diff mbox

[v4,2/3] block: Add badblock management for gendisks

Message ID 1449602295-28781-3-git-send-email-vishal.l.verma@intel.com
State New, archived
Headers show

Commit Message

Verma, Vishal L Dec. 8, 2015, 7:18 p.m. UTC
NVDIMM devices, which can behave more like DRAM rather than block
devices, may develop bad cache lines, or 'poison'. A block device
exposed by the pmem driver can then consume poison via a read (or
write), and cause a machine check. On platforms without machine
check recovery features, this would mean a crash.

The block device maintaining a runtime list of all known sectors that
have poison can directly avoid this, and also provide a path forward
to enable proper handling/recovery for DAX faults on such a device.

Use the new badblock management interfaces to add a badblocks list to
gendisks.

Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com>
---
 block/genhd.c         | 76 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/genhd.h |  7 +++++
 2 files changed, 83 insertions(+)
diff mbox

Patch

diff --git a/block/genhd.c b/block/genhd.c
index e5cafa5..81dcf32 100644
--- a/block/genhd.c
+++ b/block/genhd.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/idr.h>
 #include <linux/log2.h>
 #include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
+#include <linux/badblocks.h>
 
 #include "blk.h"
 
@@ -505,6 +506,16 @@  static int exact_lock(dev_t devt, void *data)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+int disk_alloc_badblocks(struct gendisk *disk)
+{
+	disk->bb = kzalloc(sizeof(*(disk->bb)), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!disk->bb)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	return badblocks_init(disk->bb, 1);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(disk_alloc_badblocks);
+
 static void register_disk(struct gendisk *disk)
 {
 	struct device *ddev = disk_to_dev(disk);
@@ -659,6 +670,11 @@  void del_gendisk(struct gendisk *disk)
 	blk_unregister_queue(disk);
 	blk_unregister_region(disk_devt(disk), disk->minors);
 
+	if (disk->bb) {
+		badblocks_free(disk->bb);
+		kfree(disk->bb);
+	}
+
 	part_stat_set_all(&disk->part0, 0);
 	disk->part0.stamp = 0;
 
@@ -672,6 +688,63 @@  void del_gendisk(struct gendisk *disk)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(del_gendisk);
 
+/*
+ * The gendisk usage of badblocks does not track acknowledgements for
+ * badblocks. We always assume they are acknowledged.
+ */
+int disk_check_badblocks(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t s, int sectors,
+		   sector_t *first_bad, int *bad_sectors)
+{
+	if (!disk->bb)
+		return 0;
+
+	return badblocks_check(disk->bb, s, sectors, first_bad, bad_sectors);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(disk_check_badblocks);
+
+int disk_set_badblocks(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t s, int sectors)
+{
+	if (!disk->bb)
+		return 0;
+
+	return badblocks_set(disk->bb, s, sectors, 1);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(disk_set_badblocks);
+
+int disk_clear_badblocks(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t s, int sectors)
+{
+	if (!disk->bb)
+		return 0;
+
+	return badblocks_clear(disk->bb, s, sectors);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(disk_clear_badblocks);
+
+/* sysfs access to bad-blocks list. */
+static ssize_t disk_badblocks_show(struct device *dev,
+					struct device_attribute *attr,
+					char *page)
+{
+	struct gendisk *disk = dev_to_disk(dev);
+
+	if (!disk->bb)
+		return 0;
+
+	return badblocks_show(disk->bb, page, 0);
+}
+
+static ssize_t disk_badblocks_store(struct device *dev,
+					struct device_attribute *attr,
+					const char *page, size_t len)
+{
+	struct gendisk *disk = dev_to_disk(dev);
+
+	if (!disk->bb)
+		return 0;
+
+	return badblocks_store(disk->bb, page, len, 0);
+}
+
 /**
  * get_gendisk - get partitioning information for a given device
  * @devt: device to get partitioning information for
@@ -990,6 +1063,8 @@  static DEVICE_ATTR(discard_alignment, S_IRUGO, disk_discard_alignment_show,
 static DEVICE_ATTR(capability, S_IRUGO, disk_capability_show, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(stat, S_IRUGO, part_stat_show, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(inflight, S_IRUGO, part_inflight_show, NULL);
+static DEVICE_ATTR(badblocks, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR, disk_badblocks_show,
+		disk_badblocks_store);
 #ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST
 static struct device_attribute dev_attr_fail =
 	__ATTR(make-it-fail, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, part_fail_show, part_fail_store);
@@ -1011,6 +1086,7 @@  static struct attribute *disk_attrs[] = {
 	&dev_attr_capability.attr,
 	&dev_attr_stat.attr,
 	&dev_attr_inflight.attr,
+	&dev_attr_badblocks.attr,
 #ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST
 	&dev_attr_fail.attr,
 #endif
diff --git a/include/linux/genhd.h b/include/linux/genhd.h
index 847cc1d..0bbec68 100644
--- a/include/linux/genhd.h
+++ b/include/linux/genhd.h
@@ -162,6 +162,7 @@  struct disk_part_tbl {
 };
 
 struct disk_events;
+struct badblocks;
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY)
 
@@ -213,6 +214,7 @@  struct gendisk {
 	struct kobject integrity_kobj;
 #endif	/* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */
 	int node_id;
+	struct badblocks *bb;
 };
 
 static inline struct gendisk *part_to_disk(struct hd_struct *part)
@@ -433,6 +435,11 @@  extern void add_disk(struct gendisk *disk);
 extern void del_gendisk(struct gendisk *gp);
 extern struct gendisk *get_gendisk(dev_t dev, int *partno);
 extern struct block_device *bdget_disk(struct gendisk *disk, int partno);
+int disk_alloc_badblocks(struct gendisk *disk);
+extern int disk_check_badblocks(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t s, int sectors,
+		   sector_t *first_bad, int *bad_sectors);
+extern int disk_set_badblocks(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t s, int sectors);
+extern int disk_clear_badblocks(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t s, int sectors);
 
 extern void set_device_ro(struct block_device *bdev, int flag);
 extern void set_disk_ro(struct gendisk *disk, int flag);