diff mbox series

[v4,10/10] arm64: Retrieve stolen time as paravirtualized guest

Message ID 20190830084255.55113-11-steven.price@arm.com
State New, archived
Headers show
Series arm64: Stolen time support | expand

Commit Message

Steven Price Aug. 30, 2019, 8:42 a.m. UTC
Enable paravirtualization features when running under a hypervisor
supporting the PV_TIME_ST hypercall.

For each (v)CPU, we ask the hypervisor for the location of a shared
page which the hypervisor will use to report stolen time to us. We set
pv_time_ops to the stolen time function which simply reads the stolen
value from the shared page for a VCPU. We guarantee single-copy
atomicity using READ_ONCE which means we can also read the stolen
time for another VCPU than the currently running one while it is
potentially being updated by the hypervisor.

Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h |   9 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c      | 148 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/time.c          |   3 +
 include/linux/cpuhotplug.h        |   1 +
 4 files changed, 160 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Comments

Andrew Jones Sept. 3, 2019, 8:47 a.m. UTC | #1
On Fri, Aug 30, 2019 at 09:42:55AM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
> Enable paravirtualization features when running under a hypervisor
> supporting the PV_TIME_ST hypercall.
> 
> For each (v)CPU, we ask the hypervisor for the location of a shared
> page which the hypervisor will use to report stolen time to us. We set
> pv_time_ops to the stolen time function which simply reads the stolen
> value from the shared page for a VCPU. We guarantee single-copy
> atomicity using READ_ONCE which means we can also read the stolen
> time for another VCPU than the currently running one while it is
> potentially being updated by the hypervisor.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
> ---
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h |   9 +-
>  arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c      | 148 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  arch/arm64/kernel/time.c          |   3 +
>  include/linux/cpuhotplug.h        |   1 +
>  4 files changed, 160 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
> index 799d9dd6f7cc..125c26c42902 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
> @@ -21,6 +21,13 @@ static inline u64 paravirt_steal_clock(int cpu)
>  {
>  	return pv_ops.time.steal_clock(cpu);
>  }
> -#endif
> +
> +int __init kvm_guest_init(void);
> +
> +#else
> +
> +#define kvm_guest_init()
> +
> +#endif // CONFIG_PARAVIRT
>  
>  #endif
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
> index 4cfed91fe256..5bf3be7ccf7e 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
> @@ -6,13 +6,161 @@
>   * Author: Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@eu.citrix.com>
>   */
>  
> +#define pr_fmt(fmt) "kvmarm-pv: " fmt
> +
> +#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
> +#include <linux/cpuhotplug.h>
>  #include <linux/export.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
>  #include <linux/jump_label.h>
> +#include <linux/printk.h>
> +#include <linux/psci.h>
> +#include <linux/reboot.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>  #include <linux/types.h>
> +
>  #include <asm/paravirt.h>
> +#include <asm/pvclock-abi.h>
> +#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
>  
>  struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled;
>  struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled;
>  
>  struct paravirt_patch_template pv_ops;
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pv_ops);
> +
> +struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region {
> +	struct pvclock_vcpu_stolen_time *kaddr;
> +};
> +
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region, stolen_time_region);
> +
> +static bool steal_acc = true;
> +static int __init parse_no_stealacc(char *arg)
> +{
> +	steal_acc = false;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +early_param("no-steal-acc", parse_no_stealacc);

Need to also add an 'ARM64' to the
Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt entry for this.

Thanks,
drew
Steven Price Sept. 4, 2019, 4:01 p.m. UTC | #2
On 03/09/2019 09:47, Andrew Jones wrote:
> On Fri, Aug 30, 2019 at 09:42:55AM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
>> Enable paravirtualization features when running under a hypervisor
>> supporting the PV_TIME_ST hypercall.
>>
>> For each (v)CPU, we ask the hypervisor for the location of a shared
>> page which the hypervisor will use to report stolen time to us. We set
>> pv_time_ops to the stolen time function which simply reads the stolen
>> value from the shared page for a VCPU. We guarantee single-copy
>> atomicity using READ_ONCE which means we can also read the stolen
>> time for another VCPU than the currently running one while it is
>> potentially being updated by the hypervisor.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
>> ---
>>  arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h |   9 +-
>>  arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c      | 148 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  arch/arm64/kernel/time.c          |   3 +
>>  include/linux/cpuhotplug.h        |   1 +
>>  4 files changed, 160 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
>> index 799d9dd6f7cc..125c26c42902 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
>> @@ -21,6 +21,13 @@ static inline u64 paravirt_steal_clock(int cpu)
>>  {
>>  	return pv_ops.time.steal_clock(cpu);
>>  }
>> -#endif
>> +
>> +int __init kvm_guest_init(void);
>> +
>> +#else
>> +
>> +#define kvm_guest_init()
>> +
>> +#endif // CONFIG_PARAVIRT
>>  
>>  #endif
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
>> index 4cfed91fe256..5bf3be7ccf7e 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
>> @@ -6,13 +6,161 @@
>>   * Author: Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@eu.citrix.com>
>>   */
>>  
>> +#define pr_fmt(fmt) "kvmarm-pv: " fmt
>> +
>> +#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
>> +#include <linux/cpuhotplug.h>
>>  #include <linux/export.h>
>> +#include <linux/io.h>
>>  #include <linux/jump_label.h>
>> +#include <linux/printk.h>
>> +#include <linux/psci.h>
>> +#include <linux/reboot.h>
>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>>  #include <linux/types.h>
>> +
>>  #include <asm/paravirt.h>
>> +#include <asm/pvclock-abi.h>
>> +#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
>>  
>>  struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled;
>>  struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled;
>>  
>>  struct paravirt_patch_template pv_ops;
>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pv_ops);
>> +
>> +struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region {
>> +	struct pvclock_vcpu_stolen_time *kaddr;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region, stolen_time_region);
>> +
>> +static bool steal_acc = true;
>> +static int __init parse_no_stealacc(char *arg)
>> +{
>> +	steal_acc = false;
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +early_param("no-steal-acc", parse_no_stealacc);
> 
> Need to also add an 'ARM64' to the
> Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt entry for this.

