller's responsibility to free the list to avoid
   * memory leak.
   */
-static GSList *nvdimm_get_plugged_device_list(void)
+static GSList *nvdimm_get_device_list(void)
  {
      GSList *list = NULL;

-    object_child_foreach(qdev_get_machine(), nvdimm_plugged_device_list,
-                         &list);
+    object_child_foreach(qdev_get_machine(), nvdimm_device_list, &list);
      return list;
  }

@@ -219,7 +214,7 @@  static uint32_t nvdimm_slot_to_dcr_index(int slot)
  static NVDIMMDevice *nvdimm_get_device_by_handle(uint32_t handle)
  {
      NVDIMMDevice *nvdimm = NULL;
-    GSList *list, *device_list = nvdimm_get_plugged_device_list();
+    GSList *list, *device_list = nvdimm_get_device_list();

      for (list = device_list; list; list = list->next) {
          NVDIMMDevice *nvd = list->data;
@@ -350,7 +345,7 @@  static void nvdimm_build_structure_dcr(GArray *structures, DeviceState *dev)

  static GArray *nvdimm_build_device_structure(void)
  {
-    GSList *device_list = nvdimm_get_plugged_device_list();
+    GSList *device_list = nvdimm_get_device_list();
      GArray *structures = g_array_new(false, true /* clear */, 1);

      for (; device_list; device_list = device_list->next) {
@@ -375,20 +370,17 @@  static GArray *nvdimm_build_device_structure(void)

  static void nvdimm_init_fit_buffer(NvdimmFitBuffer *fit_buf)
  {
-    qemu_mutex_init(&fit_buf->lock);
      fit_buf->fit = g_array_new(false, true /* clear */, 1);
  }

  static void nvdimm_build_fit_buffer(NvdimmFitBuffer *fit_buf)
  {
-    qemu_mutex_lock(&fit_buf->lock);
      g_array_free(fit_buf->fit, true);
      fit_buf->fit = nvdimm_build_device_structure();
      fit_buf->dirty = true;
-    qemu_mutex_unlock(&fit_buf->lock);
  }

-void nvdimm_acpi_hotplug(AcpiNVDIMMState *state)
+void nvdimm_plug(AcpiNVDIMMState *state)
  {
      nvdimm_build_fit_buffer(&state->fit_buf);
  }
@@ -399,13 +391,6 @@  static void nvdimm_build_nfit(AcpiNVDIMMState *state, GArray *table_offsets,
      NvdimmFitBuffer *fit_buf = &state->fit_buf;
      unsigned int header;

-    qemu_mutex_lock(&fit_buf->lock);
-
-    /* NVDIMM device is not plugged? */
-    if (!fit_buf->fit->len) {
-        goto exit;
-    }
-
      acpi_add_table(table_offsets, table_data);

      /* NFIT header. */
@@ -417,9 +402,6 @@  static void nvdimm_build_nfit(AcpiNVDIMMState *state, GArray *table_offsets,
      build_header(linker, table_data,
                   (void *)(table_data->data + header), "NFIT",
                   sizeof(NvdimmNfitHeader) + fit_buf->fit->len, 1, NULL, NULL);
-
-exit:
-    qemu_mutex_unlock(&fit_buf->lock);
  }

  struct NvdimmDsmIn {
@@ -497,7 +479,7 @@  QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvdimmFuncSetLabelDataIn) +
                    offsetof(NvdimmDsmIn, arg3) > 4096);

  struct NvdimmFuncReadFITIn {
-    uint32_t offset; /* the offset of FIT buffer. */
+    uint32_t offset; /* the offset into FIT buffer. */
  } QEMU_PACKED;
  typedef struct NvdimmFuncReadFITIn NvdimmFuncReadFITIn;
  QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvdimmFuncReadFITIn) +
@@ -532,7 +514,13 @@  nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(uint32_t func_ret_status, hwaddr dsm_mem_addr)
      cpu_physical_memory_write(dsm_mem_addr, &out, sizeof(out));
  }

