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[v11,01/16] sched: Introduce task_cpu_possible_mask() to limit fallback rq selection

Message ID 20210730112443.23245-2-will@kernel.org (mailing list archive)
State New, archived
Headers show
Series Add support for 32-bit tasks on asymmetric AArch32 systems | expand

Commit Message

Will Deacon July 30, 2021, 11:24 a.m. UTC
Asymmetric systems may not offer the same level of userspace ISA support
across all CPUs, meaning that some applications cannot be executed by
some CPUs. As a concrete example, upcoming arm64 big.LITTLE designs do
not feature support for 32-bit applications on both clusters.

On such a system, we must take care not to migrate a task to an
unsupported CPU when forcefully moving tasks in select_fallback_rq()
in response to a CPU hot-unplug operation.

Introduce a task_cpu_possible_mask() hook which, given a task argument,
allows an architecture to return a cpumask of CPUs that are capable of
executing that task. The default implementation returns the
cpu_possible_mask, since sane machines do not suffer from per-cpu ISA
limitations that affect scheduling. The new mask is used when selecting
the fallback runqueue as a last resort before forcing a migration to the
first active CPU.

Reviewed-by: Valentin Schneider <Valentin.Schneider@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Quentin Perret <qperret@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
 include/linux/mmu_context.h | 14 ++++++++++++++
 kernel/sched/core.c         |  9 +++------
 2 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
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diff --git a/include/linux/mmu_context.h b/include/linux/mmu_context.h
index 03dee12d2b61..b9b970f7ab45 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmu_context.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmu_context.h
@@ -14,4 +14,18 @@ 
 static inline void leave_mm(int cpu) { }
+ * CPUs that are capable of running user task @p. Must contain at least one
+ * active CPU. It is assumed that the kernel can run on all CPUs, so calling
+ * this for a kernel thread is pointless.
+ *
+ * By default, we assume a sane, homogeneous system.
+ */
+#ifndef task_cpu_possible_mask
+# define task_cpu_possible_mask(p)	cpu_possible_mask
+# define task_cpu_possible(cpu, p)	true
+# define task_cpu_possible(cpu, p)	cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), task_cpu_possible_mask(p))
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 2d9ff40f4661..84b20feb3214 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -2163,7 +2163,7 @@  static inline bool is_cpu_allowed(struct task_struct *p, int cpu)
 	/* Non kernel threads are not allowed during either online or offline. */
 	if (!(p->flags & PF_KTHREAD))
-		return cpu_active(cpu);
+		return cpu_active(cpu) && task_cpu_possible(cpu, p);
 	/* KTHREAD_IS_PER_CPU is always allowed. */
 	if (kthread_is_per_cpu(p))
@@ -3114,9 +3114,7 @@  static int select_fallback_rq(int cpu, struct task_struct *p)
 		/* Look for allowed, online CPU in same node. */
 		for_each_cpu(dest_cpu, nodemask) {
-			if (!cpu_active(dest_cpu))
-				continue;
-			if (cpumask_test_cpu(dest_cpu, p->cpus_ptr))
+			if (is_cpu_allowed(p, dest_cpu))
 				return dest_cpu;
@@ -3146,10 +3144,9 @@  static int select_fallback_rq(int cpu, struct task_struct *p)
 			 * More yuck to audit.
-			do_set_cpus_allowed(p, cpu_possible_mask);
+			do_set_cpus_allowed(p, task_cpu_possible_mask(p));
 			state = fail;
 		case fail: