mbox series

[V13,0/3] Charge loop device i/o to issuing cgroup

Message ID 20210603145707.4031641-1-schatzberg.dan@gmail.com (mailing list archive)
Headers show
Series Charge loop device i/o to issuing cgroup | expand


Dan Schatzberg June 3, 2021, 2:57 p.m. UTC
No significant changes, rebased on Linus's tree.

Jens, this series was intended to go into the mm tree since it had
some conflicts with mm changes. It never got picked up for 5.12 and
the corresponding mm changes are now in linus's tree. This is mostly a
loop change so it feels more appropriate to go through the block tree.
Do you think that makes sense?

Changes since V12:

* Small change to get_mem_cgroup_from_mm to avoid needing

Changes since V11:

* Removed WQ_MEM_RECLAIM flag from loop workqueue. Technically, this
  can be driven by writeback, but this was causing a warning in xfs
  and likely other filesystems aren't equipped to be driven by reclaim
  at the VFS layer.
* Included a small fix from Colin Ian King.
* reworked get_mem_cgroup_from_mm to institute the necessary charge

Changes since V10:

* Added page-cache charging to mm: Charge active memcg when no mm is set

Changes since V9:

* Rebased against linus's branch which now includes Roman Gushchin's
  patch this series is based off of

Changes since V8:

* Rebased on top of Roman Gushchin's patch
  (https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/8/21/1464) which provides the nesting
  support for setting active memcg. Dropped the patch from this series
  that did the same thing.

Changes since V7:

* Rebased against linus's branch

Changes since V6:

* Added separate spinlock for worker synchronization
* Minor style changes

Changes since V5:

* Fixed a missing css_put when failing to allocate a worker
* Minor style changes

Changes since V4:

Only patches 1 and 2 have changed.

* Fixed irq lock ordering bug
* Simplified loop detach
* Added support for nesting memalloc_use_memcg

Changes since V3:

* Fix race on loop device destruction and deferred worker cleanup
* Ensure charge on shmem_swapin_page works just like getpage
* Minor style changes

Changes since V2:

* Deferred destruction of workqueue items so in the common case there
  is no allocation needed

Changes since V1:

* Split out and reordered patches so cgroup charging changes are
  separate from kworker -> workqueue change

* Add mem_css to struct loop_cmd to simplify logic

The loop device runs all i/o to the backing file on a separate kworker
thread which results in all i/o being charged to the root cgroup. This
allows a loop device to be used to trivially bypass resource limits
and other policy. This patch series fixes this gap in accounting.

A simple script to demonstrate this behavior on cgroupv2 machine:

set -e


if [[ ! -d $CGROUP ]]
    sudo mkdir $CGROUP

grep oom_kill $CGROUP/memory.events

# Set a memory limit, write more than that limit to tmpfs -> OOM kill
sudo unshare -m bash -c "
echo \$\$ > $CGROUP/cgroup.procs;
echo 0 > $CGROUP/memory.swap.max;
echo 64M > $CGROUP/memory.max;
mount -t tmpfs -o size=512m tmpfs /tmp;
dd if=/dev/zero of=/tmp/file bs=1M count=256" || true

grep oom_kill $CGROUP/memory.events

# Set a memory limit, write more than that limit through loopback
# device -> no OOM kill
sudo unshare -m bash -c "
echo \$\$ > $CGROUP/cgroup.procs;
echo 0 > $CGROUP/memory.swap.max;
echo 64M > $CGROUP/memory.max;
mount -t tmpfs -o size=512m tmpfs /tmp;
truncate -s 512m /tmp/backing_file
losetup $LOOP_DEV /tmp/backing_file
dd if=/dev/zero of=$LOOP_DEV bs=1M count=256;
losetup -D $LOOP_DEV" || true

grep oom_kill $CGROUP/memory.events

Naively charging cgroups could result in priority inversions through
the single kworker thread in the case where multiple cgroups are
reading/writing to the same loop device. This patch series does some
minor modification to the loop driver so that each cgroup can make
forward progress independently to avoid this inversion.

With this patch series applied, the above script triggers OOM kills
when writing through the loop device as expected.

Dan Schatzberg (3):
  loop: Use worker per cgroup instead of kworker
  mm: Charge active memcg when no mm is set
  loop: Charge i/o to mem and blk cg

 drivers/block/loop.c       | 241 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 drivers/block/loop.h       |  15 ++-
 include/linux/memcontrol.h |   6 +
 kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c     |   1 +
 mm/filemap.c               |   2 +-
 mm/memcontrol.c            |  49 +++++---
 mm/shmem.c                 |   4 +-
 7 files changed, 250 insertions(+), 68 deletions(-)