-#define NVDIMM_QEMU_RSVD_HANDLE_ROOT 0x10000
+#define NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_SUCCESS        0 /* Success */
+#define NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_UNSUPPORT      1 /* Not Supported */
+#define NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_NOMEMDEV       2 /* Non-Existing Memory Device */
+#define NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_INVALID        3 /* Invalid Input Parameters */
+#define NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_FIT_CHANGED    0x100 /* FIT Changed */
+
+#define NVDIMM_QEMU_RSVD_HANDLE_ROOT         0x10000

  /* Read FIT data, defined in docs/specs/acpi_nvdimm.txt. */
  static void nvdimm_dsm_func_read_fit(AcpiNVDIMMState *state, NvdimmDsmIn *in,
@@ -542,34 +530,32 @@  static void nvdimm_dsm_func_read_fit(AcpiNVDIMMState *state, NvdimmDsmIn *in,
      NvdimmFuncReadFITIn *read_fit;
      NvdimmFuncReadFITOut *read_fit_out;
      GArray *fit;
-    uint32_t read_len = 0, func_ret_status;
+    uint32_t read_len = 0, func_ret_status, offset;
      int size;

      read_fit = (NvdimmFuncReadFITIn *)in->arg3;
-    le32_to_cpus(&read_fit->offset);
+    offset = le32_to_cpu(read_fit->offset);

-    qemu_mutex_lock(&fit_buf->lock);
      fit = fit_buf->fit;

      nvdimm_debug("Read FIT: offset %#x FIT size %#x Dirty %s.\n",
-                 read_fit->offset, fit->len, fit_buf->dirty ? "Yes" : "No");
-
-    if (read_fit->offset > fit->len) {
-        func_ret_status = 3 /* Invalid Input Parameters */;
-        goto exit;
-    }
+                 offset, fit->len, fit_buf->dirty ? "Yes" : "No");

      /* It is the first time to read FIT. */
-    if (!read_fit->offset) {
+    if (!offset) {
          fit_buf->dirty = false;
      } else if (fit_buf->dirty) { /* FIT has been changed during RFIT. */
-        func_ret_status = 0x100 /* fit changed */;
+        func_ret_status = NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_FIT_CHANGED;
+        goto exit;
+    }
+
+    if (offset > fit->len) {
+        func_ret_status = NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_INVALID;
          goto exit;
      }

-    func_ret_status = 0 /* Success */;
-    read_len = MIN(fit->len - read_fit->offset,
-                   4096 - sizeof(NvdimmFuncReadFITOut));
+    func_ret_status = NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_SUCCESS;
+    read_len = MIN(fit->len - offset, 4096 - sizeof(NvdimmFuncReadFITOut));

  exit:
      size = sizeof(NvdimmFuncReadFITOut) + read_len;
@@ -577,27 +563,27 @@  exit:

      read_fit_out->len = cpu_to_le32(size);
      read_fit_out->func_ret_status = cpu_to_le32(func_ret_status);
-    memcpy(read_fit_out->fit, fit->data + read_fit->offset, read_len);
+    memcpy(read_fit_out->fit, fit->data + offset, read_len);

      cpu_physical_memory_write(dsm_mem_addr, read_fit_out, size);

      g_free(read_fit_out);
-    qemu_mutex_unlock(&fit_buf->lock);
  }

-static void nvdimm_dsm_reserved_root(AcpiNVDIMMState *state, NvdimmDsmIn *in,
-                                     hwaddr dsm_mem_addr)
+static void
+nvdimm_dsm_handle_reserved_root_method(AcpiNVDIMMState *state,
+                                       NvdimmDsmIn *in, hwaddr dsm_mem_addr)
  {
      switch (in->function) {
      case 0x0:
          nvdimm_dsm_function0(0x1 | 1 << 1 /* Read FIT */, dsm_mem_addr);
          return;
-    case 0x1 /*Read FIT */:
+    case 0x1 /* Read FIT */:
          nvdimm_dsm_func_read_fit(state, in, dsm_mem_addr);
          return;
      }

