diff mbox series

[v3,1/1] iio: adc: ad7124: allow more than 8 channels

Message ID 20210223164404.93540-2-alexandru.tachici@analog.com (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series iio: adc: ad7124: allow more than 8 channels | expand

Commit Message

Alexandru Tachici Feb. 23, 2021, 4:44 p.m. UTC
From: Alexandru Tachici <alexandru.tachici@analog.com>

Currently AD7124-8 driver cannot use more than 8 IIO channels
because it was assigning the channel configurations bijectively
to channels specified in the device-tree. This is not possible
to do when using more than 8 channels as AD7124-8 has only 8
configuration registers.

To allow the user to use all channels at once the driver
will keep in memory configurations for all channels but
will program only 8 of them at a time on the device.
If multiple channels have the same configuration, only
one configuration register will be used. If there
are more configurations than available registers only
the last 8 used configurations will be allowed to exist
on the device in a LRU fashion.

Signed-off-by: Alexandru Tachici <alexandru.tachici@analog.com>
---
 drivers/iio/adc/ad7124.c | 461 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 308 insertions(+), 153 deletions(-)

Comments

Jonathan Cameron Feb. 27, 2021, 5:41 p.m. UTC | #1
On Tue, 23 Feb 2021 18:44:04 +0200
<alexandru.tachici@analog.com> wrote:

> From: Alexandru Tachici <alexandru.tachici@analog.com>
> 
> Currently AD7124-8 driver cannot use more than 8 IIO channels
> because it was assigning the channel configurations bijectively
> to channels specified in the device-tree. This is not possible
> to do when using more than 8 channels as AD7124-8 has only 8
> configuration registers.
> 
> To allow the user to use all channels at once the driver
> will keep in memory configurations for all channels but
> will program only 8 of them at a time on the device.
> If multiple channels have the same configuration, only
> one configuration register will be used. If there
> are more configurations than available registers only
> the last 8 used configurations will be allowed to exist
> on the device in a LRU fashion.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Alexandru Tachici <alexandru.tachici@analog.com>

Hi Alexandru,

I like the solution you've gone with here. Its fairly intuitive
solution to a fiddly problem :)

All comments inline are fairly minor tweaks.

