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[v1,4/4] arm64: drop pfn_valid_within() and simplify pfn_valid()

Message ID 20210420090925.7457-5-rppt@kernel.org (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series arm64: drop pfn_valid_within() and simplify pfn_valid() | expand

Commit Message

Mike Rapoport April 20, 2021, 9:09 a.m. UTC
From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>

The arm64's version of pfn_valid() differs from the generic because of two
reasons:

* Parts of the memory map are freed during boot. This makes it necessary to
  verify that there is actual physical memory that corresponds to a pfn
  which is done by querying memblock.

* There are NOMAP memory regions. These regions are not mapped in the
  linear map and until the previous commit the struct pages representing
  these areas had default values.

As the consequence of absence of the special treatment of NOMAP regions in
the memory map it was necessary to use memblock_is_map_memory() in
pfn_valid() and to have pfn_valid_within() aliased to pfn_valid() so that
generic mm functionality would not treat a NOMAP page as a normal page.

Since the NOMAP regions are now marked as PageReserved(), pfn walkers and
the rest of core mm will treat them as unusable memory and thus
pfn_valid_within() is no longer required at all and can be disabled by
removing CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE on arm64.

pfn_valid() can be slightly simplified by replacing
memblock_is_map_memory() with memblock_is_memory().

Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/Kconfig   | 3 ---
 arch/arm64/mm/init.c | 4 ++--
 2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

Comments

David Hildenbrand April 20, 2021, 4 p.m. UTC | #1
On 20.04.21 11:09, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> 
> The arm64's version of pfn_valid() differs from the generic because of two
> reasons:
> 
> * Parts of the memory map are freed during boot. This makes it necessary to
>    verify that there is actual physical memory that corresponds to a pfn
>    which is done by querying memblock.
> 
> * There are NOMAP memory regions. These regions are not mapped in the
>    linear map and until the previous commit the struct pages representing
>    these areas had default values.
> 
> As the consequence of absence of the special treatment of NOMAP regions in
> the memory map it was necessary to use memblock_is_map_memory() in
> pfn_valid() and to have pfn_valid_within() aliased to pfn_valid() so that
> generic mm functionality would not treat a NOMAP page as a normal page.
> 
> Since the NOMAP regions are now marked as PageReserved(), pfn walkers and
> the rest of core mm will treat them as unusable memory and thus
> pfn_valid_within() is no longer required at all and can be disabled by
> removing CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE on arm64.
> 
> pfn_valid() can be slightly simplified by replacing
> memblock_is_map_memory() with memblock_is_memory().
> 
> Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
>   arch/arm64/Kconfig   | 3 ---
>   arch/arm64/mm/init.c | 4 ++--
>   2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> index e4e1b6550115..58e439046d05 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> @@ -1040,9 +1040,6 @@ config NEED_PER_CPU_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK
>   	def_bool y
>   	depends on NUMA
>   
> -config HOLES_IN_ZONE
> -	def_bool y
> -
>   source "kernel/Kconfig.hz"
>   
>   config ARCH_SPARSEMEM_ENABLE
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
> index c54e329aca15..370f33765b64 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
> @@ -243,7 +243,7 @@ int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
>   
>   	/*
>   	 * ZONE_DEVICE memory does not have the memblock entries.
> -	 * memblock_is_map_memory() check for ZONE_DEVICE based
> +	 * memblock_is_memory() check for ZONE_DEVICE based
>   	 * addresses will always fail. Even the normal hotplugged
>   	 * memory will never have MEMBLOCK_NOMAP flag set in their
>   	 * memblock entries. Skip memblock search for all non early
> @@ -254,7 +254,7 @@ int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
>   		return pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn);
>   }
>   #endif
> -	return memblock_is_map_memory(addr);
> +	return memblock_is_memory(addr);
>   }
>   EXPORT_SYMBOL(pfn_valid);
>   
> 

What are the steps needed to get rid of custom pfn_valid() completely?

