diff mbox series

[1/2] i2c: core: Add mux root adapter operations

Message ID 20220526205334.64114-2-eajames@linux.ibm.com (mailing list archive)
State New
Headers show
Series i2c: core: Add mux root adapter operations | expand

Commit Message

Eddie James May 26, 2022, 8:53 p.m. UTC
Some I2C clients need the ability to control the root I2C bus even if the
endpoint device is behind a mux. For example, a driver for a chip that
can't handle any I2C traffic on the bus while coming out of reset
(including an I2C-driven mux switching channels) may need to lock the root
bus with the mux selection fixed for the entire time the device is in
reset.
For this purpose, add a new structure containing two function pointers to
the adapter structure. These functions pointers should be defined for
every adapter. The lock_select operation, for a mux adapter, locks the
parent adpaters up to the root and selects the adapter's channel. The
unlock_deselect operation deselects the mux channel and unlocks all the
adapters. For a non-mux adapter, the operations lock and unlock the
adapters up to the root. This scheme should work with multiple levels of
muxes and regular adapters in between.

Signed-off-by: Eddie James <eajames@linux.ibm.com>
---
 drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c | 38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c       | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/i2c.h         | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 130 insertions(+)

Comments

kernel test robot May 27, 2022, 4:50 p.m. UTC | #1
Hi Eddie,

I love your patch! Perhaps something to improve:

[auto build test WARNING on wsa/i2c/for-next]
[also build test WARNING on jic23-iio/togreg linux/master linus/master v5.18 next-20220527]
[If your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, kindly drop us a note.
And when submitting patch, we suggest to use '--base' as documented in
https://git-scm.com/docs/git-format-patch]

url:    https://github.com/intel-lab-lkp/linux/commits/Eddie-James/i2c-core-Add-mux-root-adapter-operations/20220527-050852
base:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/wsa/linux.git i2c/for-next
reproduce: make htmldocs

If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag where applicable
Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>

All warnings (new ones prefixed by >>):

>> include/linux/i2c.h:858: warning: expecting prototype for i2c_unlock_deslect_bus(). Prototype was for i2c_unlock_deselect_bus() instead

vim +858 include/linux/i2c.h

   852	
   853	/**
   854	 * i2c_unlock_deslect_bus - Release exclusive access to the root I2C bus
   855	 * @adapter: Target I2C bus
   856	 */
   857	static inline void i2c_unlock_deselect_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
 > 858	{
   859		adapter->mux_root_ops->unlock_deselect(adapter);
   860	}
   861
Joel Stanley June 3, 2022, 8:01 a.m. UTC | #2
On Thu, 26 May 2022 at 20:53, Eddie James <eajames@linux.ibm.com> wrote:
>
> Some I2C clients need the ability to control the root I2C bus even if the
> endpoint device is behind a mux. For example, a driver for a chip that
> can't handle any I2C traffic on the bus while coming out of reset
> (including an I2C-driven mux switching channels) may need to lock the root
> bus with the mux selection fixed for the entire time the device is in
> reset.
> For this purpose, add a new structure containing two function pointers to
> the adapter structure. These functions pointers should be defined for
> every adapter. The lock_select operation, for a mux adapter, locks the
> parent adpaters up to the root and selects the adapter's channel. The
> unlock_deselect operation deselects the mux channel and unlocks all the
> adapters. For a non-mux adapter, the operations lock and unlock the
> adapters up to the root. This scheme should work with multiple levels of
> muxes and regular adapters in between.
>
> Signed-off-by: Eddie James <eajames@linux.ibm.com>

I think this looks okay. It was hard to understand at first, but makes
more sense with the context of the existing bus locking code.

There's a typo in one of your comments that the 0day bot found.

Have you tested with CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES?