Thanks,

Jonathan

> ---
>  drivers/iio/adc/ad7124.c | 461 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
>  1 file changed, 308 insertions(+), 153 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/ad7124.c b/drivers/iio/adc/ad7124.c
> index 766c73333604..d5d0596eb6ed 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/adc/ad7124.c
> +++ b/drivers/iio/adc/ad7124.c
> @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
>  #include <linux/err.h>
>  #include <linux/interrupt.h>
>  #include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/kfifo.h>
>  #include <linux/module.h>
>  #include <linux/of_device.h>
>  #include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
> @@ -86,6 +87,10 @@
>  #define AD7124_SINC3_FILTER 2
>  #define AD7124_SINC4_FILTER 0
>  
> +#define AD7124_CONF_ADDR_OFFSET	20
> +#define AD7124_MAX_CONFIGS	8
> +#define AD7124_MAX_CHANNELS	16
> +
>  enum ad7124_ids {
>  	ID_AD7124_4,
>  	ID_AD7124_8,
> @@ -136,25 +141,36 @@ struct ad7124_chip_info {
>  };
>  
>  struct ad7124_channel_config {
> +	bool live;
> +	unsigned int cfg_slot;
>  	enum ad7124_ref_sel refsel;
>  	bool bipolar;
>  	bool buf_positive;
>  	bool buf_negative;
> -	unsigned int ain;
>  	unsigned int vref_mv;
>  	unsigned int pga_bits;
>  	unsigned int odr;
> +	unsigned int odr_sel_bits;
>  	unsigned int filter_type;
>  };
>  
> +struct ad7124_channel {
> +	unsigned int nr;
> +	struct ad7124_channel_config cfg;
> +	unsigned int ain;
> +	unsigned int slot;
> +};
> +
>  struct ad7124_state {
>  	const struct ad7124_chip_info *chip_info;
>  	struct ad_sigma_delta sd;
> -	struct ad7124_channel_config *channel_config;
> +	struct ad7124_channel *channels;
>  	struct regulator *vref[4];
>  	struct clk *mclk;
>  	unsigned int adc_control;
>  	unsigned int num_channels;
> +	struct mutex cfgs_lock; /* lock for configs access */
> +	DECLARE_KFIFO(live_cfgs_fifo, struct ad7124_channel_config *, AD7124_MAX_CONFIGS);
>  };
>  
>  static const struct iio_chan_spec ad7124_channel_template = {
> @@ -238,33 +254,9 @@ static int ad7124_set_mode(struct ad_sigma_delta *sd,
>  	return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_ADC_CONTROL, 2, st->adc_control);
>  }
>  
> -static int ad7124_set_channel(struct ad_sigma_delta *sd, unsigned int channel)
> -{
> -	struct ad7124_state *st = container_of(sd, struct ad7124_state, sd);
> -	unsigned int val;
> -
> -	val = st->channel_config[channel].ain | AD7124_CHANNEL_EN(1) |
> -	      AD7124_CHANNEL_SETUP(channel);
> -
> -	return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CHANNEL(channel), 2, val);
> -}
> -
> -static const struct ad_sigma_delta_info ad7124_sigma_delta_info = {
> -	.set_channel = ad7124_set_channel,
> -	.set_mode = ad7124_set_mode,
> -	.has_registers = true,
> -	.addr_shift = 0,
> -	.read_mask = BIT(6),
> -	.data_reg = AD7124_DATA,
> -	.irq_flags = IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING,
> -};
> -
> -static int ad7124_set_channel_odr(struct ad7124_state *st,
> -				  unsigned int channel,
> -				  unsigned int odr)
> +static void ad7124_set_channel_odr(struct ad7124_state *st, unsigned int channel, unsigned int odr)
>  {
>  	unsigned int fclk, odr_sel_bits;
> -	int ret;
>  
>  	fclk = clk_get_rate(st->mclk);
>  	/*
> @@ -280,36 +272,10 @@ static int ad7124_set_channel_odr(struct ad7124_state *st,
>  	else if (odr_sel_bits > 2047)
>  		odr_sel_bits = 2047;
>  
> -	ret = ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_FILTER(channel),
> -				    AD7124_FILTER_FS_MSK,
> -				    AD7124_FILTER_FS(odr_sel_bits), 3);
> -	if (ret < 0)
> -		return ret;
> -	/* fADC = fCLK / (FS[10:0] x 32) */
> -	st->channel_config[channel].odr =
> -		DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(fclk, odr_sel_bits * 32);
> -
> -	return 0;
> -}
> -
> -static int ad7124_set_channel_gain(struct ad7124_state *st,
> -				   unsigned int channel,
> -				   unsigned int gain)
> -{
> -	unsigned int res;
> -	int ret;
> -
> -	res = ad7124_find_closest_match(ad7124_gain,
> -					ARRAY_SIZE(ad7124_gain), gain);
> -	ret = ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_CONFIG(channel),
> -				    AD7124_CONFIG_PGA_MSK,
> -				    AD7124_CONFIG_PGA(res), 2);
> -	if (ret < 0)
> -		return ret;
> -
> -	st->channel_config[channel].pga_bits = res;
>  
> -	return 0;
> +	/* fADC = fCLK / (FS[10:0] x 32) */
> +	st->channels[channel].cfg.odr = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(fclk, odr_sel_bits * 32);
> +	st->channels[channel].cfg.odr_sel_bits = odr_sel_bits;
>  }
>  
>  static int ad7124_get_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st,
> @@ -317,9 +283,9 @@ static int ad7124_get_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st,
>  {
>  	unsigned int fadc;
>  
> -	fadc = st->channel_config[channel].odr;
> +	fadc = st->channels[channel].cfg.odr;
>  
> -	switch (st->channel_config[channel].filter_type) {
> +	switch (st->channels[channel].cfg.filter_type) {
>  	case AD7124_SINC3_FILTER:
>  		return DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(fadc * 230, 1000);
>  	case AD7124_SINC4_FILTER:
> @@ -329,9 +295,8 @@ static int ad7124_get_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st,
>  	}
>  }
>  
> -static int ad7124_set_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st,
> -				      unsigned int channel,
> -				      unsigned int freq)
> +static void ad7124_set_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st, unsigned int channel,
> +				       unsigned int freq)
>  {
>  	unsigned int sinc4_3db_odr;
>  	unsigned int sinc3_3db_odr;
> @@ -349,21 +314,224 @@ static int ad7124_set_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st,
>  		new_odr = sinc3_3db_odr;
>  	}
>  
> -	if (st->channel_config[channel].filter_type != new_filter) {
> -		int ret;
> +	st->channels[channel].cfg.filter_type = new_filter;
> +	st->channels[channel].cfg.odr = new_odr;
> +}
>  
> -		st->channel_config[channel].filter_type = new_filter;
> -		ret = ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_FILTER(channel),
> -					    AD7124_FILTER_TYPE_MSK,
> -					    AD7124_FILTER_TYPE_SEL(new_filter),
> -					    3);
> -		if (ret < 0)
> -			return ret;
> +static bool ad7124_configs_equal(struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg1,
> +				 struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg2)
> +{
> +	return ((cfg1->refsel == cfg2->refsel) &&
> +		(cfg1->bipolar == cfg2->bipolar) &&
> +		(cfg1->buf_positive == cfg2->buf_positive) &&
> +		(cfg1->buf_negative == cfg2->buf_negative) &&
> +		(cfg1->vref_mv == cfg2->vref_mv) &&
> +		(cfg1->pga_bits == cfg2->pga_bits) &&
> +		(cfg1->odr == cfg2->odr) &&
> +		(cfg1->odr_sel_bits == cfg2->odr_sel_bits) &&
> +		(cfg1->filter_type == cfg2->filter_type));
> +}
> +
> +static struct ad7124_channel_config *ad7124_find_similar_live_cfg(struct ad7124_state *st,
> +								  struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg)
> +{
> +	struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg_aux;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < st->num_channels; i++) {
> +		cfg_aux = &st->channels[i].cfg;
> +
> +		if (cfg_aux->live && ad7124_configs_equal(cfg, cfg_aux))
> +			return cfg_aux;
> +	}
> +
> +	return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static int ad7124_find_free_config_slot(struct ad7124_state *st)
> +{
> +	int slots[AD7124_MAX_CONFIGS] = {0};
> +	struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg;
> +	int i = 0;
> +
> +	/* mark all currently used configuration slots */
> +	for (i = 0; i < st->num_channels; i++) {
> +		cfg = &st->channels[i].cfg;
> +
> +		if (cfg->live)
> +			slots[cfg->cfg_slot] = 1;

Worth maintaining a bitmap as we make use of configs
rather than computing this here?
Defintiely use a bitmap here if not and find_next_zero_bit() to
find an empty hole. 

> +	}
> +
> +	/* find a free one */
> +	for (i = 0; i < AD7124_MAX_CONFIGS; i++) {
> +		if (slots[i] == 0)
> +			return i;
> +	}
> +
> +	return -1;
> +}
> +
> +static int ad7124_init_config_vref(struct ad7124_state *st, struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg)
> +{
> +	unsigned int refsel = cfg->refsel;
> +
> +	switch (refsel) {
> +	case AD7124_REFIN1:
> +	case AD7124_REFIN2:
> +	case AD7124_AVDD_REF:
> +		if (IS_ERR(st->vref[refsel])) {
> +			dev_err(&st->sd.spi->dev,
> +				"Error, trying to use external voltage reference without a %s regulator.\n",
> +				ad7124_ref_names[refsel]);
> +				return PTR_ERR(st->vref[refsel]);
> +		}
> +		cfg->vref_mv = regulator_get_voltage(st->vref[refsel]);
> +		/* Conversion from uV to mV */
> +		cfg->vref_mv /= 1000;
> +		break;
> +	case AD7124_INT_REF:
> +		cfg->vref_mv = 2500;
> +		st->adc_control &= ~AD7124_ADC_CTRL_REF_EN_MSK;
> +		st->adc_control |= AD7124_ADC_CTRL_REF_EN(1);
> +		return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_ADC_CONTROL,
> +				      2, st->adc_control);
> +	default:
> +		dev_err(&st->sd.spi->dev, "Invalid reference %d\n", refsel);
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
Move this up to the the one break path above?  (trivial!)
> +}
> +
> +static int ad7124_write_config(struct ad7124_state *st, struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg,
> +			       unsigned int cfg_slot)
> +{
> +	unsigned int tmp;
> +	unsigned int val;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	cfg->cfg_slot = cfg_slot;
> +
> +	tmp = (cfg->buf_positive << 1) + cfg->buf_negative;
> +	val = AD7124_CONFIG_BIPOLAR(cfg->bipolar) | AD7124_CONFIG_REF_SEL(cfg->refsel) |
> +	      AD7124_CONFIG_IN_BUFF(tmp);
> +	ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CONFIG(cfg->cfg_slot), 2, val);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	tmp = AD7124_FILTER_TYPE_SEL(cfg->filter_type);
> +	ret = ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_FILTER(cfg->cfg_slot), AD7124_FILTER_TYPE_MSK,
> +				    tmp, 3);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_FILTER(cfg->cfg_slot), AD7124_FILTER_FS_MSK,
> +				    AD7124_FILTER_FS(cfg->odr_sel_bits), 3);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	return ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_CONFIG(cfg->cfg_slot), AD7124_CONFIG_PGA_MSK,
> +				     AD7124_CONFIG_PGA(cfg->pga_bits), 2);
> +}
> +
> +static struct ad7124_channel_config *ad7124_pop_config(struct ad7124_state *st)
> +{
> +	struct ad7124_channel_config *lru_cfg;
> +	struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg;
> +	int ret;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	/* pop least recently used config from the fifo

