diff mbox series

[v3] generic: test fiemap offsets and < 512 byte ranges

Message ID c2f49fdead29fd7eb979b83028eb9fcf56d2457c.1617826068.git.boris@bur.io (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series [v3] generic: test fiemap offsets and < 512 byte ranges | expand

Commit Message

Boris Burkov April 7, 2021, 8:13 p.m. UTC
btrfs trims fiemap extents to the inputted offset, which leads to
inconsistent results for most inputs, and downright bizarre outputs like
[7..6] when the trimmed extent is at the end of an extent and shorter
than 512 bytes.

The test writes out one extent of the file system's block size and tries
fiemaps at various offsets. It expects that all the fiemaps return the
full single extent.

I ran it under the following fs, block size combinations:
ext2: 1024, 2048, 4096
ext3: 1024, 2048, 4096
ext4: 1024, 2048, 4096
xfs: 512, 1024, 2048, 4096
f2fs: 4096
btrfs: 4096

This test is fixed for btrfs by:
btrfs: return whole extents in fiemap
(https://lore.kernel.org/linux-btrfs/274e5bcebdb05a8969fc300b4802f33da2fbf218.1617746680.git.boris@bur.io/)

Signed-off-by: Boris Burkov <boris@bur.io>
---
v3: make the block size more generic, use test dev instead of scratch,
cleanup style issues.
v2: fill out copyright and test description
---
 tests/generic/623     | 94 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tests/generic/623.out |  2 +
 tests/generic/group   |  1 +
 3 files changed, 97 insertions(+)
 create mode 100755 tests/generic/623
 create mode 100644 tests/generic/623.out

Comments

Eryu Guan April 11, 2021, 2:03 p.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, Apr 07, 2021 at 01:13:26PM -0700, Boris Burkov wrote:
> btrfs trims fiemap extents to the inputted offset, which leads to
> inconsistent results for most inputs, and downright bizarre outputs like
> [7..6] when the trimmed extent is at the end of an extent and shorter
> than 512 bytes.
> 
> The test writes out one extent of the file system's block size and tries
> fiemaps at various offsets. It expects that all the fiemaps return the
> full single extent.
> 
> I ran it under the following fs, block size combinations:
> ext2: 1024, 2048, 4096
> ext3: 1024, 2048, 4096
> ext4: 1024, 2048, 4096
> xfs: 512, 1024, 2048, 4096
> f2fs: 4096
> btrfs: 4096
> 
> This test is fixed for btrfs by:
> btrfs: return whole extents in fiemap
> (https://lore.kernel.org/linux-btrfs/274e5bcebdb05a8969fc300b4802f33da2fbf218.1617746680.git.boris@bur.io/)
> 
> Signed-off-by: Boris Burkov <boris@bur.io>

generic/473, which tests fiemap, has been marked as broken, as fiemap
behavior is not consistent across filesystems, and the specific behavior
tested by generic/473 is not defined and filesystems could have
different implementations.

I'm not sure if this test fits into the undefined-behavior fiemap
categary. I think it's fine if it tests a well-defined & consistent
behavior.