Reviewed-by: Joel Stanley <joel@jms.id.au>

> ---
>  drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c | 38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c       | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/i2c.h         | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 130 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c b/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c
> index d43db2c3876e..e2c365348e1f 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c
> @@ -1357,6 +1357,41 @@ static const struct i2c_lock_operations i2c_adapter_lock_ops = {
>         .unlock_bus =  i2c_adapter_unlock_bus,
>  };
>
> +/*
> + * For a non-mux adapter, the lock_select operation locks the chain of
> + * adapters upwards, returning the root. If there's a mux above this adapter
> + * somehow, it should also get locked and the desired channel selected.
> + */

Recursive lock the set of adaptors.

> +static struct i2c_adapter *i2c_adapter_lock_select(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
> +{
> +       struct i2c_adapter *ret = adapter;
> +       struct i2c_adapter *parent = i2c_parent_is_i2c_adapter(adapter);
> +
> +       if (parent) {
> +               ret = parent->mux_root_ops->lock_select(parent);
> +               if (IS_ERR(ret))
> +                       return ret;
> +       }
> +
> +       adapter->lock_ops->lock_bus(adapter, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
> +       return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void i2c_adapter_unlock_deselect(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
> +{
> +       struct i2c_adapter *parent = i2c_parent_is_i2c_adapter(adapter);
> +
> +       adapter->lock_ops->unlock_bus(adapter, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
> +
> +       if (parent)
> +               parent->mux_root_ops->unlock_deselect(parent);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct i2c_mux_root_operations i2c_adapter_mux_root_ops = {
> +       .lock_select = i2c_adapter_lock_select,
> +       .unlock_deselect = i2c_adapter_unlock_deselect,
> +};
> +
>  static void i2c_host_notify_irq_teardown(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
>  {
>         struct irq_domain *domain = adap->host_notify_domain;
> @@ -1452,6 +1487,9 @@ static int i2c_register_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
>         if (!adap->lock_ops)
>                 adap->lock_ops = &i2c_adapter_lock_ops;
>
> +       if (!adap->mux_root_ops)
> +               adap->mux_root_ops = &i2c_adapter_mux_root_ops;
> +
>         adap->locked_flags = 0;
>         rt_mutex_init(&adap->bus_lock);
>         rt_mutex_init(&adap->mux_lock);
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c b/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c
> index 774507b54b57..c7db770e4198 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c
> @@ -210,6 +210,49 @@ static void i2c_parent_unlock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter,
>         rt_mutex_unlock(&parent->mux_lock);
>  }
>
> +/*
> + * For a mux adapter, the lock_select operation first locks just like the
> + * lock_bus operation. Then it selects the channel for this adapter and
> + * returns the root adapter. If there is another mux above this one, calling
> + * the parent lock_select should ensure that the channel is correctly
> + * selected.
> + */
> +static struct i2c_adapter *i2c_mux_lock_select(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
> +{
> +       int ret;
> +       struct i2c_mux_priv *priv = adapter->algo_data;
> +       struct i2c_mux_core *muxc = priv->muxc;
> +       struct i2c_adapter *parent = muxc->parent;
> +
> +       rt_mutex_lock_nested(&parent->mux_lock, i2c_adapter_depth(adapter));
> +
> +       adapter = parent->mux_root_ops->lock_select(parent);
> +       if (IS_ERR(adapter))
> +               return adapter;
> +
> +       ret = muxc->select(muxc, priv->chan_id);
> +       if (ret < 0) {
> +               parent->mux_root_ops->unlock_deselect(parent);
> +               rt_mutex_unlock(&parent->mux_lock);
> +               return ERR_PTR(ret);
> +       }
> +
> +       return adapter;
> +}
> +
> +static void i2c_mux_unlock_deselect(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
> +{
> +       struct i2c_mux_priv *priv = adapter->algo_data;
> +       struct i2c_mux_core *muxc = priv->muxc;