/*
 * Pop

> +	 * in order to make room for the new one
> +	 */
> +	ret = kfifo_get(&st->live_cfgs_fifo, &lru_cfg);
> +	if (ret <= 0)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	lru_cfg->live = false;
> +
> +	/* invalidate all other configs that pointed to this one */
> +	for (i = 0; i < st->num_channels; i++) {
> +		cfg = &st->channels[i].cfg;
> +
> +		if (cfg->cfg_slot == lru_cfg->cfg_slot)
> +			cfg->live = false;
>  	}
>  
> -	return ad7124_set_channel_odr(st, channel, new_odr);
> +	return lru_cfg;
> +}
> +
> +static int ad7124_enable_channel(struct ad7124_state *st, struct ad7124_channel *ch)
> +{
> +	ch->cfg.live = true;
> +	return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CHANNEL(ch->nr), 2, ch->ain |
> +			      AD7124_CHANNEL_SETUP(ch->cfg.cfg_slot) | AD7124_CHANNEL_EN(1));
>  }
>  
> +static int ad7124_prepare_read(struct ad7124_state *st, int address)
> +{
> +	struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg = &st->channels[address].cfg;
> +	struct ad7124_channel_config *live_cfg;
> +	struct ad7124_channel_config *lru_cfg;
> +	int free_cfg_slot;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	/* Before doing any reads assign the channel a configuration.

/*
 * Before

> +	 * Check if channel's config is on the device
> +	 */
> +	if (!cfg->live) {
> +		/* check if config matches another one */
> +		live_cfg = ad7124_find_similar_live_cfg(st, cfg);
> +		if (!live_cfg) {
> +			free_cfg_slot = ad7124_find_free_config_slot(st);
> +			if (free_cfg_slot >= 0) {
> +				ret = ad7124_write_config(st, cfg, free_cfg_slot);
> +				if (ret < 0)
> +					return ret;
> +
> +				/* push the new config in configs queue */
> +				cfg->cfg_slot = free_cfg_slot;
> +				kfifo_put(&st->live_cfgs_fifo, cfg);
> +			} else {
> +				lru_cfg = ad7124_pop_config(st);
> +				if (!lru_cfg)
> +					return -EINVAL;
> +
> +				/* push the new config in configs queue */
> +				cfg->cfg_slot = lru_cfg->cfg_slot;
> +				kfifo_put(&st->live_cfgs_fifo, cfg);
> +			}
> +		} else {
> +			cfg->cfg_slot = live_cfg->cfg_slot;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	/* point channel to the config slot and enable */
> +	return ad7124_enable_channel(st, &st->channels[address]);
> +}
> +
> +static int ad7124_set_channel(struct ad_sigma_delta *sd, unsigned int channel)
> +{
> +	struct ad7124_state *st = container_of(sd, struct ad7124_state, sd);
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
> +	ret = ad7124_prepare_read(st, channel);
> +	mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct ad_sigma_delta_info ad7124_sigma_delta_info = {
> +	.set_channel = ad7124_set_channel,
> +	.set_mode = ad7124_set_mode,
> +	.has_registers = true,
> +	.addr_shift = 0,
> +	.read_mask = BIT(6),
> +	.data_reg = AD7124_DATA,
> +	.irq_flags = IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING
> +};
> +
>  static int ad7124_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>  			   struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
>  			   int *val, int *val2, long info)
> @@ -378,36 +546,44 @@ static int ad7124_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>  			return ret;
>  
>  		/* After the conversion is performed, disable the channel */
> -		ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd,
> -				      AD7124_CHANNEL(chan->address), 2,
> -				      st->channel_config[chan->address].ain |
> -				      AD7124_CHANNEL_EN(0));
> +		ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CHANNEL(chan->address), 2,
> +				      st->channels[chan->address].ain | AD7124_CHANNEL_EN(0));
>  		if (ret < 0)
>  			return ret;
>  
>  		return IIO_VAL_INT;
>  	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE:
> -		idx = st->channel_config[chan->address].pga_bits;
> -		*val = st->channel_config[chan->address].vref_mv;
> -		if (st->channel_config[chan->address].bipolar)
> +		mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
> +
> +		idx = st->channels[chan->address].cfg.pga_bits;
> +		*val = st->channels[chan->address].cfg.vref_mv;
> +		if (st->channels[chan->address].cfg.bipolar)
>  			*val2 = chan->scan_type.realbits - 1 + idx;
>  		else
>  			*val2 = chan->scan_type.realbits + idx;
>  
> +		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
>  		return IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_LOG2;
>  	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_OFFSET:
> -		if (st->channel_config[chan->address].bipolar)
> +		mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
> +		if (st->channels[chan->address].cfg.bipolar)
>  			*val = -(1 << (chan->scan_type.realbits - 1));
>  		else
>  			*val = 0;
>  
> +		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
>  		return IIO_VAL_INT;
>  	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SAMP_FREQ:
> -		*val = st->channel_config[chan->address].odr;
> +		mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
> +		*val = st->channels[chan->address].cfg.odr;
> +		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
>  
>  		return IIO_VAL_INT;
>  	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_LOW_PASS_FILTER_3DB_FREQUENCY:
> +		mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
>  		*val = ad7124_get_3db_filter_freq(st, chan->scan_index);
> +		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
> +
>  		return IIO_VAL_INT;
>  	default:
>  		return -EINVAL;
> @@ -421,32 +597,53 @@ static int ad7124_write_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>  	struct ad7124_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>  	unsigned int res, gain, full_scale, vref;
>  
> +	mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);

Taking a lock outside of a switch but then always unlocking it
in the case statements is a little unintuitive.
Can we move a 
	goto err;
	or
	break; as appropriate.


err:
	mutex_unlock() path and move the unlock out of the switch
as well?