-    nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(1 /* Not Supported */, dsm_mem_addr);
+    nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_UNSUPPORT, dsm_mem_addr);
  }

  static void nvdimm_dsm_root(NvdimmDsmIn *in, hwaddr dsm_mem_addr)
@@ -613,7 +599,7 @@  static void nvdimm_dsm_root(NvdimmDsmIn *in, hwaddr dsm_mem_addr)
      }

      /* No function except function 0 is supported yet. */
-    nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(1 /* Not Supported */, dsm_mem_addr);
+    nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_UNSUPPORT, dsm_mem_addr);
  }

  /*
@@ -659,7 +645,7 @@  static void nvdimm_dsm_label_size(NVDIMMDevice *nvdimm, hwaddr dsm_mem_addr)

      nvdimm_debug("label_size %#x, max_xfer %#x.\n", label_size, mxfer);

-    label_size_out.func_ret_status = cpu_to_le32(0 /* Success */);
+    label_size_out.func_ret_status = cpu_to_le32(NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_SUCCESS);
      label_size_out.label_size = cpu_to_le32(label_size);
      label_size_out.max_xfer = cpu_to_le32(mxfer);

@@ -670,7 +656,7 @@  static void nvdimm_dsm_label_size(NVDIMMDevice *nvdimm, hwaddr dsm_mem_addr)
  static uint32_t nvdimm_rw_label_data_check(NVDIMMDevice *nvdimm,
                                             uint32_t offset, uint32_t length)
  {
-    uint32_t ret = 3 /* Invalid Input Parameters */;
+    uint32_t ret = NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_INVALID;

      if (offset + length < offset) {
          nvdimm_debug("offset %#x + length %#x is overflow.\n", offset,
@@ -690,7 +676,7 @@  static uint32_t nvdimm_rw_label_data_check(NVDIMMDevice *nvdimm,
          return ret;
      }

-    return 0 /* Success */;
+    return NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_SUCCESS;
  }

  /*
@@ -714,7 +700,7 @@  static void nvdimm_dsm_get_label_data(NVDIMMDevice *nvdimm, NvdimmDsmIn *in,

      status = nvdimm_rw_label_data_check(nvdimm, get_label_data->offset,
                                          get_label_data->length);
-    if (status != 0 /* Success */) {
+    if (status != NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
          nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(status, dsm_mem_addr);
          return;
      }
@@ -724,7 +710,8 @@  static void nvdimm_dsm_get_label_data(NVDIMMDevice *nvdimm, NvdimmDsmIn *in,
      get_label_data_out = g_malloc(size);

      get_label_data_out->len = cpu_to_le32(size);
-    get_label_data_out->func_ret_status = cpu_to_le32(0 /* Success */);
+    get_label_data_out->func_ret_status =
+                      cpu_to_le32(NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_SUCCESS);
      nvc->read_label_data(nvdimm, get_label_data_out->out_buf,
                           get_label_data->length, get_label_data->offset);

@@ -752,7 +739,7 @@  static void nvdimm_dsm_set_label_data(NVDIMMDevice *nvdimm, NvdimmDsmIn *in,

      status = nvdimm_rw_label_data_check(nvdimm, set_label_data->offset,
                                          set_label_data->length);
-    if (status != 0 /* Success */) {
+    if (status != NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
          nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(status, dsm_mem_addr);
          return;
      }
@@ -762,7 +749,7 @@  static void nvdimm_dsm_set_label_data(NVDIMMDevice *nvdimm, NvdimmDsmIn *in,

      nvc->write_label_data(nvdimm, set_label_data->in_buf,
                            set_label_data->length, set_label_data->offset);
-    nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(0 /* Success */, dsm_mem_addr);
+    nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_SUCCESS, dsm_mem_addr);
  }

  static void nvdimm_dsm_device(NvdimmDsmIn *in, hwaddr dsm_mem_addr)
@@ -786,7 +773,7 @@  static void nvdimm_dsm_device(NvdimmDsmIn *in, hwaddr dsm_mem_addr)
      }

      if (!nvdimm) {
-        nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(2 /* Non-Existing Memory Device */,
+        nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_NOMEMDEV,
                                dsm_mem_addr);
          return;
      }
@@ -813,7 +800,7 @@  static void nvdimm_dsm_device(NvdimmDsmIn *in, hwaddr dsm_mem_addr)
          break;
      }