> ---
> v3: make the block size more generic, use test dev instead of scratch,
> cleanup style issues.
> v2: fill out copyright and test description
> ---
>  tests/generic/623     | 94 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  tests/generic/623.out |  2 +
>  tests/generic/group   |  1 +
>  3 files changed, 97 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100755 tests/generic/623
>  create mode 100644 tests/generic/623.out
> 
> diff --git a/tests/generic/623 b/tests/generic/623
> new file mode 100755
> index 00000000..a5ef369a
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tests/generic/623
> @@ -0,0 +1,94 @@
> +#! /bin/bash
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +# Copyright (c) 2021 Facebook.  All Rights Reserved.
> +#
> +# FS QA Test 623
> +#
> +# Test fiemaps with offsets into small parts of extents.
> +# Expect to get the whole extent, anyway.
> +#
> +seq=`basename $0`
> +seqres=$RESULT_DIR/$seq
> +echo "QA output created by $seq"
> +
> +here=`pwd`
> +tmp=/tmp/$$
> +status=1	# failure is the default!
> +trap "_cleanup; exit \$status" 0 1 2 3 15
> +
> +_cleanup()
> +{
> +	cd /
> +	rm -f $tmp.*
> +	rm -f $fiemap_file
> +}
> +
> +# get standard environment, filters and checks
> +. ./common/rc
> +. ./common/filter
> +
> +# remove previous $seqres.full before test
> +rm -f $seqres.full
> +
> +# real QA test starts here
> +
> +# Modify as appropriate.
> +_supported_fs generic
> +_require_test
> +_require_xfs_io_command "fiemap"
> +
> +rm -f $seqres.full
> +
> +fiemap_file=$TEST_DIR/foo.$$
> +
> +do_fiemap() {
> +	off=$1
> +	len=$2
> +	echo $off $len >> $seqres.full
> +	$XFS_IO_PROG -c "fiemap $off $len" $fiemap_file | tee -a $seqres.full
> +}
> +
> +check_fiemap() {
> +	off=$1
> +	len=$2
> +	actual=$(do_fiemap $off $len)
> +	[ "$actual" == "$expected" ] || _fail "unexpected fiemap on $off $len"
> +}
> +
> +# write a file with one extent
> +block_size=$(_get_block_size $TEST_DIR)
> +$XFS_IO_PROG -f -s -c "pwrite -S 0xcf 0 $block_size" $fiemap_file >/dev/null
> +
> +# since the exact extent location is unpredictable especially when
> +# varying file systems, just test that they are all equal, which is
> +# what we really expect.
> +expected=$(do_fiemap)
> +
> +mid=$((block_size / 2))
> +almost=$((block_size - 5))
> +past=$((block_size + 1))
> +
> +check_fiemap 0 $mid
> +check_fiemap 0 $block_size
> +check_fiemap 0 $past
> +check_fiemap $mid $almost
> +check_fiemap $mid $block_size
> +check_fiemap $mid $past
> +check_fiemap $almost 5
> +check_fiemap $almost 6
> +
> +# fiemap output explicitly deals in 512 byte increments,
> +# so exercise some cases where len is 512.
> +# Naturally, some of these can't work if block size is 512.
> +one_short=$((block_size - 512))
> +check_fiemap 0 512
> +check_fiemap $one_short 512
> +check_fiemap $almost 512
> +
> +_test_unmount

Any reason to umount TEST_DEV?

Thanks,
Eryu

> +
> +echo "Silence is golden"
> +
> +# success, all done
> +status=0
> +exit
> diff --git a/tests/generic/623.out b/tests/generic/623.out
> new file mode 100644
> index 00000000..6f774f19
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tests/generic/623.out
> @@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
> +QA output created by 623
> +Silence is golden
> diff --git a/tests/generic/group b/tests/generic/group
> index b10fdea4..39e02383 100644
> --- a/tests/generic/group
> +++ b/tests/generic/group
> @@ -625,3 +625,4 @@
>  620 auto mount quick
>  621 auto quick encrypt
>  622 auto shutdown metadata atime
> +623 auto quick
> -- 
> 2.30.2
Boris Burkov April 21, 2021, 7:13 p.m. UTC | #2
On Sun, Apr 11, 2021 at 10:03:59PM +0800, Eryu Guan wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 07, 2021 at 01:13:26PM -0700, Boris Burkov wrote:
> > btrfs trims fiemap extents to the inputted offset, which leads to
> > inconsistent results for most inputs, and downright bizarre outputs like
> > [7..6] when the trimmed extent is at the end of an extent and shorter
> > than 512 bytes.
> > 
> > The test writes out one extent of the file system's block size and tries
> > fiemaps at various offsets. It expects that all the fiemaps return the
> > full single extent.
> > 
> > I ran it under the following fs, block size combinations:
> > ext2: 1024, 2048, 4096
> > ext3: 1024, 2048, 4096
> > ext4: 1024, 2048, 4096
> > xfs: 512, 1024, 2048, 4096
> > f2fs: 4096
> > btrfs: 4096
> > 
> > This test is fixed for btrfs by:
> > btrfs: return whole extents in fiemap
> > (https://lore.kernel.org/linux-btrfs/274e5bcebdb05a8969fc300b4802f33da2fbf218.1617746680.git.boris@bur.io/)
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Boris Burkov <boris@bur.io>
> 
> generic/473, which tests fiemap, has been marked as broken, as fiemap
> behavior is not consistent across filesystems, and the specific behavior
> tested by generic/473 is not defined and filesystems could have
> different implementations.
> 
> I'm not sure if this test fits into the undefined-behavior fiemap
> categary. I think it's fine if it tests a well-defined & consistent
> behavior.
> 

Interesting, I didn't know about that test being marked as broken.