> +	/* any change to the configs will make them different to

/*
 * Any change...

> +	 * the ones written on the device
> +	 */

Technically we don't yet know it is a change. - Could be a rewrite
of the existing config.  It might be worth identifying that there
is an actual change before we do this.

> +	st->channels[chan->address].cfg.live = false;
> +
>  	switch (info) {
>  	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SAMP_FREQ:
> -		if (val2 != 0)
> +		if (val2 != 0) {
> +			mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
>  			return -EINVAL;
> +		}
>  
> -		return ad7124_set_channel_odr(st, chan->address, val);
> +		ad7124_set_channel_odr(st, chan->address, val);
> +
> +		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
> +		return 0;
>  	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE:
> -		if (val != 0)
> +		if (val != 0) {
> +			mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
>  			return -EINVAL;
> +		}
>  
> -		if (st->channel_config[chan->address].bipolar)
> +		if (st->channels[chan->address].cfg.bipolar)
>  			full_scale = 1 << (chan->scan_type.realbits - 1);
>  		else
>  			full_scale = 1 << chan->scan_type.realbits;
>  
> -		vref = st->channel_config[chan->address].vref_mv * 1000000LL;
> +		vref = st->channels[chan->address].cfg.vref_mv * 1000000LL;
>  		res = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(vref, full_scale);
>  		gain = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(res, val2);
> +		res = ad7124_find_closest_match(ad7124_gain, ARRAY_SIZE(ad7124_gain), gain);
> +		st->channels[chan->address].cfg.pga_bits = res;
>  
> -		return ad7124_set_channel_gain(st, chan->address, gain);
> +		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
> +		return 0;
>  	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_LOW_PASS_FILTER_3DB_FREQUENCY:
> -		if (val2 != 0)
> +		if (val2 != 0) {
> +			mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
>  			return -EINVAL;
> +		}
>  
> -		return ad7124_set_3db_filter_freq(st, chan->address, val);
> +		ad7124_set_3db_filter_freq(st, chan->address, val);
> +		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
> +		return 0;
>  	default:
> +		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
>  		return -EINVAL;
>  	}
>  }
> @@ -547,47 +744,14 @@ static int ad7124_check_chip_id(struct ad7124_state *st)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> -static int ad7124_init_channel_vref(struct ad7124_state *st,
> -				    unsigned int channel_number)
> -{
> -	unsigned int refsel = st->channel_config[channel_number].refsel;
> -
> -	switch (refsel) {
> -	case AD7124_REFIN1:
> -	case AD7124_REFIN2:
> -	case AD7124_AVDD_REF:
> -		if (IS_ERR(st->vref[refsel])) {
> -			dev_err(&st->sd.spi->dev,
> -				"Error, trying to use external voltage reference without a %s regulator.\n",
> -				ad7124_ref_names[refsel]);
> -			return PTR_ERR(st->vref[refsel]);
> -		}
> -		st->channel_config[channel_number].vref_mv =
> -			regulator_get_voltage(st->vref[refsel]);
> -		/* Conversion from uV to mV */
> -		st->channel_config[channel_number].vref_mv /= 1000;
> -		break;
> -	case AD7124_INT_REF:
> -		st->channel_config[channel_number].vref_mv = 2500;
> -		st->adc_control &= ~AD7124_ADC_CTRL_REF_EN_MSK;
> -		st->adc_control |= AD7124_ADC_CTRL_REF_EN(1);
> -		return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_ADC_CONTROL,
> -				      2, st->adc_control);
> -	default:
> -		dev_err(&st->sd.spi->dev, "Invalid reference %d\n", refsel);
> -		return -EINVAL;
> -	}
> -
> -	return 0;
> -}
> -
>  static int ad7124_of_parse_channel_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>  					  struct device_node *np)
>  {
>  	struct ad7124_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> +	struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg;
> +	struct ad7124_channel *channels;
>  	struct device_node *child;
>  	struct iio_chan_spec *chan;
> -	struct ad7124_channel_config *chan_config;
>  	unsigned int ain[2], channel = 0, tmp;
>  	int ret;
>  
> @@ -602,16 +766,18 @@ static int ad7124_of_parse_channel_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>  	if (!chan)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
> -	chan_config = devm_kcalloc(indio_dev->dev.parent, st->num_channels,
> -				   sizeof(*chan_config), GFP_KERNEL);
> -	if (!chan_config)
> +	channels = devm_kcalloc(indio_dev->dev.parent, st->num_channels, sizeof(*channels),
> +				GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!channels)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
>  	indio_dev->channels = chan;
>  	indio_dev->num_channels = st->num_channels;
> -	st->channel_config = chan_config;
> +	st->channels = channels;
>  
>  	for_each_available_child_of_node(np, child) {
> +		cfg = &st->channels[channel].cfg;
> +
>  		ret = of_property_read_u32(child, "reg", &channel);
>  		if (ret)
>  			goto err;
> @@ -621,21 +787,20 @@ static int ad7124_of_parse_channel_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>  		if (ret)
>  			goto err;
>  
> -		st->channel_config[channel].ain = AD7124_CHANNEL_AINP(ain[0]) |
> +		st->channels[channel].nr = channel;
> +		st->channels[channel].ain = AD7124_CHANNEL_AINP(ain[0]) |
>  						  AD7124_CHANNEL_AINM(ain[1]);
> -		st->channel_config[channel].bipolar =
> -			of_property_read_bool(child, "bipolar");
> +
> +		cfg->bipolar = of_property_read_bool(child, "bipolar");
>  
>  		ret = of_property_read_u32(child, "adi,reference-select", &tmp);
>  		if (ret)
> -			st->channel_config[channel].refsel = AD7124_INT_REF;
> +			cfg->refsel = AD7124_INT_REF;
>  		else
> -			st->channel_config[channel].refsel = tmp;
> +			cfg->refsel = tmp;
>  
> -		st->channel_config[channel].buf_positive =
> -			of_property_read_bool(child, "adi,buffered-positive");
> -		st->channel_config[channel].buf_negative =
> -			of_property_read_bool(child, "adi,buffered-negative");
> +		cfg->buf_positive = of_property_read_bool(child, "adi,buffered-positive");
> +		cfg->buf_negative = of_property_read_bool(child, "adi,buffered-negative");
>  
>  		chan[channel] = ad7124_channel_template;
>  		chan[channel].address = channel;
> @@ -654,7 +819,7 @@ static int ad7124_of_parse_channel_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>  static int ad7124_setup(struct ad7124_state *st)
>  {
>  	unsigned int val, fclk, power_mode;
> -	int i, ret, tmp;
> +	int i, ret;
>  
>  	fclk = clk_get_rate(st->mclk);
>  	if (!fclk)
> @@ -677,31 +842,21 @@ static int ad7124_setup(struct ad7124_state *st)
>  	if (ret < 0)
>  		return ret;
>  
> +	mutex_init(&st->cfgs_lock);
> +	INIT_KFIFO(st->live_cfgs_fifo);
>  	for (i = 0; i < st->num_channels; i++) {
> -		val = st->channel_config[i].ain | AD7124_CHANNEL_SETUP(i);
> -		ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CHANNEL(i), 2, val);
> -		if (ret < 0)
> -			return ret;
> +		val = st->channels[i].ain;
>  
> -		ret = ad7124_init_channel_vref(st, i);
> +		ret = ad7124_init_config_vref(st, &st->channels[i].cfg);
>  		if (ret < 0)
>  			return ret;
>  
> -		tmp = (st->channel_config[i].buf_positive << 1)  +
> -			st->channel_config[i].buf_negative;
> -
> -		val = AD7124_CONFIG_BIPOLAR(st->channel_config[i].bipolar) |
> -		      AD7124_CONFIG_REF_SEL(st->channel_config[i].refsel) |
> -		      AD7124_CONFIG_IN_BUFF(tmp);
> -		ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CONFIG(i), 2, val);
> -		if (ret < 0)
> -			return ret;
>  		/*
>  		 * 9.38 SPS is the minimum output data rate supported
>  		 * regardless of the selected power mode. Round it up to 10 and
> -		 * set all the enabled channels to this default value.
> +		 * set all channels to this default value.
>  		 */
> -		ret = ad7124_set_channel_odr(st, i, 10);
> +		ad7124_set_channel_odr(st, i, 10);
>  	}
>  
>  	return ret;
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/ad7124.c b/drivers/iio/adc/ad7124.c
index 766c73333604..d5d0596eb6ed 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/adc/ad7124.c
+++ b/drivers/iio/adc/ad7124.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/err.h>
 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kfifo.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/of_device.h>
 #include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
@@ -86,6 +87,10 @@ 
 #define AD7124_SINC3_FILTER 2
 #define AD7124_SINC4_FILTER 0
 