-    nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(1 /* Not Supported */, dsm_mem_addr);
+    nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_UNSUPPORT, dsm_mem_addr);
  }

  static uint64_t
@@ -850,14 +837,14 @@  nvdimm_dsm_write(void *opaque, hwaddr addr, uint64_t val, unsigned size)
      if (in->revision != 0x1 /* Currently we only support DSM Spec Rev1. */) {
          nvdimm_debug("Revision %#x is not supported, expect %#x.\n",
                       in->revision, 0x1);
-        nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(1 /* Not Supported */, dsm_mem_addr);
+        nvdimm_dsm_no_payload(NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_UNSUPPORT, dsm_mem_addr);
          goto exit;
      }

      if (in->handle == NVDIMM_QEMU_RSVD_HANDLE_ROOT) {
-        nvdimm_dsm_reserved_root(state, in, dsm_mem_addr);
+        nvdimm_dsm_handle_reserved_root_method(state, in, dsm_mem_addr);
          goto exit;
-    }
+     }

       /* Handle 0 is reserved for NVDIMM Root Device. */
      if (!in->handle) {
@@ -881,6 +868,13 @@  static const MemoryRegionOps nvdimm_dsm_ops = {
      },
  };

+void nvdimm_acpi_plug_cb(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev, DeviceState *dev)
+{
+    if (dev->hotplugged) {
+        acpi_send_event(DEVICE(hotplug_dev), ACPI_NVDIMM_HOTPLUG_STATUS);
+    }
+}
+
  void nvdimm_init_acpi_state(AcpiNVDIMMState *state, MemoryRegion *io,
                              FWCfgState *fw_cfg, Object *owner)
  {
@@ -1031,7 +1025,7 @@  static void nvdimm_build_common_dsm(Aml *dev)
      aml_append(unsupport, ifctx);

      /* No function is supported yet. */
-    byte_list[0] = 1 /* Not Supported */;
+    byte_list[0] = NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_UNSUPPORT;
      aml_append(unsupport, aml_return(aml_buffer(1, byte_list)));
      aml_append(method, unsupport);

@@ -1094,7 +1088,7 @@  static void nvdimm_build_device_dsm(Aml *dev, uint32_t handle)
      aml_append(dev, method);
  }

-static void nvdimm_build_fit(Aml *dev)
+static void nvdimm_build_fit_method(Aml *dev)
  {
      Aml *method, *pkg, *buf, *buf_size, *offset, *call_result;
      Aml *whilectx, *ifcond, *ifctx, *elsectx, *fit;
@@ -1103,13 +1097,11 @@  static void nvdimm_build_fit(Aml *dev)
      buf_size = aml_local(1);
      fit = aml_local(2);

-    aml_append(dev, aml_create_dword_field(aml_buffer(4, NULL),
-               aml_int(0), NVDIMM_DSM_RFIT_STATUS));
+    aml_append(dev, aml_name_decl(NVDIMM_DSM_RFIT_STATUS, aml_int(0)));

      /* build helper function, RFIT. */
      method = aml_method("RFIT", 1, AML_SERIALIZED);
-    aml_append(method, aml_create_dword_field(aml_buffer(4, NULL),
-                                              aml_int(0), "OFST"));
+    aml_append(method, aml_name_decl("OFST", aml_int(0)));

      /* prepare input package. */
      pkg = aml_package(1);
@@ -1139,19 +1131,16 @@  static void nvdimm_build_fit(Aml *dev)

      aml_append(method, aml_store(aml_sizeof(buf), buf_size));
      aml_append(method, aml_subtract(buf_size,
-                                    aml_int(4) /* the size of "STAU" */,
-                                    buf_size));
+               aml_int(4) /* the size of "STAU" */, buf_size));

