diff mbox series

[v2] clocksource/drivers/arm_global_timer: Simplify prescaler register access

Message ID 20240224213529.2601333-1-martin.blumenstingl@googlemail.com (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series [v2] clocksource/drivers/arm_global_timer: Simplify prescaler register access | expand

Commit Message

Martin Blumenstingl Feb. 24, 2024, 9:35 p.m. UTC
Use GENMASK() to define the prescaler mask and make the whole driver use
the mask (together with helpers such as FIELD_{GET,PREP,FIT}) instead of
needing an additional shift and max value constant.

Signed-off-by: Martin Blumenstingl <martin.blumenstingl@googlemail.com>
---
Changes from v1 at [0]:
- use FIELD_FIT() to check whether psv overflows the register
- update the description accordingly


[0] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20240221214348.2299636-1-martin.blumenstingl@googlemail.com/


 drivers/clocksource/arm_global_timer.c | 19 ++++++++-----------
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

Comments

Daniel Lezcano Feb. 24, 2024, 9:55 p.m. UTC | #1
On 24/02/2024 22:35, Martin Blumenstingl wrote:
> Use GENMASK() to define the prescaler mask and make the whole driver use
> the mask (together with helpers such as FIELD_{GET,PREP,FIT}) instead of
> needing an additional shift and max value constant.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Martin Blumenstingl <martin.blumenstingl@googlemail.com>
> ---
> Changes from v1 at [0]:
> - use FIELD_FIT() to check whether psv overflows the register
> - update the description accordingly
> 
> 
> [0] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20240221214348.2299636-1-martin.blumenstingl@googlemail.com/
> 
> 
>   drivers/clocksource/arm_global_timer.c | 19 ++++++++-----------
>   1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/arm_global_timer.c b/drivers/clocksource/arm_global_timer.c
> index 8dd1e46b7176..49b094a20717 100644
> --- a/drivers/clocksource/arm_global_timer.c
> +++ b/drivers/clocksource/arm_global_timer.c
> @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
>   
>   #include <linux/init.h>
>   #include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/bitfield.h>
>   #include <linux/clocksource.h>
>   #include <linux/clockchips.h>
>   #include <linux/cpu.h>
> @@ -31,10 +32,7 @@
>   #define GT_CONTROL_COMP_ENABLE		BIT(1)	/* banked */
>   #define GT_CONTROL_IRQ_ENABLE		BIT(2)	/* banked */
>   #define GT_CONTROL_AUTO_INC		BIT(3)	/* banked */
> -#define GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_SHIFT      8
> -#define GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MAX        0xFF
> -#define GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK       (GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MAX << \
> -					 GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_SHIFT)
> +#define GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK	GENMASK(15, 8)
>   
>   #define GT_INT_STATUS	0x0c
>   #define GT_INT_STATUS_EVENT_FLAG	BIT(0)
> @@ -247,7 +245,7 @@ static void gt_write_presc(u32 psv)
>   
>   	reg = readl(gt_base + GT_CONTROL);
>   	reg &= ~GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK;
> -	reg |= psv << GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_SHIFT;
> +	reg |= FIELD_PREP(GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK, psv);
>   	writel(reg, gt_base + GT_CONTROL);
>   }
>   
> @@ -256,8 +254,7 @@ static u32 gt_read_presc(void)
>   	u32 reg;
>   
>   	reg = readl(gt_base + GT_CONTROL);
> -	reg &= GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK;
> -	return reg >> GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_SHIFT;
> +	return FIELD_GET(GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK, reg);
>   }
>   
>   static void __init gt_delay_timer_init(void)
> @@ -272,9 +269,9 @@ static int __init gt_clocksource_init(void)
>   	writel(0, gt_base + GT_COUNTER0);
>   	writel(0, gt_base + GT_COUNTER1);
>   	/* set prescaler and enable timer on all the cores */
> -	writel(((CONFIG_ARM_GT_INITIAL_PRESCALER_VAL - 1) <<
> -		GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_SHIFT)
> -	       | GT_CONTROL_TIMER_ENABLE, gt_base + GT_CONTROL);
> +	writel(FIELD_PREP(GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK,
> +			  CONFIG_ARM_GT_INITIAL_PRESCALER_VAL - 1) |
> +	       GT_CONTROL_TIMER_ENABLE, gt_base + GT_CONTROL);
>   
>   #ifdef CONFIG_CLKSRC_ARM_GLOBAL_TIMER_SCHED_CLOCK
>   	sched_clock_register(gt_sched_clock_read, 64, gt_target_rate);
> @@ -301,7 +298,7 @@ static int gt_clk_rate_change_cb(struct notifier_block *nb,
>   		psv--;
>   
>   		/* prescaler within legal range? */
> -		if (psv < 0 || psv > GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MAX)
> +		if (psv < 0 || !FIELD_FIT(GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK, psv))
>   			return NOTIFY_BAD;

