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[RFC,v4,2/8] jbd2: ensure abort the journal if detect IO error when writing original buffer back

Message ID 20210610112440.3438139-3-yi.zhang@huawei.com (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series ext4, jbd2: fix 3 issues about bdev_try_to_free_page() | expand

Commit Message

Zhang Yi June 10, 2021, 11:24 a.m. UTC
Although we merged c044f3d8360 ("jbd2: abort journal if free a async
write error metadata buffer"), there is a race between
jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers() and jbd2_journal_destroy(), so the
jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() may still fail to detect the buffer write
io error flag which may lead to filesystem inconsistency.

jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers()     ext4_put_super()
                                        jbd2_journal_destroy()
  __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint()
  detect buffer write error              jbd2_log_do_checkpoint()
                                         jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail()
                                           <--- lead to inconsistency
  jbd2_journal_abort()

Fix this issue by introducing a new atomic flag which only have one
JBD2_CHECKPOINT_IO_ERROR bit now, and set it in
__jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint() when freeing a checkpoint buffer
which has write_io_error flag. Then jbd2_journal_destroy() will detect
this mark and abort the journal to prevent updating log tail.

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yi <yi.zhang@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
---
 fs/jbd2/checkpoint.c | 12 ++++++++++++
 fs/jbd2/journal.c    | 14 ++++++++++++++
 include/linux/jbd2.h | 11 +++++++++++
 3 files changed, 37 insertions(+)

Comments

Theodore Ts'o June 24, 2021, 2:35 p.m. UTC | #1
On Thu, Jun 10, 2021 at 07:24:34PM +0800, Zhang Yi wrote:
> Although we merged c044f3d8360 ("jbd2: abort journal if free a async
> write error metadata buffer"), there is a race between
> jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers() and jbd2_journal_destroy(), so the
> jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() may still fail to detect the buffer write
> io error flag which may lead to filesystem inconsistency.
> 
> jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers()     ext4_put_super()
>                                         jbd2_journal_destroy()
>   __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint()
>   detect buffer write error              jbd2_log_do_checkpoint()
>                                          jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail()
>                                            <--- lead to inconsistency
>   jbd2_journal_abort()
> 
> Fix this issue by introducing a new atomic flag which only have one
> JBD2_CHECKPOINT_IO_ERROR bit now, and set it in
> __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint() when freeing a checkpoint buffer
> which has write_io_error flag. Then jbd2_journal_destroy() will detect
> this mark and abort the journal to prevent updating log tail.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Zhang Yi <yi.zhang@huawei.com>
> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>

Applied, thanks.

					- Ted
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Patch

diff --git a/fs/jbd2/checkpoint.c b/fs/jbd2/checkpoint.c
index bf5511d19ac5..d27c10f4502f 100644
--- a/fs/jbd2/checkpoint.c
+++ b/fs/jbd2/checkpoint.c
@@ -564,6 +564,7 @@  int __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *jh)
 	struct transaction_chp_stats_s *stats;
 	transaction_t *transaction;
 	journal_t *journal;
+	struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
 
 	JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "entry");
 
@@ -575,6 +576,17 @@  int __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *jh)
 	journal = transaction->t_journal;
 
 	JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "removing from transaction");
+
+	/*
+	 * If we have failed to write the buffer out to disk, the filesystem
+	 * may become inconsistent. We cannot abort the journal here since
+	 * we hold j_list_lock and we have to be careful about races with
+	 * jbd2_journal_destroy(). So mark the writeback IO error in the
+	 * journal here and we abort the journal later from a better context.
+	 */
+	if (buffer_write_io_error(bh))
+		set_bit(JBD2_CHECKPOINT_IO_ERROR, &journal->j_atomic_flags);
+
 	__buffer_unlink(jh);
 	jh->b_cp_transaction = NULL;
 	jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh);
diff --git a/fs/jbd2/journal.c b/fs/jbd2/journal.c
index 2dc944442802..90146755941f 100644
--- a/fs/jbd2/journal.c
+++ b/fs/jbd2/journal.c
@@ -1618,6 +1618,10 @@  int jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tail_tid,
 
 	if (is_journal_aborted(journal))
 		return -EIO;
+	if (test_bit(JBD2_CHECKPOINT_IO_ERROR, &journal->j_atomic_flags)) {
+		jbd2_journal_abort(journal, -EIO);
+		return -EIO;
+	}
 
 	BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex));
 	jbd_debug(1, "JBD2: updating superblock (start %lu, seq %u)\n",
@@ -1995,6 +1999,16 @@  int jbd2_journal_destroy(journal_t *journal)
 	J_ASSERT(journal->j_checkpoint_transactions == NULL);
 	spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 
+	/*
+	 * OK, all checkpoint transactions have been checked, now check the
+	 * write out io error flag and abort the journal if some buffer failed
+	 * to write back to the original location, otherwise the filesystem
+	 * may become inconsistent.
+	 */
+	if (!is_journal_aborted(journal) &&
+	    test_bit(JBD2_CHECKPOINT_IO_ERROR, &journal->j_atomic_flags))
+		jbd2_journal_abort(journal, -EIO);
+
 	if (journal->j_sb_buffer) {
 		if (!is_journal_aborted(journal)) {
 			mutex_lock_io(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex);
diff --git a/include/linux/jbd2.h b/include/linux/jbd2.h
index db0e1920cb12..f9b5e657b8f3 100644
--- a/include/linux/jbd2.h
+++ b/include/linux/jbd2.h
@@ -779,6 +779,11 @@  struct journal_s
 	 */
 	unsigned long		j_flags;
 
+	/**
+	 * @j_atomic_flags: Atomic journaling state flags.
+	 */
+	unsigned long		j_atomic_flags;
+
 	/**
 	 * @j_errno:
 	 *
@@ -1371,6 +1376,12 @@  JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit,	FAST_COMMIT)
 #define JBD2_FAST_COMMIT_ONGOING	0x100	/* Fast commit is ongoing */
 #define JBD2_FULL_COMMIT_ONGOING	0x200	/* Full commit is ongoing */
 
+/*
+ * Journal atomic flag definitions
+ */
+#define JBD2_CHECKPOINT_IO_ERROR	0x001	/* Detect io error while writing
+						 * buffer back to disk */
+
 /*
  * Function declarations for the journaling transaction and buffer
  * management