+#define AD7124_CONF_ADDR_OFFSET	20
+#define AD7124_MAX_CONFIGS	8
+#define AD7124_MAX_CHANNELS	16
+
 enum ad7124_ids {
 	ID_AD7124_4,
 	ID_AD7124_8,
@@ -136,25 +141,36 @@  struct ad7124_chip_info {
 };
 
 struct ad7124_channel_config {
+	bool live;
+	unsigned int cfg_slot;
 	enum ad7124_ref_sel refsel;
 	bool bipolar;
 	bool buf_positive;
 	bool buf_negative;
-	unsigned int ain;
 	unsigned int vref_mv;
 	unsigned int pga_bits;
 	unsigned int odr;
+	unsigned int odr_sel_bits;
 	unsigned int filter_type;
 };
 
+struct ad7124_channel {
+	unsigned int nr;
+	struct ad7124_channel_config cfg;
+	unsigned int ain;
+	unsigned int slot;
+};
+
 struct ad7124_state {
 	const struct ad7124_chip_info *chip_info;
 	struct ad_sigma_delta sd;
-	struct ad7124_channel_config *channel_config;
+	struct ad7124_channel *channels;
 	struct regulator *vref[4];
 	struct clk *mclk;
 	unsigned int adc_control;
 	unsigned int num_channels;
+	struct mutex cfgs_lock; /* lock for configs access */
+	DECLARE_KFIFO(live_cfgs_fifo, struct ad7124_channel_config *, AD7124_MAX_CONFIGS);
 };
 
 static const struct iio_chan_spec ad7124_channel_template = {
@@ -238,33 +254,9 @@  static int ad7124_set_mode(struct ad_sigma_delta *sd,
 	return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_ADC_CONTROL, 2, st->adc_control);
 }
 
-static int ad7124_set_channel(struct ad_sigma_delta *sd, unsigned int channel)
-{
-	struct ad7124_state *st = container_of(sd, struct ad7124_state, sd);
-	unsigned int val;
-
-	val = st->channel_config[channel].ain | AD7124_CHANNEL_EN(1) |
-	      AD7124_CHANNEL_SETUP(channel);
-
-	return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CHANNEL(channel), 2, val);
-}
-
-static const struct ad_sigma_delta_info ad7124_sigma_delta_info = {
-	.set_channel = ad7124_set_channel,
-	.set_mode = ad7124_set_mode,
-	.has_registers = true,
-	.addr_shift = 0,
-	.read_mask = BIT(6),
-	.data_reg = AD7124_DATA,
-	.irq_flags = IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING,
-};
-
-static int ad7124_set_channel_odr(struct ad7124_state *st,
-				  unsigned int channel,
-				  unsigned int odr)
+static void ad7124_set_channel_odr(struct ad7124_state *st, unsigned int channel, unsigned int odr)
 {
 	unsigned int fclk, odr_sel_bits;
-	int ret;
 
 	fclk = clk_get_rate(st->mclk);
 	/*
@@ -280,36 +272,10 @@  static int ad7124_set_channel_odr(struct ad7124_state *st,
 	else if (odr_sel_bits > 2047)
 		odr_sel_bits = 2047;
 
-	ret = ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_FILTER(channel),
-				    AD7124_FILTER_FS_MSK,
-				    AD7124_FILTER_FS(odr_sel_bits), 3);
-	if (ret < 0)
-		return ret;
-	/* fADC = fCLK / (FS[10:0] x 32) */
-	st->channel_config[channel].odr =
-		DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(fclk, odr_sel_bits * 32);
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static int ad7124_set_channel_gain(struct ad7124_state *st,
-				   unsigned int channel,
-				   unsigned int gain)
-{
-	unsigned int res;
-	int ret;
-
-	res = ad7124_find_closest_match(ad7124_gain,
-					ARRAY_SIZE(ad7124_gain), gain);
-	ret = ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_CONFIG(channel),
-				    AD7124_CONFIG_PGA_MSK,
-				    AD7124_CONFIG_PGA(res), 2);
-	if (ret < 0)
-		return ret;
-
-	st->channel_config[channel].pga_bits = res;
 