Won't FIELD_FIT cover psv < 0 also ?
Martin Blumenstingl Feb. 24, 2024, 10:13 p.m. UTC | #2
On Sat, Feb 24, 2024 at 10:55 PM Daniel Lezcano
<daniel.lezcano@linaro.org> wrote:
[...]
> > @@ -301,7 +298,7 @@ static int gt_clk_rate_change_cb(struct notifier_block *nb,
> >               psv--;
> >
> >               /* prescaler within legal range? */
> > -             if (psv < 0 || psv > GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MAX)
> > +             if (psv < 0 || !FIELD_FIT(GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK, psv))
> >                       return NOTIFY_BAD;
>
> Won't FIELD_FIT cover psv < 0 also ?
Hmm, I wanted to reply that it doesn't because internally FIELD_FIT()
uses a cast:
((typeof(_mask))(_val) << __bf_shf(_mask)) & (_mask)
My original thought was that the cast would clear the sign bit when in
fact (I think) it will not - it will result in the signed number and
BIT(31) set.
So I think you're right, FIELD_FIT() does cover it.

However, there's something else odd with this code:
We're dividing two frequencies (using DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST) which are two
unsigned values. So the result of the division can never be negative:
  psv = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(ndata->new_rate, gt_target_rate);
However, we're additionally decrementing psv by one:
  psv--;
So in reality it can only ever be negative if the result of the
division was zero (for example if new_rate is smaller than
gt_target_rate).
However, in that case we would have crashed - with a division by zero
- in the statement right in the middle of the two mentioned above:
  if (abs(gt_target_rate - (ndata->new_rate / psv)) > MAX_F_ERR)

So I think we need another patch (it's best to order that before this
one): make psv an unsigned int and error out before trying to divide
by zero.
If you have any objections: let me know, otherwise I'll prepare a
patch tomorrow.


Best regards,
Martin
Daniel Lezcano Feb. 25, 2024, 12:37 p.m. UTC | #3
On 24/02/2024 23:13, Martin Blumenstingl wrote:
> On Sat, Feb 24, 2024 at 10:55 PM Daniel Lezcano
> <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org> wrote:
> [...]
>>> @@ -301,7 +298,7 @@ static int gt_clk_rate_change_cb(struct notifier_block *nb,
>>>                psv--;
>>>
>>>                /* prescaler within legal range? */
>>> -             if (psv < 0 || psv > GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MAX)
>>> +             if (psv < 0 || !FIELD_FIT(GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK, psv))
>>>                        return NOTIFY_BAD;
>>
>> Won't FIELD_FIT cover psv < 0 also ?
> Hmm, I wanted to reply that it doesn't because internally FIELD_FIT()
> uses a cast:
> ((typeof(_mask))(_val) << __bf_shf(_mask)) & (_mask)
> My original thought was that the cast would clear the sign bit when in
> fact (I think) it will not - it will result in the signed number and
> BIT(31) set.
> So I think you're right, FIELD_FIT() does cover it.
> 
> However, there's something else odd with this code:
> We're dividing two frequencies (using DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST) which are two
> unsigned values. So the result of the division can never be negative:
>    psv = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(ndata->new_rate, gt_target_rate);
> However, we're additionally decrementing psv by one:
>    psv--;
> So in reality it can only ever be negative if the result of the
> division was zero (for example if new_rate is smaller than
> gt_target_rate).
> However, in that case we would have crashed - with a division by zero
> - in the statement right in the middle of the two mentioned above:
>    if (abs(gt_target_rate - (ndata->new_rate / psv)) > MAX_F_ERR)
> 
> So I think we need another patch (it's best to order that before this
> one): make psv an unsigned int and error out before trying to divide
> by zero.
> If you have any objections: let me know, otherwise I'll prepare a
> patch tomorrow.