I'd assume we would have to stop freeing parts of the mem map during 
boot. How relevant is that for arm64 nowadays, especially with reduced 
section sizes?
Mike Rapoport April 21, 2021, 5:52 a.m. UTC | #2
On Tue, Apr 20, 2021 at 06:00:55PM +0200, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> On 20.04.21 11:09, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> > From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> > 
> > The arm64's version of pfn_valid() differs from the generic because of two
> > reasons:
> > 
> > * Parts of the memory map are freed during boot. This makes it necessary to
> >    verify that there is actual physical memory that corresponds to a pfn
> >    which is done by querying memblock.
> > 
> > * There are NOMAP memory regions. These regions are not mapped in the
> >    linear map and until the previous commit the struct pages representing
> >    these areas had default values.
> > 
> > As the consequence of absence of the special treatment of NOMAP regions in
> > the memory map it was necessary to use memblock_is_map_memory() in
> > pfn_valid() and to have pfn_valid_within() aliased to pfn_valid() so that
> > generic mm functionality would not treat a NOMAP page as a normal page.
> > 
> > Since the NOMAP regions are now marked as PageReserved(), pfn walkers and
> > the rest of core mm will treat them as unusable memory and thus
> > pfn_valid_within() is no longer required at all and can be disabled by
> > removing CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE on arm64.
> > 
> > pfn_valid() can be slightly simplified by replacing
> > memblock_is_map_memory() with memblock_is_memory().
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> > ---
> >   arch/arm64/Kconfig   | 3 ---
> >   arch/arm64/mm/init.c | 4 ++--
> >   2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> > index e4e1b6550115..58e439046d05 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> > @@ -1040,9 +1040,6 @@ config NEED_PER_CPU_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK
> >   	def_bool y
> >   	depends on NUMA
> > -config HOLES_IN_ZONE
> > -	def_bool y
> > -
> >   source "kernel/Kconfig.hz"
> >   config ARCH_SPARSEMEM_ENABLE
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
> > index c54e329aca15..370f33765b64 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
> > @@ -243,7 +243,7 @@ int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
> >   	/*
> >   	 * ZONE_DEVICE memory does not have the memblock entries.
> > -	 * memblock_is_map_memory() check for ZONE_DEVICE based
> > +	 * memblock_is_memory() check for ZONE_DEVICE based
> >   	 * addresses will always fail. Even the normal hotplugged
> >   	 * memory will never have MEMBLOCK_NOMAP flag set in their
> >   	 * memblock entries. Skip memblock search for all non early
> > @@ -254,7 +254,7 @@ int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
> >   		return pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn);
> >   }
> >   #endif
> > -	return memblock_is_map_memory(addr);
> > +	return memblock_is_memory(addr);
> >   }
> >   EXPORT_SYMBOL(pfn_valid);
> > 
> 
> What are the steps needed to get rid of custom pfn_valid() completely?
> 
> I'd assume we would have to stop freeing parts of the mem map during boot.
> How relevant is that for arm64 nowadays, especially with reduced section
> sizes?

Yes, for arm64 to use the generic pfn_valid() it'd need to stop freeing
parts of the memory map.

Presuming struct page is 64 bytes, the memory map takes 2M per section in
the worst case (128M per section, 4k pages). 

So for systems that have less than 128M populated in each section freeing
unused memory map would mean significant savings.

But nowadays when a clock has at least 1G of RAM I doubt this is relevant
to many systems if at all.
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index e4e1b6550115..58e439046d05 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -1040,9 +1040,6 @@  config NEED_PER_CPU_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK
 	def_bool y
 	depends on NUMA
 
-config HOLES_IN_ZONE
-	def_bool y
-
 source "kernel/Kconfig.hz"
 
 config ARCH_SPARSEMEM_ENABLE
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
index c54e329aca15..370f33765b64 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
@@ -243,7 +243,7 @@  int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
 
 	/*
 	 * ZONE_DEVICE memory does not have the memblock entries.
-	 * memblock_is_map_memory() check for ZONE_DEVICE based
+	 * memblock_is_memory() check for ZONE_DEVICE based
 	 * addresses will always fail. Even the normal hotplugged
 	 * memory will never have MEMBLOCK_NOMAP flag set in their
 	 * memblock entries. Skip memblock search for all non early
@@ -254,7 +254,7 @@  int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
 		return pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn);
 }
 #endif
-	return memblock_is_map_memory(addr);
+	return memblock_is_memory(addr);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(pfn_valid);