-	return 0;
+	/* fADC = fCLK / (FS[10:0] x 32) */
+	st->channels[channel].cfg.odr = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(fclk, odr_sel_bits * 32);
+	st->channels[channel].cfg.odr_sel_bits = odr_sel_bits;
 }
 
 static int ad7124_get_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st,
@@ -317,9 +283,9 @@  static int ad7124_get_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st,
 {
 	unsigned int fadc;
 
-	fadc = st->channel_config[channel].odr;
+	fadc = st->channels[channel].cfg.odr;
 
-	switch (st->channel_config[channel].filter_type) {
+	switch (st->channels[channel].cfg.filter_type) {
 	case AD7124_SINC3_FILTER:
 		return DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(fadc * 230, 1000);
 	case AD7124_SINC4_FILTER:
@@ -329,9 +295,8 @@  static int ad7124_get_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st,
 	}
 }
 
-static int ad7124_set_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st,
-				      unsigned int channel,
-				      unsigned int freq)
+static void ad7124_set_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st, unsigned int channel,
+				       unsigned int freq)
 {
 	unsigned int sinc4_3db_odr;
 	unsigned int sinc3_3db_odr;
@@ -349,21 +314,224 @@  static int ad7124_set_3db_filter_freq(struct ad7124_state *st,
 		new_odr = sinc3_3db_odr;
 	}
 
-	if (st->channel_config[channel].filter_type != new_filter) {
-		int ret;
+	st->channels[channel].cfg.filter_type = new_filter;
+	st->channels[channel].cfg.odr = new_odr;
+}
 
-		st->channel_config[channel].filter_type = new_filter;
-		ret = ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_FILTER(channel),
-					    AD7124_FILTER_TYPE_MSK,
-					    AD7124_FILTER_TYPE_SEL(new_filter),
-					    3);
-		if (ret < 0)
-			return ret;
+static bool ad7124_configs_equal(struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg1,
+				 struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg2)
+{
+	return ((cfg1->refsel == cfg2->refsel) &&
+		(cfg1->bipolar == cfg2->bipolar) &&
+		(cfg1->buf_positive == cfg2->buf_positive) &&
+		(cfg1->buf_negative == cfg2->buf_negative) &&
+		(cfg1->vref_mv == cfg2->vref_mv) &&
+		(cfg1->pga_bits == cfg2->pga_bits) &&
+		(cfg1->odr == cfg2->odr) &&
+		(cfg1->odr_sel_bits == cfg2->odr_sel_bits) &&
+		(cfg1->filter_type == cfg2->filter_type));
+}
+
+static struct ad7124_channel_config *ad7124_find_similar_live_cfg(struct ad7124_state *st,
+								  struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg)
+{
+	struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg_aux;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < st->num_channels; i++) {
+		cfg_aux = &st->channels[i].cfg;
+
+		if (cfg_aux->live && ad7124_configs_equal(cfg, cfg_aux))
+			return cfg_aux;
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static int ad7124_find_free_config_slot(struct ad7124_state *st)
+{
+	int slots[AD7124_MAX_CONFIGS] = {0};
+	struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg;
+	int i = 0;
+
+	/* mark all currently used configuration slots */
+	for (i = 0; i < st->num_channels; i++) {
+		cfg = &st->channels[i].cfg;
+
+		if (cfg->live)
+			slots[cfg->cfg_slot] = 1;
+	}
+
+	/* find a free one */
+	for (i = 0; i < AD7124_MAX_CONFIGS; i++) {
+		if (slots[i] == 0)
+			return i;
+	}
+
+	return -1;
+}
+
+static int ad7124_init_config_vref(struct ad7124_state *st, struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg)
+{
+	unsigned int refsel = cfg->refsel;
+
+	switch (refsel) {
+	case AD7124_REFIN1:
+	case AD7124_REFIN2:
+	case AD7124_AVDD_REF:
+		if (IS_ERR(st->vref[refsel])) {
+			dev_err(&st->sd.spi->dev,
+				"Error, trying to use external voltage reference without a %s regulator.\n",
+				ad7124_ref_names[refsel]);
+				return PTR_ERR(st->vref[refsel]);
+		}
+		cfg->vref_mv = regulator_get_voltage(st->vref[refsel]);
+		/* Conversion from uV to mV */
+		cfg->vref_mv /= 1000;
+		break;
+	case AD7124_INT_REF:
+		cfg->vref_mv = 2500;
+		st->adc_control &= ~AD7124_ADC_CTRL_REF_EN_MSK;
+		st->adc_control |= AD7124_ADC_CTRL_REF_EN(1);
+		return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_ADC_CONTROL,
+				      2, st->adc_control);
+	default:
+		dev_err(&st->sd.spi->dev, "Invalid reference %d\n", refsel);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ad7124_write_config(struct ad7124_state *st, struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg,
+			       unsigned int cfg_slot)
+{
+	unsigned int tmp;
+	unsigned int val;
+	int ret;
+
+	cfg->cfg_slot = cfg_slot;
+
+	tmp = (cfg->buf_positive << 1) + cfg->buf_negative;
+	val = AD7124_CONFIG_BIPOLAR(cfg->bipolar) | AD7124_CONFIG_REF_SEL(cfg->refsel) |
+	      AD7124_CONFIG_IN_BUFF(tmp);
+	ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CONFIG(cfg->cfg_slot), 2, val);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	tmp = AD7124_FILTER_TYPE_SEL(cfg->filter_type);
+	ret = ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_FILTER(cfg->cfg_slot), AD7124_FILTER_TYPE_MSK,
+				    tmp, 3);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_FILTER(cfg->cfg_slot), AD7124_FILTER_FS_MSK,
+				    AD7124_FILTER_FS(cfg->odr_sel_bits), 3);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	return ad7124_spi_write_mask(st, AD7124_CONFIG(cfg->cfg_slot), AD7124_CONFIG_PGA_MSK,
+				     AD7124_CONFIG_PGA(cfg->pga_bits), 2);
+}
+
+static struct ad7124_channel_config *ad7124_pop_config(struct ad7124_state *st)
+{
+	struct ad7124_channel_config *lru_cfg;
+	struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg;
+	int ret;
+	int i;
+
+	/* pop least recently used config from the fifo
+	 * in order to make room for the new one
+	 */
+	ret = kfifo_get(&st->live_cfgs_fifo, &lru_cfg);
+	if (ret <= 0)
+		return NULL;
+
+	lru_cfg->live = false;
+
+	/* invalidate all other configs that pointed to this one */
+	for (i = 0; i < st->num_channels; i++) {
+		cfg = &st->channels[i].cfg;
+
+		if (cfg->cfg_slot == lru_cfg->cfg_slot)
+			cfg->live = false;
 	}
 