      /* if we read the end of fit. */
      ifctx = aml_if(aml_equal(buf_size, aml_int(0)));
      aml_append(ifctx, aml_return(aml_buffer(0, NULL)));
      aml_append(method, ifctx);

-    aml_append(method, aml_store(aml_shiftleft(buf_size, aml_int(3)),
-                                 buf_size));
      aml_append(method, aml_create_field(buf,
                              aml_int(4 * BITS_PER_BYTE), /* offset at byte 4.*/
-                            buf_size, "BUFF"));
+                            aml_shiftleft(buf_size, aml_int(3)), "BUFF"));
      aml_append(method, aml_return(aml_name("BUFF")));
      aml_append(dev, method);

@@ -1171,7 +1160,7 @@  static void nvdimm_build_fit(Aml *dev)
       * again.
       */
      ifctx = aml_if(aml_equal(aml_name(NVDIMM_DSM_RFIT_STATUS),
-                             aml_int(0x100 /* fit changed */)));
+                             aml_int(NVDIMM_DSM_RET_STATUS_FIT_CHANGED)));
      aml_append(ifctx, aml_store(aml_buffer(0, NULL), fit));
      aml_append(ifctx, aml_store(aml_int(0), offset));
      aml_append(whilectx, ifctx);
@@ -1251,7 +1240,7 @@  static void nvdimm_build_ssdt(GArray *table_offsets, GArray *table_data,

      /* 0 is reserved for root device. */
      nvdimm_build_device_dsm(dev, 0);
-    nvdimm_build_fit(dev);
+    nvdimm_build_fit_method(dev);

      nvdimm_build_nvdimm_devices(dev, ram_slots);

@@ -1281,14 +1270,22 @@  void nvdimm_build_acpi(GArray *table_offsets, GArray *table_data,
                         BIOSLinker *linker, AcpiNVDIMMState *state,
                         uint32_t ram_slots)
  {
-    nvdimm_build_nfit(state, table_offsets, table_data, linker);
+    GSList *device_list;

-    /*
-     * NVDIMM device is allowed to be plugged only if there is available
-     * slot.
-     */
-    if (ram_slots) {
-        nvdimm_build_ssdt(table_offsets, table_data, linker, state->dsm_mem,
-                          ram_slots);
+    /* no nvdimm device can be plugged. */
+    if (!ram_slots) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    nvdimm_build_ssdt(table_offsets, table_data, linker, state->dsm_mem,
+                      ram_slots);
+
+    device_list = nvdimm_get_device_list();
+    /* no NVDIMM device is plugged. */
+    if (!device_list) {
+        return;
      }
+
+    nvdimm_build_nfit(state, table_offsets, table_data, linker);
+    g_slist_free(device_list);
  }
diff --git a/hw/acpi/piix4.c b/hw/acpi/piix4.c
index 2adc246..17d36bd 100644
--- a/hw/acpi/piix4.c
+++ b/hw/acpi/piix4.c
@@ -378,7 +378,12 @@  static void piix4_device_plug_cb(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev,

      if (s->acpi_memory_hotplug.is_enabled &&
          object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_PC_DIMM)) {
-        acpi_memory_plug_cb(hotplug_dev, &s->acpi_memory_hotplug, dev, errp);
+        if (object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_NVDIMM)) {
+            nvdimm_acpi_plug_cb(hotplug_dev, dev);
+        } else {
+            acpi_memory_plug_cb(hotplug_dev, &s->acpi_memory_hotplug,
+                                dev, errp);
+        }
      } else if (object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_PCI_DEVICE)) {
          acpi_pcihp_device_plug_cb(hotplug_dev, &s->acpi_pci_hotplug, dev, errp);
      } else if (object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_CPU)) {
diff --git a/hw/core/hotplug.c b/hw/core/hotplug.c
index ab34c19..17ac986 100644
--- a/hw/core/hotplug.c
+++ b/hw/core/hotplug.c
@@ -35,17 +35,6 @@  void hotplug_handler_plug(HotplugHandler *plug_handler,
      }
  }