Good point, thanks for the pointer.

Steve
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
index 799d9dd6f7cc..125c26c42902 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
@@ -21,6 +21,13 @@  static inline u64 paravirt_steal_clock(int cpu)
 {
 	return pv_ops.time.steal_clock(cpu);
 }
-#endif
+
+int __init kvm_guest_init(void);
+
+#else
+
+#define kvm_guest_init()
+
+#endif // CONFIG_PARAVIRT
 
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
index 4cfed91fe256..5bf3be7ccf7e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
@@ -6,13 +6,161 @@ 
  * Author: Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@eu.citrix.com>
  */
 
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "kvmarm-pv: " fmt
+
+#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
+#include <linux/cpuhotplug.h>
 #include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
 #include <linux/jump_label.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/psci.h>
+#include <linux/reboot.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
 #include <linux/types.h>
+
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#include <asm/pvclock-abi.h>
+#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
 
 struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled;
 struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled;
 
 struct paravirt_patch_template pv_ops;
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pv_ops);
+
+struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region {
+	struct pvclock_vcpu_stolen_time *kaddr;
+};
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region, stolen_time_region);
+
+static bool steal_acc = true;
+static int __init parse_no_stealacc(char *arg)
+{
+	steal_acc = false;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("no-steal-acc", parse_no_stealacc);
+
+/* return stolen time in ns by asking the hypervisor */
+static u64 kvm_steal_clock(int cpu)
+{
+	struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region *reg;
+
+	reg = per_cpu_ptr(&stolen_time_region, cpu);
+	if (!reg->kaddr) {
+		pr_warn_once("stolen time enabled but not configured for cpu %d\n",
+			     cpu);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	return le64_to_cpu(READ_ONCE(reg->kaddr->stolen_time));
+}
+
+static int disable_stolen_time_current_cpu(void)
+{
+	struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region *reg;
+
+	reg = this_cpu_ptr(&stolen_time_region);
+	if (!reg->kaddr)
+		return 0;
+
+	memunmap(reg->kaddr);
+	memset(reg, 0, sizeof(*reg));
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int stolen_time_dying_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	return disable_stolen_time_current_cpu();
+}
+
+static int init_stolen_time_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	struct kvmarm_stolen_time_region *reg;
+	struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+	reg = this_cpu_ptr(&stolen_time_region);
+
+	arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_ST, &res);
+
+	if ((long)res.a0 < 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	reg->kaddr = memremap(res.a0,
+			      sizeof(struct pvclock_vcpu_stolen_time),
+			      MEMREMAP_WB);
+
+	if (!reg->kaddr) {
+		pr_warn("Failed to map stolen time data structure\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	if (le32_to_cpu(reg->kaddr->revision) != 0 ||
+	    le32_to_cpu(reg->kaddr->attributes) != 0) {
+		pr_warn("Unexpected revision or attributes in stolen time data\n");
+		return -ENXIO;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int kvm_arm_init_stolen_time(void)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_ARM_KVMPV_STARTING,
+				"hypervisor/kvmarm/pv:starting",
+				init_stolen_time_cpu, stolen_time_dying_cpu);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static bool has_kvm_steal_clock(void)
+{
+	struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+	/* To detect the presence of PV time support we require SMCCC 1.1+ */
+	if (psci_ops.smccc_version < SMCCC_VERSION_1_1)
+		return false;
+
+	arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_FEATURES_FUNC_ID,
+			     ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_FEATURES, &res);
+
+	if (res.a0 != SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS)
+		return false;
+
+	arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_FEATURES,
+			     ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_ST, &res);
+
+	if (res.a0 != SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS)
+		return false;
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+int __init kvm_guest_init(void)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!has_kvm_steal_clock())
+		return 0;
+
+	ret = kvm_arm_init_stolen_time();
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	pv_ops.time.steal_clock = kvm_steal_clock;
+
+	static_key_slow_inc(&paravirt_steal_enabled);
+	if (steal_acc)
+		static_key_slow_inc(&paravirt_steal_rq_enabled);
+
+	pr_info("using stolen time PV\n");
+
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c
index 0b2946414dc9..a52aea14c6ec 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ 
 
 #include <asm/thread_info.h>
 #include <asm/stacktrace.h>
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
 
 unsigned long profile_pc(struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
@@ -65,4 +66,6 @@  void __init time_init(void)
 
 	/* Calibrate the delay loop directly */
 	lpj_fine = arch_timer_rate / HZ;
+
+	kvm_guest_init();
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
index 068793a619ca..89d75edb5750 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
@@ -136,6 +136,7 @@  enum cpuhp_state {
 	/* Must be the last timer callback */
 	CPUHP_AP_DUMMY_TIMER_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_ARM_XEN_STARTING,
+	CPUHP_AP_ARM_KVMPV_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_ARM_CORESIGHT_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_ARM64_ISNDEP_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_SMPCFD_DYING,