-	return ad7124_set_channel_odr(st, channel, new_odr);
+	return lru_cfg;
+}
+
+static int ad7124_enable_channel(struct ad7124_state *st, struct ad7124_channel *ch)
+{
+	ch->cfg.live = true;
+	return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CHANNEL(ch->nr), 2, ch->ain |
+			      AD7124_CHANNEL_SETUP(ch->cfg.cfg_slot) | AD7124_CHANNEL_EN(1));
 }
 
+static int ad7124_prepare_read(struct ad7124_state *st, int address)
+{
+	struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg = &st->channels[address].cfg;
+	struct ad7124_channel_config *live_cfg;
+	struct ad7124_channel_config *lru_cfg;
+	int free_cfg_slot;
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Before doing any reads assign the channel a configuration.
+	 * Check if channel's config is on the device
+	 */
+	if (!cfg->live) {
+		/* check if config matches another one */
+		live_cfg = ad7124_find_similar_live_cfg(st, cfg);
+		if (!live_cfg) {
+			free_cfg_slot = ad7124_find_free_config_slot(st);
+			if (free_cfg_slot >= 0) {
+				ret = ad7124_write_config(st, cfg, free_cfg_slot);
+				if (ret < 0)
+					return ret;
+
+				/* push the new config in configs queue */
+				cfg->cfg_slot = free_cfg_slot;
+				kfifo_put(&st->live_cfgs_fifo, cfg);
+			} else {
+				lru_cfg = ad7124_pop_config(st);
+				if (!lru_cfg)
+					return -EINVAL;
+
+				/* push the new config in configs queue */
+				cfg->cfg_slot = lru_cfg->cfg_slot;
+				kfifo_put(&st->live_cfgs_fifo, cfg);
+			}
+		} else {
+			cfg->cfg_slot = live_cfg->cfg_slot;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* point channel to the config slot and enable */
+	return ad7124_enable_channel(st, &st->channels[address]);
+}
+
+static int ad7124_set_channel(struct ad_sigma_delta *sd, unsigned int channel)
+{
+	struct ad7124_state *st = container_of(sd, struct ad7124_state, sd);
+	int ret;
+
+	mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
+	ret = ad7124_prepare_read(st, channel);
+	mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct ad_sigma_delta_info ad7124_sigma_delta_info = {
+	.set_channel = ad7124_set_channel,
+	.set_mode = ad7124_set_mode,
+	.has_registers = true,
+	.addr_shift = 0,
+	.read_mask = BIT(6),
+	.data_reg = AD7124_DATA,
+	.irq_flags = IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING
+};
+
 static int ad7124_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
 			   struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
 			   int *val, int *val2, long info)
@@ -378,36 +546,44 @@  static int ad7124_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
 			return ret;
 
 		/* After the conversion is performed, disable the channel */
-		ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd,
-				      AD7124_CHANNEL(chan->address), 2,
-				      st->channel_config[chan->address].ain |
-				      AD7124_CHANNEL_EN(0));
+		ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CHANNEL(chan->address), 2,
+				      st->channels[chan->address].ain | AD7124_CHANNEL_EN(0));
 		if (ret < 0)
 			return ret;
 
 		return IIO_VAL_INT;
 	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE:
-		idx = st->channel_config[chan->address].pga_bits;
-		*val = st->channel_config[chan->address].vref_mv;
-		if (st->channel_config[chan->address].bipolar)
+		mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
+
+		idx = st->channels[chan->address].cfg.pga_bits;
+		*val = st->channels[chan->address].cfg.vref_mv;
+		if (st->channels[chan->address].cfg.bipolar)
 			*val2 = chan->scan_type.realbits - 1 + idx;
 		else
 			*val2 = chan->scan_type.realbits + idx;
 
+		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
 		return IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_LOG2;
 	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_OFFSET:
-		if (st->channel_config[chan->address].bipolar)
+		mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
+		if (st->channels[chan->address].cfg.bipolar)
 			*val = -(1 << (chan->scan_type.realbits - 1));
 		else
 			*val = 0;
 
+		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
 		return IIO_VAL_INT;
 	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SAMP_FREQ:
-		*val = st->channel_config[chan->address].odr;
+		mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
+		*val = st->channels[chan->address].cfg.odr;
+		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
 
 		return IIO_VAL_INT;
 	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_LOW_PASS_FILTER_3DB_FREQUENCY:
+		mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
 		*val = ad7124_get_3db_filter_freq(st, chan->scan_index);
+		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
+
 		return IIO_VAL_INT;
 	default:
 		return -EINVAL;
@@ -421,32 +597,53 @@  static int ad7124_write_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
 	struct ad7124_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
 	unsigned int res, gain, full_scale, vref;
 
+	mutex_lock(&st->cfgs_lock);
+	/* any change to the configs will make them different to
+	 * the ones written on the device
+	 */
+	st->channels[chan->address].cfg.live = false;
+
 	switch (info) {
 	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SAMP_FREQ:
-		if (val2 != 0)
+		if (val2 != 0) {
+			mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
 			return -EINVAL;
+		}
 
-		return ad7124_set_channel_odr(st, chan->address, val);
+		ad7124_set_channel_odr(st, chan->address, val);
+
+		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
+		return 0;
 	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE:
-		if (val != 0)
+		if (val != 0) {
+			mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
 			return -EINVAL;
+		}
 
-		if (st->channel_config[chan->address].bipolar)
+		if (st->channels[chan->address].cfg.bipolar)
 			full_scale = 1 << (chan->scan_type.realbits - 1);
 		else
 			full_scale = 1 << chan->scan_type.realbits;
 
-		vref = st->channel_config[chan->address].vref_mv * 1000000LL;
+		vref = st->channels[chan->address].cfg.vref_mv * 1000000LL;
 		res = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(vref, full_scale);
 		gain = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(res, val2);
+		res = ad7124_find_closest_match(ad7124_gain, ARRAY_SIZE(ad7124_gain), gain);
+		st->channels[chan->address].cfg.pga_bits = res;
 