-void hotplug_handler_post_plug(HotplugHandler *plug_handler,
-                               DeviceState *plugged_dev,
-                               Error **errp)
-{
-    HotplugHandlerClass *hdc = HOTPLUG_HANDLER_GET_CLASS(plug_handler);
-
-    if (hdc->post_plug) {
-        hdc->post_plug(plug_handler, plugged_dev, errp);
-    }
-}
-
  void hotplug_handler_unplug_request(HotplugHandler *plug_handler,
                                      DeviceState *plugged_dev,
                                      Error **errp)
diff --git a/hw/core/qdev.c b/hw/core/qdev.c
index d835e62..5783442 100644
--- a/hw/core/qdev.c
+++ b/hw/core/qdev.c
@@ -945,21 +945,10 @@  static void device_set_realized(Object *obj, bool value, Error **errp)
                  goto child_realize_fail;
              }
          }
-
          if (dev->hotplugged) {
              device_reset(dev);
          }
          dev->pending_deleted_event = false;
-        dev->realized = value;
-
-        if (hotplug_ctrl) {
-            hotplug_handler_post_plug(hotplug_ctrl, dev, &local_err);
-        }
-
-        if (local_err != NULL) {
-            dev->realized = value;
-            goto post_realize_fail;
-        }
      } else if (!value && dev->realized) {
          Error **local_errp = NULL;
          QLIST_FOREACH(bus, &dev->child_bus, sibling) {
@@ -976,14 +965,13 @@  static void device_set_realized(Object *obj, bool value, Error **errp)
          }
          dev->pending_deleted_event = true;
          DEVICE_LISTENER_CALL(unrealize, Reverse, dev);
+    }

-        if (local_err != NULL) {
-            goto fail;
-        }
-
-        dev->realized = value;
+    if (local_err != NULL) {
+        goto fail;
      }

+    dev->realized = value;
      return;

  child_realize_fail:
diff --git a/hw/i386/pc.c b/hw/i386/pc.c
index 200963f..bc36e19 100644
--- a/hw/i386/pc.c
+++ b/hw/i386/pc.c
@@ -1700,22 +1700,16 @@  static void pc_dimm_plug(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev,
          goto out;
      }

+    if (object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_NVDIMM)) {
+        nvdimm_plug(&pcms->acpi_nvdimm_state);
+    }
+
      hhc = HOTPLUG_HANDLER_GET_CLASS(pcms->acpi_dev);
      hhc->plug(HOTPLUG_HANDLER(pcms->acpi_dev), dev, &error_abort);
  out:
      error_propagate(errp, local_err);
  }

-static void pc_dimm_post_plug(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev,
-                              DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
-{
-    PCMachineState *pcms = PC_MACHINE(hotplug_dev);
-
-    if (object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_NVDIMM)) {
-        nvdimm_acpi_hotplug(&pcms->acpi_nvdimm_state);
-    }
-}
-
  static void pc_dimm_unplug_request(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev,
                                     DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
  {
@@ -1752,12 +1746,6 @@  static void pc_dimm_unplug(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev,
      HotplugHandlerClass *hhc;
      Error *local_err = NULL;

-    if (object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_NVDIMM)) {
-        error_setg(&local_err,
-                   "nvdimm device hot unplug is not supported yet.");
-        goto out;
-    }
-
      hhc = HOTPLUG_HANDLER_GET_CLASS(pcms->acpi_dev);
      hhc->unplug(HOTPLUG_HANDLER(pcms->acpi_dev), dev, &local_err);

@@ -1988,14 +1976,6 @@  static void pc_machine_device_plug_cb(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev,
      }
  }