I was worried about this problem to some extent and attempted to
mitigate it by only requiring that all the output be the same, rather
than matching some specific standard.

Thinking about it further, I think this test is portable only so long as
the step where it writes a file with one extent is portable.

If "pwrite 0 block-size" ends up as a file with multiple extents, then
it is possible one of the partial fiemaps will only intersect with a
subset of the extents and rightly return those. In fact, that was broken
in the original version of the test which explicitly used 4096 instead of
being detecting the block size.

I do think it is nice to have this as a regression test for btrfs, since
we have pretty complicated logic for fiemap and it was so broken in this
case. If you prefer, I can make this a btrfs specific test.

Thanks for the review,
Boris

> > ---
> > v3: make the block size more generic, use test dev instead of scratch,
> > cleanup style issues.
> > v2: fill out copyright and test description
> > ---
> >  tests/generic/623     | 94 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  tests/generic/623.out |  2 +
> >  tests/generic/group   |  1 +
> >  3 files changed, 97 insertions(+)
> >  create mode 100755 tests/generic/623
> >  create mode 100644 tests/generic/623.out
> > 
> > diff --git a/tests/generic/623 b/tests/generic/623
> > new file mode 100755
> > index 00000000..a5ef369a
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/tests/generic/623
> > @@ -0,0 +1,94 @@
> > +#! /bin/bash
> > +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +# Copyright (c) 2021 Facebook.  All Rights Reserved.
> > +#
> > +# FS QA Test 623
> > +#
> > +# Test fiemaps with offsets into small parts of extents.
> > +# Expect to get the whole extent, anyway.
> > +#
> > +seq=`basename $0`
> > +seqres=$RESULT_DIR/$seq
> > +echo "QA output created by $seq"
> > +
> > +here=`pwd`
> > +tmp=/tmp/$$
> > +status=1	# failure is the default!
> > +trap "_cleanup; exit \$status" 0 1 2 3 15
> > +
> > +_cleanup()
> > +{
> > +	cd /
> > +	rm -f $tmp.*
> > +	rm -f $fiemap_file
> > +}
> > +
> > +# get standard environment, filters and checks
> > +. ./common/rc
> > +. ./common/filter
> > +
> > +# remove previous $seqres.full before test
> > +rm -f $seqres.full
> > +
> > +# real QA test starts here
> > +
> > +# Modify as appropriate.
> > +_supported_fs generic
> > +_require_test
> > +_require_xfs_io_command "fiemap"
> > +
> > +rm -f $seqres.full
> > +
> > +fiemap_file=$TEST_DIR/foo.$$
> > +
> > +do_fiemap() {
> > +	off=$1
> > +	len=$2
> > +	echo $off $len >> $seqres.full
> > +	$XFS_IO_PROG -c "fiemap $off $len" $fiemap_file | tee -a $seqres.full
> > +}
> > +
> > +check_fiemap() {
> > +	off=$1
> > +	len=$2
> > +	actual=$(do_fiemap $off $len)
> > +	[ "$actual" == "$expected" ] || _fail "unexpected fiemap on $off $len"
> > +}
> > +
> > +# write a file with one extent
> > +block_size=$(_get_block_size $TEST_DIR)
> > +$XFS_IO_PROG -f -s -c "pwrite -S 0xcf 0 $block_size" $fiemap_file >/dev/null
> > +
> > +# since the exact extent location is unpredictable especially when
> > +# varying file systems, just test that they are all equal, which is
> > +# what we really expect.
> > +expected=$(do_fiemap)
> > +
> > +mid=$((block_size / 2))
> > +almost=$((block_size - 5))
> > +past=$((block_size + 1))
> > +
> > +check_fiemap 0 $mid
> > +check_fiemap 0 $block_size
> > +check_fiemap 0 $past
> > +check_fiemap $mid $almost
> > +check_fiemap $mid $block_size
> > +check_fiemap $mid $past
> > +check_fiemap $almost 5
> > +check_fiemap $almost 6
> > +
> > +# fiemap output explicitly deals in 512 byte increments,
> > +# so exercise some cases where len is 512.
> > +# Naturally, some of these can't work if block size is 512.
> > +one_short=$((block_size - 512))