-		return ad7124_set_channel_gain(st, chan->address, gain);
+		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
+		return 0;
 	case IIO_CHAN_INFO_LOW_PASS_FILTER_3DB_FREQUENCY:
-		if (val2 != 0)
+		if (val2 != 0) {
+			mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
 			return -EINVAL;
+		}
 
-		return ad7124_set_3db_filter_freq(st, chan->address, val);
+		ad7124_set_3db_filter_freq(st, chan->address, val);
+		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
+		return 0;
 	default:
+		mutex_unlock(&st->cfgs_lock);
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 }
@@ -547,47 +744,14 @@  static int ad7124_check_chip_id(struct ad7124_state *st)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int ad7124_init_channel_vref(struct ad7124_state *st,
-				    unsigned int channel_number)
-{
-	unsigned int refsel = st->channel_config[channel_number].refsel;
-
-	switch (refsel) {
-	case AD7124_REFIN1:
-	case AD7124_REFIN2:
-	case AD7124_AVDD_REF:
-		if (IS_ERR(st->vref[refsel])) {
-			dev_err(&st->sd.spi->dev,
-				"Error, trying to use external voltage reference without a %s regulator.\n",
-				ad7124_ref_names[refsel]);
-			return PTR_ERR(st->vref[refsel]);
-		}
-		st->channel_config[channel_number].vref_mv =
-			regulator_get_voltage(st->vref[refsel]);
-		/* Conversion from uV to mV */
-		st->channel_config[channel_number].vref_mv /= 1000;
-		break;
-	case AD7124_INT_REF:
-		st->channel_config[channel_number].vref_mv = 2500;
-		st->adc_control &= ~AD7124_ADC_CTRL_REF_EN_MSK;
-		st->adc_control |= AD7124_ADC_CTRL_REF_EN(1);
-		return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_ADC_CONTROL,
-				      2, st->adc_control);
-	default:
-		dev_err(&st->sd.spi->dev, "Invalid reference %d\n", refsel);
-		return -EINVAL;
-	}
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
 static int ad7124_of_parse_channel_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
 					  struct device_node *np)
 {
 	struct ad7124_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+	struct ad7124_channel_config *cfg;
+	struct ad7124_channel *channels;
 	struct device_node *child;
 	struct iio_chan_spec *chan;
-	struct ad7124_channel_config *chan_config;
 	unsigned int ain[2], channel = 0, tmp;
 	int ret;
 
@@ -602,16 +766,18 @@  static int ad7124_of_parse_channel_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
 	if (!chan)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	chan_config = devm_kcalloc(indio_dev->dev.parent, st->num_channels,
-				   sizeof(*chan_config), GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!chan_config)
+	channels = devm_kcalloc(indio_dev->dev.parent, st->num_channels, sizeof(*channels),
+				GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!channels)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	indio_dev->channels = chan;
 	indio_dev->num_channels = st->num_channels;
-	st->channel_config = chan_config;
+	st->channels = channels;
 
 	for_each_available_child_of_node(np, child) {
+		cfg = &st->channels[channel].cfg;
+
 		ret = of_property_read_u32(child, "reg", &channel);
 		if (ret)
 			goto err;
@@ -621,21 +787,20 @@  static int ad7124_of_parse_channel_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
 		if (ret)
 			goto err;
 
-		st->channel_config[channel].ain = AD7124_CHANNEL_AINP(ain[0]) |
+		st->channels[channel].nr = channel;
+		st->channels[channel].ain = AD7124_CHANNEL_AINP(ain[0]) |
 						  AD7124_CHANNEL_AINM(ain[1]);
-		st->channel_config[channel].bipolar =
-			of_property_read_bool(child, "bipolar");
+
+		cfg->bipolar = of_property_read_bool(child, "bipolar");
 
 		ret = of_property_read_u32(child, "adi,reference-select", &tmp);
 		if (ret)
-			st->channel_config[channel].refsel = AD7124_INT_REF;
+			cfg->refsel = AD7124_INT_REF;
 		else
-			st->channel_config[channel].refsel = tmp;
+			cfg->refsel = tmp;
 
-		st->channel_config[channel].buf_positive =
-			of_property_read_bool(child, "adi,buffered-positive");
-		st->channel_config[channel].buf_negative =
-			of_property_read_bool(child, "adi,buffered-negative");
+		cfg->buf_positive = of_property_read_bool(child, "adi,buffered-positive");
+		cfg->buf_negative = of_property_read_bool(child, "adi,buffered-negative");
 
 		chan[channel] = ad7124_channel_template;
 		chan[channel].address = channel;
@@ -654,7 +819,7 @@  static int ad7124_of_parse_channel_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
 static int ad7124_setup(struct ad7124_state *st)
 {
 	unsigned int val, fclk, power_mode;
-	int i, ret, tmp;
+	int i, ret;
 
 	fclk = clk_get_rate(st->mclk);
 	if (!fclk)
@@ -677,31 +842,21 @@  static int ad7124_setup(struct ad7124_state *st)
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return ret;
 
+	mutex_init(&st->cfgs_lock);
+	INIT_KFIFO(st->live_cfgs_fifo);
 	for (i = 0; i < st->num_channels; i++) {
-		val = st->channel_config[i].ain | AD7124_CHANNEL_SETUP(i);
-		ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CHANNEL(i), 2, val);
-		if (ret < 0)
-			return ret;
+		val = st->channels[i].ain;
 
-		ret = ad7124_init_channel_vref(st, i);
+		ret = ad7124_init_config_vref(st, &st->channels[i].cfg);
 		if (ret < 0)
 			return ret;
 
-		tmp = (st->channel_config[i].buf_positive << 1)  +
-			st->channel_config[i].buf_negative;
-
-		val = AD7124_CONFIG_BIPOLAR(st->channel_config[i].bipolar) |
-		      AD7124_CONFIG_REF_SEL(st->channel_config[i].refsel) |
-		      AD7124_CONFIG_IN_BUFF(tmp);
-		ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7124_CONFIG(i), 2, val);
-		if (ret < 0)
-			return ret;
 		/*
 		 * 9.38 SPS is the minimum output data rate supported
 		 * regardless of the selected power mode. Round it up to 10 and
-		 * set all the enabled channels to this default value.
+		 * set all channels to this default value.
 		 */
-		ret = ad7124_set_channel_odr(st, i, 10);
+		ad7124_set_channel_odr(st, i, 10);
 	}
 
 	return ret;