I think it makes perfectly sense, thanks for making the code nicer
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/arm_global_timer.c b/drivers/clocksource/arm_global_timer.c
index 8dd1e46b7176..49b094a20717 100644
--- a/drivers/clocksource/arm_global_timer.c
+++ b/drivers/clocksource/arm_global_timer.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ 
 
 #include <linux/init.h>
 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/bitfield.h>
 #include <linux/clocksource.h>
 #include <linux/clockchips.h>
 #include <linux/cpu.h>
@@ -31,10 +32,7 @@ 
 #define GT_CONTROL_COMP_ENABLE		BIT(1)	/* banked */
 #define GT_CONTROL_IRQ_ENABLE		BIT(2)	/* banked */
 #define GT_CONTROL_AUTO_INC		BIT(3)	/* banked */
-#define GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_SHIFT      8
-#define GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MAX        0xFF
-#define GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK       (GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MAX << \
-					 GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_SHIFT)
+#define GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK	GENMASK(15, 8)
 
 #define GT_INT_STATUS	0x0c
 #define GT_INT_STATUS_EVENT_FLAG	BIT(0)
@@ -247,7 +245,7 @@  static void gt_write_presc(u32 psv)
 
 	reg = readl(gt_base + GT_CONTROL);
 	reg &= ~GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK;
-	reg |= psv << GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_SHIFT;
+	reg |= FIELD_PREP(GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK, psv);
 	writel(reg, gt_base + GT_CONTROL);
 }
 
@@ -256,8 +254,7 @@  static u32 gt_read_presc(void)
 	u32 reg;
 
 	reg = readl(gt_base + GT_CONTROL);
-	reg &= GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK;
-	return reg >> GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_SHIFT;
+	return FIELD_GET(GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK, reg);
 }
 
 static void __init gt_delay_timer_init(void)
@@ -272,9 +269,9 @@  static int __init gt_clocksource_init(void)
 	writel(0, gt_base + GT_COUNTER0);
 	writel(0, gt_base + GT_COUNTER1);
 	/* set prescaler and enable timer on all the cores */
-	writel(((CONFIG_ARM_GT_INITIAL_PRESCALER_VAL - 1) <<
-		GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_SHIFT)
-	       | GT_CONTROL_TIMER_ENABLE, gt_base + GT_CONTROL);
+	writel(FIELD_PREP(GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK,
+			  CONFIG_ARM_GT_INITIAL_PRESCALER_VAL - 1) |
+	       GT_CONTROL_TIMER_ENABLE, gt_base + GT_CONTROL);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_CLKSRC_ARM_GLOBAL_TIMER_SCHED_CLOCK
 	sched_clock_register(gt_sched_clock_read, 64, gt_target_rate);
@@ -301,7 +298,7 @@  static int gt_clk_rate_change_cb(struct notifier_block *nb,
 		psv--;
 
 		/* prescaler within legal range? */
-		if (psv < 0 || psv > GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MAX)
+		if (psv < 0 || !FIELD_FIT(GT_CONTROL_PRESCALER_MASK, psv))
 			return NOTIFY_BAD;
 
 		/*