> > +check_fiemap 0 512
> > +check_fiemap $one_short 512
> > +check_fiemap $almost 512
> > +
> > +_test_unmount
> 
> Any reason to umount TEST_DEV?
> 
> Thanks,
> Eryu
> 
> > +
> > +echo "Silence is golden"
> > +
> > +# success, all done
> > +status=0
> > +exit
> > diff --git a/tests/generic/623.out b/tests/generic/623.out
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 00000000..6f774f19
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/tests/generic/623.out
> > @@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
> > +QA output created by 623
> > +Silence is golden
> > diff --git a/tests/generic/group b/tests/generic/group
> > index b10fdea4..39e02383 100644
> > --- a/tests/generic/group
> > +++ b/tests/generic/group
> > @@ -625,3 +625,4 @@
> >  620 auto mount quick
> >  621 auto quick encrypt
> >  622 auto shutdown metadata atime
> > +623 auto quick
> > -- 
> > 2.30.2
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/tests/generic/623 b/tests/generic/623
new file mode 100755
index 00000000..a5ef369a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/generic/623
@@ -0,0 +1,94 @@ 
+#! /bin/bash
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+# Copyright (c) 2021 Facebook.  All Rights Reserved.
+#
+# FS QA Test 623
+#
+# Test fiemaps with offsets into small parts of extents.
+# Expect to get the whole extent, anyway.
+#
+seq=`basename $0`
+seqres=$RESULT_DIR/$seq
+echo "QA output created by $seq"
+
+here=`pwd`
+tmp=/tmp/$$
+status=1	# failure is the default!
+trap "_cleanup; exit \$status" 0 1 2 3 15
+
+_cleanup()
+{
+	cd /
+	rm -f $tmp.*
+	rm -f $fiemap_file
+}
+
+# get standard environment, filters and checks
+. ./common/rc
+. ./common/filter
+
+# remove previous $seqres.full before test
+rm -f $seqres.full
+
+# real QA test starts here
+
+# Modify as appropriate.
+_supported_fs generic
+_require_test
+_require_xfs_io_command "fiemap"
+
+rm -f $seqres.full
+
+fiemap_file=$TEST_DIR/foo.$$
+
+do_fiemap() {
+	off=$1
+	len=$2
+	echo $off $len >> $seqres.full
+	$XFS_IO_PROG -c "fiemap $off $len" $fiemap_file | tee -a $seqres.full
+}
+
+check_fiemap() {
+	off=$1
+	len=$2
+	actual=$(do_fiemap $off $len)
+	[ "$actual" == "$expected" ] || _fail "unexpected fiemap on $off $len"
+}
+
+# write a file with one extent
+block_size=$(_get_block_size $TEST_DIR)
+$XFS_IO_PROG -f -s -c "pwrite -S 0xcf 0 $block_size" $fiemap_file >/dev/null
+
+# since the exact extent location is unpredictable especially when
+# varying file systems, just test that they are all equal, which is
+# what we really expect.
+expected=$(do_fiemap)
+
+mid=$((block_size / 2))
+almost=$((block_size - 5))
+past=$((block_size + 1))
+
+check_fiemap 0 $mid
+check_fiemap 0 $block_size
+check_fiemap 0 $past
+check_fiemap $mid $almost
+check_fiemap $mid $block_size
+check_fiemap $mid $past
+check_fiemap $almost 5
+check_fiemap $almost 6
+
+# fiemap output explicitly deals in 512 byte increments,
+# so exercise some cases where len is 512.
+# Naturally, some of these can't work if block size is 512.
+one_short=$((block_size - 512))
+check_fiemap 0 512
+check_fiemap $one_short 512
+check_fiemap $almost 512
+
+_test_unmount
+
+echo "Silence is golden"
+
+# success, all done
+status=0
+exit
diff --git a/tests/generic/623.out b/tests/generic/623.out
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..6f774f19
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/generic/623.out
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@ 
+QA output created by 623
+Silence is golden
diff --git a/tests/generic/group b/tests/generic/group
index b10fdea4..39e02383 100644
--- a/tests/generic/group
+++ b/tests/generic/group
@@ -625,3 +625,4 @@ 
 620 auto mount quick
 621 auto quick encrypt
 622 auto shutdown metadata atime
+623 auto quick