> +       struct i2c_adapter *parent = muxc->parent;
> +
> +       if (muxc->deselect)
> +               muxc->deselect(muxc, priv->chan_id);
> +
> +       parent->mux_root_ops->unlock_deselect(parent);
> +       rt_mutex_unlock(&parent->mux_lock);
> +}
> +
>  struct i2c_adapter *i2c_root_adapter(struct device *dev)
>  {
>         struct device *i2c;
> @@ -279,6 +322,11 @@ static const struct i2c_lock_operations i2c_parent_lock_ops = {
>         .unlock_bus =  i2c_parent_unlock_bus,
>  };
>
> +static const struct i2c_mux_root_operations i2c_mux_root_ops = {
> +       .lock_select = i2c_mux_lock_select,
> +       .unlock_deselect = i2c_mux_unlock_deselect,
> +};
> +
>  int i2c_mux_add_adapter(struct i2c_mux_core *muxc,
>                         u32 force_nr, u32 chan_id,
>                         unsigned int class)
> @@ -339,6 +387,8 @@ int i2c_mux_add_adapter(struct i2c_mux_core *muxc,
>         else
>                 priv->adap.lock_ops = &i2c_parent_lock_ops;
>
> +       priv->adap.mux_root_ops = &i2c_mux_root_ops;
> +
>         /* Sanity check on class */
>         if (i2c_mux_parent_classes(parent) & class)
>                 dev_err(&parent->dev,
> diff --git a/include/linux/i2c.h b/include/linux/i2c.h
> index fbda5ada2afc..a3596f61b417 100644
> --- a/include/linux/i2c.h
> +++ b/include/linux/i2c.h
> @@ -583,6 +583,26 @@ struct i2c_lock_operations {
>         void (*unlock_bus)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags);
>  };
>
> +/**
> + * struct i2c_mux_root_operations - represent operations to lock and select
> + * the adapter's mux channel (if a mux is present)
> + * @lock_select: Get exclusive access to the root I2C bus adapter with the
> + *   correct mux channel selected for the adapter
> + * @unlock_deslect: Release exclusive access to the root I2C bus adapter and
> + *   deselect the mux channel for the adapter
> + *
> + * Some I2C clients need the ability to control the root I2C bus even if the
> + * endpoint device is behind a mux. For example, a driver for a chip that
> + * can't handle any I2C traffic on the bus while coming out of reset (including
> + * an I2C-driven mux switching channels) may need to lock the root bus with
> + * the mux selection fixed for the entire time the device is in reset.
> + * These operations are for such a purpose.
> + */
> +struct i2c_mux_root_operations {
> +       struct i2c_adapter *(*lock_select)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter);
> +       void (*unlock_deselect)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter);
> +};
> +
>  /**
>   * struct i2c_timings - I2C timing information
>   * @bus_freq_hz: the bus frequency in Hz
> @@ -725,6 +745,7 @@ struct i2c_adapter {
>
>         /* data fields that are valid for all devices   */
>         const struct i2c_lock_operations *lock_ops;
> +       const struct i2c_mux_root_operations *mux_root_ops;
>         struct rt_mutex bus_lock;
>         struct rt_mutex mux_lock;
>
> @@ -817,6 +838,27 @@ i2c_unlock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
>         adapter->lock_ops->unlock_bus(adapter, flags);
>  }
>
> +/**
> + * i2c_lock_select_bus - Get exclusive access to the root I2C bus with the
> + *   target's mux channel (if a mux is present) selected.
> + * @adapter: Target I2C bus
> + *
> + * Return the root I2C bus if mux selection succeeds, an ERR_PTR otherwise
> + */
> +static inline struct i2c_adapter *i2c_lock_select_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
> +{
> +       return adapter->mux_root_ops->lock_select(adapter);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * i2c_unlock_deslect_bus - Release exclusive access to the root I2C bus
> + * @adapter: Target I2C bus
> + */
> +static inline void i2c_unlock_deselect_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
> +{
> +       adapter->mux_root_ops->unlock_deselect(adapter);
> +}
> +
>  /**
>   * i2c_mark_adapter_suspended - Report suspended state of the adapter to the core
>   * @adap: Adapter to mark as suspended
> --
> 2.27.0
>
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c b/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c
index d43db2c3876e..e2c365348e1f 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/i2c-core-base.c
@@ -1357,6 +1357,41 @@  static const struct i2c_lock_operations i2c_adapter_lock_ops = {
 	.unlock_bus =  i2c_adapter_unlock_bus,
 };
 