-static void pc_machine_device_post_plug_cb(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev,
-                                           DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
-{
-    if (object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(dev), TYPE_PC_DIMM)) {
-        pc_dimm_post_plug(hotplug_dev, dev, errp);
-    }
-}
-
  static void pc_machine_device_unplug_request_cb(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev,
                                                  DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
  {
@@ -2330,7 +2310,6 @@  static void pc_machine_class_init(ObjectClass *oc, void *data)
      mc->reset = pc_machine_reset;
      hc->pre_plug = pc_machine_device_pre_plug_cb;
      hc->plug = pc_machine_device_plug_cb;
-    hc->post_plug = pc_machine_device_post_plug_cb;
      hc->unplug_request = pc_machine_device_unplug_request_cb;
      hc->unplug = pc_machine_device_unplug_cb;
      nc->nmi_monitor_handler = x86_nmi;
diff --git a/include/hw/hotplug.h b/include/hw/hotplug.h
index 10ca5b6..c0db869 100644
--- a/include/hw/hotplug.h
+++ b/include/hw/hotplug.h
@@ -47,7 +47,6 @@  typedef void (*hotplug_fn)(HotplugHandler *plug_handler,
   * @parent: Opaque parent interface.
   * @pre_plug: pre plug callback called at start of device.realize(true)
   * @plug: plug callback called at end of device.realize(true).
- * @post_pug: post plug callback called after device is successfully plugged.
   * @unplug_request: unplug request callback.
   *                  Used as a means to initiate device unplug for devices that
   *                  require asynchronous unplug handling.
@@ -62,7 +61,6 @@  typedef struct HotplugHandlerClass {
      /* <public> */
      hotplug_fn pre_plug;
      hotplug_fn plug;
-    hotplug_fn post_plug;
      hotplug_fn unplug_request;
      hotplug_fn unplug;
  } HotplugHandlerClass;
@@ -85,14 +83,6 @@  void hotplug_handler_pre_plug(HotplugHandler *plug_handler,
                                DeviceState *plugged_dev,
                                Error **errp);

-/**
- * hotplug_handler_post_plug:
- *
- * Call #HotplugHandlerClass.post_plug callback of @plug_handler.
- */
-void hotplug_handler_post_plug(HotplugHandler *plug_handler,
-                               DeviceState *plugged_dev,
-                               Error **errp);

  /**
   * hotplug_handler_unplug_request:
diff --git a/include/hw/mem/nvdimm.h b/include/hw/mem/nvdimm.h
index 33cd421..5d7a8c0 100644
--- a/include/hw/mem/nvdimm.h
+++ b/include/hw/mem/nvdimm.h
@@ -99,20 +99,15 @@  typedef struct NVDIMMClass NVDIMMClass;
  #define NVDIMM_ACPI_IO_LEN      4

  /*
- * The buffer, @fit, saves the FIT info for all the presented NVDIMM
- * devices which is updated after the NVDIMM device is plugged or
- * unplugged.
- *
- * Rules to use the buffer:
- *    1) the user should hold the @lock to access the buffer.
- *    2) mark @dirty whenever the buffer is updated.
- *
- * These rules preserve NVDIMM ACPI _FIT method to read incomplete
- * or obsolete fit info if fit update happens during multiple RFIT
- * calls.
+ * NvdimmFitBuffer:
+ * @fit: FIT structures for present NVDIMMs. It is updated after
+ *   the NVDIMM device is plugged or unplugged.
+ * @dirty: It is set whenever the buffer is updated so that it
+ *   preserves NVDIMM ACPI _FIT method to read incomplete or
+ *   obsolete fit info if fit update happens during multiple RFIT
+ *   calls.
   */
  struct NvdimmFitBuffer {
-    QemuMutex lock;
      GArray *fit;
      bool dirty;
  };
@@ -137,5 +132,6 @@  void nvdimm_init_acpi_state(AcpiNVDIMMState *state, MemoryRegion *io,
  void nvdimm_build_acpi(GArray *table_offsets, GArray *table_data,
                         BIOSLinker *linker, AcpiNVDIMMState *state,
                         uint32_t ram_slots);
-void nvdimm_acpi_hotplug(AcpiNVDIMMState *state);
+void nvdimm_plug(AcpiNVDIMMState *state);
+void nvdimm_acpi_plug_cb(HotplugHandler *hotplug_dev, DeviceState *dev);
  #endif