+/*
+ * For a non-mux adapter, the lock_select operation locks the chain of
+ * adapters upwards, returning the root. If there's a mux above this adapter
+ * somehow, it should also get locked and the desired channel selected.
+ */
+static struct i2c_adapter *i2c_adapter_lock_select(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
+{
+	struct i2c_adapter *ret = adapter;
+	struct i2c_adapter *parent = i2c_parent_is_i2c_adapter(adapter);
+
+	if (parent) {
+		ret = parent->mux_root_ops->lock_select(parent);
+		if (IS_ERR(ret))
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	adapter->lock_ops->lock_bus(adapter, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void i2c_adapter_unlock_deselect(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
+{
+	struct i2c_adapter *parent = i2c_parent_is_i2c_adapter(adapter);
+
+	adapter->lock_ops->unlock_bus(adapter, I2C_LOCK_ROOT_ADAPTER);
+
+	if (parent)
+		parent->mux_root_ops->unlock_deselect(parent);
+}
+
+static const struct i2c_mux_root_operations i2c_adapter_mux_root_ops = {
+	.lock_select = i2c_adapter_lock_select,
+	.unlock_deselect = i2c_adapter_unlock_deselect,
+};
+
 static void i2c_host_notify_irq_teardown(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
 {
 	struct irq_domain *domain = adap->host_notify_domain;
@@ -1452,6 +1487,9 @@  static int i2c_register_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
 	if (!adap->lock_ops)
 		adap->lock_ops = &i2c_adapter_lock_ops;
 
+	if (!adap->mux_root_ops)
+		adap->mux_root_ops = &i2c_adapter_mux_root_ops;
+
 	adap->locked_flags = 0;
 	rt_mutex_init(&adap->bus_lock);
 	rt_mutex_init(&adap->mux_lock);
diff --git a/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c b/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c
index 774507b54b57..c7db770e4198 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/i2c-mux.c
@@ -210,6 +210,49 @@  static void i2c_parent_unlock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter,
 	rt_mutex_unlock(&parent->mux_lock);
 }
 
+/*
+ * For a mux adapter, the lock_select operation first locks just like the
+ * lock_bus operation. Then it selects the channel for this adapter and
+ * returns the root adapter. If there is another mux above this one, calling
+ * the parent lock_select should ensure that the channel is correctly
+ * selected.
+ */
+static struct i2c_adapter *i2c_mux_lock_select(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct i2c_mux_priv *priv = adapter->algo_data;
+	struct i2c_mux_core *muxc = priv->muxc;
+	struct i2c_adapter *parent = muxc->parent;
+
+	rt_mutex_lock_nested(&parent->mux_lock, i2c_adapter_depth(adapter));
+
+	adapter = parent->mux_root_ops->lock_select(parent);
+	if (IS_ERR(adapter))
+		return adapter;
+
+	ret = muxc->select(muxc, priv->chan_id);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		parent->mux_root_ops->unlock_deselect(parent);
+		rt_mutex_unlock(&parent->mux_lock);
+		return ERR_PTR(ret);
+	}
+
+	return adapter;
+}
+
+static void i2c_mux_unlock_deselect(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
+{
+	struct i2c_mux_priv *priv = adapter->algo_data;
+	struct i2c_mux_core *muxc = priv->muxc;
+	struct i2c_adapter *parent = muxc->parent;
+
+	if (muxc->deselect)
+		muxc->deselect(muxc, priv->chan_id);
+
+	parent->mux_root_ops->unlock_deselect(parent);
+	rt_mutex_unlock(&parent->mux_lock);
+}
+
 struct i2c_adapter *i2c_root_adapter(struct device *dev)
 {
 	struct device *i2c;
@@ -279,6 +322,11 @@  static const struct i2c_lock_operations i2c_parent_lock_ops = {
 	.unlock_bus =  i2c_parent_unlock_bus,
 };
 
+static const struct i2c_mux_root_operations i2c_mux_root_ops = {
+	.lock_select = i2c_mux_lock_select,
+	.unlock_deselect = i2c_mux_unlock_deselect,
+};
+
 int i2c_mux_add_adapter(struct i2c_mux_core *muxc,
 			u32 force_nr, u32 chan_id,
 			unsigned int class)
@@ -339,6 +387,8 @@  int i2c_mux_add_adapter(struct i2c_mux_core *muxc,
 	else
 		priv->adap.lock_ops = &i2c_parent_lock_ops;
 
+	priv->adap.mux_root_ops = &i2c_mux_root_ops;
+
 	/* Sanity check on class */
 	if (i2c_mux_parent_classes(parent) & class)
 		dev_err(&parent->dev,
diff --git a/include/linux/i2c.h b/include/linux/i2c.h
index fbda5ada2afc..a3596f61b417 100644
--- a/include/linux/i2c.h
+++ b/include/linux/i2c.h
@@ -583,6 +583,26 @@  struct i2c_lock_operations {
 	void (*unlock_bus)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags);
 };
 
+/**
+ * struct i2c_mux_root_operations - represent operations to lock and select
+ * the adapter's mux channel (if a mux is present)
+ * @lock_select: Get exclusive access to the root I2C bus adapter with the
+ *   correct mux channel selected for the adapter
+ * @unlock_deslect: Release exclusive access to the root I2C bus adapter and
+ *   deselect the mux channel for the adapter
+ *
+ * Some I2C clients need the ability to control the root I2C bus even if the
+ * endpoint device is behind a mux. For example, a driver for a chip that
+ * can't handle any I2C traffic on the bus while coming out of reset (including
+ * an I2C-driven mux switching channels) may need to lock the root bus with
+ * the mux selection fixed for the entire time the device is in reset.
+ * These operations are for such a purpose.
+ */
+struct i2c_mux_root_operations {
+	struct i2c_adapter *(*lock_select)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter);
+	void (*unlock_deselect)(struct i2c_adapter *adapter);
+};
+
 /**
  * struct i2c_timings - I2C timing information
  * @bus_freq_hz: the bus frequency in Hz
@@ -725,6 +745,7 @@  struct i2c_adapter {
 
 	/* data fields that are valid for all devices	*/
 	const struct i2c_lock_operations *lock_ops;
+	const struct i2c_mux_root_operations *mux_root_ops;
 	struct rt_mutex bus_lock;
 	struct rt_mutex mux_lock;
 
@@ -817,6 +838,27 @@  i2c_unlock_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, unsigned int flags)
 	adapter->lock_ops->unlock_bus(adapter, flags);
 }
 
+/**
+ * i2c_lock_select_bus - Get exclusive access to the root I2C bus with the
+ *   target's mux channel (if a mux is present) selected.
+ * @adapter: Target I2C bus
+ *
+ * Return the root I2C bus if mux selection succeeds, an ERR_PTR otherwise
+ */
+static inline struct i2c_adapter *i2c_lock_select_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
+{
+	return adapter->mux_root_ops->lock_select(adapter);
+}
+
+/**
+ * i2c_unlock_deslect_bus - Release exclusive access to the root I2C bus
+ * @adapter: Target I2C bus
+ */
+static inline void i2c_unlock_deselect_bus(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
+{
+	adapter->mux_root_ops->unlock_deselect(adapter);
+}
+
 /**
  * i2c_mark_adapter_suspended - Report suspended state of the adapter to the core
  * @adap: Adapter to mark as suspended